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(Sacerdos Altonensis) 



Requiem aeternam dona eis Domine, 
Et lux perpetua luceat eis 
Requiescant in Pace 


F recent years earnest and laudable efforts are being made of 
rummaging through archives ami book shelves, newspaper 
files, scrap-bcoks, etc., for the purpose of delving into the 
past and of extricating therefrom such facts and figures as 
are thought to be of importance, or at least oi interest to the present 
and coming generation. Numerous historical societies, both in church 
and state are founded for the purpose of conserving and saving from 
oblivion and destruction such names, deeds and mementos of men of 
action, who have generously contributed by their noble lives and un- 
selfish endeavors to the betterment of society. 

To this class of public benefactors >the deceased members of our 
Catholic Clergy must be added ; hence it seems but just and meet, that 
their names and achievements be perpetuated and handed down to 
posterity. Though not all have met with equal success in their voca- 
tional sphere of activity, yet, all were animated by the one and same 
impulse, viz, to make the world better than it had been before. To 
this end they ceaselessly toiled and moiled from early 'till late, for it 
their noble, unselfish and Christ-like lives were spent. 

It would appear that there were no time more propitious or more 
opportune than the present that the publication of brief biographical 
sketches of these indefatigable workers in the Master's vinyard of the 
Diocese of Alton be launched forth in print. May they serve a source 
of pious edification to the faithful and a powerful stimulant to their 
surviving confreres. 

Regarding the Alton diocesan clergy, however, the following bit 
of history not generally known may here be adverted to, namely, that 
prior to the erection of the bishopric of Chicago in 1843, the spiritual 
jurisdiction over the Catholic population of Illinois had been exercised 
by the bishops of Yincennes and St. Louis. The pioneer priests who 
in those days ministered to the needs of the people living within the 
territory of the present diocese of Alton received their "faculties" from 
them. Many were recalled, however, by their respective Ordinaries to 
their own dioceses as soon as the creation of the Diocese of Chicago 
had become an accomplished fact. Our Catholic people of the State 
were shepherded thereupon by the bishops and priests of Chicago from 
1843 'till 1857, in which latter year a division of the extensive Diocese 
of Chicago took place and the Diocese of Alton was called into being 
Hence, in the list of these biographical sketches the deceased prelates 
and priests of the former diocese up to the year 1857 must be accorded 
space and attention if this work would claim merit of completeness. 

Quincy Ittinoi. ZURBONSEN. 

January 1, 1918. 



First Bishop of Chicago, 
March 10, 1844 April 10, 1848. 

"Serve bone et fidelis, intra in gaudium 
Domini tui". 

During the fifth Provincial Council 
of Baltimore which convened May 14, 
1843, the Bishops present proposed to 
the Holy See the formation of three 
new bishoprics, namely, Little Rock, 
Albany and Chicago. The pious and 
zealous pastor of St. Mary's, New 
York City, was appointed first Bishop 
of Chicago. He was consecrated by 
the great Bishop John Hughes in the 
old Cathedral on Mott street, New 
York City, on the third Sunday of 
Lent, March 10, 1844. 

With the coming of Bishop Quarter 
to Chicago the southeastern portion 
of our present diocese became elim- 
inated from the jurisdiction of the 
Bishop of Vincennes, whose valiant 
clergy were likewise withdrawn, and 
henceforth became subject to the new 
Ordinary of Chicago. Some of our 
older men served yet under him. Like- 
wise did all jurisdiction of Bishop 
Rosati of St. Louis cease over Illinois. 

Bishop William Quarter was born 
in Killurine, Kings County, Ireland, 
January 21, 1806. When sixteen years 

old he came to America, April 10, 
1822. The vessel in which he sailed 
landed at Quebec. He applied to the 
Bishop of Quebec and Montreal to be 
received as an ecclesiastical student 
but his youth was urged as an objec- 
tion. He then went to Mt. St. Mary's, 
Emmitsburg, Md., where he was 
gladly welcomed by Fr. Dubois, presi- 
dent of that institution. His progress, 
owing to a well-made preparatory 
course was rapid. On Sept. 19, 1829, 
he was raised to the dignity of the 
priesthood by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Du- 
bois, Bishop of New York under a 
special dispensation, he not being 23 
years old. He became at once pastor 
of St. Peter's and on June 9, 1833, 
pastor of the new St. Mary's parish, 
which position he held till elevated to 
the Episcopacy in 1844. The recall of 
the priests by the Bishop of Vin- 
cennes from in and around Chicago 
and other portions of the eastern half 
of the state beset the new Bishop with 
unexpected difficulties. In conse- 
quence he set about founding a col- 
lege, the nucleus of the future Uni- 
versity of St. Mary of the Lake, be- 

Page Seven 

ginning with six students and two 
professors. Throughout his short 
episcopal career he maintained the 
same unflagging, zealous spirit which 
had characterized him as pastor in 
Xew York. He set out on a tour of 
inspection of the diocese. A diocesan 
visitation in those days was an ardu- 
ous undertaking fraught with many 
risks and hazards, at a time when the 
vehicle was an ox-team or horse 
wagon, or horse-back, sitting on the 
quaint saddle-bags, journeying over 
marsh or prairie or through the forest 
for Illinois along her creeks and 
rivers had in the forties her heavy 
wooded sections. Add to all this his 
mental work preparing for and hold- 
ing his synod, publishing his excellent 
pastorals to mission rectors and their 

flocks, and above all that ever abiding 
thought "The solicitude of all the 
Church," of which an account is to 
be handed to. the Shepherd of Souls. 
No wonder, being anyhow of a frail 
and delicate constitution, when he 
was shouldered "with a load that 
would sink a navy," he sank under the 
weight writes Father Shaw in the 
story of the La Salle Mission and 
after four years strengthened by all 
that is refreshing and hopef'il, passed 
to his Lord, Whom he had served so 
faithfully. Consummates brevi ex- 
plevit multa! 

Bishop William Quarter, who died 
a rather sad and sudden death April 
10, 1848, was buried in a vault under 
the main altar of old St. Mary's Cathe- 
dral, in Chicago. R. I. P. 


Second Bishop of Chicago, 
February, 1849^-November, 1853. 

"Hie vir despiciens mundum et terrena 
triumphans, divitias coelo condidit ore, 

that the Holy See had found a worthy 
successor in the person of Very Rev. 
The calamity which by the sudden Oliver Van de Velde, S. J., a native 
death of the energetic young Bishop of Belgium, born April 3, 1795. He was 

Quarter had cast a pall of gloom and 
sadness over the youthful diocese of 
Chicago on April 10, 1848, was some- 
what mitigated when it became known 

Page Eight 

a former president of St. Louis Uni- 
versity and vice president of the 
Order; a man of great moral force 
and learning, well equipped for the 

exalted though onerous and respon- 
sible position. The brother of the de- 
ceased Bishop who had been his Vicar 
General and counsellor in many dif- 
ficulties and perplexities, V. Rev. 
Walter J. Quarter, had acted in the 
meantime as Administrator of the be- 
reaved diocese, receiving the appoint- 
ment to that position from the Most 
Rev. Dr. Eccleston of Baltimore. 

The prominent position occupied 
by Father Van de Velde in his own 
Order, the important services ren- 
dered by him to the cause of religion 
in the United States and the acquaint- 
ance which was thus formed between 
him and many Prelates of the church 
who entertained a high appreciation of 
his talents, piety and zeal led to his 
being selected as the successor to 
Bishop Quarter in the diocese of Chi- 
cago. Archbishop Eccleston received 
from Rome the bulls appointing him 
to that See Dec. 1, 1848. He was 
consecrated by the Archbishop of St. 
Louis, Most Rev. Peter Kenrick, as- 
sisted by Bishop Loras of Dubuque 
and Bishop Miles of Nashville, on 
Sunday, February 11, 1849, in the 
Church of St. Francis Xavier. at- 
tached to the St. Louis University. 
Bishop Spalding of Louisville 
preached the consecration sermon. 

The advent of the new Bishop into 
his diocese was hailed with delight 
by the clergy and laity of Chicago. 
After spending a few months in ar- 
ranging the concerns of the diocese in 
Chicago and vicinity, he began his 
first visitation July 25, 1849. These 
visitations were journeys of severe 
labor and unremitting zeal for the 
spiritual improvement of his flock. 
Besides administering confirmation at 
all practicable times and places, the 
distances were so great and the means 
of traveling so inconvenient and un- 
certain, that he had to pass through 
the country as a missionary laboring 

for the salvation of souls and per- 
forming every kind of clerical and 
spiritual service. Twice he made such 
episcopal visitations throughout the 
vast extent of his diocese within 
whose confines the entire state was 
embraced, hence also the territory of 
our present Alton diocese. 

Bishop Van de Velde's health had 
not been good for several years; he 
suffered severely from rheumatism 
which was greatly aggravated by the 
cold, damp and penetrating air of Chi- 
cago. His health was still further im- 
paired by the anxieties of his office 
and by the hostility and opposition of 
a small number of his clergy and 
laity. A few disaffected persons can 
accomplish much evil, and Bishop 
Van de Velde found himself fre- 
quently without adequate sympathy 
or support in his charitable efforts. 
(R. H. Clark in "Lives of Deceased 

In consequence of his suffering 
health and the unfavorable influence 
of the northwestern climate he for- 
warded a petition to Rome to be re- 
leased from the burden of office. It 
was during the second visitation of 
his diocese that he finally received 
from Rome the brief transferring him 
to the vacant See of Natchez, agree- 
ably to his own request. The transfer 
dates from July 2, 1853. Bishop Van 
de Velde departed for the South Nov. 
3, 1853, and arrived at Natchez Nov. 
23, where he was most joyfully re- 
ceived by all the clergy and people 
who had so often heard of his great 
labors, noble sacrifices and heroic ser- 
vices to religion. 

He died November 13, 1855, on the 
Feast of St. Stanislaus in whose honor 
he had just finished a novena, aged 60 
years and 7 months. His remains 
were deposited in a vault under the 
sanctuary of St. Mary's Cathedral in 

Pagt Nine 


Third Bishop of Chicago, 

"Os justi meditabitur sapientiam 
Et lingua ejus loquetur judicium''. 

Bishop O'Regan was born in the 
town of Lavalloe, County Mayo, Ire- 
land in the year 1809. After complet- 
ing his preparatory studies he spent 
eight years in Maynooth going 
through a thorough course of philos- 
ophy, theology, church history and 
sacred eloquence. Having completed 
his ecclesiastical studies he received 
Holy Orders and said his first Mass 
in the chapel of the Maynooth Col- 
lege. His superiors were anxious to 
retain the talented young priest for 
college work. With great success he 
taught for ten years at St. Jarlath's 
in Tuam, after which he rose to the 
presidency of the institution; this po- 
sition he occupied for five years with 
the greatest distinction. 

In 1849 Archbishop Kenrick estab- 
lished his Seminary at St. Louis and 
installed Father O'Regan, whom he 
had induced to come to America, as 
president. Under his regime the 
Seminary soon began to flourish and 
to send forth worthy laborers in the 
vineyard of the Lord. 

Page Ten 

Since the bishopric of Chicago had 
become vacant by the resignation of 
Bishop Van de Velde, the unanimous 
choice fell upon Father O'Regan as 
the man eminently qualified to fill 
the Episcopal office of that rapidly 
growing diocese. His name for the 
position was forwarded to Rome. The 
Holy See, in consequence of the 
strong recommendation and unani- 
mous endorsement of Father O'Regan 
nominated him for the Chicago dio- 
cese and the bulls of appointment 
were immediately transmitted to the 
Archbishop of St. Louis. However, 
the Bishop-elect strenuously opposed 
the nomination and sent back the bulls 
to Rome. But the Holy See had 
spoken and did not withdraw its ap- 
pointment. The papers were returne.l 
to the Bishop-elect, who said: "I ac- 
cept them only in the spirit of obe- 

On July 25, 1854, the feast of St. 
James the Apostle, the ceremony of 
consecration took place in the Cathe- 
dral of St. Louis, the Most Rev. Arch- 
bishop Kenrick being consecrator. The 
assistant Bishops were Rt. Rev. Oliver 

Van de Velde of Natchez, Rt. Rev. 
John Martin Henni of Milwaukee, Rt. 
Rev. Mathias Loras of Dubuque, and 
Rt. Rev. Bishop Miles of Nashville. 
The eloquent sermon was preached by 
Rev. James Duggan of St. Louis (who 
a few years afterwards succeeded him 
as Bishop of Chicago). 

On the 3rd day of September, 1854, 
the ceremony of installation took 
place in St. Mary's Cathedral amid the 
universal rejoicing of the clergy and 
laity of Chicago. It is easily under- 
stood that a vast field was opened to- 
Bishop O'Regan on his arrival in his 
See city, and mighty interests at stake 
claimed his immediate attention, and 
he lost no time in looking after the 
pressing needs-of the diocese. 

When making a visitation of the 
diocese, he encountered as many 
hardships as his predecessors, but 
physically a strong man, he never 
knew sickness nor fatigue, hence he 
would frequently walk from one mis- 

sion to another when the distance was 
not too great. 

( But Bishop O'Regan was by no 
means a happy man under the weighty 
burden of the mitre. He had accepted 
the dignity of the Episcopacy under 
protest, in obedience, and he could 
never make the onerous duties con- 
genial to his tastes. After a "trial", as 
he called it, he determined to go to 
Rome and place his resignation into 
the hands of the Supreme Pontiff. 
Bishop O'Regan's resignation was re- 
luctaatly accepted and he was ap- 
pointed Bishop of Dora in partibus 

He passed the remainder of his life 
in quiet retreat at Michael's Grove, 

The third Bishop of Chicago died 
November 13, 1866, aged 57 years. 
His remains were conveyed to his 
native parish of Cloufad, Archdiocese 
of Tuam, where they found their last 
resting place. R. I. P. 


Bishop-elect of the Diocese of Quincy 

Bishop of Green Bay, Wise. 

"Justum deduxit Dominus per vias rectas 
Et ostendit illi regnum Dei". 

Whilst the first Plenary Council of 
Baltimore was in session (1852) it 
was unanimously decided by the pre- 
lates assembled that the great dio- 
cese of Chicago which comprised 
within its jurisdiction the whole state 
of Illinois, be partitioned and a sec- 
ond diocese be created. A petition to 
this effect was at once forwarded to 
Rome. Pope Pius IX acquiesced in 
the wishes thus expressed, and under 
date of July 29, 1853, formally and 
officially approved of the establish- 
ment of the new diocese of Quincy. 
The document which announced this 
important decision was signed by 
Cardinal Lambruschini. The territory 
set apart for the Diocese of Quincy 
comprised the counties of Adams, 
Brown, C a s s, Menard,. Sagamon, 
Macon, Moultrie, Coles and Edgar, 

on a line from the Mississippi to the 
Wabash river. It was to be a suf- 
fragan bishopric of the archbishopric 
of St. Louis. The new diocese had 
at the time of its erection (rather at 
the end of 1853) 51 churches, 34 mis- 
sions, 23 priests and 42,000 members. 
Bishop Van de Velde had always 
manifested a great interest for 
Quincy, yea even previous to the re- 
ceipt of above mentioned papal bull 
had already selected a convenient 
spot for a future cathedral and epis- 
copal residence there, in June, 1852. 
Had his ailments and adverse local 
conditions not influenced him to ab- 
dicate and move south to Natchez, 
.Quincy would have had i;s bishop 
there and then. 

Rome's selection for first Bishop 
of the new diocese fell upon the Very 
Rev. Joseph Melcher. priest and Vicar 

Page Eleven 

General of the Archdiocese of St. 
Louis. However, Father Melcher de- 
clined the honor, and refused to ac- 
cept. Foreseeing the difficult task 
which awaited him as Administrator 
of Chicago, which duty was assigned 
him since the resignation of Bishop 

local conditions, moreover, aggravate 1 
such opposition. At the Provincial 
Council held in St. Louis, October, 
1855, the opponents to Quincy were in 
the majority, resolutions were adopted 
by which the transfer of the See from 
Quincy to Alton was urgently sug- 

Van de Velde had been acceded to by 
Rome, he became timorous. The 
Quincy diocese sede vacante was 
then placed under the administrator- 
ship of Archbishop Kenrick of St. 
Louis and that of Chicago under the 
Bishop of Milwaukee till the appoint- 
ment of Bishop Anthony O'Regan to 
the vacancy of Chicago, who was con- 
secrated in St. Mary's Cathedral of 
that city on September 3, 1854. 

And what became ultimately of the 
See of Quincy? Remonstrances to its 
continuance were sent to Rome based 
on allegations that Quincy as a seat 
of a Bishop was too far removed 
from the center of the diocese, being 
located almost in its extreme north- 
western corner; prevailing adverse 

gested to the Roman Propaganda. 
Rome acted on this suggestion, the 
Diocese of Alton was established 
January 9, 1857, with the appointment 
of Rev. Damian Juncker, of Dayton, 
Ohio, as its first Bishop. The diocese 
of Quincy became absorbed by that 
of Alton. 

Bishop-elect Melcher continued his 
duties as priest and Vicar General in 
St. Louis until his elevation to the 
bishopric of Green Bay, Wis., July, 
1868. He died in 1873. 

A native of Vienna, he was born in 
the Austrian capital March 19, 1806, 
ordained a priest March 27, 1830, and 
arrived in America in 1843, when he 
at once set out for St. Louis, Mo. 
R. I. P. 

Page Twelve 


First Bishop of Alton, 


''Amavit eum Dominus, et ornavit eum, 
Stolam gloriae induit eum". 

Rt. Rev. Henry Damian Juncker, 
the prelate chosen to preside as first 
Bishop over the destinies of the in- 
fant diocese of Alton, was a man dis- 
tinguished for the sanctity of his life 
and the devotedness to his mission- 
ary labors. He was a native of Fene- 
trange, Diocese of Nancy, Lorraine, 
born August 22, 1809. He came to 
this country when young, attached 
himself to the Diocese of Cincinnati, 
made his ecclesiastical studies in that 
city and was raised to the priesthood 
by Bishop Purcell on Passion Sunday, 
March 16, 1834, at Cincinnati, being 
the first priest ordained by that Pre- 

He was appointed to Holy Trinity, 
the first German church in Cincinnati 
and in 1836 became rector of St. 
Mary's Canton, attending it with its 
numerous missions, for ten years, 
when he was transferred to Urbana, 
also a position of no little labor. In 
1845, he was made pastor of the 
Church of Emmanuel at D a v t o n. 

Father Juncker had spent twenty- 
three years in onerous missionary 
labor until 1857, when he became 
Bishop of Alton. The consecration 
ceremonies were performed by Bishop 
Purcell on Sunday, April 26, 1857, in 
St. Peter's Cathedral, Cincinnati: The 
assistant Prelates were Bishop Henni, 
of Milwaukee and Bishop Young of 
Erie. There were also present Bishops 
Miles, Lefevre, Spalding, De St. Palais 
and Carrell. 

The work to be accomplished by 
Bishop Juncker in a new and rapidly 
growing country, then but imperfectly 
supplied with priests, churches and 
schools, was arduous and difficult. He 
spared no effort to build up the church 
around him, and to supply his flock 
with the blessings of religion and 
education. His visitations of the dio- 
cese were long and severe journeys, 
and laborious missions among the 
people, in which the Bishop performed 
every office of the priesthood. 

At his arrival the Diocese of Alton 
was supplied with 58 churches, 30 

Page Thirteen 

stations, 28 priests and a population 
of about 50,000. The Bishop soon be- 
came convinced that his diocese was 
suffering for want of priests. Unable 
to satisfy himself in this country, he 
turned his eyes towards older lands 
in the hope of recruiting available 
subjects. Accordingly he left late in 
the fall of 1857 for Franc<fe : Italy, 
Germany and Ireland. In afi these 
countries his efforts were crowned 
with success. Accompanied by many 
of his recruits he sailed for Havre in 
June, 1858, eager to repair to his dio- 
cese. On his return home he lost no 
time to prepare his students for or- 
dination. To the Franciscans he gave 
charge of the important mission of 
Teutopolis in Effingham county. 

The statistics of the Diocese of Al- 
ton in 1868, the year of the Bishop's 
death, contain the proudest eulogy on 
Bishop Juncker and his work. The 
number of priests were increased to 
one hundred, besides twenty-five cleri- 
cal students, the churches to one hun- 
dred twenty-three, the parochial 
schools to fifty-six. He bequeathed to 
his diocese also two colleges for boys, 
six academies for girls, two hospi- 
tals and an orphan asylum. He also 
erected the present fine episcopal 
residence, designed at the same time 
to serve as his Ecclesiastical Semin- 

After a long and severe illness, 
Bishop Juncker died at his residence 
in Alton on the Feast of the Guardian 
Angels, October 2, 1868. 


Second Bishop of Alton, 

''Nou est inventus similis illi 
Qui conservaret legem Excelsi". 

E n s h e i m, in Rhenish Bavaria, 
claims honor of being the birthplace 
of the second Bishop of our diocese, 
the Rt. Rev. Peter Joseph Baltes, D.D. 
There he first saw the light of day 

Page Fourteen 

on April 7, 1824. When six years old 
he emigrated with his parents to 
America. The family settled in the 
State of New York. At the age of 
sixteen he took private lessons and 
thereupon continued his classical 
course at Holy Cross College, Wor- 

cester, Mass. He studied philosophy 
and theology at the Seminary of St. 
Mary's of the Lake, Chicago, whilst 
he himself was instructor in German 
and acted as prefect of studies. On 
May 21, 1853, he was ordained to the 
priesthood at the Grand Seminary of 
Montreal. His first mission was 
Waterloo, in Monroe county, where 
he remained till 1855, when he was 
ordered to Belleville. Here his first 
care was to place the parochial school 
on a good solid basis. For this pur- 
pose he called in the School Sisters 
of Notre Dame. His next attention 
was directed towards building a new 
church. Everything went seemingly 
well in spite of many oppositions and 
difficulties when owing to some de- 
fects in construction the grand edifice, 
which was nearing completion, col- 
lapsed. Undaunted and undismayed 
by these reverses, Father Baltes re- 
sumed work again only more com- 
plete and secure. The dedication of 
St. Peter's now the Belleville cathe- 
dral was a day of triumph for the 
indomitable rector. Archbishop Ken- 
rick of St. Louis, preached during the 
Pontifical Mass celebrated by Bishop 
Juncker. and Rev. P. J. Ryan, the late 
Archbishop of Philadelphia, delivered 
in the evening one of his best lec- 
tures, never to be forgotten by those 
who had the privilege to hear it. 

When, in 1866, Bishop Juncker 
went to Baltimore to attend the Sec- 
ond Plenary Council, his choice fell 
on the Belleville rector as his theo- 
logian. Upon the suggestion of Arch- 
bishop Purcell of Cincinnati, he was, 
on the way to Baltimore, made Vicar 
General of the Alton diocese. When 
Bishop Juncker died, Father Baltes 
was appointed Administrator of the 
vacant See. During his administrator- 
ship he obtained from the Illinois 
State Legislature the passage of a 
law under which the Catholic congre- 
gations and institutions of the diocese 
could be incorporated, entitled: "An 
Act to provide for the holding of 
Roman Catholic Churches, Cemeteries, 
Colleges and other property." It was 

a wise and prudent move on his part, 
as was repeatedly demonstrated soon 
after the law's enactment. 

On September 24, 1869, Very Rev. 
Administrator Baltes was appointed 
by Pope Pius IX to succeed Bishop 
Juncker. The consecration of the new 
Bishop took place in the church built 
by him, St. Peter's in Belleville, 
January 23, 1870. As nearly all the 
Bishops were in Rome attending the 
Vactican Council, the difficulty was 
to secure Bishops for the occasion. 
Rt. Rev. Bishop Luers of Fort Wayne, 
one of the few who had remained at 
home, was the consecrator, assisted 
by Bishop Toebbe, of Covington 
just consecrated himself and by the 
Very Rev. P. J. Ryan, Vicar General 
and Administra or of St. Louis. 

Father Baltes had been great as 
pastor, he became even greater as 
Bishop. This he proved by submit- 
ting the whole diocese in all its varied 
activities to a thorough reorganiza- 
tion. He established regulations, laws 
and discipline and demanded indis- 
criminately obedience and respect for 
Episcopal authority. He waged an 
unrelenting war on some of the fore- 
most and ablest Catholic newspapers 
of the land, which had again and 
again assailed his authority in matters 
of discipline. Ambitious in his work, 
he aimed at finding himself placed at 
the head of the finest body of clergy- 
men in the country and a time came 
when it was deemied an honor to be- 
long to the Diocese of Alton. 

After a life of great activity Bishop 
Baltes died February 15, 1886. His 
funeral took place February 19, and 
was attended by Archbishops Feehan 
of Chicago, Kenrick of St. Louis, 
Heiss of Milwaukee, by Bishop 
Hogan of Kansas City, by one hun- 
dred and sixty priests and vast crowds 
of the laity. The remains were de- 
posited in the vault under the sanc- 
tuary of the Cathedral beside those 
of his predecessor. Bishop Juncker. 
R. I. P. 

Page Fifteen 


"I thank Thee, Lord, that Thou has kept. 
The best in store, not known before". 

The people of Carlinville, more par- 
ticularly those of St. Joseph's congre- 
gation, were deeply moved when it 
became known that Rev. Henry Ader, 
for about ten years pastor of the 
parish, had died at St. John's Hospital 
of Springfield. This sad and distress- 
ing news cast a pall of genuine grief 
and gloom over many hearts and 
homes and March 5th, 1909, will long 
continue to be remembered by them 
as the day on which they sustained a 

great loss, because on this day death 
summoned their friend and pastor. It 
was a shock to all, the announcement 
of his death, that was somewhat les- 
sened by the fact that Father Ader 
had been known to be in a serious 
condition for several days; his death 
therefore, was not entirely unexpect- 
ed. It was hoped, however, till the 
last that he might rally again and 
once more be able to take up his 
duties in their midst. 

Rev. Ader had been operated upon 
several times in the past for relief 
from an affliction which he had long 
borne with Christian, heroic patience, 
He was very anxious and intent of re- 
turning to his charge and became 
envious of the days that his confine- 
ment under surgical care kept him at 

the hospital and away from accus- 
tomed daily work. After the last oper- 
ation had been performed, the good 
man slowly sank to his death. 

Father Ader was born at Borken in 
Westphalia, on February 18, 1853, and 
ordained to the priesthood at Alalines 
in Belgium on June 7, 1879. Shortly 
after his ordination the neo-presbyter 
set out for America, arriving at dio- 
cesan headquarters some two weeks 
later. He reported ready for duty and 
was assigned as an assistant to the 
Cathedral priest, a position which 
temporarily so many young priests 
had to fill the writer not excepted 
in order to first thoroughly acquaint 
themselves with the contents of the 
Bishop's "blue book," namely with the 
laws, rules, regulations and require- 
ments which governed the diocese, 
after a rigorous examination as to 
the knowledge of them, the successful 
post-graduate would receive his di- 
ploma in the shape of an appointment 

Today we live under a somewhat 
milder form of government which has 
supplanted the more rigorous ancient 
regime. The young men of this gen- 
eration do not know what it meant to 
us older ones to be summoned into 
the presence of the Chief, whose repu- 
tation for severity and minuteness was 
too well known to all. 

In the instance of our subject who 
emerged from the inquisitorial rooms 
"magna cum laude," he received the 
appointment as assistant to St. Peter 
and Paul's parish of Springfield. Later, 
the incumbency of Assumption having 
become vacant, Father Ader became 
its pastor for a number of years, 
1888-95, but was finally assigned to St. 
Alexis' of Beardstown, 1895-99, as 
successor to Rev. Wm. Weigand. 
From Beardstown our good friend 
was transferred to Carlinville, suc- 
ceeding Rev. Clement Sommers, 
whose impaired health had enforced a 
resignation of the charge of St. Jo- 
seph's. A stately parochial residence 
which was here constructed under his 

Page Sixteen 

management, evidences the active and 
zealous life of our decedent. 

Father Ader was a man of fine 
scholarly attainments, distinguishing 
himself especially in biblical re- 
searches and Hebrew language. His 
voluminous, valuable library was 
second to none in the diocese. It is 
regrettable that it was permitted to be 
sold to outsiders. 

The Rev. C. G. Monro, a Protestant 
minister of Carlinville, one who was 
an intimate friend of the deceased 
priest and associated with him to a 
great extent in researches and studies 
paid the following well-merited tri- 
bute to the talented priest's memory: 

"As well as being a faithful parish 
priest, the late Father Ader was very 
well educated and learned, especially 
was he familiar with the little traveled 
ground of Hebraistic literature. His 
studies were not confined to the text 
only of the Old Testament, but he 
was conversant with the Talmud, both 
in the Mishna and Gemmara, both of 
Jerusalem and Babylon. To him the 
Halachoth, the Midrashin, the Kab- 

balet and the Yalkut Shimoni were 
open books, and his knowledge of 
Jewish traditions and customs was 
very deep and clear. The late Father 
was a master of several languages and 
left behind him a valuable and ex- 
tensive library, which while contain- 
ing all the standard works on Jewish 
literature, is rich also in a number of 
early publications concerning the civ- 
ilization of America, long before the 
days of Columbus. These volumes 
contain a number of the early exe- 
cuted maps of this continent and are 
therefore very valuable and rare. 

"He was a man difficult to know, of 
a sensitive and retiring disposition, 
yet when one did become acquainted 
with him, he became acquainted with 
a sweet, gentle and charitable nature." 

Having done his duty, he was one 
of those for whom the past was un- 
sighed for and the future sure. 

His earthly remains were deposited 
by the side of one of his illustrious 
predecessors, the Rev. Francis Os- 
trop, in the Catholic cemetery of 
Carlinville. R. I. P. 


"Misericordias tuas Domine 
In aeternum cantabo". 

The third resident priest of St. 
Peter and Paul's parish of Collins- 
ville, was Father Alleman, a Domini- 
can Friar from the Monastery of 
Somerset, Ohio. He presided over 
the destinies of that young congrega- 
tion from 18S9-'60. Prior to his com- 
ing to Collinsville he had been for 
years an indefatigable missioner in 
Lee County, Iowa, especially in and 
around Fort Madison, contemporan- 
eous with Father Brickwedde of 
Quincy. He is justly styled the 
"Apostle of Lee County." 

Rev. John George Alleman, says 
Rev. G. J. Zaiser, (in his Diamond 
Jubilee edition of St. Joseph's church. 
Fort Madison, 1915,) was born near 
Strassburg, in Alsace, probably in 
1806. He spoke both German and 
French with equal fluency, hence he 
was sometimes regarded as a German, 

sometimes a Frenchman. When twen- 
ty-six years old he entered the Order 
of St. Dominic at the Convent of St. 
Rose, Springfield, Kentucky, where 
he was clothed with the white and 
black mantle of the Friar Preachers, 
and began his novitiate in the fall of 
1832. On March 7, 1834, the young 
religious made solemn profession of 
vows. As his course of divinities had 
mostly been made previous to his 
religious profession, the young aspi^ 
rant to the priesthood was ordained 
by Bishop John B. P u r c e 1 1 in St. 
John's church, Zanesville, Ohio, June 
1, 1834. He began at once his mis- 
sionary labors in the churches of 
Ohio, traveling through its northern 
part as an itinerant priest until his 
departure for the farther west in the 
summer of 1840. He came to Fort 
Madison, Sugar Creek and West 
Point, in Lee county, Iowa, where 
from 1834-37, Father Lefevre had al- 

Page Seventeen 

ready performed missionary duties, 
likewise Father B r i c k w e d d e, of 
Quincy, from '37-'39. However, Father 
Alleman located in 1840 at Fort Madi- 
son and thus became the first resi- 
dent priest in that section of the 
state. He spoke four modern lan- 
guages fluently (including his own 
vernacular, German and French), was 
missionary to the Winnebago Indians, 
an intimate friend of Chief Keokuk 
and other Indian chiefs. He intro- 
duced the first cultivated grapevines 
into Lee County, many of the present 
orchards in that vicinity had their 
origin in the pioneer nursery conduc- 
ted by him near his little church. In 
1841-'42 he organized the first total 
abstinance society in Lee County. He 
was saintly, generous, kind-hearted 
and charitable to a fault always 
sharing his last farthing with any one 
in need, enduring and zealous, dis- 

playing a remarkable devotion to his 

Father Alleman left Fort Madison 
in 1851 for Rock Island (and Moline, 
at both of which places he built the 
first churches) where he was pastor 
until 1859. Leaving Rock Island our 
pioneer missioner became pastor of 
Collinsville in our diocese in 1859-60. 
On account of premature age and in- 
firmities, both physical and mental, 
brought on by overwork and depriva- 
tions in his difficult missionary labors, 
he entered St. Vincent's Hospital at 
St. Louis, November 26, 1863. He 
suffered from melancholia. His death 
occured July 14, 1865, and was buried 
from St. Vincent's chapel in Calvary 
cemetery, St. Louis. There beneath 
the shadow of a great granite cross, 
beside archbishops and priests, await- 
ing the resurrection morn, slumbers 
the dust of this good and noble priest. 


"Into a joyland above us, 
Where there's a Father to love us, 
Into our Home Sweet Home''. 

Fath. Ab. Ryan. 

In 1902 a newly ordained young 
priest was assigned as assistant to 

St. Mary's of Alton. He had only 
shortly before received Holy Orders 

at the Jesuit Seminary of Insbruck. 
It was Rev. Paul Asmuth, a native of 
Eppe, in Westphalia. He was an ex- 
emplary young priest, meriting his 
pastor's entire confidence because of 
his conscientious and punctual per- 
formance of duties. Pleasant and con- 
genial, he soon grew into favor with 
the parishioners. Of a frail constitu- 
tion however, his health became un- 
dermined, consumption set in. Yearn- 
ing for his home and dear ones in the 
Fatherland, Father Asmuth rallied his 
waning strength and returned to the 
scenes of his boyhood days in the 
fall of 1906. For five years he tried to 
ward off the fatal hour which was to 
terminate his young priest life. Not- 
withstanding all the loving care and 
medical aid that was so generously 
bestowed on him, Rev. Paul Asmuth 
sank into death's embrace on October 
10, 1911, at the parental home in his 
native land. R. I. P. 

Page Eighteen 


''The bells tolled slowly, sadly, 

For a noble spirit fled; 
Slowly in pomp and honor, 
They bore the quiet dead". 

A knotty, blunt and rugged charac- 
ter was old Father Bartels. Fearless 
and aggressive he hewed his way 
through life. Like all other priests of 
early pioneer days he learned many a 
trite lesson in the school of adversity, 
disappointment and failure. But he 

brooded not over ineffectual attempts 
and futile efforts, but tried again and 
stubbornly forged ahead clearing his 
way of obstacles and impediments. 
Neither did he cater to the favors of a 
fickle world, no, once knowing his 
duty he fearlessly went ahead to ex- 
ecute it. He was a man of great con- 
servative habits, tenaciously clinging 
to old traditions and customs. He 
was especially known for his financial 
ability. Being a man of saving habits 
Father Bartels accumulated in the 
course of years a competency which 
with prudent management and by safe 
investment he succeeded in multiply- 
ing. Did he use the money thus made 
for himself? Go to Bartelso, a place 
founded by him and called after him, 
and ask the people for an answer to 
that question, and they will point with 
pride to the beautiful church, the 
school, cemetery, etc., and tell you 
that the big and generous heart of 
sturdy, stubborn Father Bartels had 
provided for all that mainly from his 
own resources. Nay, more. Among 
all newspapers one of the foremost 
champions of the church and her in- 

terests is without doubt the "Amer- 
ika" of St. Louis. That paper today 
rests on safe and sound business prin- 
ciples which guarantee its life and 
future continuance. It was, however, 
not always thus, for there was a time 
when the "Amerika's" financial affairs 
were rather shaky and in doubtful 
condition. When creditors demanding 
their money and no one in sight will- 
ing and ready to unloosen the purse- 
strings in aid of this valued paper, 
Father Bartels proved himself the 
man of the hour by planking down his 
hard cash and standing good for all 
obligations contracted by the paper. 
He saved the "Amerika" from dis- 
grace and ruin. For this act alone, if 
for nothing else, every German Cath- 
olic in these parts of the country owes 
him a debt of gratitude. Ripe in years, 
living more than three score and ten, 
he passed away at Bartelso, where in 
the shadow of the cross he found his 
last resting place by the side of his 
faithful friend and assistant, Rev. Cor- 
nelius Hoffman. 

Rev. Bartholomew Bartels was born 
March 10, 1823, at Cleve on the Rhine. 
His studies were made partly in his 
home city and partly at Cologne, 
Bonn and Muenster. He was ordained 
in the latter place by Bishop Arnold 
Melchers, May 29, 1847. For eleven 
years, from the time of his ordination 
till the year 1858, the young priest 
worked in his own native diocese. He 
came to America at the instance of 
Bishop Junker, of Alton, who as- 
signed him as pastor to Teutopolis. 
From there he came for a few months 
to St. Boniface of Quincy, then to St. 
Marie in Jasper county, Freeburg, 
1860, Millstadt, 1862-65, and two and 
one-half years to Highland, after 
which he spent sixteen years as pastor 
of Germantown, at the end of which he 
retired to Quincy, purchasing a home 
near St. John's church and lived the 
retired life for six years. Bartelso, 
however, where his main interests 
were located, lured him away from 
Quincy, he became pastor of that 
place, and after three years, May 4, 
1894, peacefully slept away. R. I. P. 

Page Nineteen 


''Memento Mori'". 

"In manus tuas, Doniine, commendo spiritum 
meum' '. 

"Memento Mori" was seldom in all 
its terrible and awsome significance 
more strikingly exemplified than on 
Tuesday, September 11, 1917, when 

the Angel of Death summoned Rev. 
Henry Becker, D. D., from our midst. 
Apparently in good health and spirits 
had he assisted less than two weeks 
previous thereto the bi-annual clergy 
retreat at the St. Francis College, 
Quincy, Illinois. During recreation 
hours the genial and good-natured 
doctor became as usual the centre 
around which so many grouped to 
listen to his inoffensive stories and 
harmless aecedotes, little thinking 
that for this universally beloved priest 
the grave was already yawning, and 
that he was to be the first to descend 
into the tomb. Alas! such was the 

cruel fate that awaited him shortly 
after arriving home aain. But death 
found him not unprepared. His thir- 
ty-eight years of priestly life, culmin- 
ated by a good retreat where the 
Memento Mori subject is uppermost 
in the minds of all retreatants, had 
paved the way for the final call and 
blissful eternity of the pastor of Pier- 
ron, Illinois. 

Father Becker was a learned man, 
a sound theologian, a fine logician 
and analyst, who commanded over ;i 
wide range of knowledge and informa- 
tion. As a mathematician he perfected 
and published but a few years ago a 
perpetual almanac, which was well 
received and by competent men highly 
endorsed; moreover did he possess 
more than ordinary astronomical 
knowledge. Withal, however, he was 
modest and humble to a fault; he 
eschewed notoriety and but seldom 
caused his opinions to prevail. Being 
a lover of physical exercises our de- 
parted was passionately addicted to 
swimming. In whatever part of the 
world he visited, there he gave him- 
self over to swimming, and he was a 
master in this acquarian sport. 

Rev. Henry Becker, D. D., was 
born July 1, 1856, at Salzkotten, West- 
falia, came to America September 25, 
1875, and entered the Grand Semin- 
ary of Montreal. Here the talented 
young theologian passed a splendid 
examination, being awarded with the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity the first 
in the history of that institution. On 
December 20, 1879, he was . elevated 
to the priesthood. Since then he 
worked at Mound City, Kaskaskia, 
Saline, Hillsboro, Vandalia, Brighton, 
Brussels, Meppen and Pierron. R. I. 

Page Tu 


"Weary not through Springtime rain 
But wait till the Autumn conies 
For the sheaves of golden grain". 

Delbrueck, near Poderborn in West- 
falia, is the birthplace of Rev. Hy. 
Beerhorst. There he was born Janu- 
ary 19, 1838, was admitted to Holy 
Orders March 12, 1864, and appointed 
the following December to St. Mary's 
church of Grand Rapids, (then 
still in the Detroit diocese). In 1869 
Father Beerhorst was replaced by 
another priest, discontinued his ser- 
vices in the Detroit diocese and gradu- 
ally landed at Alton where he applied 
to the bishop for an appointment. He 
was received and sent to Quincy, 
there to become an assistant to Rev. 
Schafermeyer of St. Boniface parish, 
for the new arrival was a near relative 
of the pastor. From March 5, 1870, 
to April 25, 1871, Father Beerhorst 
performed good services at St. Boni- 
face. The people had become greatly 
attached to him and he proved a val- 
uable asset to pastor and parish. On 
the latter date, however, the young 
priest strove to realize a long cher- 
ished a m b i t i o n he determined to 
embrace monastic life, packed his few 
belongings and set out for the Car- 
melite Monastery of Scipio, Kansas, 
where soon after he was invested with 
the habit of that order. A few years 
later, Father Schafermeyer likewise 
donned the Carmelite habit at that 
place, to exchange it later, however, 
for that of the Fransciscans. R. I. P. 

Page Twenty-One 


'My soul would lay her heavy burden down 
And take with joyfulness the promised 
crown.' ' 

.When on February 14, 1896, the 

late Rev. P. M. Bourke went to his 
eternal reward, a learned and elo- 
quent man passed from sight. He 
was a well-known, familiar person 
throughout the diocese, beloved by 
clergy and laity alike, whole-souled 
and generous to a fault. During the 
early years of priestly life, he taught 
at the College of Ruma where his 
solid learning was combined with the 
gift of thoroughly imparting knowl- 
edge to the student body. Unstinted 
praise was given his ability by all who 
studied under him. 

Father Bourke was a native of Tip- 
perary, Ireland, where he was born, 
St. Patrick's Day March 17, 1839. 
When still a child, both parents died. 
The orphaned boy was adopted by an 
aunt living in Limerick, where young 
Patrick was educated. From the pri- 
mary school he was admitted to the 
Jesuit College and later attended the 
Monk's school (Trappists) of Mt. 
M e 1 a r y. At All Hallows and the 
Grand Seminary of Montreal he stu- 
died philosophy and theology and 
became ordained to the priesthood by 
Bishop Baltes. When the Ruma Col- 
lege had closed its doors Father Bour- 
ke worked in the capacity of both as- 
sistant as well as pastor at Grafton, 
Springfield, Decatur, Vandalia, 1888- 
1894 and Shipman, every where win- 
ning hosts of friends and well-wishers. 
Pursuant to his wishes his remains 
were interred at Springfield. R. I. P. 


"I desire to be dissolved and to be with 
Christ, being by much the better". 
Phil. 1, 2-3. 

County Cavan, Ireland, had given 
the diocese a prominent priest in the 
person of Rev. Patrick Brady. His 
pastoral wisdom, prudence and cau- 
tion were productive of good results. 
He ranked high in the esteem of his 
fellow priests because of his compan- 
ionable disposition and his kindly 
benevolent ways. Born in 1833, our 
future candidate for Holy Orders 
made his studies at All Hallows; 

there he became ordained to the 
priesthood April 17, 1865. After act- 
ing as an assistant for a while at the 
Cathedral, the young priest was sent 
in similar capacity to Rev. L. A. Lam- 
bert (author of "Notes on Ingersoll") 
then pastor of St. Patrick's church of 
Cairo. Four years Father Brady 
spent there, three as assistant and the 
last as pastor, 1868-'69. At this time 
the Bishop recalled him from the 
Egyptian Metropolis and made him 
pastor of the Immaculate Conception 

Page Twenty-Two 

church of Springfield. During Father 
Brady's administration the church 
was remodeled and besides received 
an addition to it so as to extend its 
length; moreover he built a large 
brick school house, an eloquent monu- 
ment to his pastoral zeal and energy. 

In 1889 Father Brady exchanged 
places with Father Timothy Hickey, 
of Jacksonville, who in the meantime 

had been made a Vicar General by 
the new Bishop. With undiminished 
vim and vigor he continued his work 
at Jacksonville until May 14, 1892, 
when death called him away from the 
scenes of usefulness. His age was 
59 years. 

Father Patrick Brady's body was 
bedded in the Jacksonville cemetery. 
R. I. P. 


"How gallantly, how nobly 

He struggles through the foam; 
And see in the far distance 
Shine out the lights of Home ! ' ' 

Another Cavan County man, a 
splendid young priest who was called 
from hence in the prime of manhood, 
was Rev. Hugh Brady, pastor of St. 
Ubaldus church of New Douglas. His 
soul soared upward to God's holy 
throne on May 17, 1916. The young 
priest had contracted pneumonia 
which culminated in death. He died 
well prepared at the St. Francis hos- 
pital of Litchfield. 

Father Hugh Brady was born June 
18, 1883, in Cavan, Ireland, and at 
the time of his death was but 32 years 
and 11 months old. 

He attended St. Patrick's College 
of Carlow, and was ordained in June, 
1908, for the diocese of Alton. Im- 
mediately after his ordination he 
sailed for America and was assigned 
as an assistant to St. Joseph's parish 
of Springfield. He remained there for 
five years, winning the confidence and 

love of the parishioners in an uncom- 
mon degree. After the lapse of this 
period the young priest was made a 
pastor and ordered to New Douglas, 
where soon he endeared himself to 
all. But alas! his usefulness was to be 
of but short duration. 

With eyes fixed on eternity, and 
recalling to mind his work at St. 
Joseph's parish, Springfield, his dying 
request was that he be buried at 

The test of a priest's worth is made 
apparent, by his standing with his 
brother priests, hence the fact that 
77 confreres attended Father Brady's 
funeral, is eloquent testimony as to 
his sterling character. Rev. P. J. 
O'Reilly, of St. Joseph's celebrated 
the Requiem, assisted by Rev. P. J. 
McGiiinness as deacon, and Rev. F. 
Shiels as sub-deacon. Rev. A. Smith 
preached the sermon which was an 
eloquent tribute to the priestly virtues 
of our defunct. R. I. P. 


"Arise! This day shall shine f prevermore ! 
To thee a star divine on Time's dark 
shore' '. 

In 1858 the coal mine in the neigh- 
borhood of Bethalto, in Madison 
county, had gathered there a large 
number of people, many of whom 
were Catholics. To minister to these 
people became the duty, in 1858, of 
Rev. J. J. Brennan, at the time an 
assistant at the Alton Cathedral. He 
had a frame church built, which con- 
tinued to be attended from the Cathe- 
dral till 1865. During the years from 
1859-'61, Father Brennan was given 

charge of the parishes of Carlinville 
and Jacksonville, after which he was 
appointed pastor of Shawneetown. 
One year he stayed in this latter 
place when he was ordered to East 
St. Louis with the injunction to as- 
sume the organization of St. Patrick's 
parish and to build a church. Father 
Brennan accomplished both but soon 
after severed connection with the dio- 
cese whilst Father O'Halloran was ap- 
pointed administrator until a new 
pastor was assigned to St. Patrick's 
in 1864 in the person of F. X. Zabell, 
D. D. 

Page Twenty-Three 


"For we know that if our earthly house 
of this habitation is dissolved that we have a 
building of God, a h >use not made with 
hands, eternal in heaven.'' 2 Cor. 5, 1. 

The iirst German CatTiolic parish 
established along the entire course of 
the Mississippi river was that of the 
"Ascension." "Christi Himmelfahrt'.s 
Gemeinde" of Quincy. This name was 

given it by the small band of Catholic 
settlers who as early as 1834 had been 
gathered into a congregation by the 
occasional visitor. Rev. Father Le- 
F e v r e, (subsequently Bishop of 
Detroit.) To this struggling young 
community which chiefly was com- 
posed of German Catholic emigrants, 
Rev. August Florent Brickwedde was 
appointed by Bishop Rosati of St. 
Louis, as first resident pastor. The 
name "Ascension parish" was retained 
until the present large brick structure 
was erected in 1848, and the patronal 
name "St. Boniface" became substitu- 
ted for the titular "Ascension." 

Rev. Augustine Florent Brickwedde 
was born June 24, 1805, at Fuerstenau 
in the then kingdom of Hannover. His 
father was a lawyer of repute who 
afterward became a judge at Bersen- 
bruck. Our future Quincy priest com- 
pleted his classical studies at the Car- 
olinum of Osbnabruck and the theo- 
logical course at the universities of 
Muenster and Bonn. He was made 
a sub-deacon September 20, 1828, a 
deacon September 19, 1829, and or- 

Pnge Twenty-Four 

dained to the priesthood in the Cathe- 
dral of Hildesheim by Bishop Code- 
hard Joseph, September 20, 1830. 

In his native city of Fuerstenau the 
young priest acted as Vicar until his 
departure for America in May, 1837. 
At this time it happened that quite a 
number of Catholics had determined 
on emigrating to Missouri and Illinois, 
which had become known for its 
healthfulness, plentiful timber, and its 
cheap farm lands He was induced to 
join some of these emigrating families, 
to become their pastor and counsellor 
in the new world. God inspired him to 
follow them and to aid them in their 
spiritual needs and necessities, for far 
or near there was no German priest 
to be found to minister to the colony 
of emigrants from the fatherland. 
After along and tedious journey 
which lasted more than eight weeks, 
the young priest landed in Xew York 
on July 4, 1837, and reached Quincy a 
few weeks later. The hardships of the 
pioneer life may be imagined. The 
climate was severe, the way of living 
new and accommodations rather prim- 
itive. And yet he faced these condi- 
tions smilingly. He remained in 
Quincy where some of the early Ger- 
man settlers had located and at once 
set to work to build a small frame 
church with additional two rooms for 
a residence and another large one to 
serve as temporary school. Having 
said Mass in private dwellings since 
August 15, 1837, Father Brickwedde. 
now was happy to say Mass and ad- 
minister the Sacraments in a church 
building proper, although humble and 
lowly in appearance; it measured but 
28x18 feet. Solemn Benediction of this 
first church of Quincy took place on 
Pentecost Sunday, 1838. By this time 
his own private personal resources 
were well nigh exhausted. Twice he 
recrossed the ocean for the purpose of 
gathering funds for his parish and 
outlying missions of Sugar Creek and 
Ft. Madison, la. Not only were his 
friends and relatives asked to con- 
tribute, nay he solicited even at the 
courts of Vienna and Munich, bring- 
ing with him not only the much- 

needed cash; but beautiful sacred ves- 
sels and vestments, yea even an organ, 
the gift of his sister. 

Of his periodical visits to lowan 
settlements in and around Ft. Madi- 
son, Father Zaiser says in his Dia- 
mond Jubilee edition of St. Joseph's 
church of Ft. Madison: "In 1837 
Father August Brickwedde, the first 
pastor of Quincy, took charge of the 
missions in this territory and for sev- 
eral years visited Fort Madison, West 
Point and Sugar Creek, to give the 
few Catholics a chance to perform 
their Easter duties. He celebrated 
High Mass in Fort Madison at J. H. 
Dingman's log cabin in 1839. Great 
must have been the joy ancr consola- 
tion of the good pioneers. From here 
he went to Sugar Creek settlement, 
now St. Paul, where he held divine 
service in the new log barn of J. H. 
Kempker, May 13, 1833. Sugar Creek 
deserves the distinction of having 
erected the first temple of God in Lee 
county and in all the surrounding 
region. In 1839 a few Catholic farm- 
ers got together, cut down some oi" 
the tallest trees in the forest of Sugar 
Creek valley and built a log church. 
They sent for Father Brickwedde, 
who came, celebrated Holy Mass for 
them and dedicated the little church 
in honor of St. James. 

After the building of the present 
church, St. Boniface of Quincy, 
Father Brickwedde had to encounter 
the accursed spirit of dissension 
which, rent the parish in twain. The 
seeds of discontent had been adroitly 
sown ly a discharged teacher and his 
obnoxious following. Poisoned shafts 
of slander were levelled against the 
hard working priest, his priestly char- 
acter was attacked and besmirched, 
his life even threatened. In the midst 
of his trials he had the consolation 
of being upheld not only by the testi- 
mony of a good conscience, but also 
by the support of his own Bishop, 
Msgr. Van de Velde, who emphatical- 
ly decided in his favor and twice 
closed the church and placed the 
clerical villifiers under the ban of ex- 
communication. Though the Bishop 
of Chicago intervened (Quincy since 

1844 had come under the jurisdiction 
of the Bishop of Chicago) yet peace 
would not be restored, and as Quincy 
was one of the largest and oldest 
Catholic German congregations and 
the city was then seriously thought of 
for a new episcopal see, the division 
of the people and the factionalism in 
the parish caused a great deal of ad- 
verse comment, it hurt -the city, and 
ultimately fustrated the erection of 
the new diocese with Quincy as See. 
Father Brickwedde resigned and left 
sick at heart in March, 1849. 

To restore unity and harmony 
among the opposing factions, the Pro- 
vincial of the Jesuits of St. Louis, was 
appealed to by the Bishop of Chicago 
"to send a learned and prudent priest 
to Quincy." But the Jesuit priest was 
but a short time there when opposi- 
tion turned also against him. When 
this was reported to the Provincial at 
St. Louis he became indignant, with- 
drew the priest and left the Catholics 
of Quincy to themselves. The cholera 
at that time decimated the ranks of 
the rebels. "When Father Brick- 
wedde left Quincy," says Rev. John 
Larmer in 'Lives of Early Catholic 
Missionaries of the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury in Illinois' "he was so disgusted 
with the world that he determined to 
take to the woods. He went into the 
forest where government land was 
from 12 cents to $1.25 per acre, about 
twenty-five miles from St. Louis. He 
selected forty acres for church pur- 
poses and school. Xot a living soul 
was near the location. When he got 
settled he went over to St. Louis, 
found three poor German immigrants 
on the river bank not knowing where 
to go nor what to do. They were 
humble, God-fearing Catholics of the 
innocent peasant type. He told them 
if they would come with him he 
would give each forty acres of land 
The only condition he imposed was 
they were to help the next settlers he 
found to build homes and get started. 
This was the way Father Brickwedde 
settled Columbia in Monroe Co., 111. 
from St. Libory whither he was sent 
as pastor after leaving Quincy. When 
the good old priest related his first 

Page Twenty-Five 

start in getting settlers, says Father 
Larmer, tears came to his eyes. Co- 
lumbia soon grew into prominence 
and counted within a few years numer- 
ous families. 

At St. Libory or Mud Creek as it 
was then generally known it was his 
habit, though now advanced in years, 
to drive to and from St. Louis in search 
of necessary supplies. In the middle 
of November, 1865, as he was on his 
way home from St. Louis, he felt un- 
well and was compelled to stop at 
Belleville, where after two days' of 
sickness he died on the 21st of 
November of the same year, 1865. 

At first funeral service was held in 
the Belleville church, attended by the 
people and clergy of the neighbor- 
hood, all eager to cast their eyes on 
the noted victim of Quincy parish 
persecution and pray for the repose 

of his soul. On the next day the same 
was repeated at St. Libory. Father 
Bartels sang the Requiem Mass and 
Father Baltes, (soon to be the second 
Bishop of the Diocese), gave the Ab- 
solution. The remains of good Father 
Brickwedde were interred at Mud 

The defunct, says Father Larmer, 
was a man of great height and pos- 
sessed a rather homely yet benevo- 
lent countenance. As a business man, 
and cautious financier, he would be an 
example even in these days of careful 
calculation. This venerable servant 
of God was moreover a man of learn- 
ing allied with solid piety. He was 
liberal in all his views and practical 
in all the affairs of life. He died as 
he had lived, a true servant of his 
Divine Master. R. I. P. 


The subject of this sketch was a 
man of great mental caliber and rare 
intellectual attainments one who com- 

manded attention wherever met or 
seen. Tall of stature, robust and vig- 
orous, good natured and smiling, such 
were the traits in the general makeup 
of Rev. Theodore Bruener who on 

January 1, 1870 assumed the pastoral 
reins of St. M'ary's congregation of 
Quincy. The church had just been 
built and dedicated to Mary Im- 
maculate, the first Holy Mass had 
been said therein three weeks previ- 
ously and the congregation as such 
had not as yet fully emerged out of 
that formative stage into a compact 
body which is the essential requisite 
of any stable, active and healthy or- 
ganization. Rev. Bruener seemed to 
be the providential man to accomplish 
and perfect what so far had been left 
incomplete. It was reserved for him to 
place St. Mary's on solid basis and to 
dictate a policy which, if promptly 
carried out, was to establish and in- 
sure the congregation's stability and 
permanence. He at once set out to 
inaugurate and introduce these neces- 
sary elements, he organized men and 
women, old and young, into societies 
and what was most important of all 
he started a parochial school. At 
what heroic sacrifices and manifold 
personal inconveniences this was ac- 
complished, he himself tells us in his 
inestimable work entitled, "Kirchen- 
geschichte Quincy's" in the chapter 
exclusively devoted to the interest of 

Page Twenty-Six 

St. Mary's. To these interesting pages 
all may re,fer who would read a detailed 
account of the history of St. Mary's. 

Father Bruener was eminently a 
great organizer; from practical prior 
experience he knew the needs and 
wants of society, the dangers which 
beset it and the means to safeguard it. 
To procure the latter he left no stone 
unturned, but worked and talked and 
preached on all convenient occasions, 
in season and out of season. Success 
soon crowned his efforts. Some of 
the societies which flourish today 
after a half century's existence, owe 
their beginning to the endeavors ot 
St. Mary's first pastor. And who can 
gauge the amount of good they have 
done since in helping to build up and 
strengthen the congregation? Xot 
only that, but they were indirectly 
the means that parish work preceede-1 
on systematic lines of action, they 
proved a vast help and great relief to 
the oftentimes overburdened priest. 

If Father Bruener proved himself a 
great organizer, he was still greater 
as educator. For this latter profes- 
sion he had been especially trained in 
Germany, where for a number of years 
he had been successfully active as 
teacher. His was the rare gift to 
communicate and to impart, to model 
and to train. Possessed of splendid 
talents and natural aptitude for teach- 
ing and being generously equipped 
with broad and liberal training which 
was solid and thorough in all its es- 
sentials, Father Bruener soon distin- 
guished himself as a noted educator 
and pedagogue not only locally at St. 
Mary's, where 'under his direction 
the parochial school attained prom- 
inence and distinction, nay, his emi- 
nent qualification in the field of edu- 
cation induced in 1873 and again the 
following year the Most Rev. Arch- 
bishop of Milwaukee to extend a 
most urgent invitation to our St. 
Mary's pastor to assume the reins of 
rectorship of the Normal School of 
St. Francis, Wis., known as the "Pio 
Nono" College. So insistent were 
these repeated calls that Father Brue- 
ner finally yielded and accepted the 
proposed position, much to the grief 

and sorrow of his friends and par- 
ishioners of St. Mary's. 

In this connection it is of interest 
to state that later Rev. Bruener fol- 
lowed the example of a predecessor by 
joining a religious order, thus his 
successor at the "Pio Nono" college 
likewise embraced the religious life 
when ready to resign his position as 
rector of that institution. It was the 
Rev. Wm. Neu who came to the Alton 
diocese from Wisconsin in exchange 
of Rev. Bruener. Assigned to the 
parish of Bunker Hill this eminent 
churchman performed excellent work 
whilst there and gained in marvellous 
degree the esteem of Catholic and 
Protestant alike. No priest ever en- 
joyed such well merited popularity 
during the few years stay with us, 
than -lid Rev. Wm. Neu at Bunker 
Hill. He finally joined the Benedic- 
tine Abbey of Atchinson, Kansas, in 
September, 1889, and was known from 
thenceforth as P. Longin, O. S. B. 
He died there a few years ago, sin- 
cerely mourned by m any. (See 

Father Bruener was undoubtedly 
much stimulated in his chosen pro- 
fession by the words of Holy Writ: 
"They that instruct many unto justice 
shall shine as the stars for all etern- 

His were four years of incessant 
hard work, of planting, pruning and 
sowing whilst ooirs, owing to his 
labors, are years of reaping. 

A worthy counterpart of our sub- 
ject, one of striking similarity of 
thought and action as well as of phys- 
ical appearance, robust and rugged 
was the Rev. Fr. Wm. Faerber of St. 
Mary's parish, St. Louis, Mo. Whilst 
the former distinguished himself as 
historian and pedagogue the latter be- 
came widely known as popular Cate- 
chist in which capacity he published 
"Faerber's Catechism," a work known 
in all Catholic schools throughout the 

Father Bruener's name will forever 
continue to live in the grateful hearts 
of the good people of St. Mary's. 

Born May 27, 1836, he was ordained 

Page Twenty-Seven 

to the priesthood September 3, 1859, 
at Muenster and acted as "Schulvikar" 
at Wadersloh from the time of his 
ordination till he set out for America, 
late in 1867, at the invitation of Bishop 
D. Junker of Alton. He was sent 
at once to Quincy to become the first 
pastor of St. Mary's parish January 

This congregation had been organ- 
ized and the church built under the 
supervision and by the efforts of good 
Father Reinhardt, who now by the 
advent of Rev. Bruener, re-assumed 
his work at St. Boniface, to be sent, 
however, shortly after to a different 
place. From 1874-1879 our former 
pastor remained at the head of the 
St. Francis institution from which at 
the instance of his diocesan Bishop 
he returned to become pastor of St. 
Boniface parish of Quincy. Here 
Father Bruener again performed good, 
lasting parochial work till November 

9, 1887. Foremost among his under- 
takings ranks during this time the 
publication by him of that important 
work on the "History of the Catholic 
Church in Quincy," a work which re- 
ceived unstinted praise even at Rome 
from such eminent men as Cardinal 
Simeoni, Cardinal Melchers and Msgr. 
De Waal. Following a call from 
heaven our veteran worker bid fare- 
well to his friends and former asso- 
ciates of the clergy, and joined the 
Franciscan Order at Teutopolis, to 
be known from thence forth as P. 
Leo. What good he accomplished as 
an humble follower of the great Sera- 
phic Saint till the hour of his death. 
May 15, 1898, and his previous God- 
like deeds are chronicled 6n the pages 
of the book of life. 

He died at San Francisco, Califor- 
nia, where he found his last resting 
place. R. I. P. 


"Then with slow, reverent step 

And beating heart, 
From out the joyous days 
Thou must depart". 

Amid the reposefulness and quietude 
of rural surroundings lies the small 
"God's acre" belonging to the parish 
of Lively Grove, in Washington 
county. Here on this consecrated plot 
of ground we come to a grave, the 
tenant of which is, as the modest 
headstone announces, Rev. Father 
Albert Busch, a priest carried away 
by inexorable death in the prime and 
vigor of young manhood, for he had 
scarcely attained the age of 35 years, 
when his record came to a sudden 
close. The cradle of our defunct 
young priest stood at Xeheim, near 
Hoexter in Westfalia, where he was 
born February 26, 1844. After com- 
pleting the high school studies in his 
native town, young Albert Busch 
came to America in 1866, entered St. 
Francis seminary near Milwaukee 
shortly after, and was elevated to the 
priesthood by Bishop Henni, January 
29, 1868, for the bishopric of Alton. 
With great vim and vigor the neo- 
presbyter embraced his holy vocation. 

Page Twenty-Eight 

His first appointment was to St. 
Alexis' of Beardstown, March 18, 
1868. Here he built a front addition 
to the old church, purchased the 
present parsonage and lots adjoining 
for the sum of $2,100 and erected a 
small school house. In 1873 our sub- 
ject was assigned to Marine where he 
stayed but one year till 1874, when 
the Bishop appointed him to Lively 
Grove. Here he worked successfully 
for five years till March 18, 1879, on 
which date he was summoned to his 
eternal reward. 

In the premature death of Father 
Busch the diocese lost a promising 
young man, who during the eleven 
years of priestly career had worked 
enthusiastically for the welfare of 
those committed to his sacred charge. 
His life though brief was active, 
meagre in years but fruitful in service. 
Far better to go before God after 
few years with full hands than after 
many years empty-handed. 

May the memory of his good and 
noble life prove an inspiration unto 
others to imitate. R. I. P. 


Consumatum est ! 

In the "aul lang syne" in days long 
ago as early as 1847, St. Mary's 
parish of Mt. Sterling had not only a 
church but even a resident pastor. 
He was Father James Gallagher. 
Several priests had succeeded him 
after his departure from there in 
rapid succession, till Father Byrne 
was appointed, who remained at the 
head of the parish from 1856-'59, dur- 

ing which time he looked after the 
spiritual interests of St. Alexis' parish 
of Beardstown. From Mt. Sterling 
he was appointed to Marshall and 
Paris, where he became the successor 
of old Father Tom Ryan in 1860-'61. 
Little is known of his subsequent 
history except that from September, 
1870 he had charge for one-half year 
of St. Mary's congregation of Ed- 
wardsville. R. I. P. 


"The links are broken; all is past; 
The last farewell when spoken 
Is the last". 

One of the hardy and rugged old 
characters of former pioneer days was 
Rev. Michael Carroll, second pastor 
of Alton, 1841-1857. He was a native 

of County Limerick, Ireland, and was 
sent to replace Rev. George A. Ham- 
ilton, first pastor of St. Mathew's 
church, in 1841 (compare sketch). 
When appointed to the Mission of 
Alton it embraced Madison and the 
surrounding counties. In 1845 he said 
first Mass at Collinsville. Father Car- 
roll purchased a lot on Third and 
Alby streets, Alton, and at once com- 
menced the erection of a stone church 
which was completed in 1843 and ded- 

icated to divine service by Bishop Le 
Febre, of Detroit. It bore the patronal 
name of St. Mathew, same as its pre- 
decessor under Father Hamilton. This 
church burned down in 1852. Three 
years the Catholics of Alton wor- 
shipped in a hall on State street. In 
1855 Bishop O'Regan, third Bishop of 
Chicago, permitted Father Carroll to 
erect another church. He built the 
present Cathedral church. Rev. M. 
Prendergast was Father Carroll's as- 
sistant in 1853. 

In a diary kept by Bishop Quarter, 
of Chicago, there is repeated mention 
made of Father Carroll. He assisted 
at old St. Mary's. Later on under 
Bishop Van de Velde, he conducted a 
conference at Alton. On June 15, 1844, 
he went to Joliet to meet Bishop 
Quarter. On the 17th the party com- 
prised of the Bishop, Fathers St. Pa- 
lais, De Pontavic and Carroll set out 
in a carriage for Ottawa. The jour- 
ney was full of hardships as the roads 
were bad, and twice the Bishop and 
priests had to apply rails to lift the 
carriage from the quagmires in the 
sloughs through which they were 
compelled to pass. They arrived at 
Ottawa the following day. 

The first stone church which Father 
Carroll erected in 1855 is still the 
handsome Cathedral of the Alton dio- 
cese today. True, generous sums of 
money have been expended from time 
to time for repairs and embellish- 
ments. Its ultimate completion was 
reserved for Bishop Juncker. The 
Cathedral was solemnly consecrated 

Page Tieenly-Nine 

by Archbishop Kenrick, of St. Louis, 
May 15, 1859. Bishops Luers, of Fort 
Wayne, Duggan, of Chicago, and 
Whelan, of Nashville, being present. 

The construction of this substantial 
church, truly magnificent for the time 
of its erection, proclaims to coming 
generations the zeal and noble ambi- 
tion manifested by this sturdy pioneer 
priest in the cause of religion. 

In 1857, when Bishop Juncker was 
about to take possession of the new 
.see of Alton, Father Carroll returned 
to his Bishop in Chicago. He was 
sent to Elgin, where he lived and died 
a few years afterward. His remains 
were buried in the old St. Mary's 
church in that city. 

Father Michael Carroll was a man 
of tall stature and iron frame, pos- 
sessing a commanding appearance. 
When building the present Cathedral 
church, he is known to have per- 

formed hard manual labor like a com- 
mon workman. After Mass he would 
slip into his overalls and begin mix- 
ing mortar or wheeling building stone 
to the masons. 

Few of the towns now in Madison, 
Jersey and Montgomery counties are 
there which in their incipiency did 
not enjoy the priestly visits of Father 
Carroll, and what he gathered in his 
missionary wanderings says Father 
Larmer was put in to build the Ca- 
thedral of Alton. When Father Car- 
roll left Alton in 1857, he made a trip 
to Ireland with Rev. Patrick O'Brien, 
of St. Louis, and on his return was 
appointed to Lake Forest, near Wau- 
kegan, and shortly after to Elgin. 
Whilst visiting a neighboring priest 
who was sick, a night call came from 
a distance. The priest could not go, 
so Father Carroll attended in a storm, 
the sick person, caught a malignant 
fever and soon thereafter died. 


"I have fought a good fight, I have fin- 
ished my course, I have kept my faith. For 
the rest there is laid up for all a crown of 
justice, which the Lord, the just judge, will 
render to me at that day." 2 Tim. 4, 6. 

Among the large class of Ordinandi 
which presented itself for Holy Or- 
ders in the Seminary chapel of Mon- 

treal a few days before Christmas in 
1882, was our subject, Rev. James A. 
Cassidy. Born at Canajoharie, in New 
York state, in 1854, he finished his 
preparatory studies in his native state, 
after which he pursued his theological 
course with the Sulpician Fathers of 
Montreal. Well does the writer of 
these^ lines recall the days when 
Father Cassidy, together with the late 
Father Joseph P'innigan and Father 
James Gough (Belleville) was elevated 
to the priesthood. A jovial, genial, 
good-natured young man was Father 
Cassidy when a student of the Semi- 
nary, and these traits he retained dur- 
ing his subsequent priestly career. 
Wherever seen during recess hours, 
he was the centre of an animated 
gathering. All enjoyed his company 
and friendship, and as priest he be- 
came equally popular and well liked 
by all who came in close contact with 
him. Hence his success in founding 
and developing St. Patrick's congre- 
gation of Alton. Being for a short 
while an assistant at the Cathedral, he 
was ordered to inaugurate prelim- 

Page Thirty 

inary work for starting St. Patrick's. 
There were but eighty families to 
commence -with, but young Father 
Cassidy was by no means discouraged 
in his undertakings. He succeeded ad- 
mirably, for he built church and par- 
sonage in 1883, and three years later, 
in 1886, added a parochial school to 

his now flourishing parish. In March, 
1887, Father Cassidy was transferred 
from Alton to Murrayville, where four 
years later he died, February 4, 1890. 
Father Cassidy was a great promoter 
of manly sports, hence an ardent lover 
of base ball. R. I. P. 


"Sweet Heaven my hope points up to thee 
When whelming woes sweep over me!" 

On the night of May 19, 1903, a 
terrible catastrophe occured at the 
parochial residence of Columbia, 111., 
casting the pall of genuine mourning 

not over the parish alone, but over 
the entire diocese as well. On that 
fatal night, the pastor of Columbia 
parish, Rev. Bernard Claus, testing 
doors and windows ere retiring for 
the night, as usually he did, was sud- 
denly seized with an attack of diz- 
ziness, collapsed and expired. A heart 
stroke had snuffed out his priestly 
life instanter. In the act of attending 
to the locking of doors and windows, 
however, he generally carried a kero- 
sene lamp in his hand. So this fatal 
evening. Whilst the stricken priest 
sank lifeless to the floor, the burning 
kerosene lamp exploded and flaming 
oil encircling the body partly in- 
cinerating it. A thrill of horror went 

forth when next morning the pastor's 
sad and tragic death was made known 
to his faithful flock and the numerous 
friends both in the Belleville and 
Alton dioceses, where for many years 
he had worked so well and left such 
honorable record in every place and 
parish which had witnessed his un- 
selfish labors and ministrations. 

Born April 3, 1842, at Niederovschel 
in Saxony, Father Claus studied 
classics at Heiligenstadt, philosophy 
and partly theology at Muenster and 
Bonn. He came to America in June, 
1868, and finished his studies at Cin- 
cinnati, where Archbishop John B. 
Purcell, D. D., ordained him to the 
priesthood September 24, 1870. He 
was stationed as assistant at St. Boni- 
face of Quincy, December 6, 1870 
February 14, 1872, a few months at 
Edwardsville, with Staunton and New 
Douglas as out-missions; at Mt. Ster- 
ling from 1872-73; at Taylorville from 
1873-77. During this period he erected 
a comfortable parochial residence at 
Morrisonville, and moving thither 
became the first resident pastor of St. 
Maurice congregation. From here he 
was assigned to parishes in the south- 
ern part of the state and hence be- 
came incorporated into the new dio- 
cese of Belleville when the latter was 
erected in 1888. There he was active 
at Madonnaville December 5, 1872 
January, 1882; at Paderborn from 
January, 1882-1892, when he became 
pastor of Columbia and met his tragic 
death May 19, 1903. He was buried 
in the cemetery of that parish. R. I. P. 

Page Thirty-One 


"I have come to take thee home 
Said the veiled guest; 
The great journey of life is done* 
I will take thee into rest". 

It was a large class that prepared 
for ordination which was to take place 
at All Hallows Seminary, April 17, 
1863. Among these young aspirants 
who went through College and Semi- 

nary life together, were some whose 
future years were to be spent in the 
Mission field of one and the same dio- 
cese. In this particular class for in- 
stance, were a number destined for 
Alton, where the field was extensive, 
laborers however few. Whilst on a 
visit to Ireland, Bishop Juncker had 
aroused a missionary spirit in the 
young clerics with the result that a 
goodly number had applied to be ad- 
mitted into his diocese, and good and 
faithful workers they all eventually 
proved to be. They were men of the 
old school, blunt and plain, true and 
honest, worthy and zealous. There 
was, among others, Michael Clifford, 
who emerged from that class of '63 to 
swell the ranks of the Alton clergy. 
He had accumulated a store of merits 
when death summoned him in the 
springtime of 1907, and he was ush- 
ered into the presence of his Maker. 

Page Thirty-Two 

This native of Limerick has left his 
distinctive mark on every parish over 
which he was called to preside and his 
memory is held by the people in last- 
ing benediction. And many were the 
parishes whom he served as pastor. 
Many a heart was sorely afflicted 
when it was learned that Father Clif- 
ford had died. He had been truly a 
father and friend to all parishioners. 
His first assignment after ordination 
was to the parish of Winchester in 
1863-'66. Next we learn that he is di- 
recting the destinies of Virden's con- 
gregation from 1868-'69, whereupon 
Bunker Hill claimed his ministrations 
from 1869-72. Mt. Sterling at this 
time needed a strong man to erect a 
residence, school building and a new 
church. The choice fell upon Father 
Clifford and he proved to be the right 
man. Twenty-four years of faithful, 
fruitful service characterized his stay 
at Mt. Sterling, when in 1896. he was 
entrusted with the pastorate of St. Jo- 
seph's of Springfield, where he labored 
in his own quiet, unobtrusive way till 
early in 1907, when God called his 
pious, faithful servant from hence. 

The Springfield deanery in its quar- 
terly session on June 27, of that year, 
passed the following set of pertinent 
resolutions which admirably portray 
the priestly life and character of de- 
ceased. They were as follows: 

"Whereas, It has pleased Almighty 
God to take to Himself the soul of 
Rev. Michael Clifford, for eleven years 
pastor of St. Joseph's church, Spring- 
field, 111., and one of our most efficient 
and venerable reverend Fathers, and 

Whereas, His consistent conduct in 
the priesthood for forty-five years 
was an exemplification in the highest 
degree of the teachings of our Lord 
and his Church, and 

Whereas, During life he was a light 
to many in the way of salvation, both 
by his prayers and cheerful person- 
ality, and 

Whereas, Knowing, as we do, ru- 
mors, to the contrary, notwithstand- 

ing, that he died possessed of little of 
this world's goods, therefore be it 

Resolved, That we, his co-laborers 
in the priesthood, while deploring- our 
loss in his death, take this method of 
showing to the world our heart-born 
appreciation of his many priestly vir- 
tues, and further be it 

Resolved, That in view of the many 
places over which he had jurisdiction, 
his care in financial affairs in the 
building of schools, convents and 
churches, merited for him the implicit 
undying gratitude of his people, and 

confidence of his superiors, and fur- 

Resolved, That out of respect for 
his memory this Quarterly Confer- 
ence of the Springfield deanery now 
in session be adjourned." 

Whoever has known the deceased 
and witnessed his past saintly, priestly 
life, will say "Amen" to this set of 
resolutions which so appropriately 
memorialize his priestly life. 

May Father Michael Clifford rest in 


''Life is only bright when it proceedeth 
Toward a truer, deeper Life above". 

Whilst pastor of Carrollton from 
1865-'66, the cholera broke fiercely out 
in the community. During this ordeal 
good Father Clifford edified all by his 
courage and heroism, attending the 

sick and burying the dead. Finally, 
he himself, became a victim of the 
dread disease and was prepared for 
death. However, Le recovered for the 
time being but died a few months 
afterward. He was buried at Alton. 
R. I. P. 


"Let peace, O Lord! Thy peace, O God, 

Upon our souls descend, 
From midnight fears and perils, Thou 
Our trembling hearts defend". 

A priest of eminent learning, pres- 
tige and subsequent unusual distinc- 
tion, was the olim pastor of Bunker 
Hill, Rev. J. H. Cluever, D. D. Our 
doubly titled subject was born March 
8, 1845, in the Diocese of Paderborn, 
Germany, and came to this country 
in 1871. In that same year he was 
raised to the priesthood. He acted as 
pastor of the Bunker Hill parish from 
1872-74, after which the Doctor left 
for the East, affiliating with the dio- 
cese of Albany, N. Y. He became 

pastor of St. Lawrence congregation 
of Troy, X. Y., and was chosen a 
member of the diocesan school board. 
His eminent services which he ren- 
dered the diocese caused him to be 
elevated a Monsignor. For many 
years, however, our Rt. Rev. gentle- 
man had conceived the idea of ulti- 
mately embracing religious life. This 
long-harbored intention assumed 
tangible form in 1892, in which year 
the Monsignor bid farewell to diocese, 
parish and friends, sailed for South 
Africa and there joined the colony of 


How sweet Thy service and how safe Thy fold. 

Born in Waterford, Ireland, he was 

ordained at the Alton Cathedral 

August 1. 1865, and died January 12, 
1881. He is a quondam Alton cathe- 
dral pastor. 

Page Thirty-Three 


"Life's vesper bells are ringing 

In the temple of my heart, 
And yon sunset sure is singing : 
'Nunc Dimittis Now Depart'." 

Father Abr. Ryan. 

Sad and solemn was the tolling of 
the bells of Our Savior's Church, of 
Jacksonville, on the morning of March 
10, 1916. They announced to a grief- 
stricken congregation that the last 
rites were about to be performed over 
the remains of their late pastor, Rev. 
John Crowe, who had departed this 
life a few days previous thereto, viz: 
on March 7. The obsequies gathered 
a vast concourse of people, irrespec- 
tive of creed or nationality, within the 
sacred walls of the handsome church, 
all eager to pay a last tribute of love 
and respect to the popular priest and 
citizen, for Father Crowe was re- 
spected and admired by the whole 
city where he had labored faithfully 
and well since 1892, when he was ap- 
pointed an irremovable rector by the 
Bishop of the Diocese. Father Crowe 
had died from the effects of an opera- 
tion performed about two weeks be- 
fore his death. 

The sermon was preached by the 
Very Rev. J. P. O'Mahoney, President 
of St. Viator's College at Kankakee, 
111., and was a splendid .tribute to the 
life and works of the dead priest. He 
drew a beautiful pen-picture of the 
Catholic home in which the pre- 
destined youth drank in the inspira- 
tion and high ideals that later on 
made him the champion of right, the 
expounder of truth, the enemy of vice 
and the admiration of all who knew 

Defunct attained an age of 64 years 
and was born at Oswego, N. Y. Father 
Crowe made his ecclesiastical studies 
at the Grand Seminary of Montreal, 
where he was ordained to the priest- 
hood after a thorough training under 
the competent guidance of the Sul- 
pician Fathers. His first charge was 
at Flora, where he remained but six 
weeks, when he was promoted to Mat- 
toon. Here he worked with great de- 
votion for fifteen years and erected 
the present beautiful church. Realiz- 

Page Thirty-Four 

ing Father Crowe's worth and ability, 
the Bishop sent him as pastor to the 
important charge of Jacksonville t as 
successor to the Very Rev. Timothy 
Hicky, V. G., who had assumed the 
pastorate of the Immaculate Concep- 
tion Parish of Springfield. 

The history of the church under the 
rectorship of Father Crowe has been 
one of indefatigable labor on the 
rector's part and of a steady expan- 
sion on the part of the parish under 
his direction, in all lines of Catholic 
work, spiritual, financial and intellec- 

The Jacksonville Journal paid the 
following editorial tribute to Father 

"The passing of Very Rev. Dean J. 
W. Crowe removes from Jacksonville 
a very influential citizen. Father 
Crowe has been a resident of Jackson- 
ville twenty-three years and his record 
has been such as to prove beyond 
question his ability as an organizer. 
Proof of this ability has appeared in 
various 'ines and during his pastorate 
the Church of Our Savior has de- 
veloped in a material way. Father 
Crowe was especially interested in 
educational work and because of his 
leadership Routt college stands in 
Jacksonville today. Father Crowe was 
a man of wide learning and liberal ed- 
ucation. A well known Jacksonville 
man and a non-Catholic, who accom- 
panied him on a trip occupying sev- 
eral days, said recently that the de- 
ceased rector was one of the most de- 
lightful men he hac 1 ever known so- 
cially and in a conversational way. 
Father Crowe was not especially dip- 
lomatic in his manner or in his ways 
in fact he was especially outspoken 
and had the habit of going directly 
after anything that he wanted. Oppo- 
sition to him or disagreement with 
him did not mean offense, and he had 
an admiration for men and women 
with convictions and willing to fight 
for those convictions. During his years 
of residence here. Father Crowe be- 

came a large force in the community 
and while his parishioners and friends 
found much in him to admire, even 
those who disagreed with him had 
great respect for his knowledge and 

influence. His going marks the end 
of a very forceful life." 

One brother, Father Donat Crowe, 
late pastor of Kewanee, died in Rome, 
Italy in 1912. R. I. P. 


(From the New World.) 

The Rev. Father Cusack was one 
of the pioneers of the Alton diocese. 
Born in Kilmainam, County Cavan, 
Ireland, he emigrated with a brother 
to Indian Creek, Mo., some 30 miles 
west of Quincy, where they purchased 
and worked a farm. In course of time 
Mr. Cusack repaired to the Seminary 
of the Barrens and was ordained 
August 15, 1842 by Bishop Kenrick 
for the diocese of St. Louis. In the 
same year he was sent to Salt River. 
In 1845 he was given charge of Indian 
Creek. In 1850 he was found sta- 
tioned at Arrow Rock, a locality not 
known to modern geographers. In 

1851 he was stationed at Marshall, 
Saline County. In the year of the 
Jubilee, whilst crossing the Salt River 
with Bishop Kenrick, the stream hav- 
ing unexpectedly risen, the distin- 
guished prelate lost his equilibrium 
and owed his life to the skill of Father 
Cusack as a swimmer. Afterwards he 
had charge of Jefferson City, and 

1852 of Lexington. In the list of 
Missionaries kept in the archives of 
the Archdiocese of St. Louis, he is 
described in 1854 as missionary "in 
via ferrata vaporea" t h e Railroad 
Apostle. And so he was, not only in 
Missouri, but also in Illinois, whither 
he repaired in the following year, 
with headquarters at London City. In 
1856 he was stationed at Decatur, 

from thence following the men build- 
ing the railroads, administering to 
their spiritual wants and striving to 
control their excesses. His means of 
conveyance was a "white mule," still 
famous wherever he visited. He built 
several churches, all of a simple and 
primitive style, neither Greek, Roman- 
esque nor Gothic, known to the 
priests as the "Cusack style," a good 
sort of style notwithstanding their 
plainness, in which as good prayers 
could be said as in St. Peter's of 

Father Cusack left Decatur for 
Shelbyville where he was stationed in 
1864, if not before. In 1865 he left 
for Bloomfield, Adams County, where 
he remained till 1875 when he went 
to Grafton. His next and last mis- 
sion was Shipman, where he moved 
to in 1876. He died at the Mullanphy 
Hospital, St. Louis on February 28, 
1887 at the ripe old age of about 87 
years. He was burried at Indian 
Creek, Mo., where he had labored as 
a former priest in the midst of rela- 

Father Cusack was a hard-working, 
painstaking priest. He was plain- 
spoken and had no flattery for any 
one. He made the youngsters know 
their catechism. 

A prayer for the repose of the soul 
of honest old Father Tom. 


"Every word man's lips have uttered 
Echoes in God's skies". 


nary, Milwaukee, Dec. 21, 1872. 
death occurred Oct. 16, 1886. 
Our subject was born in Ireland and. Father P. Dee acted for two years 
ordained a priest at St. Francis Semi- as pastor of the Alton cathedral. 

Page Thirty-Five 


"Every throb of my own heart's beating 
Tells of the flight of Time". 

Obviously our subject must be 
numbered with the oldest missionary 
priests of the state. As early as 1845 
Bishop Rosatti of St. Louis, assigned 
him to New Dublin, near Galena, 
where he said Mass in a log house 
16x24 and 7 logs high, which had been 
constructed in 1836. The only men- 
tion made of Father Derwin in this 
part of the state, the present Alton 
diocese, is that in 1846 he was ap- 

pointed pastor of St. Lawrence church 
(now St. Peter's) of Quincy. He suc- 
ceeded its first pastor and founder. 
Father Tucker, and remained in 
charge of that parish from 1846 
Dec. 1849. His administration there 
was uneventful, the parish making but 
little progress during his incumbency. 
After his recall from Quincy Father 
Derwin labored in the northern part 
of the state, and there he died. R. I. 


"Godliness is profitable to all things hav- 
ing promise of the life that now is and of 
that which is to come". 1 Tim. 4, 8. 

On December 17, 1908, there expired 
at Boerne, Texas, whither he had 
gone for the recuperation of impaired 
health, the Rev. Patrick R. Ducey, 

pastor of St. Mary's congregation of 
Marshall, 111. Funeral services were 
held the following Tuesday at Mar- 
shall. A large concourse of people 
was present to attest their respect to 
him who had labored so earnestly and 
incessantly among them for eight 
years in the cause which he repre- 
sented. This outpouring of the people 
manifested the high regard in which 
he was held by the community, 
whether Catholic or Protestant. Fol- 

Page Thirty-Six 

lowing the Solemn Requiem services 
the 'body was conveyed to Springfield 
for interment. Forty of his confreres 
were present at these services. He 
was lowered to his last resting place 
in Calvary cemetery amongst mem- 
bers of the Immaculate Conception 
church as he looked upon that congre- 
gation as a second home, for there 
he had spent the first years of his 
young priestly life as an assistant to 
its venerable pastor. Father Ducey 
was a man of honor and uprightness, 
a priest greatly devoted to God's 
service an^d the salvation of souls. 
Wherever he was his works remain 
after him for good. After laboring 
at Springfield for some three years in 
the capacity of assistant priest, he 
was appointed to organize and build 
a chinch at Effingham, the Sacred 
Heart church. He did so and suc- 
ceeded notwithstanding that difficul- 
ties were great and means very small. 
Leaving the young parish in flourish- 
ing condition, Father Ducey assumed 
charge of the congregation of Mar- 
shall, where, during the subsequent 
years of his pastorate he performed 
good work, always active in behalf 
of the material and spiritual welfare 
of his people. When dying his last 
words were: "May God's holy will be 

Father P. R. Ducey, an only son of 
his parents, was born at Lowell, 
Mass., in 1862, attended the local St. 
Patrick's parochial schools and then 

entered upon the courses of Classics, 
Philosophy and Theology at St. Bon- 
aventure's College of Allegheny, Pa., 
where on June 20, 1889, on the Feast 
of Corpus Christie, he was ordained 

by Bishop Stephen Ryan of Buffalo, 
to the priesthood. 

May Father Ducey, whose untime- 
ly going is mourned by a host of 
friends, rest in God's holy peace. 


"Time, like an ever-rolling stream 
Bears all its sons away". 

A venerable missionary priest, who 
occasionally exercised his sacred func- 
tions at places now comprised within 
the Alton diocese, was Father Durbin. 
In 1850, his residence or rather stop- 
ping place, was at St. Vincent's in 
Union County, Ky., twenty-four miles 
from Shawneetown. The circuit of 
this intrepid early crusader included 
southeastern and southwestern Ken- 
tucky, a great part of Tennessee, In- 
diana, and all Southern Illinois, called 
Egypt. From his Kentucky home he 
visited on his periodical tours, St. 
Bonaventure parish of St. Elmo (now 
connected with Altamont). From St. 
Elmo he would proceed further north 
to Christian county, where near Tay- 
lorville there is still to this day quite 
a colony of Kentucklans, among whom 

we meet with numerous Durbins. By 
his occasional visits he would enable 
these people to receive the Sacra- 
ments, have their children christened 
and their marriages solemnized or val- 
idated. The old settlers are talking 
of Father Durbin's visits to this day. 

Father Durbin was an American of 
Maryland stock, and had imbibed the 
traditions of the persecutions of that 
colony against the Catholics. This 
filled him with ardor for his religion, 
even to rigorism, for he had been in- 
structed by Bishops Flaget and David, 
first Bishops of Kentucky, they being 
exiles from France on account of their 
faith. They imbued the future mis- 
sionaries in their seminary with a 
rigid and self-sacrificing spirit. 

Father Durbin died at Bardstown, 
Ky., being at the time of death over 
ninety years of age. R. I. P. 


"Gone home! He lingers here no longer, 
A restless pilgrim, walking painfully 

With homesick longing daily growing 

And yearning vision of the joys to be". 

On January 21, 1916, the angel of 
death beckoned Reverend Henry Eg- 
genstein, ''pastor emeritus" of St. 
Elizabeth's congregation of Marine, 
to follow and the priestly soul winged 
its flight to the great white throne of 
the Master there to receive eternal 
reward for work well and nobly done. 
He breathed forth his soul into the 
hands of the Creator at St. Vincent's 
Hospital of Taylorville, where he had 
acted as chaplain ever since his retire- 
ment from his beloved St. Elizabeth's 
of Marine, in the fall of 1913. Ad- 
vanced in years his weakened and 
feeble body was not able to withstand 
the inroads which a complication of 
diseases had caused therein and when 
finally dropsy made its appearance the 

stricken man knew that the end was 
not far off. Hence he set his house 
in order so that when the fatal sum- 
mons came to him he was fully pre- 
pared to answer same. Having re- 
ceived most fervently the last sacra- 
ments of his Church two days before 
death and being fully resigned to the 
inscrutable designs of God's provi- 
dence, our venerable friend lapsed into 
a coma from which he was not to 
awaken ere coming to the shores of 
eternity. Calmly, without the least 
of struggle he passed away, his sun 
had set forever, Father Eggenstein 
was no more, and another void and 
vacancy within the ranks of the faith- 
ful workers of the Alton Diocese had 
been made. The ranks of older clergy 
have alarmingly been decimated 
within recent past years, but few 
of the old stock are left to tell the 
tale of former-day experiences of 

Page Thirty-Sevfn 

hardships and self-denials which plen- 
tifully awaited them in newly started 
parishes in city and country alike. 

Father Eggenstein was born July 
10, 1843 at Drensteinfurt, Germany. 
He studied in the local schools, thence 
attended the gymnasium of Muenster 
after which he entered as alumnus the 
American College of St. Maurice (sub- 
urban to Muenster.) There he was 
raised to the priesthood on May 8, 
1869. In autumn of same year, Octo- 
ber 2, he landed on the American 
shores, setting out at once for Alton 
to report "ready for duty" to Bishop 
Baltes. He was sent to Springfield as 
assistant to the Pastor of St. Peter 

and Paul's. His stay here, however, 
was to be of but short duration, as 
he was after a few months appointed 
assistant priest to Father Schaefer- 
meyer at St. Boniface church of 
Quincy. A vacancy occuring at St. 
Joseph's church of Carlinville, Father 
Eggenstein became pastor of that 
congregation a few months later, 
working hard for its material and 
spiritual uplift till September, 1876, 
when he received his ultimate appoint- 
ment to St. Elizabeth's parish of 
Marine and where he remained until 
forced by age and infirmities to seek 
the hospitable asylum of St. Vincent's 
Hospital of Taylorville, in the fall 
of 1913. 

St. Elizabeth's parish in its com- 
pleteness, church, school and resi- 
dence, is, with exception of the latter, 
the result of Fr. Eggenstein's efforts, 
it's a bijou among the country par- 
ishes of the diocese, proclaiming elo- 
quenitly the priestly spirit of deceased 
which wrought these telling results. 
He likewise built the priest's residence 
at Saline. 

Our defunct was a man of abstem- 
ious, frugal habits, who required but 
little for his living. Hardly ever did 
he leave his habitat at Marine. In 

the summer 1886 he paid a few 
month's visit to his boyhood home 
and purchased while abroad a number 
of fine vestments for his church. He 
seemed the picture of contentment 
when ambulating up and down his 
pretty garden walk and puffing at his 
long German pipe, dispelling thereby 
whatever care or worry might hover 
on his mind. In the performance of 
priestly duties, administration of 
Sacraments, visits to the sick and 
catechetical instructions at school, he 
was exemplary and exact; in his deal- 


ings with the outside world indulgent 
and generous, charitable to the poor 
and needy. He was a man of large 
stocky built, measuring more than six 
feet in height. Having never cared for 
worldly wealth and lucre, he died as 

he had lived, a poor man. May heaven 
be his reward. His mortal remains 
were laid to rest at Marine, where 
funeral obsequies were held Wednes- 
day, January 26, 1916. R. I. P. 


"The journey is very weary 
And He only can give me rest". 

Born at Metz, France, (now Ger- 
many), he came over to America in 
1857, was ordained in 1869 and ap- 
pointed an assistant to the Alton Ca- 
thedral. He remained, however, but a 

few months in Alton when he left for 
the Cleveland diocese. There he was 
assigned in similar capacity to the 
Church of the Assumption, in Cleve- 
land. All further particulars are lack- 


"You shall reap in joy the harvest, 
You have sown today in tears'*. 

A trenchant and forceful writer, who 
fearlessly championed the cause of the 
church, wa3 Rev. John N. Enzel- 
berger. For many years his weekly 

glosseries on religio-political topics 
appeared in the "Herold des Glau- 
bens" of St. Louis. His name became 
widely known and his sayings exten- 
sively quoted by the press. He was an 
avowed and outspoken antagonist of 
all modernistic tendencies and other 
outgrowths which threatened to dam- 
age the church. He was honest and 
sincere in his denunciations although 
probably not always prudent in ex- 
pressing them. The greatest service. 

however, which forever will redound 
to his merit is the compilation of the 
third catalogue of the Catholic Ger- 
man clergy and of the German par- 
ishes of the United States, known as 
"Schematismus der Katholischen 
Geistlichkeit deutscher Zunge in den 
Vereinigten Staaten Amerikas" in 
1892. This work is a valuable addition 
to the history of the Catholic Church 
in the United States for the use of 
present and future generations and its 
great value has received universal 
recognition and unstinted praise. Fr. 
Enzelberger would deserve to be par- 
alleled with that well-known German 
writer, Alban Stolz. He served our 
diocese at Vandalia from July 12, 
1875-March 22, 1876. 

Rev. John Nepomucen Enzelberger 
was born March 30, 1852, at Weizen- 
kirchen, in upper Austria; studied at 
Linz, Austria, and at St. Francis, Wis- 
consin; was ordained by Bishop P. J. 
Baltes, March 19, 1875; substituted at 
vSt. Joseph's parish, Cairo, April 10 
till June 23, 1875; substituted at Du 
Quoin, from June 29 till July 12, 
1875; was rector of Vandalia until 
March 22, 1876; then rector of Piop- 
olis until February, 1902; after which 
he acted as rector of Germantown 
rntil his death, November 2, 1907. He 
is buried at Germantown. R. I. P. 

Page Th'rty-Nine 


"Thou shalt exchange the midnight for the 

And thy fair home above". 

A full measure of sincerest sym- 
pathy was poured forth from every 
priest's heart when it became known 
that their cherished confrere and 
companion, Rev. Joseph Finnigan had 
been stricken with a fatal affliction 
against which medical science for ages 
had battled in vain, viz: cancer of the 
throat. This dreadful disease claimed 
our subject in the ripeness of his con- 
secrated career. Weeks and months 
of intensest suffering were his portion 
ere death relieved him of the terrible 

Born in 1857 at Providence, R. I., 
young Finnigan was sent in early 
youth to Montreal, there to study 
Classics, Philosophy and Theology, 
under the direction of the Sulpician 
Fathers. And nobly he acquitted him- 
self of his studies, bearing away sev- 
eral college prizes at the annual com- 
mencement exercises. He was very 
popular among his fellow students 
and the Sulpician Fathers in college 
and seminary had high regard for his 
talents, manliness and high sense of 
honor. And yet, as college student, 

he was full of harmless mischief and 
law-breaking propensities. Had some 
little prank occurred whose source 
the good Father Rector could not at 
once fathom, young Finnigan was 
looked upon as the culprit, and with 
threatening finger of indulgent repri- 
mand he would be addressed: "Ah, 
Monsieur Finnigan, c'est vous le cou- 
pable." And, sure enough, our sub- 
ject had usually been at the bottom 
of it. After a brilliant course of studies, 
Father Finnigan was ordained to the 
priesthood a few days before Christ- 
mas, 1882, in the Grand Seminary 
chapel by Archbishop Edward Fabre 
of Montreal. After reporting ready 
for duty to Bishop Baltes, he was sent 
as pastor to Kahokia, after which he 
successfully filled positions at Virden, 
Auburn, Charleston, Grafton, 1895-98, 
Jacksonville, Springfield and Dalton 
City. Whilst in the latter place, he 
was stricken with that dreadful mal- 
ady, cancer of the throat, which con- 
signed him to an early grave. He bore 
his sickness with heroic fortitude and 
great Christian resignation and ex- 
pired February 9, 1908. A memento 
for Father Finnigan. R. I. P. 


"Pass on, pass on, poor Spirit, 
For heaven is yours at last; 
In that one minute's anguish 

Four thousand years have passed". 

We know that prior to the erection 
of the Bishopric of Chicago, in 1843, 
the eastern part of Illinois was under 
the jurisdiction of the Bishop of 
Vincennes, Msgr. Brute, whilst the 
western portion was ruled over by 
Bishop Rosatti, of St. Louis. And 
even after the formation of the for- 
mer diocese priests from Vincennes 
continued to look after the spiritual 
interests of many parishes, such as 
Ste Marie. Paris, Teutopolis and 
others. Among the priests of Teutopo- 
lis who originally hailed from Vincen- 
nes was Rev. F. J. Fischer, who in 
1847, had put up the first bric'k build- 
ing at Ste Marie. He administered its 

affairs for several months in 
1850 after the leave-taking of Father 

Before coming to Teutopolis, Fr. 
Fischer had been rector of Piquet's 
Settlement, (Ste Marie), and previous 
to that for several years an assistant 
to Rev. St. Palais (who a few years 
later became Bishop of Vincennes.) 
When Chicago's first priest, Rev. St. 
Cyr, was compelled by age and in- 
firmity to relinquish his pastoral duties 
of old St. Mary's of Chicago, and 
retire to St. Louis where he died, Rev. 
St. Palais succeeded him in 1837, 
having Father Fischer as assistant. 
These were the only priests in Chi- 
cago when Bishop Quarter arrived 
there May 5, 1844. In August, 1844, 
our subject was recalled by Bishop 

Page Forty- 

Brute back to Vincennes. A few 
years later, in 1850, he presided for 

several months over the parish of 
Teutopolis. R. I. P. 


' 'In Te Domine speravi, Non confundar in 
aeternum' '. 

A Catholic center in the diocese of 
Alton, is Highland. The first settlers 
from 1831-1842, were nearly all Cath- 
olics, at least in name, though without 
strong affiliations to the church. The 
years 1840 and 1841 brought more 
than one hundred from the Grand 
Duchy of Baden, besides a number of 
Swiss and a few Bavarian Catholics. 
Occasionally, probably twice a year, 
a priest was sent them from St. Louis. 
More frequent became the visits 
since Shoal Creek (Germantown), had 
a resident priest in the person of Rev. 
Joseph H. Fortmann, ordained at 
the Barrens, November 1, 1837, and 
since then pastor of Apple Creek, 
Mo. He did his best to persuade the 
Catholics to build a church and in 
this he succeeded. The cornerstone 
was placed in 1844 on the first day of 
May. The first Mass was celebrated 
in this church of Highland in 1846 by 
Rev. Kuenster, pastor of Teutopolis. 
Father Fortmann was recalled from 
Shoal Creek by Bishop Rosatti in 

1847 and sent as pastor to St. Joseph's 
church of Grosse Point (Wilmette, 
Chicago), where he stayed from 1847- 
'53. During his stay at Grosse Point 
he erected St. Peter's church at Xiles 
Center. Next we find him busily en- 
gaged at St. Mary's of the Woods at 
Highland Park (Chicago), after which 
he was appointed pastor of St. Peter's 
church at Teutopolis. Here he worked 
against many odds and difficulties 
from August 5, 1857-January, 1858. 
He had made arrangements for the 
construction of a new parochial resi- 
dence, for which purpose he had col- 
lected the sum of $723. Before he 
witnessed the realization of his plans, 
however, he was sent to Peoria to 
assume charge of St. Joseph's church 
of that city. Three weeks after his 
advent to Peoria, Father Joseph H. 
Fortmann died. 

His successor in Teutopolis was 
Rev. B. Bartels, the last secular priest 
of that parish, which now went over 
into the hands of the Franciscan 
Fathers, who had arrived from Ger- 
many. May God rest his soul. 


"No true crown of honor can be given, 
Till we place it on a funeral bier". 

A great worker was Rev. Thomas 
Frauenhofer, Teutopolis, Green Creek 
and Effingham, must forever be grate- 
ful to his untiring efforts in their be- 
half. Early in 1857, February 12, he 
was appointed pastor of St. Peter's 
congregation of Teutopolis. After re- 
siding there for some month's, he 
moved to Green Creek, becoming its 
first resident pastor. How exact and 
faithfully he discharged his sacred du- 
ties may be learned from his diary 
and publication book which are still 
extant in that parish. They are, in 
composition, very neat, though rather 
exhaustive. Whilst pastor of Green 
Creek, Father Frauenhofer looked 
after the spiritual needs of the Cath- 

olic people in and around Effingham, 
where in 1856 a log church had been 
built. To this little log shanty he 
journeyed every other Sunday to say 
Holy Mass for the few scattered 
Catholic people thereby laying the 
foundation for the present strong 
parish. At times he visited Decatur 
to minister to the German Catholics 
there. When, in 1858, the Franciscan 
Fathers assumed charge of Teu- 
topolis and subsequently of Green 
Creek he took charge of lohnsburg 
parish, (Rockford), from Dec. 1858- 
Dec. 1860. After this Father Frauen- 
hofer became stationed at Lourdes 
(now Peoria diocese), and later on 
left for the Dubuque diocese. In 1867 
he was in charge of Sherrilsmount, 
Iowa, and after that at Petersburg. 

Page Forty-One 

Rev. Thomas Frauenhofer was a 
native of Bavaria, born Dec. 6, 1817, 
at Pfeffenhausen, in the Diocese of 
Regensburg. On July 1, 1844, he was 
ordained to the priesthood and exer- 
cised his sacerdotal functions for 
eight years in his native diocese until 
May 19, 1852, when he came to Amer- 

ica to affiliate with the diocese of Chi- 
cago. Rumor has it that Father 
Frauenhofer died at the Trappist 
monasteo' near Dubuque, in the year 
1870 or 1871, though lack of positive 
information prevents from placing 
him there with any degree of confi- 
dence. R. I. P. 


' 'Let the incense of pur prayers 
Before Thy mercy rise ; 
The brightness of the coming night 
Upon the darkness rolls ; 
With hopes of future glory 
Chase the shadows on our souls". 

The first resident pastor of Kamps- 
ville, in Calhoun county, was Father 
Freimuth. He was appointed to that 
parish which was still in a formative 
state, in 1877, and remained there till 
1879. During his two years stay he 
built a small frame church and dedi- 
cated it to St. Anselm. On the 24th 
day of April, 1879, it'was duly blessed 
and given over to divine worship. 
After holding several minor charges 
in the Southern part of the diocese, 
Father Freimuth joined the Fran- 
ciscan Order at Teutopolis in 1887, 
and was known from that time as P. 

Firmatus, O. F. M. As such he be- 
came an assistant at St. Joseph's 
Church of Cleveland in 1892. Being 
a man of extreme nervousness and 
delicate health, P. Firmatus was much 
confined to indoor life. His death oc- 
curred at Superior, Wis., Nov. 23, 
1909, being in his 71st year of life, the 
25th of his solemn profession and the 
33rd of his priesthood. 

Father Freimuth was born April 10, 
1838, at Remscheidt in the Archdio- 
cese of Cologne, was ordained a priest 
at Maline in Belgium, May 26, 1877, 
and came to this country the follow- 
ing October. His solemn profession 
as member of the Franciscan Order 
was made on March 8, 1888. R. -I. P. 


"Cor Jesu, fac cor meum sicut cor Tuum!" 

This humble and pious priest was 
born June 7, 1823, in Ringelheim, 
Hanover, was ordained December 8, 
1853, and arrived in the states July 
26, 1858. With the exception of the 
last five years, the deceased spent his 
priestly life in parishes of the present 
Belleville diocese, at Mascoutah, Ger- 
mantown, Prairie du Rocher and 
Fayetteville. Broken in health, after 
serious trials and labors, Father Froh- 
boese retired in August, 1884, to 
become a chaplain in the St. Vincent's 
Home of Quincy. Blindness prevented 
him from saying Mass after Dec. 24, 
1888. Peacefully he slept away Janu- 
ary 9th, 1889. His remains were in- 
terred in St. Boniface Cemetery of 
Quincy. R. I. P. 



"So soon, so soon, is the daylight fled! 
And O, how fast comes the dark to-morrow, 
Who hides, perhaps, in her veil of sorrow 
The terrible hour I wait and dread ! ' ' 

Like a flash from a clear noonday 
sky came the startling- announcement 
of Rev. Father William Futterer's 
death on Monday, August 21, 1910. It 
was cabled to his sister, Mrs. L. Rit- 
ter, of Mattoon, 111., from Munich in 
Bavaria, whither decedent had gone 
to recover lost health. Most of his 
confreres were even unaware of his 

ailing condition, few knew of his de- 
parture for Europe. Writer of these 
lines since 1876 a friend and formes- 
schoolmate of the departed received 
a card from him. written on landing 
in England, on which he stated that 
owing to the invigorating ocean trip 
he felt much better and that he antici- 
pa/ted a pleasant journey on the Con- 
tinent. But "Man proposes whilst 
God disposes." This truism became 
exemplified in the life of our subject. 
Arrived at Bonn he had to .submit to 
a serious surgical operation which, as 
far as is known, turned out to be suc- 
cessful. Within a short time he had 
so far recuperated from the effects of 
it that to journey to Munich seemed 
to be entirely safe. Prospects for 
returning health and strength seemed 

reasonably good, nay almost certain. 
Buoyed up by the hope of finding 
permanent cure in Bavaria's fascinat- 
ing capital for his shattered constitu- 
tion, Father Futterer undertook the 
trip. From time to time letters and 
cards contained the information that 
he was doing well and there seemed 
hope in every sentence. On August 
8th, however, he wrote to his sister: 
"I am doing only fairly well," the 
last words received from the poor 
sufferer who was then already proba- 
bly fighting with death. On the morn- 
ing of August 21, the scythe in the 
hand of the grim reaper mowed down 
the precious life of our esteemed 
friend in far-away Munich and caused 
tears of genuine sorrow in many a 
home, for this whole-souled man com- 
manded hosts of friends who will 
continue to bless his memory. 

Rev. William Futterer was an only 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles and 
Mary Futterer of Mattoon, 111. He 
attained the age of 47 years and six 
months, having been born August 21, 
1863. Strong and powerful of phy- 
sique, he would inspire one with a 
sense of that steam-roller vitality 
which is so conspicuous and notice- 
able wherever met. His eyes were 
dark and keen and upon occasion 
would rather mischievously twinkle, 
his hands would extend in firm, strong 
grip and cordial clutch; his whole 
bearing was one of energy and deter- 
mination. Though at times blunt of 
speech, yet he was of transparent 
honesty of purpose and nobility of 
character. Generous and unselfish to 
a fault he would gladly part with the 
last dollar in his pocket or as some 
one pertinently remarked w o u 1 d 
take the shirt off his back and give it 
to the needy one. His hospitality 
was lavish. We always found him in 
happiest mood when either entertain- 
ing friends or dispensing kindness to 
deserving people. But how often was 
his kindness abused and flagrantly 
taken advantage of by unworthy and 
ungrateful people, greedy leeches who 
were ready to smite the hand that had 
blessed them; and blacken the char- 

Page Forty-Thrr 

acter of the noble man who in days of 
distress had befriended them. 

Rev. Futterer spent his boyhood 
days and early manhood in Mattoon, 
where he received his schooling at 
the parochial schools conducted by 
the Dominican Sisters. After leaving 
the Mattoon schools he entered St. 
Joseph's College at Teutopolis, from 
which he graduated with high honors. 
In compliance with the preferred 
wishes of the late Bishop Baltes he 
went to the Grand Seminary of Mon- 
treal, there to study Philosophy and 
Theology and became ordained to 
the priesthood by the Most Rev. 
Archbishop Edouard Fabre, D. D., 
during the week preceding Christmas, 

The first charge which the young 
priest enjoyed was at Grant Fork, 
(Saline) where he succeeded Rev. A. 
Zurbonsen, who was sent as first resi- 
dent pastor to Staunton, January 12, 
1888. From here he was sent by his 
Bishop to near-by P i e r r o n, where 
owing to his energetic and generous 
initiative he was instrumental in 
starting a parish, erecting a fine 
church and rectory, purchasing a 
cemetery site and performing numer- 

ous other duties which will forever 
redound to his honor and credit. 

At this time Father Futterer became 
the Bishop's choice as diocesan re- 
presentative at the Catholic Univers- 
ity of Washington. Whilst prosecu- 
ting his studies at that seat of learn- 
ing, he was placed in temporary 
charge of St. Mary's German Cath- 
olic church, the only church in the 
National Capitol where the German 
language is spoken. After remaining 
for about two years in Washington 
where he became the personal friend, 
admirer and defender of the late Mgr. 
Dr. Jos. Schroeder, dogmatic profes- 
sor at the University he was recalled 
by the Bishop and appointed pastor 
of the parish of Petersburg, where 
he performed noble work, but con- 
tracted, however,- the malady which 
eventually resulted in his untoward 
death. The remains were forwarded 
after considerable delay to this coun- 
try, the following October. Solemn 
obsequies at which almost the entire 
diocesan clergy assisted, were had in 
his native town and parish church of 
Mattoon, after which he was bedded 
to his eternal rest in the local Catholic 
cemetery. R. I. P. 


"In Domino laudabitur anima mea". 
A fine young priest, amiable and of 
winning disposition was Father C. 
Geier, a former college student of 
Teutopolis and Seminarian of St. 
Francis, Milwaukee, who was raised 
to the holy ministry in the Alton 
Cathedral by Bishop Baltes, Oct. 31, 

Deceased was a native of St. Louis, 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Geier 
(Anna, nee Wollenschlager) born 
April 26, 1857. Whilst a student of 
college and seminary he spent the 

annual summer vacations with the 
late Father F. Stick, of Mattoon, a 
profitable pastime and enjoyment with 
such versatile man and talented pastor 
of wide experience. 

Father Geier was assigned to the 
Vandalia parish where he worked 
faithfully and successfully from 1881- 
'85. Owing to feeble health which 
gradually developed into consumption 
he was forced after four years to dis- 
continue active service. Death claimed 
our genial young priest January llth, 
1886. R. I. P. 


Page Forty-Four 


"Thy life that has been dropped aside 
Into Time's stream, may stir the tide 
In rippled circles spreading wide". 

On Sept. 13, 1913, the members of 
the Immaculate Conception parish of 
Shelbyville, learned with sincerest 
feelings of deep regret and poignant 
sorrow of the sad fate which had be- 

fallen their pastor, and with them, the 
bishop and every priest in the diocese 
were most painfully affected, when 
told of Father Herman Gesenhues' 
sudden death. A heart stroke early 
in the morning had terminated the 
precious life of Shelbyville's pastor. 
Three weeks before his death he had 
attended the bi-annual retreat at 
Quincy, where he edified many by the 
strict observance of the rules as well 
as by his unfeigned genuine piety and 
devotion. During recreation hours 
when a free intermingling of priests is 
permitted after the noon and evening 
meals, good Father Gesenhues would 
tarry in the chapel, taking but little 
heed of his fellow-priests' recreation 
and diversions. Had he a premonition 
of his impending fate, did he feel the 
nearness of the last summons? So 
much, however, seems to be certain, 
that he who at all times had led a 
model priestly life, who shortly be- 
fore death had deeply penetrated into 

his interior, spiritual life to set things 
aright, needed not to fear nor trepi- 
date when suddenly the grim reaper 
appeared and beckoned to accompany 
him. Father Gesenhues was prepared 
for such eventuality. 

Of the beautiful life and character 
we will let "A Member of the Congre- 
gation" speak who thus, wrote to a 
local paper after the funeral had taken 

"I fail to find words to express the 
deep sorrow felt by the members of 
the Immaculate Conception Church of 
this city over the sudden but peaceful 
death of our dearly beloved pastor, 
Father Gesenhues, which occured at 
the parsonage in this city about 6 
o'clock Saturday morning. Sept. 13, 
1913. Death was due to a heart stroke. 

We mourn the loss of our dear pas- 
tor, an honored priest of the diocese, 
and our dearest friend. 

I shall endeavor to pay tribute to 
his memory by mentioning a few of 
his many virtues. 

Father Gesenhues realized that a 
priest of the Catholic Church is an 
ambassador of Christ. The joys and 
sorrows of his people were his joys 
and sorrows. He was an ideal priest 
and the soul of sincerity. 

Father Gesenhues was meek and 
lowly, kind and gentle and unassum- 
ing, and was remarkable for his pa- 
tience. He was to be admired because 
he strictly minded his own business 
a character which he also so much ad- 
mired in others. He was eminently a 
man of peace; the father of his flock, 
for whom and for whose sake he la- 
bored. It made no difference what 
the occasion or the circumstance 
might be, Father Gesenhues was al- 
ways the same kind, gentle pastor. 

Many of his quiet acts of charity are 
known, but most are only recorded in 
that great book which some day will 
be revealed to all. 

Father Gesenhues disliked publicity. 
He was not a public man in the ordi- 
nary sense of the word. He had one 
duty; that was his duty to his parish. 

Page Forty-Five 

His religious convictions were firmly 
fixed, mellowed, however, with charity 
for all not of his faith. He was a shin- 
ing light unto all, carefully practicing 
all he preached. His whole life was 
devoted solely to the service of God. 

To know him was to love him. To 
meet him was a joy and a consolation. 
Not only cheering in the hour of dark- 
ness, but ever and always bright and 
cheerful with the spirit of a priest, 
urging all to do better. 

Could our dear departed pastor 
speak to us today, he would say: 
"Friend, cease praising me, but pray 
for me." "He is worthy of praise, and 
in that spirit I pay tribute to his mem- 

Deceased, a big, corpulent man of 
great weight and tall stature, was born 
in St. Louis, Dec. 13, 1858. Shortly 
after his parents removed to German- 
town, where young Herman attended 
the parochial school and later entered 
St. Joseph's College of Teutopolis. 
His classical course finished, he was 
sent by the Bishop to Milwaukee, 
there to study Philosophy and Theol- 

Herman Gesenhues acquitted him- 
self both at Teutopolis and at Mil- 
waukee, splendidly for he was a gifted 

and talented young man who suffered 
not to be outdone by his class-mates. 

Bishop Baltes raised our young the- 
ologian to the priesthood at Alton, 
Oct. 23, 1881. Bloomfield, Hillsboro, 
with Raymond and Gillespie, Alta- 
mont, Beardstown and Shelbyville 
were successively the parishes where 
Father Gesenhues performed excellent 
work and where his name will remain 
in benediction. Many a time when 
coming from Hillsboro to Gillespie on 
a late evening train and not wishing 
to incommode anyone, he went to his 
little church and there spent the night 
on the hard planks of a church pew. 
His modesty forbade to ever mention 
these and other incidents but they elo- 
quently portray his humility and un- 
selfishness. He was certainly a priest 
according to the heart of God. 

When Father Herman Gesenhues 
then, was called away from the scenes 
of his manifold exploits and services, 
may the great High Priest have ad- 
dressed him in the words of the ante- 
phone: "Euge serve bone . . . intra in 
gaudium Domini tui." 

His mortal remains were taken to 
his old home in Germantown, and 
there, after solemn services, interred 
in the Catholic cemetery. R. I. P. 


"Leaving the house forever, 
To wander out forlorn". 

Our subject was a native of Scot- 
land, and ordained in Ireland. He 
succeeded Rev. George A. Hamilton 
in 1851 in the administration of the 
affairs of the young Immaculate Con- 
ception church of Springfield. There 
had been a vacancy after its first 
resident pastor, G. A. Hamilton, had 
relinquished it in 1845. Father Gif- 

ford remained its pastor for two years. 
He died in the fall of 1853 at O'Hara 
Settlement (now Ruma), in Randolph 
county, and there he found his last 
resting place. Father Gifford arrived 
in Chicago from Ireland in May, 1850, 
and was at once accepted by Bishop 
Van de Velde. He worked mostly in 
the northern part of the state. R. 
I. P. 

Page Forty-Six 


1 'Death is coming and I hear him 

Soft and stealthy cometh he; 
But I don't believe I fear him, 
God is now so close to me". 

Father Ab. Eyan. 

Numbered with the brave band of 

French priests, who, at the solicita- 
tion of Bishop Juncker, left the sunny 
hillsides of beautiful France in the 
latter part of the fifties in order to 
devote their future lives in the young 
diocese of Alton, was Rev. Charles 
Gonant. He was a native of Nancy, 
where he received Holy Orders in 
1858. On arriving in the United States 
in the fall of that same year, his first 
assignment was to the parish of As- 
sumption, which then was greatly 
peopled by French-speaking Catholics. 
He became their first resident pastor. 

Here Father Gonant remained three 
years, from 1858-'61, attending during 
these years to the spiritual needs of 
the Catholics of Pana. 

From Assumption our worthy 
priest was ordered to Litchfield to 
succeed the Rev. Michael Colton as 
pastor of that young congregation. 
Father Colton had assumed charge of 
that parish a few years previous and 
had caused the first brick church to 
be built there in 1859. For ten years 
Father Gonant remained at Litchfield. 
A considerable debt on the church 
was liquidated and shortly after suc- 
ceeded in building a becoming paro- 
chial residence. A two-story brick 
was erected and nearly all paid when 
he took possession of it. Hitherto he 
had lived in a one-story cottage ad- 
joining the old church and which he 
rented for years. From Litchfield he 
regularly attended Hillsboro. 

Leaving Litchfield in June, 1871, he 
moved to Arcola, where, however, his 
stay was but a short one, for he left 
this charge in September of the same 
year. At this juncture our good priest 
went to the Peoria diocese to become 
a subject of Bishop Spalding Che- 
banse had become a separate parish 
and awaited a pastor. Rev. Charles 
Gonant was sent thither in 1875 and 
he continued to direct the destinies 
of that congregation for eleven years, 
till 1886. He died a priest of that 
diocese. R. I. P. 


"Adieu! Farewell! 
At peace! at rest! 
Gone home to dwell 
Among the blest." 

The queenly city of Amsterdam in 
Holland, was the birthplace of a tal- 
ented and eager young priest, who 
during the few years of priestly life 
had already accomplished a great 
deal. His premature final leave-taking 
then caused sincerest regret wherever 
known. Father Augustine Charles 
Gorris is this man in question. The 
lamented young priest had a host of 

friends who all admired him for his 
deft ways and undismayed courage, 
which he exhibited to good advantage 
when placed amid adverse conditions, 
especially when made pastor of St. 
Ubaldus parish of New Douglas. 

Our clerical young friend he was 
but 40 years of age when called to 
his reward was born in Amsterdam 
on Christmas day, 1861. Being with- 
out sufficient means to complete the 
prescribed course of required studies, 
he set out to learn the joiner's trade. 

Page Forty-Seven 

This he followed for a number of 
years, husbanding in the meantime, 
every penny for the accomplishment 
of his proposed purpose, the study for 
the priesthood. And he succeeded 
though hard was the task. 

At the American College of Lou- 
vain we find our young man pouring 
over his books, determined to win 
out, which he did, for he was ordained 
there on February 25, 1893. In the 
fall of that same year he came to this 
country to be appointed as assistant 
to St. Boniface church of Quincy. 
This was November 13, 1893. For 
three years he worked faithfully at 
St. Boniface, when on November 5, 
1896, he was transferred to St. John's 
church of that city, there to lighten 
the burdens of Father Still, the pastor. 
Here the young priest performed like- 
w i s e good and valiant services. 
Recognizing his merits and persistent 
endeavors his Bishop made him pastor 
of St. Ubaldus parish of New Doug- 

las, July 11, 1899. Here the enduring 
qualities of the man were put to a 
severe test. As a poor priest, he 
landed in a poor congregation. St. 
Ubaldus was not any more what it 
used to be in the Eighties. The Cath- 
olic population had dwindled away, 
causing that parish to struggle for an 
existence. A mere handful of Cath- 
olic people, themselves not blessed 
with riches, to have and support a 
resident priest and meet current ex- 
penses when the income was small and 
meagre, was indeed a task from which 
many a one would have tried to 
shrink. Not so with Father Gorris. 
Finding the church walls bare, and 
plaster cracked, he papered them, the 
leaky, rotten roof he tore away, and 
hunting for his carpenter's tools 
climbed the roof and re-shingled it, 
broken down fences he repaired and 
caused a great many other necessary 
improvements to be made. Neither 
did he forget to build up the spiritual 
life of the parish. When everything 
was in good running order our young 
hard-working pastor's health suc- 
cumbed to the continued strain and 
hardship and self-denial. Where 
should he go to in his broken down 
condition and poor in purse? A sin- 
cere welcome awaited him with the 
good Sisters of St. Vincent's Home 
of Quincy, whose chaplain he had al- 
ready been whilst stationed as assist- 
ant at St. John's. Nine months he 
struggled to ward off the fatal hour. 
However, he had to yield to the in- 
evitable on November 16, 1901, tuber- 
culosis claiming him a victim. 

After solemn funeral services, his 
remains were buried in St. Boniface 
cemetery of Quincy. 

May the soul of this worthy young 
priest rest in God's holy peace. 

Page Forty-Eight 


"I will pass from earth and meet him 

Whom I loved thro' all the years, 
Who will crown me when I greet Him 
And will kiss away the tears". 

Sparse and meagre are the items 
left us about Rev. G. A. Hamilton 
and his doings in parishes now parts 
of the Alton diocese and the few 
known facts comprise but seven years 
of his priestly career among us. 

Rev. George A. Hamilton, together 
with Rev. Hilary Tucker, the founder 
of St. Peter's of Quincy, were sent in 
their young student days by Bishop 
Rosatti of St. Louis, to Rome, there 
to enter the College of the Propagan- 
da. The young men had attracted the 
Bishop's attention by their extraordi- 
nary mental endowments. These gifts 
and talents augured well for their 
future usefulness. The territory for 
which they were ordained was im- 
mense, the laborers, however, were 
but few. Both young men were of 
native American parentage. Finish- 
ing their studies at the Eternal City 
in 1839, the young neo-presbyters 
hastened home and presenting them- 
selves to their Ordinary, were assigned 
to their respective spheres of work, 
Father Tucker to Quincy and Father 
Hamilton to Upper Alton. Here the 
latter assumed charge as first resi- 
dent pastor of St. Mathias' church 
which a few years thereafter was con- 
sumed by fire. From Alton Fr. Hamil- 
ton extended his activity in every 
direction, especially did he center it 
in Springfield, where in 1845 he or- 
ganized a parish in honor of St. John 
Baptist, built a small frame church 
and took up his residence beside it. 
Again his usefulness from here radi- 
ated in many directions, attending 
from Springfield, the Catholic settle- 
ments of Sugar Creek, Bear Creek, 
South Fork, Vandalia, Taylorville, 

Jacksonville and Virginia. On May 
11, 1845, Father Hamilton celebrated 
for the first time Mass at Vandalia, the 
ceremony taking place at the court 
house. People of every denomination 
were desirous of seeing the services 
and administration of baptism per- 
formed. Consequently the building 
was crowded to excess, not half of 
the large concourse of people being 
able to gain admission. Catholics 
largely seized the opportunity afforded 
them by offering up their prayers be- 
fore the throne of the Most High. 
Fifty persons received the Sacrament 
of Baptism that day. Truly a Pente- 
costal sight. Virginia, one of the sta- 
tions attended to by Father Hamilton 
from Springfield relates in the ac- 
count of 1850 that it had received the 
accomodations of a frame church. 
When this frame church was erected, 
is not stated. 

In May, 1846, he left the diocese 
(Chicago) and the state, going east to 
Boston, where he died a few years 
later. Only once after leaving his 
diocese we hear from him and this 
was on the occasion when a petition 
was signed that was to secure a. char- 
ter for the "University of St. Mary of 
the Lake." George A. Hamilton 
placed his signature thereto July 18, 
1849, to which was added: removed 
from the state. 

Our subject, Rev. George A. Hamil- 
ton must not be confused, however, 
with a namesake, Rev. Geo. Hamilton, 
Jr. who received ordination from 
Bishop Quarter at Chicago, August 19, 
1845. He labored for awhile at North 
Arm, this diocese, attending Paris and 
thereafter worked in Chicago diocese. 
He was a nephew of Rev. Geo. A. 
Hamilton, Sr. R. I. P. 

Page Forty-Nine 


At the Santa Maria Infirmary of San 
Antonio, Texas, on June 17, 1913, the 
life of a fine young priest was 
snuffed out by cruel death. Rev. Fran- 
cis J. Harbe died there a victim of the 
"White Plague," tuberculosis. Medi- 
cal aid and science had tried in vain 
to stay the inroads caused by this 
terrible disease but to no avail. He 
sank into the grave when but 37 years 

Father Harbe's life was one replete 
with adventures, it reads like a 
romance in all its phases and features. 
Born May 2, 1876 at Cleveland, Ohio, 
he became in infancy orphaned 
through the death of his mother. The 
father took the child to far-off Arizona 
and placed him in the care of the Sis- 
ters of St. Joseph. Mother Monica, 
one of the sisters, thereupon confided 
little Francis to an orphanage in St. 
Louis, Mo., where he grew up into 
boyhood. Being endowed with a 
bright intellect, the boy was sent to 
St. Francis College of Quincy, where 
he remained till 1896, making splendid 
progress in all his studies, especially 
in music. We next hear of him as 
music teacher in St. Louis and organ- 

ist at St. Patrick's of that city. When 
the Spanish-American war broke out, 
young Harbe joined the Missouri 
volunteers and saw service in Cuba. 
In 1900 he decided to again take up 
his studies and to prepare for the 
priesthood. He entered the American 
College of Louvaini, in Belgium where 
after the completion of his theolog- 
ical course he was ordained July 12, 
1903 by Bishop James F. Van der 

His first appointment was to 
Oconee from where he was trans- 
ferred to Greenville. His health gave 
way, whereupon in 1910 he sought 
the more salubrious clime of Oklaho- 
ma. There he had charge for one year 
of the parish of Coal Gate, but not 
seeing any improvement in his broken- 
down health, he entered in 1911 the 
Sanitarium at Boerne, Texas. But the 
result here was not better than in 
Oklahoma, on the contrary, Father 
Harbe felt his life slowly ebbing 
away. From Boerne he journeyed to 
the Santa Maria Infirmary of San 
Antonio, where as already stated, he 
passed away June 17, 1913. R. I. P. 


It is a fact, unknown to many, that 
St. Joseph's College of Teutopolis, 
combined with the classical course 
likewise one of Philosophy and Theol- 
oyg. This was in the beginning of its 
existence, now more than fifty years 
ago. It prospered and flourished 
from 1862-1865 when owing to a lack 
of professors the theological course 
was discontinued by the Rector of the 
institution, the Very Rev. Mauritius 
Klostermann, O. F. M., who felt that 
services of the little band of Fathers 
was more urgently needed elsewhere. 
During the existence of this theolog- 
ical department at the College, how- 
ever, there were twenty-five young 
clerics graduated for the priesthood, 
one of whom was our subject, Rev. 
James Harty. He with three other 
seminarians was ordained on St. Nich- 
olas' Day, Dec. 6th, 1863. The co- 

ordinati were the Revs. W. Kinchen- 
buch (who in later years joined the 
Peoria diocese), Ferdinand Stick and 
Jeremiah Sullivan. All these good 
priests now rest in God, the last to 
die was Rev. Ferd. Stick of Highland. 

St. Francis Xavier's parish of Jer- 
seyville, will forever be linked with 
the name and blessed memory of 
Father Harty, for it was in this parish 
that almost his whole priestly career 
was spent, from 1868-1899, in which 
latter year (July) he" was summoned 
to a better world. 

The decendent was born at Old Par- 
ish, County Waterford, Ireland, on 
Dec. 6th, 1836. He made his classical 
studies at the school kept by the 
Trappist Fathers at Mt. Mellary and 
entered All Hallows' College in 1859. 
He left the land of his birth, however, 

Page Fifty 

and setting the prow of his future 
career westward, came to America, 
landing at Alton in 1862. The theo- 
logical department having just been 
opened at Teutopolis, it was thither 
that Bishop Juncker directed the 
young aspirant to proceed where in 

1863 he was ordained to the priest- 
hood. His first appointment was to 
Olney, whence he was transferred to 
become the Cathedral Rector of Alton. 
Shortly after his advent to Alton, St. 
Francis Xavier's parish of Jerseyville 
was founded. The church building was 
under construction. The committee 
in charge, however, had encountered 

a financial snag and it required the 
services of a prudent and experienced 
pilot to extricate the affair out of be- 
setting difficulties and send the un- 
finished church on to completion. 
Father Harty was the man of the 
hour. He assumed the task. No one 
was better qualified to undertake this 
job than he. (1868) With what signal 
success he labored in this chosen field 
of St. Xavier's of Jerseyville for thir- 
tyone long years, is well known to all 
Church residence, Sister's dwelling, 
and above all the fine parochial school 
the pride of the parish, eloquently 
proclaim better than words can tell 
Father Harty's untiring efforts in 
behalf of parish and people. 

It is not often that a priest has 
departed beyond the meridian sun of 
life whose taking off has left a deeper 
sorrow upon parishioners, or has de- 
prived his friends of a more beloved 
and genial companion and the diocese 
at large of a more wise and useful 
pastor, than Rev. Harty. To say 
that he was endeared to all who knew 
him is only to express their faith and 
trust in his unblemished conduct of 
priestly life and in his fidelity to all 
good principles, and to repeat toward 
the departed the earnest friendship 
which he inspired by his noble, unsel- 
fish bearing, extended to all with cor- 
dial sincerity. His acquaintance was 
extensive, but it was not wider than 
that atmosphere of warm and appre- 
ciative love and respect which per- 
vades all classes of people who had 
ever come in contact with him. A 
good, generous, big-hearted man and 
true priest of God has left his last- 
ing imprints upon the Alton Diocese. 

Father Harty found his last rest- 
ing place in the local Catholic ceme- 
tery of Jerseyville. R. I. P. 

Page Fifty-One 


"Rich the joy to be revealed 

In that hour from labor free 
Bright the splendors that shall yield 
Happiness to thee". 

The former "Americanum" of St. 
Maurice in Muenster, has contributed 

a number of excellent priests to our 
diocesan clerical ranks. This institu- 
tion has now ceased to exist as such. 
The last one of the Alton priests who 
received their training there, Rev. 
Bernard Hasse, died May 4, 1911, at 
the age of 63 years. The cradle of 
Father Hasse stood on the banks of 
the river Ems at Warendorf in West- 
falia, where he was born February 12, 
1848. There in the primary schools of 
his native city he received his first 
marked honor and distinction. In 
1870 he entered as young cleric above 
mentioned institution. After four 
years of strenuous application to phil- 
osophical and theological studies, he 
was elevated to the priesthood in the 
venerable cathedral church of St. 
Ludger of Muenster, by Bishop John 
Bernard Brinkmann, May 30, 1874. 
In company with the late Revs. 
Augustine W e n k e r, of Naperville, 
Emmerich Weber of Chicago, and 
John Stor'p of Green Creek, he set out 
for America that same summer, ar- 
riving in New York, September 19, and 

Page Fifty -Two 

a few days after in Alton. From the 
day of his coming till the day of exit 
Father Hasse proved himself a con- 
scientious, faithful and earnest priest 
in the discharge of his holy office. In 
a quiet, unobtrusive way he went 
about his business doing good. Being 
of a retired disposition he seldom ap- 
peared in public for he eschewed all 
notoriety and ostentation. He lived 
for his parishioners, his best friends 
were his books on the library shelf, 
for Father Hasse was solid in his 
studies. The parishes in which he 
faithfully worked, Paris, Grant Fork, 
Fayetteville, Raymond, Petersburg 
anl Mt. Sterling, will continue to keep 
his memory sacred. Months prior to 
death our subject became afflicted 
with heart trouble angina pectoris 
for the relief of which he sought a 
quiet retreat in St. Mary's Hospital or 
Quincy. This, however, proved of but 
little avail. The doctors suggested 
the Southern clime of Hot Springs, 
Ark. He went thither but soon re- 
turned to Illinois, the ailment had 
grown in intensity and assumed 
alarming proportions. He entered St. 
John's Hospital of Springfield, for 
feeling the nearness of death, our 
good priest wanted to die among his 
friends of the diocese. On May 4, 
1911, death relieved him of his suf- 
ferings and his priestly soul soared 
upwards to God's holy throne. 

Having been a life-long friend of 
his former schoolmate and confrere 
Father Joseph Still, our departed had 
oft expressed a wish to be buried near 
him. Thus it happened that the ob- 
sequies took p 1 a c e at St. John's 
church, Quincy, on the following 
Tuesday, May 9. Solemn Requiem 
followed the recitation of the Office 
of the Dead, Rev. E. Spalding being 
celebrant assisted by Rvs. C. Kreck- 
enberg of Springfield, as deacon, and 
H. Muckermann of Linn, Mo., as sub- 
deacon, whilst the pastor, Rev. J. 
Postner, acted as master of cere- 
monies. The funeral sermon was 
spoken by Rev. A. Zurbonsen, of St. 
Mary's, Quincy. R. I. P. 


' 'Best had come. His task was done. 
Calm was written on his brow." 

Responding to the heavenly roll- 
call of his Maker, Rev. William Healy 
departed from hence June 2, 1915. He 
was in the summer of life when he 
harkened to the final summons. 
Months of illness had defied all medi- 
cal skill and treatment in hospital 
and sanitarium. Peacefully and qui- 

etly he breathed forth his soul into 
the hands of his God. The energetic 
priest had framed up within his soul 
a vision of years of usefulness to his 
congregation, years of endeavor for 
the welfare of others, years of service 
to the diocese, years of prayerfulness 
to Almighty God. Cruel death frus- 
trated all plans arid projects. Father 
Healy was beckoned forth to meet 
his Master. His priestly soul entered 

Deceased was of cheerful and sunny 
disposition, ever ready to report to 
the call of duty, kind and generous 
to all. Championing physical culture 
and recreation, he was an ardent lover 
of our national sport, baseball. A 

host of friends and admirers mourn 
his untimely loss, especially the 
Knights of Columbus, whose state 
chaplain he had been for several 

Rev. William Healy was born at 
Scranton, Pa., August 1, 1868. After 
graduating from the elementary 
schools of his native city, he entered 
St. Michael's College of Toronto, 
Canada, where he pursued his classi- 
cal course. From there he was sent 
to "Our Lady of Angels" Seminary 
of Niagara, for Philosophy and The- 
ology, and became ordained to the 

priesthood by Bishop S. V. Ryan of 
Buffalo, December 23, 1894. Imme- 
diately after ordination the young 
priest was assigned as assistant to 
the Cathedral of Alton. Here he re- 
mained for almost six years, being 
transferred in March, 1900, in similar 
capacity to the church of Jacksonville. 
In September of that same year, 
Father Healy was appointed pastor of 
the Sacred Heart congregation of 
Effingham, succeeding Rev. Father 
Ducey, who was transferred to the 
parish of Marshall. After several 
years of devout faithful service at 
Effingham, Father Healy was again 
called upon to succeed his former pre- 
decessor and move on to Marshall, 
where Father Ducey's career had 
been rudely interrupted by death. 
Here it was that our departed one be- 
gan to ail, steadily getting worse and 
worse as time passed on. Thinking 
that a change to a smaller rural parish 
might improve his condition, the 
Bishop appointed him to that of 
Murrayville, made vacant 'by the 
death of Father McGuire, but all to 
no avail. The deadly germs had de- 
veloped rapidly and on June 2, 1915, 
Father Healy sank into the arms of 
death. After solemn funeral services 
his remains were imbedded in the 
cemetery of the parish. R. I. P. 

Page Fifty-Three 


"Ambition have I, and it's with me night 

and day; 
To live my life for others and to help 

them when I can ; 

To foster hope, and sorrow drive away, 
And love and be loved by my fellowman' '. 

Thus wrote the priestly pen of one 
whose sad and sudden passing shocked 
the community and spread a pall of 
gloom and mourning over the diocese 
when the sad news was flashed to 
priests and people that Rev. William 
Heffernan had been found dead in 
bed, had answered the last summons 
of the angel of death and had passed 
to his reward in the kingdom of his 
Master whom he had served so well. 
It was on the day of the Holy Souls, 
November 2, 1912, at the rectory of 
St. Mary's parish of Mt. Sterling, that 
this catastrophe overpowered the ap- 
parently strong and healthful man. 
Little did anyone dream that Father 
Heffernan would be a corpse before 
the morning sun had awakened all 
Nature and called upon the members 
of the church militant to aid the 
members of the church suffering by 
their sacrifices, communions and 
prayers, little did he dream that the 
Holy Mass which he intended to offer 
that fatal Saturday for the suffering 
souls would be offered for himself 
by another, his faithful assistant. 

Rev. William Heffernan was born 
in Blackstone, Mass., May 24, 1869, 
and hence had but passed the forty- 
third milestone on life's journey. After 
finishing his high school education in 
his native town, young Heffernan de- 
cided to study for the priesthood. To 

this end he entered the Grand Semin- 
ary of Montreal for the study of 
Philosophy and after a two years' 
course there betook himself to the 
American College of Louvain, where, 
after four more years he was elevated 
to the priesthood in 1896. After his 
ordination he served as assistant at 
St. Mary's church of Springfield, re- 
maining there three years and win- 
ning a distinguished reputation for his 
theological sermons and public ad- 
dresses. From there he was trans- 
ferred to Shelbyville as pastor, later 
appointed pastor of the congregation 
of Arcola from which place he came 
to Mt. Sterling, July 1, 1907. The 
want x>f a Catholic high school at 
this place, a center of Catholic popu- 
lation and energy, had been long and 
keenly felt for years. It was reserved 
for Father Heffernan to accomplish 
what others had not dared to under- 
take. St. Mary's Academy, with al- 
most 200 pupils stands today a per- 
manent monument of his untiring 
work and devotion to the cause of 
education and religion. His memory 
will continue to live on in the hearts 
of many grateful people whom he 
benefitted by his many deeds of kind- 
ness and priestly ministrations. 

His mortal remains were forwarded 
to his home town, Woonsocket, R. I., 
where his aged mother then resided, 
and there they rest within the shadow 
of the cross on the pretty Catholic 
cemetery 'till the dawn of resurrection 
morn. R. I. P. 

Page Fifty-Four 


Mary, our comfort and our hope, 

O may that word be given 
To be the last we sing on earth 

To be the first we breathe in heaven! 

The Rev. Roderick Heimerling was 
born February 20, 1825, in Waldfaus- 
ten, a small town of Bavaria. His 
parents were persons of social stand- 
ing and wealth, the father holding an 
important government position. 
Young Roderick being the issue of a 
mixed marriage, his father a protest- 
ant and the mother a Catholic, was 
raised a protestant. However, early 
in life he embraced the religion of his 
mother. This was in opposition to 
the law of the land which prohibited 
the son of a protestant father from 
becoming a Catholic under a certain 
age. The violation of this law com- 
pelled him to flee from home. He 
went to Switzerland, but was pursued, 
brought back and sent to a Military 
Academy. Whilst here he was woun- 
ded by a shot which caused a slight 
but permanent lameness. When he 
had partly recovered from his wound 
he fled again to Switzerland and from 
there to Rome. By the intercession 
of the Bavarian Court he was admit- 
ted to the College of the Propaganda, 
where he studied for the next seven 
years. After completing his course 
of studies and being unable under the 
laws of his native land to return home 
he was sent by the Prefect of the 
Propaganda to the United States a 
sub-deacon. Chicago was selected as 
the field of his future services. Shortly 
after landing Bishop Van de Velde 

ordained him a priest, September 9, 

Ever since that day he had been 
in active service. His first appoint- 
ment was at Galena, and after that in 
various places of Illinois. In 1856 and 
part of '57 he had charge of St. 
Marie, Jasper county. October 26, 
1859, we find him in charge of St. 
Alexis' at Beardstown. At this place 
he established a school in a rented 
building and purchased land for a 
graveyard. Here he remained for al- 
most seven years and here it was this 
great and generous man died March 
20, 1866. The story of his last hours 
of life is a sad one. Having to attend 
a sick call during the night previous 
to his death, he waded a stream, con- 
tracted a severe cold, and instead of 
returning home at once and caring 
for himself, went on to Rushville, 
Schuyler county one of his missions 
paying with his life the excess of 
his zeal. Feeling the nearness of 
death he sent for Father Stick, then 
pastor of Mt. Sterling, but alas! had 
to die without the consolations of his 
church, the priest being unable to 
reach him in time. After solemn 
funeral services conducted by Revs. 
M. Clifford F. Stick and A. Busch, 
his remains were interred in the Cath- 
olic cemetery of Beardstown. 

Among his schoolmates in Rome he 
counted Cardinal Cullen, Archbishop 
Spalding, Bishop Rosecrans and Dr. 
Cummings of New York. R. I. P. 


' 'And the south-wind sighing in the trees 
And the dead leaves rustling as they fall". 

Born at Quincy, 111., February 9, 
1849, Father Hellhake was raised to 
the priesthood in his native city, April 
21, 1872. He was an assistant at St. 
Boniface, Quincy, from May-August, 
1872, and then served as pastor of St. 

Alexis parish of Beardstown from 
1873-Aug. '75, after which he joined 
the Fort Wayne diocese, where he be- 
came pastor of St. John's church of 
Remington, in Jasper county. He died 
within recent years, Aug. 11, 1909, at 
Sheldon, Ind., where he was pastor of 
the local St. Aloysius church. R. I. P. 

Page Fifty-Five 


1 'The star of life had risen 
Only to fade away". 

A priest of migratory propensities 
was Rev. Joseph Edward Hermann. 
He was a native of Silesia, born at 
Steinau, in the Diocese of Breslau. 
Having almost completed his studies 
in the old country, he came to the 
States November 18, 1859, and was 
ordained a priest by Bishop Juncker 
at Quincy, July 2, 1860. Among other 
places which he occupied in our dio- 
cese was that of St. Mary's, Edwards- 

ville, in 1866, succeeding Rev. G. 
Tuerk. On May 29, 1867, he left the 
diocese and entered upon the duties 
as pastor of St. Joseph's church at 
Mendota, 111., was transferred to Lin- 
coln, thereupon was made pastor of 
Matamora in 1871, and in 1872 was a 
chaplain in St. John's Hospital of Port 
Townsend in the diocese of Nesqually, 
Washington. The date of Father Her- 
man's death could not be ascertained. 
R. I. P. 


"Dies mei sieut umbra declinaverunt et ego ut 
foenum ami". 

Among the number of Neo-Presby- 
ters who, as graduates from the 
American College of Louvain had 
been ordained in the summer of 1877, 
was Rev. John Herlitz. A class pic- 
ture still extant and today in the pos- 
session of one of the ordinati of that 
year, shows our subject presiding over 
that class of graduates, for he was the 
oldest among them, having been or- 
dained when well advanced in years. 
Father Herlitz arrived in the Alton 
Diocese in the fall of that year and 
from the very start displayed great in- 
terest in his work. In 1885 he took 
.charge of Mitchell, attending at the 
:same time Bethalto. During a mission 
given by Father Braun, S. J., prepara- 

tory to the celebration of the patron 
feast of the church, on the eve of St. 
Martin's Day, during evening service, 
a defective flue set the church of 
Bethalto on fire, destroying it as well 
as the rectory adjoining. The first 
years of his priesthood were spent in 
the southern part of the Diocese, he 
had charge for several years of the 
parish of Anna. Before studying for 
the ministry at all, our deceased priest 
had been a member of a religious 
community of brothers and had taught 
school several years in England. 

Father Herlitz died Nov. 5, 1889, at 
the rectory of Mitchell and has found 
his last resting place in the small 
Catholic cemetery near that town. R. 
I. P. 


"Lingering breezes pass 

As tenderly and slow, 
As if beneath the grass, 
A monarch slept below". 

The zealous and self-sacrificing 
community of Franciscan Hospital 
Sisters, whose Mother-house is loca- 
ted at Springfield, sustained a severe 
loss in the death of their able Direc- 
tor, Rev. Louis Hinssen. In good 
health until a few weeks before his 
death, his friends predicted for him 
many more years of active work. He 
died at St. Clara's Hospital, of Lin- 
coln, 111., whither he had retired at 
the advice of his physician, June 25, 
1905. In the annual report for 1904- 
1905 of St. John's Hospital of Spring- 

field, the Rev. Joseph S t r a u b, ap- 
pointed successor to decedent speaks 
at length of the life and merits of 
Father Hinssen. Here is the well- 
deserved tribute he pays to his mem- 

Father Hinssen was born at Sons- 
beck, Germany, December 29th, 1834. 
In this little town he spent his early 
years and received his elementary 
education. After completing the rigid 
course of studies at the Gymnasium 
of Cleve, he entered the Seminary at 
Muenster, Westphalia, to prepare 
himself for his ordination to the 

Page Fifty-Six 

About a year before his ordination, 
an event took place that was to make 
an important change in his plans. Up 
to this time Father H i n s s e n had 
thought of no other field of labor than 
that of his own native country. An 
address on the need of Catholic 
priests in the diocese of Alton, deliv- 
ered to the students of the Muenster 
Seminary, by Rt. Rev. Henry Damian 
Junker, the first Bishop of the diocese, 
inspired in young Hinssen a zeal 
lor missionary labor and aroused and 
confirmed in him the desire to emi- 
grate to America. With the determin- 
ation that characterized his actions 
all through life, he immediately set to 
work to carry out this new project. 
He did not wait for his ordination, but 
as soon as possible made the prepa- 
rations necessary for his departure; 
and with one companion landed in 
New York about the middle of the 
following year. 

Shortly after his arrival in this coun- 
try, he was ordained by the Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Juncker in the Cathedral of 
Alton, September 21, 1859, and within 
a few months was assigned to his 
first mission, the parish of Edwards- 
ville, Illinois. His work here was the 
difficult and arduous work of all the 
Catholic priests of southern Illinois 
in the early part of the latter half of 
the last century. He continued work- 
ing in the smaller parishes of the dio- 
cese until the beginning of the year 
1870, when the newly consecrated 
Bishop Baltes appointed him his suc- 
cessor at St. Peter's Church, Belle- 
ville, Illinois. In this congregation he 
labored indefatigably for thirteen 
years, doing at times the work of 
three priests. At the end of this time 
he made a journey to Rome (to set- 
tle an acrimonious controversy which 
had arisen between the bishop and 
himself. Z.) After a sojourn of four- 
teen months at Rome he returned and 
took charge of a parish in Cairo, Illi- 
nois, whose pastor he remained till 
the close of the year 1886, when he 
began his successful work as Superior 
of the Franciscan Sisters' Community 
and Director of St. John's Hospital. 

The person who contemplates today 

the extensive building of St. John's 
Hospital, with its clock-work like 
management, can not even imagine 
the difficulties that confronted Father 
Hinssen when he assumed the duties 
of Director. No adequate idea of all 
that his untiring labor did for the 
hospital, and the Sisters of the hos- 
pital can be given in the small space 
of this brief sketch. Suffice it to say 
that his able financiering worked won- 
ders in decreasing the debt which 
weighed heavily upon the sisters. So 
successful was he that, aside from the 
many improvements in the hospital 
building- itself, and the improvements 
and additions to the branch houses in 
other cities, the sisters were able 
some years ago, without any dread of 
the future, to build the extensive ad- 
dition to St. John's hospital, which 
now adds beauty to the building and 
completes it on the west side. 

More than his successful financier- 
ing, however, we must admire his ef- 
ficient work in bringing the nursing 
in the institution up to the scientific 
standard found today in modern, well- 
equipped and well-managed hospitals. 
When Father Hinssen was made 
director he was almost a sexagenarian. 
Men at this age ordinarily are so fixed 
in their views that it requires, to say 
the least, a strenuous effort on their 
part to remain in touch with the pro- 
gress made in any field of science and 
art. They praise the practices of their 
own days and are not easily per- 
suaded to concede the good accom- 
plished by the discoveries and inven- 
tions of the younger contemporaries 
of their old age. Not so Father Hins- 
sen. In spite of his advanced years, 
and in spite of the fact that he was 
reared and educated at a time when 
hospital work was still in swaddling 
clothes, and most people considered 
the hospital only a place where sick 
paupers might spend their last miser- 
able days, Father Hinssen with a 
mind open to progress, kept pace with 
the rapid strides of improvements 
that hospitals were making both in 
regard to their architecture and man- 
agement, as well as in the nursing 
to be had in them. He had not occu- 

Page Fifty-Sev 

pied his position as Director very long 
when he saw the need of a well or- 
ganized and systematized training 
school, and in spite of his advanced 
age, he began to work out a plan for 
such a school. While thus engaged 
he was confronted by a serious diffi- 
culty. In his search for a text book, 
he found that there was none in ex- 
istence that would exactly suit the 
needs of hospital Sisters. This ob- 
stacle, however, did not deter him 
from prosecuting his undertaking. 
Seeing that he could not find a suit- 
able text book, he resolved to compile 
one. The result was "The Nursing 
Sister," a hand book for Sisters train- 
ing schools, which today is used in 
many of the Catholic hospitals of the 
United States and Canada, and which 
has even found its way across the 
ocean into some of the hospitals in 
England. In addition to the "Nurs- 
ing Sister" he compiled a smaller vol- 
ume, entitled "Hints for the Clinical 
Record," which serves as a supple- 
ment to the former and which met 
with as much success as its predeces- 
sor, the Hand-book of Nursing. 

The hospital in his charge, however, 
furnishes even better proof of Father 
Hinssen's ability to understand and 
appreciate modern progress, than his 
work for the training school and the 
compiling of text books of nursing. 
Everybody knows that today a hospi- 
tal which is not modern in equipment 
and up-to-date in nursing will fail to 
receive the patronage of the people, 
and consequently will not be able to 
exist, especially in a place where it 
has to meet the competition of other 
hospitals. Now St. John's hospital 
not only exists today, but at times in 
spite of its size has not sufficient room 
to accomodate its patrons. The num- 
ber of its patients has increased from 
357 in 1886, the year when Father 
Hinssen was made Director, to 1,839 
in 1905, the year of his death; In 1915 
the number of patients was 4,500.) 

More need certainly not be said to 
show that Father Hinssen not only 
understood well the necessity of keep- 
ing in touch with modern progress, 
but that he also, with a mind fit to 

appreciate modern improvements, so 
managed the hospital and directed the 
Sisters that today St. John's hospital 
can without fear of contradiction be 
said to be among the foremost hos- 
pitals in the State. During a long life 
of labor, vivified by zeal for the honor 
of God and the good of his fellow- 
men, Father Hinssen has erected for 
himself many a monument that will 
make his name live long in the mem- 
ory of those for whom he worked. 
But foremost among these monuments 
is St. John's hospital, for it will pro- 
claim his praise to coming genera- 
tions, a praise that will find its echo 
in the benedictions, especially of all 
those who have and will have the 
good fortune to share the kind care 
and scientific treatment of the Sisters 
of this hospital. 

A few closing words on the char- 
acter of the deceased will without 
doubt find interested readers in all 
those who had the pleasure of know- 
ing him. 

The straight figure of the grey- 
haired man of three score and ten 
that could be seen daily on the streets 
of the city certainly yet lives in the 
memory of many. The carriage of the 
man was the index of his character. 
His erect head and body may be con- 
sidered the outward manifestation of 
the lofty ideals with which his mind 
was im'bued, whereas his firm step 
gave evidence of his inflexible will in 
the pursuance of what he considered 
true and just. Yet in this unbending 
frame, which harbored a strong mind 
and autrocratic iron will, also beat the 
kind heart of a father. His sympathy 
went out to all. He was a m'an who 
felt as his own the sufferings and 
troubles of his fellowmen. No one in 
trouble knocked in vain at the door of 
his heart, he was sure to find it the 
source of kind words of sympathy and 
consolation, and, if necessary, of sub- 
stantial aid. Father Hinssen's chari- 
ties were the cause of his dying a poor 
man as regards worldly possessions. 
His purpose in life was not to accum- 
ulate riches, but to do all the good 
that was in his power, and to obtain 

Page Fifty-Eight 

this end he exerted himself to the 

The days of Father Hinssen's life 
were days of labor to the very end. 
The world gave him little of that 
with which she is wont to reward her 
votaries. He asked it not. His view 
was fixed on another realm a place 

where, he was firmly convinced, a 
reward would be given him, in com- 
parison to which all that the world 
can offer shrinks into insignificance. 
For this he worked, with this con- 
viction he died, and we may be cer- 
tain that his labor was not in vain. 
R. I. P. 


'When my eyes are slowly closing, 
And I fade from earth away, 

And when Death, the stern destroyer 
Claims my body as his prey, 

Claim my soul, and then, sweet Mary, 
Ora pro me''. 

A man of rare qualities of mind and 
heart, forebearing, gentle and sensi- 

tive, such was our subject, Father 
Hoffman. Of frail constitution and 
feeble health, he was wont to lead a 
more or less retired and quiet life, 

chiefly occupying himself with his 
friends on the library shelf, his books. 
He was known to be a fine scholar of 
literary attainments. 

Rev. Cornelius Hoffmann was born 
February 15, 1846, at Breyel on the 
Rhine. His studies were made at 
Gaesdonk and Muenster and were 
finished at St. Francis Seminary, Mil- 
waukee, where he was ordained 
March 13, 1869, by Bishop Martin 
Henni, of Milwaukee. He became an 
assistant at St. Peter's parish, Belle- 
ville, from March, 1869-June 25, '69; 
rector of Mt. Sterling from June, 
1860-June, 71; rector of St. Joseph's, 
Cairo, which church he built, from 
June 1871-October, 73; rector of St. 
Wendel and Newton, from October 
1873-October, 76; assistant at St. 
Boniface, Quincy, from August 1878- 
Xovember, '85; rector of Fayetteville, 
from November 1885, at Bartelso from 
September, 1889 till his death, Novem- 
ber 28, 1891. He was buried at Bar- 
telso. Solemn obsequies were per- 
formed by Bishop Janssen whilst the 
late Msgr. Abbelen of Milwaukee, a 
former schoolmate and lifelong friend 
of deceased, spoke a touching funeral 
sermon. R. I. P. 

Page Fifty-Nine 


"The 'hours fly fast; 
With each some sorrow dies 
With each some shadow flies, 
Until at last 
The red dawn in the east 
Bids weary night depart 
And pain is past". 

'Widespread regret was evoked by 
the premature demise of Rev. Thomas 
Hogan, pastor of St. Peter's parish 
of Petersburg, which occured at the 
parochial residence, January 12, 1884. 
The young priest was but twenty- 
seven years old when death overtook 
him. Born at Oak Creek, now South 
Milwaukee, Wis., he lost his parents 
when yet a tender child. The Aemi- 
lianum, an orphanage, located next to 
St. Francis Seminary, became his 
home, the devoted Sisters his trusted 
and loving friends and benefactors 
who at all times watched over his 
growing years with zealous motherly 
care and solicitude. At the proper 
time in the fall of 1870, he entered as 
student St. Francis Seminary to 
prepare himself for the attainment of 
his lofty ideal, the priesthood, and he 
proved himself an excellent student. 
By his noble and gentlemanly deport- 
ment and close application to study 
he won universal respect. The many 
priests who were school companions 
of deceased entertained the highest 
opinion of him and spoke enthusias- 
tically of his genial disposition, his 
solid piety and his sterling character. 
On June 29, 1879, he was ordained 
priest by Bishop Baltes at Alton and 
at once appointed to the pastoral 
charge of Petersburg and its two de- 
pendencies, Greenview and Ashland. 

With -characteristic zeal the young 
priest entered upon his work, captur- 
ing in a short time good the wishes of 
every one. The present handsome St. 
Augustine church of Ashland owes its 
construction to the indefatigable 
Father Hogan. Whilst his labors in 
his sphere of action had already 
proven abundantly fruitful yet they 
augured still more so for the future. 
And with vim and vigor he prosecuted 
his holy vocation, when a malady 
flung the zealous worker on the couch 
of sickness. Medical aid did not avail 
and the young priest, not yet five 
years in the ministry, soon sank into 
the slumber of death. 

We were present at the funeral 
which took place at St. Francis Sem- 
inary in accordance with the oft ex- 
pressed wishes of deceased. The body 
was accompanied thither by Rev. 
John Dietrich, then an assistant at 
Jacksonville. Obsequies were had in 
the Seminary chapel January 16, with 
Father Willmes of Milwaukee as cele- 
brant and Revs. J. Dietrich and Nic 
Thill as assistants, while Father Jos. 
Rainer, then professor at the Semin- 
ary (of late nominated a "Notary 
Apostolic" by the Holy See, appointed 
a Vicar General of the Milwaukee 
diocese and who has acted for years 
Rector of the seminary) preached the 
funeral sermon. The remains were 
interred in the little cemetery ad- 
joining the Chapel of the Woods. 
R. I. P. 


"Beyond the Land, 

Beyond the Sea, 
There shall be rest 
For thee and me". 

To cele'brate the "Golden Sacerdotal 
Jubilee" is a privilege accorded to but 
very few priests, the majority are 
gathered to their reward long ere this. 
Such a great commemorative day was 
reserved for Rev. H. J. Hoven, when 
in the fall of 1911, he celebrated the 
50th anniversary of his ordination to 

Page Sixty 

the priesthood. Whoever saw and wit- 
nessed the solemn ceremonies on that 
day at the Immaculate Conception 
church of Springfield, was surely sur- 
prised how the aged priest, still vig- 
orous and robust, had so well out- 
lived, nay, by far surpassed the bibli- 
cal age of three score and ten. And 
yet Divine Providence had still three 
more years in store for him. It was 
on June 9, 1914, that Father Hoven 

peacefully slumbered away at his pri- 
vate residence in Carlinville, at the 
age of 79 years. There he was buried. 

The departed jubilarian was born at 
Kirspenich, in the Diocese of Cologne, 
June 8, 1835, arrived in the States in 
June, 1861, and received Holy Orders 
at Alton, November 24, 1861, from 
Bishop Juncker. From the day of his 
ordination to that of his death, he was 
always and everywhere faithful and 
exact in his duties. His first mission 
was Ste. Marie, from whence he was 
sent to Marshall, where he laid the 
foundation for the present handsome 
church. From Marshall he attended 
Paris, North Arm and Charleston, a 
territory embracing three counties. 
From that laborious mission he was 
transferred to Jerseyville on March 
26, 1865, where his health began to fail 
under the constant strain. At this 
time he absented himself from the 
diocese for awhile. On his return he 
was appointed to Carlinville with in- 
structions to rebuild the church which 
had been destroyed by a storm and 
also to erect a new church for the 
German Catholics of the place, St. Jo- 
seph's. His next incumbency was 
Pittsfield, 1878-'80, then Pana and 

Shelbyville. From the latter place de- 
ceased was transferred to Carrollton, 
1892-1903. Finally he was moved back 
to Carlinville where he spent two 
years as pastor of St. Mary's, and two 
years and three months as pastor of 
St. Joseph's church. When by the 
death of Father Schlegel a vacancy 
occurred in the parish of Highland, 
Father Hoven was designated his suc- 
cessor but declined the offer; instead 
he became pastor of Morrisonville and 
later a little while pastor of Ray- 
mond. His "Golden Jubilee" was cele- 
brated October 17, 1911. During the 
latter years of his life his health had 
gradually been failing, and during two 
seasons he sought the quiet retreat in 
St. Mary's hospital of Quincy. 

Old in years, rich in merit, loved by 
his brother priests and respected by 
the laity, he obeyed the final call of 
the Master whom he had ever served 

Father- Hoven was a fine English 
scholar, a man of reserve and retire- 
ment, a pattern of tidiness and neat 
appearance. Besides being a zealous 
priest he had the reputation of an ac- 
complished musician and skillful or- 
ganist. May his soul rest in peace! 


''The hours are flying; 
Each one some treasure takes, 
Each one some blossom breaks, 
And leaves it dying". 

Brown's Settlement in Christian 
county had the honor and privilege of 
harboring from 1889-98 a conspicuous 
though humble and unassuming pas- 
tor in the person of Rev. Father Law- 
rence Hoye. A ripe scholar of bril- 
liant attainments was he, one who had 
distinguished himself for many years 
of his priestly career an eminent in- 
structor and had occupied a profes- 
sor's chair in various seats of learning. 
He who for years had associated with 
men of great worth and prominence 
had come to seek the quiet and repose- 
ful environments of St. Isidore's 
there to spend the declining years of 
his priestly life preparatory to the 
last summons. Physical infirmaries to- 
gether with old age demanded an ab- 

solute relinquishment of any further 
strenuous efforts or new undertak- 

His was a golden heart, at all times 
kind, gentle and courteous. Serene 
and happy amid rural surroundings 
highly esteemed by his confreres and 
possessing the unqualified love and 
veneration of this sturdy community, 
the aged rector appeared to be the 
personification of contentment. Such 
at least was the impression the dear 
old man made upon me when an oc- 
casional visit led me to his secluded 

Sincerely mourned by all, Father 
Hoyne peacefully passed away on 
February 20, 1898, at St. Isidore's rec- 

The funeral took place from St. 
Agnes Church, Springfield, (Rev. J. J. 

Page Sixty -One 

Howard, D. D. pastor) from which he 
wished to be buried. Bishop Ryan 
pontificated at the solemn obsequies 
and Rev. Ferdinand Stick, then pastor 
of Morrisonville, pronounced the fun- 
eral oration. His body rests in the 
Springfield Catholic cemetery. 

Father Hoyne was a native of the 
Emerald Isle, coming to this country 
when quite young. In the Eastern 
states where he frequented the schools 
he received a thorough literary and 
scientific education. He was on inti- 
mate terms with Archbishop Hughes 
and came West with Bishop Quarter, 
of Chicago. 

In 1847 we find him a sub-deacon 
studying Theology at the Chicago 
Catholic University, where two years 
later he occupied the chair of Philos- 
ophy, Mathematics and French whilst 
Mr. J. P. Baltes, the future Bishop of 
Alton, taught German Literature. In 
1851 Father Hoye was prefect of the 

Afterwards we find him associated 
with the late Bishop McFaul of 

Rochester, in Seaton Hall College and 
Seminary. One of his scholars who 
subsequently rose to national fame, 
was John Gilmary Shea, the eminent 
historian, whose graduating diploma 
he signed. Though a scholar of the 
first water. Father Hoye was as shy 
and modest as he was learned. He 
showed the earnestness of his zeal by 
attending the cholera patients in 
Chicago in 1849. 

When Bishop Baltes was appointed 
to the See of Alton, his old friend 
returned West to share his labors. He 
was appointed to St. Patrick's church, 
Ruma, Randolph county, at the same 
time teaching in the Diocesan Semin- 
ary located there. From 1874-78 he 
acted as pastor of Pittsfield, moving 
thence to Carlinville, where he built 
the St. Mary's parochial residence. In 
view of granting the now aged man 
in a quiet country place the much 
needed rest, Bishop Ryan sent him 
to Brown's Settlement. In March, 
1889, as above stated, this saintly little 
man died. R. I. P. 


Bishop-elect of Peoria, 1875. 

' 'The fret, and the strife and the burden 
Will be softened and laid away". 

A quondam pastor of the Church of 

the Immaculate Conception of Spring- 
field, was Rev. M. Hurley, having 
been appointed to the position in 
1854. He succeeded Rev. Michael 
Prendergast. Owing to the briefness 
of his stay of but a few months, 
which were rather void of any nota- 
ble achievements, we would be temp- 
ted to be satisfied with the mere men- 
tion of this short incumbency were it 
not for the important fact that the 
erstwhile Springfield pastor had been 
chosen by the Holy See to become 
first Bishop of Peoria. This new dio- 
cese was created in 1875, by a sub- 
division of the Chicago diocese. 
Father Hurley was at the time pastor 
of St. Patrick's church of Peoria. He 
had been pastor of all the English 
speaking Catholics of the city, St. 
Mary's since 1864, and when the 
parish was divided in 1868 had chosen 
the new St. Patrick's parish in which 
to continue his labors. While he was 

Page Sixty -Two 

by virtue of location and his know- 
ledge of the new diocese, the most 
available candidate for the position, 
he modestly and humbly signified his 
wishes to the Holy See, at the same 
time returning the bulls of appoint- 
ment. Singularly his declination and 
the bulls never reached Rome, but 
went down off, the coast of France in 
a vessel lost at sea. Pope Pius IX 
and the Prepaganda were advised 
from other sources of the state of 
affairs and on November 28, 1876, 
Rev. John Lancaster Spalding was 
appointed Bishop of the new See. 

Father Michael Hurley built the 
present St. Patrick's church of Peoria 
in 1878, and erected a commodious 
brick school house in 1888. 

He was born in Tipperary, Ireland, 
in the year 1826. His education was 
completed at Dublin, where he was 
raised to the priesthood. Coming 
to this country he labored as priest 
in Lockport, Bloomington and Spring- 
field before coming to Peoria as pastor 
of St. Patrick's church in 1864. His 
death occured at Peoria on December 
11, 1892. R. I. P. 


"Let us revere the power of the Unseen 
And know a world of mystery is near". 

On November 18, 1914, a young dio- 
cesan priest breathed his last in 
Providence, R. I. It was Father 
Francis H. Hussey. After his ordina- 
tion in Buffalo, February 29, 1896, he 
acted as assistant at St. Peter's church 
of Quincy, after which he was made 
pastor of the parish of Bloomfield in 
1898, to be transferred the next year, 
in 1899, to Virden. The latter place 
he relinquished after a few years in- 
cumbency for that of New Douglas. 
Failing in health Father Hussey went 

to Beresford, South Dakota. In Au- 
gust, 1914, he returned to his former 
home in Central Falls. R. I., in hopes 
that a rest would enable him to regain 
his lost health. He died from cerebral 
hemorrhage at his sister's house in 
Providence on above mentioned date. 
His funeral took place from Holy 
Trinity Church of Central Falls, R. I., 
Nov. 21, 1914. 

Father F. H. Hussey was the son of 
John and Catherine (McDermott) 
Hussey, and was born in Albion, R. 
I., October 2, 1869. R. I. P. 


"Then strange words upon the silence broke, 
And I listened as the Angels spoke". 

Among the brave band of early 
missionaries whose coming hither was 
more or less contemporaneous with 
the advent of the First Bishop of 
Alton, Rt. Rev. Damian Junker, D. 
D., were a number of zealous apos- 
tolic men from France. Here as 
everywhere else they performed yeo- 
man work, they were truly pathfinders 
and trail-blazers who left in their wake 
many a grateful heart to bless their 

In looking over the accounts of the 
pioneer work accomplished by these 
heroic men we encounter such names 
as Gonant, Dubois, Bedard, Laurent, 
Recouvreur, Zabel, Jacques and others 
equally distinguished. With a single 

exception, these men have all passed 
away from the scenes of their ex- 
ploits, all have received from the 
Master of the great vine yard in which 
indefatigably they toiled and moiled 
through so many years from early 
till late merited compensation. 

From the above mentioned list we 
single out one whose tragic ending 
elicited at the time universal sympa- 
thy and sorrow, namely, Rev. Father 
A. Jacques. In detailing his life and 
activity in the Alton diocese, we turn 
for information to the columns of the 
"New World," where the following 
narrative is thus related. It reads: 

Rev. John Adolphus Jacques was 
born in 1836 at Buriville, diocese of 
Nancy, France. He made his classical 

Page Sixty-Three 

course at the Seminary of Pona- 
Mousson and his philosophical and 
theological studies at the Great Sem- 
inary of Nancy, leading his class in 
both establishments. After spending 
a few months at All Hallows' College 
in Ireland he came over to America 
with Bishop Junker and was ordained 
by him on the 3rd of May, 1859. 

After assisting for awhile at St. 
Mary's, Springfield, he was sent suc- 
cessively to Shawneetown, Kaskas- 
kia, Paris, Virginia, Beardstown 1867- 
68 and then to Assumption where he 
did very good work. Two years be- 
fore his coming thither a general sub- 
scription had been taken up for the 
building of a new church, but nothing 
was accomplished until he came. In 
the fall of 1869 the corner-stone of 
the new building was laid by Ad- 
ministrator P. J. Baltes; Rev. D. S. 
Phelan, the late well known editor of 
the Western Watchman, of St. Louis, 
preaching the English and Rev. F. H. 
Zabel, D. D., the French sermon. 
Fairs and subscriptions supplied the 
means. It took until the year 1872 
to have the building under roof. 

In 1874, Father Jacques finding the 

congregation unwilling to supply him 
with a becoming residence, left and 
went to Shelbyville, though still at- 
tending Assumption. This move 
stirred up the people who at once 
built a house. 

When Father Jacques left Shelby- 
ville he was sent to Cahokia, at the 
same time attending Centerville Sta- 
tion. In the heated term of July, 
1878, he was compelled to travel from 
Centerville to Cahokia in an open 
wagon under the mid-day broiling 
sun to attend the funeral of a child. 
As he reached home, he felt prostra- 
ted, had no one to help him in his 
sad condition, and expired unattended, 
being found two days afterwards, July 
17, dead, a martyr to priestly duty. 
His body, swollen beyond measure, 
was buried in the village graveyard 
by Rev. P. J. O'Halloran and Rev. 
Chris Koenig, both of East St. Louis. 

Father Jacques was a refined 
scholar, a writer of uncommon merit, 
as honorable as he was eccentric. His 
delight was to impart religious in- 
struction to the rising-generation, 
thus planting the seeds for future 
harvest. R. I. P. 


"What words can speak the joy 

For thee in store ? 
What smiles of earth can tell 

Of peace like thine? 
Silence and tears are best 

For things divine". 

'Very Rev. John Janssen, V. G. 
(late Bishop of Belleville), was born 
March 3, 1835, at Keppeln, Rhine- 
land. He received his early educa- 
tion in the parochial schools of his 
native town and pursued the higher 
studies, classics and theology, partly 
at Gaesdonck, partly at Muenster. 
When he had almost finished the the- 
ological course, the young ecclesiastic 
decided to come to America. On 
November 19, 1858, Bishop Juncker 
conferred Holy Orders on him in the 
Cathedral church of Alton. Our neo- 
presbyter was assigned to old St. 
John's church of Springfield. (This 
has since ceased to exist and in its 
place the present St. Peter and Paul's 
church and parish were built.) Besides 

Page Sixty-Four 

being pastor of the Springfield congre- 
gation he likewise extended his pas- 
toral care over the parish of New 
Berlin. Next we find him in the chan- 
cellor's office and a few years later 
he is made Vicar General of the dio- 
cese, which position he retained till 
elevated to the episcopacy. On Sep- 
tember 1st, 1877-December 31st, 1879, 
Father Janssen acted as pastor of St. 
Boniface parish of Q u i n c y, after 
which he was appointed rector of the 
Cathedral parish of Alton. At the 
death of Bishop Baltes, which oc- 
cured February 18, 1886, Archbishop 
Feehan of Chicago made him an ad- 
ministrator of the diocese (sede va- 
cante,) and after its division on Janu- 
ary 7, 1887, also administrator of the 
new See of Belleville. On the 28th 
day of February he was chosen by 
Rome to become the first Bishop of 
the newly created southern diocese 

and received the episcopal consecra- 
tion at St. Peter's Cathedral of Belle- 
ville on April 25, of the same year. 

Father Janssen was a man of gentle 
and amiable disposition. His priestly 
career as pastor was rather unevent- 
ful; as chancellor and Bishop's secre- 

tary, he was known to be very prompt 
and accurate; as Vicar General and 
Administrator, wise and prudent. 

He died July 2, 1913. His remains 
were sepulchred in a vault beneath 
the sanctuary in St. Peter's Cathedral 
of Belleville. R. I. P. 


"Gone to the beautiful city above 
To rest in the bocom of infinite love". 

From among the visions of the past 
there arises before me in the con- 
tours of imagined reality the great, 
bulky figure of a generous and ten- 
der-hearted man, one whose principal 

fault, if such it may be called, was a 
tendency of over-communicativeness; 
it is Rev. Joseph Jele, simple, kind, 
child-like man. Born in wonderful 
Alpine Tyrol, September 4, 1850, he 
joined in the early days of his young 
manhood the Capuchin Friars, who 
are particularly numerous in his 
native land, and was ordained to the 

priesthood during Eastertide, 1876. 
As professed religious he was known 
by the name of Father Angelus. O. 
M. Cap. As such he taught for a 
number of years at the St. Lawrence 
Capuchin College, of Mt. Calvary, 
Fond du Lac Co. Wisconsin, where 
he enjoyed the universal esteem and 
love of the college boys. When in 
1884 he applied for permission to join 
the secular clergy and having obtained 
the permit from the Superior General 
of the Capuchins at Rome, Bishop 
Baltes assigned him assistant to 
Father Meckel of St. Paul's church of 
Highland, there to look after the in- 
terests of the various out-missions 
then connected with Highland, viz: 
Pocahontas, St. Jacob, Troy and Black 
Jack. He was of a rather impetuous 
and impulsive zealousness in the per- 
formance of his work. 

In September, 1888, Father Jele was 
transferred to Springfield, there to 
assist Rev. A. J. Pennartz, in the work 
at 'St. Peter and Paul's parish, where 
he was likewise successfully active. 
In less than two years, however, he 
was stricken down with illness which 
within a few days terminated fatally 
for the then still young priest. April 
26, 1890. His body was sepulchred on 
Tuesday, April 29, followed to its 
last resting place in the priest's lot 
by many mourning parishioners and 
a number of brother priests. R. I. P. 

Page Sixty-Five 


"The time of toil is past, and night has 


The last and saddest of the harvest eves. 
Worn out with labor long and wearisome 
Drooping and faint, the reapers hasten home 
Each laden with his sheave". 

When Rev. F. Metzger, the then 
newly appointed pastor of St. An- 
thony's parish of Effingham and dean 
of that district had unexpectedly died 

whilst visiting at his boyhood home in 
Germany, Rev. H. Jungmann was 
selected his successor to fill the vacan- 
cy. At the time of this appointment 
he was stationed in the Southern part 
of the diocese, at Murphysboro, with 
jurisdiction over the neighboring 
towns. How judiciously the selection 
of Father Jungmann to the vacant 
post of Effingham was made, his 
splendid administration of parish 
affairs, both temporal and spiritual, 
fully demonstrated. For eighteen 
years St. Anthony's pastor served his 
congregation most efficiently. It was 
done in a quiet, unobstructive manner. 
The secret of his success was his 

Page Sixty-Six 

kindness, modesty and charity. Har- 
mony and peace reigned within the 
parish, hence great results were 
scored. In this connection we quote 
the following from the columns of the 
Effingham Democrat of April 6. 1895: 

"The members of St. Anthony's con- 
gregation are sensible of the great 
work done by Father Jungmann, their 
priest and pastor, whose ministrations 
towards his flock were ever full of 
that fervor and zeal which character- 
ized his life as a faithful and devoted 
priest and which earned and main- 
tained that love and respect of all in 
the communities in which he labored. 
Father Jungmann will be long re- 
membered in Effingham. The mater- 
ial monuments which speak of his 18 
years of labor in this community may 
crumble into dust but the influence of 
his zealous, self-sacrificing work will 
endure. Fearless in the pulpit, tire- 
less in labor, he was the advisor, 
teacher and model of his flock. When 
he took charge of the Effingham con- 
gregation he found an indebtedness of 
$17,000 to meet. So well he managed 
the finances that at his death there 
would have been practically no debt 
had not extensive improvements been 
made in 1884 and 1885. During these 
years several thousands of dollars 
have been spent upon the church; and 
the fine parochial school house and 
residence have been built. Never in 
the city has there been a more largely 
attended funeral. Father Jungmann 
had earned the love and respect of 
all classes." 

Father H. J. F. Jungmann was born 
October 1, 1846, at Ochtrup in West- 
phalia, of a pious family, which gave 
to the church three priests, two of 
whom distinguished themselves as 
professors and authors, both gradu- 
ates of the Roman College, one a 
Jesuit, professor of sacred eloquence 
at the Insbruck University, and the 
other professor of Church History at 
the Louvain University. After previous 
studies made in Westphalia, Father 
Jungmann repaired to the American 

College of Louvain, where he studied 
for the diocese of Alton. Ordained 
to the priesthood December 23, 1871, 
at Malines, he started for the future 
field of his labors the following Sep- 
tember. Wherever he was, he edified 
all by his sincere piety and zeal, espe- 

cially in the training of the young 
the hope of the Church. 

Good Father Jungmann was called 
to his reward on April 6, 1895, and 
slumbers in the shadow of the cross 
in St. Anthony's cemetery of Effing- 
ham. R. I. P. 


"Here the scene ends! The shadows flee 


And morning breaks in everlasting day! 
O what a contrast! What ecstatic bliss 
On passing thither from a world like this!" 

In the list of our Cathedral rectors 
we find the name of Rev. Manasses 
Kane enumerated. He was called 
thither from Macon, where he had re- 
sided from 1874-75, and served in the 
capacity of Cathedral pastor from 
1875-76. At this time steps were con- 
templated for the founding of a new 
parish in Springfield. The Ursuline 
Academy there had for years been in a 
flourishing condition, the city had de- 
veloped with strides and bounds in 
that direction so that a "crying need" 
was felt for a new parish. It was to 
be St. Joseph's and Father Kane its 
founder and first pastor. The good 
man performed laudable work and put 
up a fine church. During his pastor- 
ate of St. Joseph's the energetic 
priest looked likewise after the in- 

terests of St. Mary's of Illiopolis, 
where he enlarged the little frame 
church by adding an addition to it so 
as to accomodate the seventy-five 
families forming the parish. Father 
Kane remained at the head of St. 
Joseph's of Springfield from its in- 
ception in 1876 till his retirement in 

Rev. Mannasses Kane was born in 
Banagher Diocese of Derry, Ireland, 
in January, 1836, and was raised to the 
priesthood at Montreal, Dec. 17, 1870. 
After relinquishing St. Joseph's. 
Father Kane went West, subsequent- 
ly became a Trappist and died in 1914 
at Long Point near Montreal. 

Before deceased took up studies for 
the priesthood he had been a Brother 
of the Holy Cross Community, a 
teaching order connected with the 
great educational institution of Notre 
Dame, Ind. R. I. P. 


"Where the golden evening light was burn- 

All that is known of Father Kear- 
ney is that from 1865-'66, he was pas- 
tor of St. Mary's at Pittsfield, from 

1866-'69 pastor at Winchester, and 
from 1869-70 at Mt. Sterling. Whence 
he came and whither he went is a 
question that awaits solution. 

Page Sixty-Seven 


Among the church's priests who dis- 
tinguished themselves by ever faith- 
fully attending to their entrusted 
stewardship, Rev. John Patrick Kerr, 
for twenty-one years pastor of St. 
Peter's parish of Quincy, occupies a 
promin entplace. When death claimed 
him, the members of St. Peter's con- 

gregation sincerely mourned because 
deprived of a loyal friend, safe guide 
and exemplary shepherd, the com- 
munity had lost a good and upright 

On the morning after his demise, a 
local paper had the following "In 
Memoriam" penned by a brother 

"When death invaded the St. Peter's 
presbytery on last evening summon- 
ing the pastor of his flock away from 
the scene of his many year's ministra- 
tions and activities, many a heart was 
overpowered with sincerest, genuine 
sadness at the mournful intelligence 
for he whose demise was the cause 
of so much regret was an exemplary 
good man. 

"Ever since his ordination to the 
priesthood, Rev. Father J. P. Kerr 

Page Sixty-Eight 

has proven himself a faithful worker 
in the cause of his Master, eschewing 
notoriety and publicity but in a 
quiet, unassuming way conscientious- 
ly complying with his sacerdotal 
pastoral duties. True to his calling 
his every word and deed was calcu- 
lated to stimulate the weak to action 
and the strong to perseverance to 
bless and to uplift. The duty of the 
hour claimed and received all his at- 
tention, he spent himself in earnest, 
persevering labor in an humble, 
modest and kindly way. 

To his superiors in authority he 
showed forever a loyal heart and 
submissive will, to his clerical friends, 
a companionable disposition. 

"His late years have been years of 
suffering patiently borne. The cross 
was his solace, and no doubt he of- 
fered his sufferings in unison with 
those of his Master for whom he 
spent the toilsome years of his minis- 
try. And the evening found him still 
working. He would work until the 
lassitude of a fatal malady at last laid 
him prostrate. His work was well 
done, and the Master called him to 
his reward. His day-star has risen to 
set no more for him." 

The following poem, a tribute to the 
late Father Kerr, appeared in a local 

Farewell, but not for aye, kind friend 

Firm faith and hope once more 

Shall reunite our friendship's bonds 

More closely than before. 

Where suns of glory never set, 

Where souls of mortals never fret, 

On that bright shore 

For evermore. 

Firm faith and hope thy heart upheld 

When life waned on thy sight, 

Amid the tumult of the sea 

They steered thy barque aright, 

And led thee to the roadsted mild 

Where thou wert welcomed as tfod's child 

To heaven's shore 

For evermore I 

Rev. John P. Kerr was born De- 
cember 29, 1843, in Enniskillen, Ire- 
land. At the age of 24 he came to 
America and was raised to the priest- 
hood March 19, 1875, by the Rt. Rev. 
P. J. Baltes, second Bishop of Alton. 
Among the various parishes which 
he successively presided over were 
Bloomfield, in Adams county, Brown s 
Settlement, in Montgomery county, 
Carlinville, and finally St. Peter's in 
Quincy, to which latter position he 

was appointed upon the death of his 
predecessor Rev P. McGirr in 1893. 
On the death of Rev. Michael Weis 
which occured November 9, 1909, 
Father Kerr succeeded him as Dean 
of the Quincy Deanery. For many 
years he had been in poor, feeble 
health; various trips to Ireland, his 

native country, and to sunny Florida 
for the sake of recuperation, were in 
vain. A complication of diseases de- 
veloped which hastened his death on 
March 2, 1914. Among other legacies 
and charitable bequests the thought- 
ful man willed the sum of $10,000 to 
St. Peter's parish. R. I. P. 


"The flash that struck thy tree 
No more to shelter thee . 

Coming to this country and dio- 
cese in 1881 from Germany, Rev. 
Anton Kersting was ordered to assist 
the pastor of St. Paul's church of 
Highland. Possessed of fervor and 
enthusiasm for his holy calling, our 
young assistant priest gathered before 
long a nucleus of a promising future 
congregation at Troy. Divine service 
was temporarily held in a small rented 
hall until 1883, when a modest little 
frame church took its place. In 
Black Jack, another mission connected 
with Highland at the time the young 
priest succeeded in putting up a neat 
brick church. His continuance in 
Highland, however, was soon to ter- 
minate. Father Kersting asked for 
and was given an indefinite leave of 
absence. He repaired to his native 
country from whence he failed to 
return. His death there was chroni- 
cled in recent years. R. I. P. 


"Fast and deep the river floweth, 
Floweth to the West". 

This aged, venerable priest claimed 

Saargemuend, in Lorraine his birth- 
place. There he was born May 17, 

1822. Having duly prepared himself 
for his lofty vocation in the schools 
and Seminary of Metz, he received 
Holy Orders June 6, 1846 and arrived 
in the States September 20, 1853. Pre- 
vious to his departure from his native 
land the young priest had been sta- 
tioned as teacher in various colleges. 
He was appointed April 4, 1867, to the 
parish of Carrollton. He found a 
heavy church debt to contend with 
but by contsant exertions succeeded 
in paying it off. His subsequent ap- 
pointment was to the pastorate of 
French Village, where he worked 
faithfully from August 17, 1871, till 
November, 1890. Partially paralyzed, 
he retired to St. Mary's hospital of 
East St. Louis, where he died August 
9, 1896. His remains were interred 
in Holy Cross cemetery. R. I. P. 

Page Sixty-Nine 


"I heard a promise gently fall 
I heard a far-off Shepherd call 
The weary and the broken-hearted 
Promising rest unto each and all.' ' 

The greatest and noblest of all dio- 
cesan Franciscan priests, one who 
most earnestly worked for and gladly 
spent his energies both physical and 
mental in the upbuilding of our dio- 

cese, was undoubtedly dear old Father 
Mauritius Klosterrmann, O. F. M. 
The mere mention of his name evokes 
with all who had the good fortune and 
privilege of knowing him more inti- 
mately many happy memories of by- 
gone days, especially with those over 
whose training and education he pre- 
sided. The former college boys of 
Teutopolis, now men of mature age, 
are foremost in gratefully treasuring 
his name and memory and in giving 
unstinted praise and appreciation of 
this good man's efforts in their 
behalf. He was the heart and soul of 
that institution. No boy was ever un- 
justly or even harshly dealt with by 
him, nay, many were there whose 

faults and shortcomings were gener- 
ously overlooked and kindly par- 
doned, a slight reprimand and all was 
serene and calm again as ever. His 
was a personality therefore which 
won the susceptible hearts of the boys 
in uncommon degree. He was of an 
unusually magnanimous disposition, 
manifesting at all times a spirit of 
broadest charity and utter unselfish- 
ness. Though firm and unalterable in 
his convictions and the sense of 
right, he was by no means a stern 
man, on the contrary, was very 
pleasant in his manners, humorous and 
witty in his conversation and made 
himself beloved by all with whom he 
came in closer contact. He was also a 
man of profound piety and showed an 
extraordinary zeal and devotion for 
the Blessed Sacrament which is evi- 
denced by the little book entitled: 
''Three Days of Spiriutal Exercises Be- 
fore Receiving First Holy Commun- 
ion," and again in his "Meditations 
For Each Day o.f the Month." He was, 
moreover, a man of broad intellect 
and a fluent and forcible German pul- 
pit speaker, a fact which at times is 
still alluded to by older people. Being 
well on in years when coming to this 
country, Father Mauritius found some 
difficulty in expressing himself cor- 
rectly and faultlessly in English 
which fact gave rise to many inno- 
cent little jokes and stories which are 
related to this very day of course 
by former students. For many years 
he accompanied the late Bishop Bal- 
tes on the annual confirmation trips 
through the diocese. 

Adolph Klostermann was born at 
Lippborg in Westphalia, August 30. 
1820, of a family which, as record 
show, had furnished teachers of this 
place continually since 1751, if not 
earlier. Like his father, Adolph chose 
the vocation of teacher. His primary 
education he received from his father 
and after attending the Seminary at 
Buerren from August, 1838-40 he 
graduated with honors, being declared 
"eligible for a position as teacher and 
well qualified for the position of or- 

Page Seventy 

ganist, having practiced well on the 
piano and organ.' After teaching 
school for fourteen years, the unex- 
pected death of a dear friend a lady 
to whom he was engaged to be mar- 
ried opened the eyes of the young 
teacher, who was a man of high ideals, 
to the vanity of worldly pursuits, and 
encouraged 'by a Franciscan brother, 
he entered the Order at Warendorf 
as lay brother, October 12, 1854. But 
his superiors, noticing his talent for 
teaching, advised him to study for 
the priesthood. He volunteered for 
the American Missions. In 1859 he 
came to Teutopolis, and in February, 
1860, to Quincy, where he was or- 
dained July 2, 1860 in St. Boniface 
church by Bishop Junker. He be- 
came the first pastor of St. Anthony's 
in Melrose, near Quincy, the first or- 
ganist of St. Francis and its first 
parochial school teacher. From 1864- 
1882 Father Mauritius acted as Rector 
of St. Joseph's college at Teutopolis 
and for ten years, 1869-79 filled the 
office of Commissary to the Provin- 
cial. In 1882 our veteran College 
Rector resigned his position owing to 
failing eye-sight and was elected 
guardian of the Quincy Monastery. In 
July, 1885, Father Mauritius was elec- 

ted Provincial of the newly estab- 
lished Province of the Sacred Heart, 
which had become independent of the 
old German "Saxonia" Province. His 
term of office over, he went to In- 
dianapolis and thence soon after to 
Teutopolis, where on April 28, 1890 
he returned his beautiful spotless soul 
into the hands of his Maker. 

With the passing of this great, illus- 
trious good man there passed away a 
true Nathaniel in whom there was no 
guile, an able teacher, an ideal pious 
priest and a model religious. Few 
men enjoyed such an extended circle 
of friends as he did, for to know him 
was to love him. P. M a r i t i u s was 
moreover an able musician and fine 
composer; he left a number of valu- 
able compositions, among which two 
able compositions, among which are 
two Masses and a beautiful "Abend- 
lied." In pedagogics decedent was 
without question an accepted authority. 

His mortal remains were interred 
in the Franciscan crypt at Teutopolis, 
where they rest in peace until 
they will be re-united with their nobler 
tenant on the Great Judgment Day 
to participate in and partake of the 
happiness and bliss of heaven. R. 1. 


The deceased was born in 1834 at 
Nancy, France; ordained to the priest- 
hood July 14, 1858, and acted as as- 
sistant priest to Father Schaefer- 
meyer at St. Boniface church of 
Quincy, from September 17, 1863 

April 19, 1864. He went to the Cleve- 
land diocese, where, in June, 1866, he 
was appointed to St. Peter's parish of 
Doylestown, in Wayne county. He 
died a subject of that diocese. R. I. P. 

Page Seventy-One 


"Lead me, O Lord, till perfect Day shall 

Through Peace to Light". 

Among the twenty-five theological 
students who pursued their higher 
studies at the St. Joseph's College of 
Teutopolis from 1862-65, was Rev. 

William Kuchenbuch, a native of 
Hundshagen, Westfalia, where he was 
born August 15, 1836. At the age of 
fourteen he came to America, July 28, 
1850, took up the regular course of 
classical studies, entered the above 

mentioned Seminary and was or- 
dained by Bishop Juncker, December 
6th, 1863, in the college chapel of Teu- 
topolis. With him were three more 
young men ordained, viz: J. Harty, 
Ferd Stick and Jeremias Sullivan. 
From the time of his ordination in 
1863 till the year 1875, young Father 
Kuchenbuch worked well in various 
parishes, of the Alton diocese, such as 
Edwardsville, where in 1867, he pur- 
chased a plot of land 500x300 to DC 
used for church purposes, respectively 
for a new church by the German 
Catholics of Edwardsville, at same 
time he caused a brick yard to be 
started to supply the necessary brick 
for the contemplated building. From 
Edwardsville he was sent to Quincy 
as assistant to Rev. Schaefermeyer 
of St. Boniface, after which we meet 
him as pastor of St. Mary's parish 
of Mt. Sterling. For several reasons 
Father Kuchenbuch severed connec- 
tion with the Alton diocese and joined 
that of Peoria, where he served the 
parishes of Danville, Brimfield, Hen- 
nepin and Peterstown (Troy Grove.) 
To this last named place he was sent 
in 1892 and continued till February 
17, 1906, on which date after a short 
illness he died and was buried in the 
small Catholic cemetery of Peters- 

Father Kuchenbuch was a worthy 
and conscientious priest, very exact 
in his functions and duties but rather 
eccentric and singular in disposition 
and habits. His thin, haggard feat- 
ures and snow white hair stamped him 
an ascetic. R. I. P. 


"Faithful servant! sweet thy rest 
With thy Savior and the blest! " 
All thy trials now are o'er, 
Sorrow ne'er shall pain thee more." 

The first resident pastor who was 
assigned to St. Peter's congregation 
of Belleville, 111., was Rev. Joseph 
Kuenster. This was in November, 
1842. Conditions there were anything 
but agreeable and encouraging. Of 
undaunted determination and will 

Page Seventy-Two 

power, however, which knew neither 
defeat nor failure, he at once planned 
the erection of a church. In the face 
of marked opposition he succeeded in 
his undertaking. Great was his joy 
when on Christmas morning, 1843, he 
was able to say Holy Mass in -the 
modest little structure 60 x 40, to 
which Archbishop Kendrick in the 
spring of that year had laid the cor- 

ner stone. But alas! Opposition grew 
stronger as time passed. This was 
principally occasioned by his stern 
refusal to permit a fallen-away Cath- 
olic woman to act as sponsor at 
Baptism. Xot only that, but he him- 
self became the object of villification, 
slander and blackguardism. His 
enemies conspired to rid themselves 

of his presence. In this they suc- 
ceeded. When met on a lonely coun- 
try road homeward bound, they 
dragged him from his conveyance and 
for almost 24 hours kept him im- 
prisoned in a stable beyond Center- 
ville. Utterly disheartened and dis- 
gusted at the indignant treatment to 
which he was subjected, Father Kuen- 
ster left Belleville and went to Teu- 
topolis, there to assume charge of St. 
Peter's parish. This was in 1845. 
(With the advent of the Franciscans ?n 
Teutopolis, September 25, 1858, the 
name of the patron of that parish 
was changed from St. Peter's to that 
of St. Francis.) 

Those years spent at Belleville had 
been hard and trying. Besides look- 
ing after the interests of a steadily 
growing congregation with its many 
daily demands and sacrifices, our sub- 
ject made trips at regular intervals 

to the young mission parishes of St. 
Libory, Germantown, Red Bud, Ed- 
wardsville and Prairie du Long. 

Father Kuenster was now located 
at Teutopolis (1845 as first resident 
pastor of St. Peter's, which had been 
organized in 1839 by Rev. Joseph 
Masquelet. But he was of the old 
but practical type. When he went 
there he found but few struggling 
German Catholic families, who in the 
fall of 1838 had come thither from 
Cincinnati. Like them, he turned in 
to help himself and make the building 
of church and school for his poor, but 
pious people, as light and easy as pos- 

Father Kuenster had his little piece 
of cultivated land, his garden and his 
fowls. "One day," writes Rev. John 
Larmer, "he was called on to pay his 
cathedraticum for the support of the 
Bishop. He astonished all by paying 
his cathedraticum with a goose and a 
gander, carried by him across the 
prairie. The good priest saw nothing 
funny about it, as he got only pay in 
kind, for there was little or no money 
in the settlement. As time passed 
Father Kuenster's flock of fowl and 
geese increased and so did the world- 
ly possessions of his thrifty German 
parishioners. His success did not 
escape the authorities in Chicago, and 
he was removed to take charge of the 
rebellious and annoying parish of 

As the cholera had returned to 
Quincy' in 1850, the malcontents and 
peace disturbers of St. Boniface 
parish again wished for a priest, de- 
ploring their past conduct towards 
noble Father Brickwedde whilst the 
good regretted their indolence in al- 
lowing a bold and desperate minority 
to bring shame and confusion upon 
the congregation and the fair name 
of the city. 

During his term at Quincy, Father 
Kuenster caused a great mission to be 
given by the popular Father Wennin- 
ger, S. J., built the church steeple and 
purchased three bells in 1852, a pipe 
organ in 1854. established an Orphan 
society and built a two-story brick 

Page Seventy-Three 

residence. But now he was likewise 
to experience from wicked people, 
what poor Father Brickwedde had ex- 
perienced, opposition, slander and 
calumny. For seven years the cholera 
continued to rage in the unfortunate 
city claiming many a one from the 
ranks of his opponents and enemies 
and taxing the strength of the priest 
beyond the actual capacity and endur- 
ing powers, thus bringing him to a 
premature grave on September 15, 
1857. Funeral services were held by 
Bishop Junker, the newly enthroned 
Bishop of Alton, who hearing of the 
serious illness of the good man, had 
hastened to his bedside, but on his 

arrival there found him already bat- 
tling with death. 

The defunct, of whose early life but 
little is known, was born in 1806 at 
Dueblich, on the Rhine, came to 
America, studied for the priesthood at 
the "Barrens," St. Louis, was ordained 
by Bishop Kendrick of St. Louis, 
August 15, 1842, together with Revs. 
T. Cusack and P. McCabe. 

Father Ktienster has a monument 
to his memory in St. Boniface ceme- 
tery of Q'uincy, whilst many of his 
early co-workers are now in unknown 
graves, "unwept, unknown and un- 
sung." R. I. P. 


Coadjutor-Bishop of Detroit, 1841-1869. 

"I do not ask my cross to understand my 

way to see ; 

Better in darkness just to feel Thy hand 
And follow Thee'. 

soil of Illinois, was undoubtedly Rev. 
Peter Paul Lefevre. It was in the 
beginning of the thirties of the- past 
One of the earliest missionary century that this heroic man set out 
priests who set foot on the virgin from St. Paul's on the Salt River in 

Rails county, Mo., to evangelize 
Northern Missouri, Southern Iowa, 
and Middle Illinois. Already, in 1833, 
he ministers to the spiritual wants of 

Page Seventy-Four 

the few Catholics of Quincy, where 
he said Mass in the private house of 
Adami Schmitt. Springfield was also 
the beneficiary of his priestly minis- 

trations, yea, most of the incipient 
towns where Catholics were known to 
reside, were included in Father 
Lefevre's itinerary. He was hailed 
with unfeigned joy and delight where- 
ever his coming was heralded by the 
orphaned Catholic people. This genial 
man of true apostolic spirit was a 
native of Belgium, born at Roulers, in 
Flanders, April 30, 1804, ordained a 
priest at the Seminary of Cape Girar- 
deau, Mo., under Bishop Rosati of 
St. Louis, July 17, 1831, and conse- 

crated a bishop November 21, 1841. 
He died March 4, 1869. 

Bishop Lefevre was never actually 
Bishop of Detroit. He was made a 
titular Bishop of Zela i. p. i., Coad- 
jutor Administrator of Detroit then 
embracing all Michigan and Wiscon- 
sin and acted as such during the 
mental incapacity of Bishop Frederick 
Rese, first Bishop of Detroit, who 
died December 29, 1871, surviving his 
Coadjutor and Diocesan Administra- 
tor. R. I. P. 


"At each shrine, O Mother of Mercy! 
Let still more of thy love be given, 
Till I kneel at the last and brightest 
The Throne of the Queen of Heaven". 

One day, in August, 1900, a tragic 
accident happened on the streets of 
Omaha, Neb. Whilst alighting from 
a street car and in the act of cross- 
ing the street a priest was run down 
by a car coming from an opposite di- 
rection, he was knocked down by the 
fender, the wheels passing over his 
right leg crushing and mangling it 
so that amputation of the injured 
mem'ber was at once declared impera- 
tive so that the crippled man's life at 
least be saved. This awful mis- 
fortune overtook Father Nicholas, the 
Rector of St. Francis Solanus College 
of Quincy, who had arrived in the 
Western city that morning for the 
purpose of giving the annual retreat 
to a community of Sisters. As a true 
priest and model religious he bore 
this infliction resignedly, he almost 
considered it a visitation sent by Al- 
mighty God in order to chasten, 
strengthen and purify him in the cru- 
cible of such calamitous adversity. 
Father Nicholas had been Rector of 
the Quincy College since 1892. Dur- 
ing the eight years of his administra- 
tion the institution signally grew and 
expanded in influence and importance 
new life seemed to have pulsated 
through its halls and class rooms 
whilst the number of scholars in- 
creased from year to year. New 
buildings and additions to old ones 
were put up, renovations in various 
departments made, so that St. Francis 

had become a keen competitor with 
any institution in the state. In 
enumerating and lauding the merits 
of Father Nicholas as Rector of the 
College, it is far from us to detract 
from or minimize the grand achieve- 
ments attained or the invaluable 
services -rendered that seat of learn- 
ing by its veteran president, Father 
Anselm, who for more than forty 
years put forth his best efforts in be- 
half of the College/ Though our 
stricken priest survived the terrible 
ordeal and was restored somewhat 
to his former usefulness yet the 
shock to his system had been such 
that within a few years thereafter 
the good man suffered a complete 
break-down, physical and mental. 
Death came to his relief at St. 
Anthony's monastery of St. Louis, 
March 17, 1903. 

Father Nicholas was an unusually 
scholarly bright man of rare talents 
and attainments, a splendid college 
professor and amiable companion to 
his confreres. No one received a 
heartier welcome by the secular cler- 
gy than he, hence his misfortune and 
subsequent death elicited universal 
sorrow and sympathy. 

V. Rev. Nicholas Leonard, O. F. M., 
was a native of Alsace, born in the 
town of Kerprich, April 23, 1853, at- 
tended St. Joseph's College of Teu- 
topolis, entered the Order of Friars 
Minor June 13, 1870, and was raised 
to the priesthood February 1, 1877 
at St. Louis. His life was conse- 

Page Seventy-Five 

crated to the education of young men 
in which he achieved great results, 
both at St. Joseph's College of Teu- 

topolis as well as at St. Francis 
Solanus of Q'liincy. 


"When the sunset came in glory 
And the toil of day was o'er". 

But few details are known of the 
life and personality of Rev. Hermann 
Liermann, and that what is known of 
him may be summarized in a few 
lines. He hailed from the diocese of 
Osnabrueck in the former Kingdom 
of Hanover. Coming to this country 
he affiliated with the diocese of Chi- 
cago and was appointed in 1851, pas- 
tor of Centerville, and form thence 
sent to Teutopolis, where he stayed 
from 1856-'57, becoming the success- 
or to Rev. Father Frauenhofer, who 

had in the meantime taken up his 
domicile in Green Creek. From 1857- 
1860, Father Liermann became pastor 
of St. Peter's church, Chicago, one 
of the two oldest German parishes of 
that city. From 1861-March 1865, he 
is pastor of McHenry, and became in 
1865-1879, pastor of St. Nicolas' parish 
of Aurora. His last charge was at 
Rock Island, where he was given the 
pastorate of St. Mary's congregation 
in 1880, exchanging places with Father 
Schnuekel. Eight years of faithful 
service marks his life at Rock Island, 
where in 1888, he died. R. I. P. 


' 'Thy treasures wait thee in the far-off skies 
And death will give them all to thee". 

A man of forcefulness of character, 
a wise and prudent pastor, was Father 
Limacher of St. Peter and Paul's 

parish of Waterloo. He enjoyed the 
unlimited confidence of his people, 
while the public at large paid homage 
to his rare qualities of mind and heart. 
Success attended his every undertak- 

Page Seventy-Six 

ing though often beset by serious 
difficulties and outspoken opposition 
as is frequently the case when at- 
tempts at reformation are inaugurated 
and the judgment of the pastor is to 
prevail. He ripened in the school of 
such varied experiences whilst pastor 
of seditious Highland from August, 
1851-September, 1861. After the latter 
date his transfer to the prominent 
parish of Waterloo took place, where 
his unselfish labors were properly ap- 
preciated by an ever grateful congre- 
gation and where his memory will 
forever be held in benediction. For 
39 years Father Limacher acted the 
zealous pastor of his Waterloo flock 
until June 11, 1899, when the weary 
soul of this venerable priest leaped 
forth to meet his maker. 

Rev. Paul Limacher was born June 
26, 1826, at Fluehelen, in the Canton 
Luzern, Switzerland. He studied at 
Luzern four years, at Solothurn two 
years and thereafter four years at 
the University of St. Mary's of the 
Lake, Chicago He had come to this 
country May 1, 1847. On July 3, 1851, 
our future diocesan priest was or- 
dained to the priesthood by the second 
Bishop of Chicago, Rt. Rev. Jarmes 
Oliver Vandevelde, at Florissant, Mo. 

He was at once assigned to the 
parish of Highland to succeed the 
Rev. Charles Joseph Count von 
Morogna, then pastor of Shoal Creek 
(now Germantown) who had looked 

after the spiritual interests of that 
parish since 1849. He became the first 
resident pastor of St. Paul's of High- 
land. Father Paul Limacher was 
buried at Waterloo. R. I. P. 


The average American priest does 
not attain the age of sixty. He passes 
away within the decade of the fifties. 
Such is the conclusion at which one 
arrived after many years of careful in- 
vestigation and close observation. By 

naturally be justified to still expect 
great things from them. 

Rev. Joseph Locher was one of 
those who prematurely sank into an 
early grave. Of vigorous constitution, 
yea, the very embodiment of rugged 

far the greatest number of those 
whom we accompanied to their last 
resting places in the cemeteries have 
been called from hence before enter- 
ing their sixties. Whether there are 
statistics to prove or disprove this 
assertion we know not; however, cer- 
tain it is that of our own diocesan 
clergy at least, the greater percentage 
died when still in the prime of man- 
hood, at a time when one would 

health and well-being, he had all rea- 
son to confidently look forward to yet 
many years of active life and the re- 
alization of many fond dreams and 
cherished hopes. But "in the midst 
of life we are surrounded by death." 
This passage of Holy Scripture be- 
came true with a shocking and start- 
ling reality on December 10th, 1904, 
when the mournful news of Rev. 
Father Locher's untimely death was 

Page Seventy-Sev 

heralded to the vast number of friends 
and parishioners. Such was the case. 
St. Mary's of Quincy had lost her pas- 
tor, a short, brief illness had felled the 
strong and vigorous man in the midst 
of his labors when apparently in the 
bloom and ripeness of manhood, in the 
zenith of priestly activity. But though 
his life was of comparatively short 
duration, our deceased was but in his 
54th year yet he could exclaim in the 
hour of his last summons with St. 
Paul: "I have fought a good fight, I 
have finished my course, I have kept 
my faith. As to the rest, there is 
laid up for me a crown of justice, 
which the Lord, the just judge, will 
render to me in that day; and not to 
me alone, but to them also that love 
His coming." 

When on April the 2nd, 1895, Rev. 
Gerard Mirbach had answered the 
final roll call, it was an easy matter 
for the bishop to find a ready and wil- 
ling successor to this eminent pastor 
of St. Mary's. The parish in all its 
appointments was now perfected and 
complete, it ranked high among the 
parishes of the diocese, some of the 
very best men had given it tone and 
prestige, the community spirit was a 
good one, generous and of sacrifice, no 
dissensions nor any opposition parties 
to the pastor had ever stigmatized the 
conduct of her exemplary members, 
and the finances were in fairly good 
condition; all things then considered 
the orphaned congregation at this 
time was quite a desirable one for any 
priest to covet. The man to fill the 
vacancy, however, was near at hand, 
he had lived for several years a quasi- 
retired life in a cottage build for him- 
self on Locust Street, on property 
bought from St. Vincent's Home. It 
was Rev. Joseph Locher, for many 
years, from 1874-1890, pastor of St. 
Joseph's Church of Mt. Sterling, and 
at the time of his appointment to the 
pastorate of St. Mary's a chaplain as- 
signed to the needs and ministrations 
of the Catholic inmates of the Sol- 
diers' Home. On leaving Mt. Sterling 
our subject seriously considered em- 
bracing monastic life in the Capu- 
chine Order at Dertoit, Mich. It so 

happened, however, that at this very 
time when he had planned to execute 
his intention, the Rev. Francis Ostrop 
of Carlinville, was about to leave for 
Europe. His choice of substitute dur- 
ing the six months absence fell upon 
Father Locher, who accepted at once 
' the profered position. From Carlin- 
ville he removed on Rev. Ostrop's re- 
turn, to Quincy. In doing so he 
yielded to the importunities of his 
clerical friend, Rev. Jos. Still, of St. 
John's Church. 

Every one was highly elated when 
it became known that Father Locher 
was the newly chosen pastor of St. 
Mary's; even that younger priest 
whom Father Mirbach had repeatedly 
petitioned the Bishop, in 1894, to ap- 
point as assisstant "cum jure succes- 
sionis" to him, felt equally pleased 
and reconciled at this appointment. 
Nine and one half years Father 
Locher presided over the destinies of 
St. Mary's. A brilliant German scholar 
he soon paved his way into public 
esteem and regard by his acknow- 
ledged erudition, culture and learning. 
As pulpit speaker he is even today yet 
referred to as having been most elo- 
quent and convincing. In his dealings 
with others he was always kind, char- 
itable and proved himself a true friend 
and sympathizer of people in need 
and distress. He lived for St. Mary's. 

To advance her interests was his 
one great thought. That he at times 
would encounter some petty difficul- 
ties or caused differences of opinion 
to arise which were calculated to up- 
set some pet schemes or frustrate 
plans and hopes is but natural to ex- 
pect, esp. of a somewhat high minded 
man of Rev. Locher's temperament 
whose disposition it was, as quite re- 
cently a good friend of his expressed 
himself, to become at times a little 
"hitzig und blitzig." When it became 
known however, that good Father 
Locher had died after but a few days 
illness occasioned by pneumonia, 
mourning and grief were deep and sin- 
cere, every one of his numerous friends 
felt he had sustained a keen personal 

Page Seventy-Eighl 

His funeral was solemn and impres- 
sive, attended by the Bishop and the 
majority of the diocesan clergy, to- 
gether with a vast concourse of peo- 

Rev. Joseph Locher was a native of 
Wuertenberg, a "Swab," as the say- 
ing goes, born January 22nd, 1851, at 
Aulendorf, near Rottenburg, the old- 
est son in the family of three chil- 
dren. After finishing his classical stu- 
dies at Ellwangen he entered upon a 
university course at Insbruck, and 
later on at Munich, graduating there- 
from with honors and distinction in 

1872. Deciding to study for the priest- 
hood and to devote and consecrate 
his life to foreign missions, he came 
to America in September, 1873, and 
entered Mt. St. Mary's College, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. In September of the 
following year he was raised to the 
priesthood at Alton, 111., by the Bishop 
of the diocese, the Rt. Rev. P. J. 

His untimely demise o ecu red 
December 10th, 1904. He was buried 
in St. Boniface cemetery of that city. 
R. I. P. 



omnes qui sperant in Te 

A meritorious veteran priest went to 

his eternal reward February 10, 1917, 
one who had performed hard and 
laborious work from 1869 1876 at 
Hillsboro, Taylorville, Morrissonville, 
Raymond, Staunton, New Douglas 
and Pana, it was the Rev. Frederick 
Lohman, since 1876 till the day of 
death pastor of Aviston, 111. (Belle- 
ville) Father F. Lohman was born 
at Drensteinfurt, Westfalia, April 24. 
1842, studied theology at the Col- 
legium American in Muenster and 
was ordained to the priesthood May 
8, 1869, (together with Fathers Jos. 
Meckel and H. Eggenstein.) 

His funeral occured at Aviston, 111. 
February 15, attended by a vast con- 
course of sympathizing fellow priests 
and sorrowing parishioners. 


Old St. Patrick's of Decatur, was 
in deep mourning. Wierdly and sad- 
ly her tolling bells had announced 
to an apprehensive congregation the 
passing of their beloved pastor, Rev. 
Peter Joseph Mackin. The expected 
had happened, death had invaded the 
rectory and deprived the loyal faith- 
ful parishioners of their worthy pas- 
tor. The intelligence of his demise 
was received with expressions of pro- 
foundest regret not .n'y by his own 
devoted people but throughout the 
diocese and bevoncl. Cut the people 
of St. Patrick's whom he had so ably 
served were the >:h'.ef sufferers. Cinef 

stricken they bowed their heads in 
sorrow and will long continue to 
mourn their great loss. They will 
continue to pay tribute to the charac- 
ter, the priestly virtues, the ability 
and thei service of their departed pas- 
tor whose death, caused by intense 
rheumatic affections, called all too 
soon from hence. The grim reaper 
mowed down his victim on March 26, 
1898, in the 51st year of his life. Our 
defunct then stood on the high pla- 
teau of middle life, in that serene at- 
mosphere where conditions are most 
favorable for noble enduring achieve- 

Page Seventy-Nine 

Father Mackin was a big man in 
every sense, big in stature, big in 
heart and sympathy, big in ideas and 
of unflinching fortitude. He was em- 

inently a man of character, a man 
whose life was regulated by principles 
of the noblest type. He was widely 
read in many branches and on useful 
topics. His taste was cultured and re- 
fined, he abhorred show. His orator- 
ical abilities, which were known far 
and wide, were devoid of artifice. 
He was not a posturer nor phrase- 
monger, for he was too intense, too 
earnest, to employ the cheap and pal- 
try decorations of discourse. 

Father Mackin strove to implant 
big ideals in the minds of his young 
men as they should be the guiding 
and animating force in the life of 
every Catholic young man without 
which his life is dull and common- 
place. Ideals of manhood, achieve- 
ment and service should mark every 
one. He was more-over a great pro- 
moter of Catholic Education which he 
deemed the essential and all-vital re- 
quisite for the present day. Judged 
by the severest tests of human worth 
we must confess that Father Mackin 

was a great man. This is the verdict 
of those who lived with him on terms 
of intimacy and of his wide circle of 
admirers amongst the clergy and lai- 
ay throughout this and adjacent dio- 
ceses. By way of passing, we may 
add that Father Mackin was great and 
lavish in hospitality and was more- 
over a great story teller. In his 
priestly functions and administrations 
of parochial temporal affairs our de- 
cedent was punctual and exact. St. 
Patrick's blossomed and prospered 
under his guiding influence. He threw 
concentrated energy into all parish 
work, hence great results were 
achieved not only in Decatur but in 
all other parishes where Father Mack- 
it was called to preside over. No 
wonder then that sorrow was so uni- 
versal when it became known that 
this ideal man and ideal priest had 
been beckoned by the palled messen- 
ger with the inverted torch to depart. 
Though dead and gone, Father Mack- 
in continues to live in the hearts and 
memories of his numerous friends 
and faithful people. 

' 'You may break, you may shatter 
The vase, if you will, 
But the scent of the roses 
Will hang around still' 1 . 

If it be true that "death loves a 
shining mark," it may surely be said 
that calumny, slander and ignorance 
always turn their attention in the same 
brilliant direction. They are the or- 
dinary weapons of warfare employed 
to undermine and ruin a good man's 
character. Father Mackin was not 
exempted from the attacks of the foul 
and loathsome creatures who crawl 
about the footsteps of so many illus- 
trious men, especially the servants of 
God's holy altar. The injured priest 
however was vindicated. The unpleas- 
ant and painful incident occasioned 
his transfer from Jacksonville to Ed- 
wardsville and from thence ot Deca- 

Rev. Peter Joseph Mackin was 
born in 1847 in Xewtown, Hamilton 
County, Armagh, Ireland. When 
about 16 years old he began to study 
for the ministry at All Hallows Col- 
lege, Dublin. During his college life 
he distinguished himself in his studies 

Page Eighty 

standing at the head of his classes 
and carrying off many of the first 
prizes. When twenty-three years of 
age he was ordained to the priest- 
hood June 25, 1870 by Rt. Rev. Bishop 
Woodlock, who sent him to Alton 
diocese with encouraging words as to 
the success of his ministry. His first 
work was assistant to Fr. Walsh, but 
he was sent after a short time as 
pastor to Carrollton, where he re- 
mained two years. Next Father 
Mackin was appointed to Our Sav- 
ior's parish of Jacksonville, where he 
worked well for six years, going from 
thence to Edwardsville. On October 
31, 1878, he was installed in St. Pat- 
rick's Decatur, succeeding Father 
Timothy Hickey. Here he was made 
an irremovable rector and a dean of 
the district. The good he has ac- 
complished in Decatur and elsewhere 
need not be detailed here. In sum- 

ming up Father Mackin's activity in 
Decatur, the "Review" of that city 
said of him: "The Catholics of Deca- 
tur and all good citizens have reason 
to be thankful to him." 

When Henry Ward Beecher was in 
Decatur one Sunday, he attended 
Father Mackin's church. On his re- 
turn to Brooklyn at the first sermon 
to his congregation, he spoke of the 
sermon of Father Mackin and eulo- 
gized him highly. 

When approaching death threw its 
shadows over the life of Father 
Mackin, he was attended by his 
brother, the late Father M. T. 
Mackin, of St. Brandon's church, Chi- 
cago and Father Alois Teppe, of De- 
catur. He was conscious to the last 
and his passing away was easy. He 
died in his arm chair fully prepared 
to meet his Lord and God. R. I. P. 


"The lone churchyard is dark and dim 
And the mourners raise a funeral hymn". 

A fearless champion of the church 
and her teachings, a man of trans- 

parent honesty and purpose and 11 p- 
rightness, one who combined in his 
person the characteristics of a true 
disciple of the Master, was Father 

Thomas F. Mangan. None was ever 
more beloved and liked by his parish- 
ioners in the various parishes than he. 
His personality was majestic, hence 
his great influence for good. Among 
all creeds he stood out as a shining 
light. In all public affairs Father 
Mangan took an active interest and 
was always intimately connected with 
all that tended toward the uplift of 

Under his management the incipi- 
ent parish of Jerseyville, which had 
constructed a small frame church in 
1857, the year previous to his coming 
there, began to feel self-assertive. 
During the three years of his stay at 
Jerseyville, from the time of his ordi- 
nation in February, 1858 January 19, 
1861, our young, vigorous pastor laid 
the foundation for that congregation's 
subseq'iient strength and power. 
From here he attended to Carroll- 
ton's spiritual wants and at times 
sought out the scattered Catholic 
families in the surrounding counties. 

From Jerseyville he was sent in 
1861 to Jacksonville and thence to 
Alton, where for some time he acted 
as rector of the Cathedral. In June, 

Page Eighty-One 

1863, the aged Father Thomas Ryan 
had died at Mattoon. Who was to 
fill the vacancy at this already im- 
portant Catholic centre? Father 
Mangan. And with his coming the 
young and energetic priest infused 
new life into the affairs of that parish 
At once he started with the erection 
of a priest's residence, which was 
afterwards used as a Sisters' convent 
Then he added to the church a sanc- 
tuary, sacristies and gallery. To- 
wards the close of his stay, he bought 
the ground on which the present St. 
Joseph's school stands and built a 
two-story school house at his own ex- 
pense, which outlay, however, the 
parish re-imbursed. He called the 
Ursuline Sisters to teach the schools. 
His success in the cause of education 
was remarkable and the temperance 
cause which he valiantly espoused in 
those days, owes him a debt of grati- 
tude. In 1870 Father Mangan relin- 
quished his charge of Mattoon, 
severed his connection with the dio- 
cese of Alton and was received into 
the Chicago diocese where he died 
full of honors, years and merit as 
dean of Joliet, February 5, 1898. 

The Joliet Daily News spoke of our 
subject thus: 

"There is probably no clergyman 
in Joliet the news of whose demise 
would cause more widespread sorrow 
through the city and surrounding 
country than Father Mangan. The 
decade which he has spent as a priest 
of St. Mary's parish has been the 
brightest in the history of the Church 
and the entire city has been benefitted 
by his pure influence. 

Intensely pivblic spirited, he took 
the keenest interest in all matters of 
importance to the community in 
which he lived and his counsel has 
been sought most eagerly on many 
occasions. His kindness of heart and 
his greatness of sympathy were pro- 

verbial among those who knew him 
and while no person was a more 
thorough Catholic than he, he was 
always willing to lend his assistance 
to the work of Protestant or secular 
organizations which he thought like- 
ly to prove of benefit to the com- 
munity. His payment of $50.00 for a 
street car ride between Joliet and 
Lockport last summer when the ladies 
were running the cars for the benefit 
of the Silver Cross Hospital, was a 
good example of his feeling toward 
agencies for good, whether or not 
they were conducted by the Church 
of which he was an honored light. 
Numbers of similar instances of his 
kindly feeling could be related. He 
had the warmest affection of his 
parishioners and the hearty esteem 
of all with whom he came in contact. 
His sermons were full of the most 
inspiring advice and exhortations] and 
he was one of the finest pulpit orators 
who has ever been heard in Joliet. 
Although he was a magnificent 
preacher it was as a pastor that he did 
the greatest good. His kindly advice 
and wise counsel have aided many of 
his parishioners in times of difficulty 
and trial and to no priest more than 
to him does the term "Father" seem 
more appropriate. 

"Thomas Francis Mangan was a 
native of County Clare, Ireland, and 
came to America when 18 years of 
age. He received his education at 
Ottawa, Canada, and at once began 
studying for the priesthood. He was 
ordained in St. Louis in 1858, and has 
been continually a Catholic pastor 
since that time. Among the cities in 
which he held charges were Jersey- 
ville, Alton, Jacksonville, Mattoon, 
Macomb and Freeport, and in 1897 
came to Joliet from the last named 
place. Shortly after his arrival here 
he was made a dean and has been 
honored in other ways by the officials 
of his Church." R. I. P. 

Page Eighty-Two 


It was a crisp and sunny fall day, 
that 25th day of September, 1901 
when the bells of St. Mary's Church 
of Illiopolis, mournfully tolled the 
sad and distressing news that Rev. 
Charles Manuel, the all-beloved pas- 
tor of the parish, had answered the 
last summons. It is not easy to ex- 

press the heart-pain felt by the peo- 
ple of the parish and the clergy of 
the diocese when it became known 
that this great good man had been 
called by death and passed from this 
world. We all who heard of this sad 
tolling either by wire or mail felt a 
keen personal loss by his passing. 
And yet death came to him as a bless- 
ing. Many long months Father 
Manuel had suffered excruciating 
pain and intense suffering, occa- 
sioned by an abcess on the lungs. 
Medical treatment had been sought 
in vain, repeated operations proverl 
fruitless, institutional care in the 
Sisters' hospital at Colorado Springs 
availed but little, on the contrary 
the ailment became aggravated and 
attained such acute stage that the 
precious life of our subject soon be- 
came a forfeited one. With almost 
super-human strength and courage he 
bore this terrible infliction heroically 

resignedly to God's holy will for 
weeks and months, never complaining 
never murmuring against the designs 
of divine Providence. Father Manuel 
as a true priest of God looked upon 
his suffering as upon a purifying and 
chastening process preparatory to his 
entering into glory. And when the 
end approached he was ready to re- 
spond with Samuel in the temple: 
"Ecce adsum Domine," "Lord here I 
am," Peacefully he sank into the last 
long slumber from which he was to 
awaken on the shores of eternity. 
Strengthened for the final journey by 
the Sacraments of Holy Church, sur- 
rounded in his last moments by a 
prayerful community of good Sisters 
and the hospital chaplain, Rev. Aug. 
Happe, he expired at Colorado 
Springs on above mentioned date. 

The emaciated and shrunken body 
was shipped back to Illiopolis for 
burial. There it was placed before 
the altar where so often the dead 
priest had raised hands ana heart to 
Almighty God in holy prayer and 
pious supplication for his parishion- 
ers and himself. He was placed on 
the bier that his loved ones might 
cast a last glance upon those well- 
known and benevolent features which 
alas! were now distorted and dis- 
figured by death. Those sacred walls 
which erstwhile rang with solemn 
chant and inspiring music now re- 
echoed the sorrowful strains of tlie 
"Dies Irae" and the wail of the "De 

The life of Father Manuel was con- 
sumed in the exercise of his holy 
ministry. Nothing was nearer and 
dearer to his heart than his St. Mary's 
parish of Illiopolis, together with its 
two affiliated parishes of Niantic and 
Buffalo. For N the welfare of these he 
lived, and we may add for them he 
died, for he fell a victim of his assid- 
uous labors which his position en- 

His spotless priestly life was unto 
all a shining pattern and bright ex- 
ample. Whenever a pastoral visit or 
a sick call ushered him into the homes 

Page Eighty-Three 

of his parishioners, Father Manuel 
would invariably before leave-taking 
kneel down with his people in short 
prayer and impart them his priestly 
blessing. His familiar and customary 
good-bye to a friend would be couch- 
ed in the additional expression "God 
bless you," which had become so well 
known that one of his personal 
friends in a jocular vein dubbed him 
"the father God bless you," undc r 
which epithet he is at times alluded 
to this very day yet. Of his parish- 
ioners he was want to call them usual- 
ly by their given names which was so 
expressive of that bond of familiarity 
and intimacy as existed between pas- 
tor and flock, father and children. 
For the needy and destitute he always 
had an open hand and a warm sym- 
pathetic heart. At all hours of day or 
night he was ready to respond to any 
call, be it of sickness or distress. 

There is no one of 'us who does not 
recognize the great task set before 
us in meeting our responsibilities for 
the religious life of our people. 
Parishes must be organized, churches 
and schools are to be built, orphans 
and wayward ones to be looked after. 
Father Manuel in all instances rose 
to the occasion. The beautiful Gothic 
church of Illiopolis, built in 1895-96, 
over which the genial Father J. C. 
Daw presides at present, whose 
pointed spire with golden cross over- 
looks many miles of Sangamon's fer- 
tile fields and happy rural homes is 
among many other notable achieve- 
ments an eloquent testimonial of his 
burning zeal for the honor and glory 
of the Eucharistic God, it will con- 
tinue to enshrine his memory in the 
hearts of all who had the good fort- 
une to know him and will carry his 
name to future generations as that of 

a mighty figure in the history of the 
Alton diocese. The good Franciscan 
Sisters of the St. John's Hospital of 
Springfield will never forget him, 
they will forever recall his many 
blessed deeds of kindness and charity 
he so generously lavished upon them. 
During all the years of his pastoral 
activity at Illiopolis Father Manuel, 
regular as a clock would once a week 
on a specified day enter the Commun- 
ity Confessional and there sit for 
many weary hours hearing confes- 
sions. It was done with a readiness 
and cheerfulness that demanded hom- 
age and grateful recognition. 

His was a loveable character, up- 
right and sincere, always serene and 
joviable. To know him was to love 
him. God's holy angel, so we trust 
and hope, has recorded Father Man- 
uel's name and accumulated merits 
upon the pages of the Book of Life, 

The autumn leaves commenced to sear 

And flowers drooped their head 

It seemed as though they mourned too, 

That Father Manuel was dead. 

The bell tolled forth at early morn 

His span of life was run 

But with a martyr's spirit he said: 

"Oh Lord, Thy will be done I" 

Rev. Charles Manuel died at Colo- 
rado Springs, Sept. 25, 1901. He was 
born at Etteln, in the Diocese of 
Paderborn, Germany, where his father 
held the position of Burgomaster, on 
May 25th, 1853, studied classics at 
Paderborn, philosophy in the Ameri- 
can Colleges at Louvain, Belgium, 
and Theology in the Grand Seminary 
at Montreal, under the Sulpician 
Fathers. On December 23d, 1877, 
Father Manuel was raised to the 
priesthood at Alton by the late 
Bishop P. J. Baltes, D. D., who as- 
signed the neopresbyter at once as 
pastor to the St. Mary's church, Illi- 
opolis, 111. R. I. P. 

Page Eighty-Four 


"My heart is no longer restless". 

This priest hailed from Wuerzburg 
in Bavaria, where he was born April 
3, 1827, was ordained there August 
6, 1859, and came to this country the 
following year. He acted in our dio- 
cese at Brussels, in Calhoun county, 
from 1865-'67, at Marshall from April, 
1867-Oct. 72, at Beardstown from 
1875-76, and then a short while at 
Edwardsville, succeeding Father Rus- 
tige, first at St. Mary's then at St. 
Boniface, where he was succeeded by 

Father Chas. Kuhlmann. After his 
removal from St. Boniface it seems 
that Father Mark joined the Fort 
Wayne diocese, where he was ap- 
pointed to the parish of Hammond, 
Ind. Here he built a frame church in 
spite of the advise of wiser men, on 
a lot undermined by a coal mine. The 
ground settled, the church was 
wrecked the debts remained. He 
then was removed to Hessen Cassel, 
near Fort Wayne, where he died in 
1897. R. I. P. 


"Pause where the Pilgrim's day is done 
Where scrip and staff aside are laid". 

Charles Joseph Marogna, a scion of 
an old illustrious Catholic family, was 

born September 17, 1802 in the an- 
cestral castle of Villa Lagrima, near 
Trent in the Tyrol. While yet very 
young he was ordered to repair to the 
Court of Florence to act as page, and 
there had an opportunity of seeing 
Pope Pius VII on his way to Pisa. 
After completing his classical course 

he was sent to Mayence, where he 
studied Theology under the famous 
Liebermann. Raised to the priest- 
hood March 30, 1824, he worked first 
as an assistant and then as parish 
priest at Algaeu, diocese of Augsburg, 
till 1846, at which time he had deter- 
mined to devote the remainder of his 
lift to the promotion of the material 
and spiritual welfare of the immigrants 
in America. In due time he reached 
Chicago where for two years he faith- 
fully worked in St. Joseph's parish. 
Thence he was sent to Germantown 
and Highland in 1840. The Father 
seems to have spent much of his time 
at Highland in the early part of 1840, 
after which he left for Germany, 
whither he repaired in quest of alms 
for his poor congregation and where 
he spent six months. On his return 
he supplied his church with plate and 
vestments thus obtained, spending the 
cash in improving the church and se- 
curing forty acres of land for burial 

At that time the political convul- 
sions of Europe brought an increased 
number of immigrants, Highland re- 
ceiving its share of them. Father 
Marogna persuaded Bishop Van de 
Velde to send to Highland a perma- 
nent pastor. In consequence Father 
Paul Limacher was appointed pastor 
whilst Father Marogna went to St. 
Vincent's Pa., there to enter the 
Benedictine Order. In 1852 he was 
admitted into the Order and on 

Page Eighty-Five 

August 21, 1853, he made the pro- 
fession of solemn vows, receiving the 
name of Demetrius. For awhile he 
was employed as professor and prior. 
Later on, at the request of the Bishop 
of St. Paul, Minn., he was sent to the 
Northwest to start an institution of 

the Benedictine Order which after- 
wards became St. John's Abbey. 
Father Marogna died March 27, 1860, 
at St. Paul, Minn., and was buried in 
the cemetery belonging to the Abbey. 
R. I. P. 


"Toward the West I turn my weary spirit". 

The parishes of Shipman, Neoga, 
Arcola, Shelbyville and Bethany, will 
for many years to come, remember 
the ministrations of Father J. V. Mar- 
tin. He served them in succession 
from the time of ordination until 
called by his heavenly Master. With 
earnest endeavor he tried to shepherd 
them into the ways of godliness him- 
self setting a bright example. 

Father Martin was a man of stu- 
dious habits a ripe scholar, modest 
and unobtrusive. The welfare of his 
various parishes constituted his chief 
concern. And success attended his 

efforts. Wherever he had labored, 
there he left imprints of his unselfish 
endeavors, hence his death appeared 
all too untimely. He was taken away 
when in the zenith of usefulness and 
virile strength, both intellectual and 

Father Martin was the son of John 
Martin and Mary Kelly, born at 
Champlain, Minnesota, November 27, 
1857, and ordained by Archbishop 
Edward Fabre in the Grand Seminary 
chapel at Miontreal, Dec. 18, 1886. 

His remains were buried at Beth- 


"The Past's bright diadem had paled before 
The starry crown, the glorious Present 

One of the oldest parishes of the 
diocese, next to Quincy and Ste. Ma- 
rie, is Teutopolis. Its history dates 
back to 1833. An organized body of 
Catholic Cincinnatians, who had been 
prospecting out west, had started a 
colony there in 1837. They purchased 
a tract of land comprising 10,000 
acres at $1.25 per acre. With the first 
settlers came a priest by the name of 
Rev. Joseph Masquelet, a native of 
Elsace. The first divine service was 
held in this new settlement towards 
the end of November, 1839. The fol- 
lowing year, 1840, a small log church 
was built, 32x28, and dedicated to St. 
Peter. Frictions and dissensions, 
however, soon broke forth which in- 
duced the pastor to build a second 
log church at a distance of 1^ miles 

from the former. It was built on his 
own land, on "Masquelet Place." 
The internal parish dissensions were, 
however, not allayed, on the contra- 
ry, they continued to grow for many 
a year, causing much discomfiture and 
annoyance to the various pastors, and 
making the parish rather notorious 
for its stubborn opposition to the ef- 
forts of the clergy. Father Masque- 
let, tired of the ill-feeling and oppo- 
sition manifested toward him, left 
Teutopolis in 1842 for New Orleans. 
There he was assigned a parish and 
built a fine church. Twice he re- 
turned on a visit to Teutopolis, in 
November, 1855, and again in the sev- 
enties, when he donated a set of cost- 
ly vestments to the parish. After his 
last visit he returned to his native 
land, where he soon died. R. I. P. 

Page Eighty-Six 


"Fret not when grievous woes annoy, 
Who sow in tears shall reap in joy". 

A precious life was snuffed out at 
St. Anthony's Hospital, of Effingham, 
on Monday, March 20, 1916, when the 
captive spirit of Rev. Jos. Maurer 
broke forth from its temporary prison 
cell and winged its flight to God's 
holy throne. Deceased could join in 

the simple and pathetic words of 
Moses concerning his lonesome jour- 
ney in Egypt: "I have been a stran- 
ger in a strange land." Shakespeare 
says of a certain king that in his very 
look was writ a tragic volume. As 
much may be said of our departed 
one. His whole life seemed to have 
been a continued tragedy caused by 
self-imposed austerities and abnega- 
tions, mortifications and penances, 
especially, however, when we con- 
sider it towards its close. The intens- 
ity of suffering occasioned by the in- 
'"iction of an incurable ailment, can- 
cer of the throat, must have often 
re-awakened in his heart an echo of 
the words of world-weary St. Paul 
who longed and prayed to be dis- 
solved from "the body of this death." 
This frightful affliction our subject 
carried with him for months patient- 
ly and submissively to God's in- 
scrutable, holy will. For him it 

meant a final God-given process of 
purification ere entering the portals 
of eternity. Days and nights of untold 
misery and agony had been his por- 
tion, for there seemed neither cure 
nor relief for him anywhere, neither 
north in Wisconsin's invigorating 
clime, nor south in Texas, nor in 
sunny California. Feeling the near- 
ness of death he rallied in last effort 
his waning strength that he might die 
among friends. On the brink of utter 
collapse he arrived from his long tire- 
some California journey at the St. 
Anthony's Hospital in Effingham. All 
that the care of loving hands of the 
good Sisters could do, was lavished 
on him. Some of his clerical friends 
and the community of Sisters knelt 
in prayer around the bedside when 
the end came, and the spirit of this 
truly suffering Job was released from 
captivity. Cardinal Newman's poetic 
composition had often been his 

"Lead, Kindly Light, amid encircling gloom 

Lead Thou me on! 
The night is dark, and I am far from home 

Lead Thou me on"! 

This beautiful poem our friend had 
always much admired and was often 
heard to hum it to himself. 

And sure, God's grace and power 
had blest and upheld him during the 
36 years of his priestly life and con- 
tinued to uphold him now and lead 
him on during the most critical of 
all moments till the black night was 
gone, and with the morn sweet angel 
faces smiled upon him. Truly with 
the peaceful passing of Father Maurer 
we all had reason to exclaim: "Pre- 
tiosa in conspectu Domini, mors sanc- 

Fidelity to his priestly duties at all 
times, in season and out of season, 
characterized the otherwise uneventful 
life of our departed one. Wherever 
he displayed his sacerdotal functions 
or acted as pastor over a parish, he 
was unto all a source of edification. 
His unselfishness had become rather 
extreme. Hence he died as poor as 
the proverbial church mouse, scarcely 
having a dollar to his name. Our de- 

Page Eighty-Seven 

funct was a bright scholar and was 
possessed of great retentive mental 

Rev. Joseph Maurer was born at 
Rauenberg in the Archdiocese of 
Freiburg, Baden, February 12, 1858, 
studied at the American College of 
Louvain and was ordained to the 
priesthood at Utrecht, Holland, Aug. 
15, 1880. He landed on the American 
shores Oct. 16, 1880, and. at once en- 
tered upon his priestly duties, first 
as assistant at St. Peter's church, 
Belleville, and then for a short time 
as pastor of St. Francisville. For up- 
wards of 24 years he presided as pas- 
tor over St. Stanislaus parish of 

Macon, with Oconee and Moweaqua 
as out-missions attached, which posi- 
tions he reluctantly relinquished when 
ordered to the rectorship of St. 
Mary's of Quincy, January 1, 1905- 
May 1906. Owing to impaired health 
Father Maurer was successively as- 
signed to the parishes of Brussels, 
Brigton, Lillyville and Marine. 

Solemn obsequies were held March 
23, 1916, at St. Anthony's church of 
Effingham, after which his remains 
were escorted to St. Anthony's ceme- 
tery, followed by 40 of his confreres 
and a great concourse of sympathiz- 
ing, sorrowing friends and former 
parishioners. R. I. P. 


''My God, I thank Thee, that my pain 
Of day by day, and year by year, 
Has not been suffered all in vain". 

Adelaide Procter. 

The galaxy of heroic missionary 
priests of early days who labored so 
disinterestedly in planting the seeds 
of religion on the virgin prairie soil 
of Illinois would remain incomplete 
were the name of Father McCabe 
omitted. This true old soggarth, 
born, raised and ordained in Ireland 
had come to Chicago when that dio- 
cese was still in its formative process 
He was one of the thirty-two priests 
present when Bishop Quarter con- 
vened the first synod on April 18, 
1847. Three years later, in 1850, 
Father McCabe was sent as pastor to 
Shawneetown, and from 1852-'54 to 
Mt. Sterling. Whilst he had charge 
of this parish our veteran priest had 
likewise charge of the parishes of 
Pittsfield, Jacksonville and Beards- 
town, to all of which he devoted most 
conscientiously his best efforts. The 
results soon became apparent as the 
history of these missions show. 
Father McCabe had popularized him- 
self in the minds and the hearts of his 
grateful people. At this time Cairo, 
at the confluence of the Mississippi 
and Ohio rivers, promised to become 
a populous center. Church and pastor 
were needed for the growing spiritual 
demands. Father McCabe was sent 
to Cairo. He set to work and built 

Page Eighty-Eight 

St. Patrick's church. Had the sun 
been shining heretofore on the zeal- 
ous priest's endeavors, now dark 
clouds were to gather on the horizon 
around him, pathetic were the years 
to come. Out of all the difficulties, 
false accusations and petty persecu- 
tions which were let loose against 
him, Father McCabe emerged a 
broken-down man. Father Larmer, 
writing of this episode in the poor 
priest's life, says: "St. Paul labored 
at tent-making to earn his own ne- 
cessaries. Father McCabe worked as 
common laborer on the railroads for 
seventy-five cents a day, paid in 
orders or store truck and said Mass 
on Sundays for the few Catholics. 
Jeans were his clothing, corn bread, 
badly baked in the ashes and badly 
cured hog meat, his food, for such 
was the living in those days in 
Southern Illinois. His niece, a bounc- 
ing, vigorous Irish girl, started a re- 
spectable boarding house , and for 
three or four years after, while Father 
McCabe lived, kept him in comfort he 
never knew in the active life of a 

Whole-souled, big hearted Father 
McCabe, whose name was one to con- 
jure by in every Irish cabin and 
wherever he was known, died at Cape 
Girardeau, in 1863. 

The same historian, quoted above, 

continued to say: "Illinois can be 
proud of such an apostle. In zeal, 
sufferings, labor and charity unseen. 

Father McCabe has not been excelled 
by anyone." 

May his soul rest in peace. 


Meeting instantaneous death by be- 
ing ground under the wheels of a 
fast speeding railway train, what 
tragic, horrible ending for a talented 
zealous, bright young priest! And 
yet, such was the deplorable fate 

which lurked in quest of Rev. James 
J. McCarthy, when one rain-soaked 
September day in 1915, he in company 
with a good loyal parishioner crossed 
the railway tracks near Paris, 111., in 
a closed automobile. A thrill of 
horror seized all when the news of 
this terrible double accident became 
known. Sorrow and grief entered 
many a home, especially in old Ire- 
land, where at Youghal, in County 
Cork, the bereaved parents and rela- 

tives of the 'unfortunate young priest 
reside, and where he was ushered in- 
to the world July 11, 1884. 

When the day of the funeral ar- 
rived, Friday, September 17, St. 
Mary's Church of Paris, 111., was un- 
able to accommodate the thousands 
of Catholic and non-Catholic laity 
who sought admission to the obse- 
quies. All felt that in the death of 
Father McCarthy they had lost a 
distinguished young priest who had 
endeared himself to them by his kind 
and amiable qualities. Men, women 
and children gathered sadly around 
his bier and offered fervent prayers 
for their stricken priest and friend 
who was ever ready with a helping 
hand in the face of trials and diffi- 
culties. Xot the least conspicuous 
among the mourners were his St. 
John's sacerdotal friends and fellow 
students of college days at Water- 
ford, Ireland. The celebrant of the 
Requiem Mass was the pastor of the 
parish, Rev. Patrick Fallen, Paris; 
deacon the Rev. J. Mee, of Jersey- 
ville; sub-deacon, the Rev. B. Man- 
ning, of Alton, and the Rev. W. 
O'Sullivan of Marshall, master of 

In an eloquent sermon, Rev. W. 
Costello, of Charleston, touched on 
the brilliant student career of the de- 
ceased young priest and his remark- 
able achievements in his first and 
only charge as assisstant pastor of St. 
Mary's church, Paris. Many things 
conspired, he said, to enthrone him 
in the hearts of the people of Paris 
his Irish wit, his fluent oratory and 
amiability, but these were only inci- 
dental to the sacred character of the 
priesthood since it was the duty of 
the priest to become all things to all 
men, etc. The following beautiful 
poem "In Loving Memory," was 
composed by (Mrs.) Isabel Burke, of 

Page Eighty-Nine 

Rocksavage, Cork, and published in 
one of our Catholic papers: 

That ever-smiling face is gone 
To dwell where angels tread, 

A sainted priest, a cherished one 
Now mingles with the dead. 

To do his Master's will, 

Those soulful eyes are closed for aye, 
That voice forever still. 
Sudden the call, God loved him so, 

This blossom passing sweet, 
Too fair to bloom on earth, must go 

To grace the Savior's feet. 

Surely a touch of Heaven's Lord 
Dwelt in that pure young heart, 

His was the kind and soothing word 
Why? Ahl So soon to part. 

Far from his Emerald Isle he lies 

Wrapt in the silent clay ; 
Hearts o'er the sea 'neath Erin's skies 

Mourn for that dead and pray. 

Come! Twine the Shamrocks oe'r his grave, 

Shamrocks of Erin blest ; 
May the dear Lord Who died to save 

Grant him eternal rest I 


Arrtong the young cleric who were 
elevated to the prieshood by the first 
Bishop of Chicago, Rt. Rev. Wm. 
Quarter, was Patrick J. McElherne. 
The day on which he received Holy 
Orders was June 8, 1845. At the first 
diocesan synod, held in the chapel 
of the "Holy Name," Nov. , 10, 1847, 
Father MsElherne took prominent 
part. Thirty-two priests were present 
Among this number we meet with 
sonne whose names have become 
familiar in the history of the Alton 
diocese: Revs. Brickwedde, Fort- 
mann, Carroll, Prendergast, Hamil- 
ton, Kuenster and McCabe. On 
April 10, 1848, a great calamity over- 
whelmed the young and prosperous 
diocese of Chicago in the death of 
Bishop Quarter. The Bishop had de- 
livered a course of lectures during the 
Lenten season, and on Passion Sun- 
day, after a powerful discourse on 
the Church, his whole frame visibly 
trembled, his voice gave out, but not 
until he said: "On next Sunday I 
will conclude." Alas! that voice was 
hushed in death on the following Sun- 

Shortly before three o'clock on the 
morning of the 10th of April, Father 
McElherne, who was pastor of old 
St. Mary's and resided with the 
Bishop, was awakened by loud moans. 
He hastened to the sufferer's room, 
where he found him sitting on the 
side of the bed pressing his head with 
his hands. He soon grew worse and 
signs of immediate dissolution mani- 
fested themselves so rapidly that 
Father McElherne administered the 
Sacrament of Extreme Unction; 
which was no sooner done than the 

soul of the zealous, pious and disin- 
teresited Bishop took its flight to 
heaven, there to receive the merited 
reward for his many achievements in 
behalf of Holy Church in the State 
of Illinois and the city of Chicago. 
He expired in Father McElherne's 

Under the second Bishop, Oliver 
Van de Valde, Father McElherne was 
transferred from Galena, where he 
had built a church, St. Michael's to 
St. Lawrence congregation of Quincj 
(St. Peter's), as successor to Rev. 'F, 
Derwin, who had been there from 
1846 Dec. 1848, following Father 
Tucker. Father McElherne served 
the Quincy parish from 1849 Oct. 
1852. During his pastorate he did a 
great deal in pacifying a censorious 
clement which had gained the uppei 
hand in that city, and proved him- 
self a true brother and counsellor to 
Father Brickwedde. He became the 
first resident pastor of Jacksonville. 
Later on, from Oct. 1857 May 1862. 
Father McElherne served the Quincy 
parish a second time. Trouble had 
likewise arisen in St. Lawrence church 
Bishop O'Regan deemed him the 
proper priest to straighten out the 
difficulties as he was best acquainted 
with existing conditions. He came 
to Quincy from Springfield, where, in 
1856, he had been pastor of the Im- 
maculate Conception church. Father 
McElherne filled the office of Admin- 
istrator during the interregnum be- 
ween the second and third Bishops of 
Chicago. Larmer says of him: "His 
personal dignity was inimitable, and 
I had the greatest respect for him 
and his acquirements. He was a 
scholar of the old school. The ancient 

Page Ninety 

classics, French and the standard 
writings, both of prose and poetry, 
were ready on his tongue. Having 
served the principal churches in his 
time in Illinois, it was his custom to 
write every sermon so that it was a 
literary treat to hear them, although 

his eloquence was not of the finest 
sort. He could be exceedingly sar- 
castic and was not always over civil." 
From Quincy, Father McElherne 
was appointed to the Rock Island 
parish, 1862-1868. He died about 1870 
at Apple Creek, Illinois. R. I. P. 


"Then as daylight slowly vanished 
And the evening mists grew dim, 
Solemnly from distant voices 
Rose a vesper hymn". 

A most worthy man whose name 
and memory remains in benediction 
with the parishioners of St. Peter's 
parish of Quincy, was Father McGirr. 
For upwards of thirty-one years he 
was the shepherd and guide of that 

community. None more revered than 
he has ever been at the head of that 
congregation. Father McGirr's name 
today is still a house-hold word with 
the older Irish people of St. Peter's, 
and many are the humorous stories 
and well-intentioned puns and jokes 
they delight in telling about him. 
He had captured the hearts of his 
people in an uncommon degree. The 
trust and confidence they reposed so 
entirely in his prudence and good 

judgment was never known to have 
been misplaced, as Father McGirr 
was first, last and all the time watch- 
ing over the spiritual and material 
welfare of his parochial subjects. 
Under his pastorate the parish rapid- 
ly developed, its present status, finan- 
cial and otherwise, is mainly due to 
his continued efforts and unselfish 
exertions. He was yet one of the 
old school, sturdy, blunt and honest, 
a rare type of those whole souled 
Irish pioneer workers of whom we 
occasionally read or hear spoken of 
by older people, by those who have 
still known the old silk-hatted "Sog- 
garths" as they travelled about either 
afoot, on horseback or on handcar. 
That class of men is no more nor 
ever will return as conditions have 
changed since then, and the quondam 
obligatory "silk tile" has been rele- 
gated to the garret. 

Well, our subject, Rev. Peter Mc- 
Girr was born June 29, 1833, in Fan- 
tona, diocese of Clogher, Ireland. In 
1848 he and his brothers emigrated 
to America, settling in Massachusetts. 
Having determined to study for the 
priesthood, our future Quincy pastor 
entered Holy Cross College for the 
classical course of studies and later 
the Grand Seminary of Montreal. 
Bishop Juncker ordained Father Mc- 
Girr to the priesthood on April 22, 
1862. Pittsfield, in Pike county, was 
his first charge, but here he stayed 
but a few months, till the following 
October, when he was appointed to 
the pastorate of St. Lawrence church 
of Quincy. But is there a St. Law- 
rence parish at Quincy? No, not any 
more, for the original St. Lawrence 
church was changed into that of St. 
Peter's at the time when Father Mc- 
Girr had the present structure erected. 

Page Ninety-One 

His first care was to open a school in 
a room rented for this purpose. 
Afterwards a new two story brick 
building, which still serves its purpose 
was constructed, adjacent to and 
south of the church. Sisters of Notre 
Dame from St. Mary's Academy 
were engaged as teachers. The paro- 
chial school at once grew into promi- 
nence for within a few years after 
its opening there were as many as 250 
children enrolled as pupils. The next 
step he took was to purchase a house 
for parochial residence, after which 
came the greatest of all propositions, 
a new church. In this he encountered 
however, much opposition from his 
people. The pastor thought the build- 
ing too old and dilapidated to serve 
its purpose much longer, hence to 
radically end the subsequent heated 
controversy he ordered the old shack 
to be torn down on Easter Monday, 

1868. The new structure to be erected 
a $70,000 one is the present St. 
Peter's. As the people were neither 
numerous nor rich, it is much to the 
credit of Father McGirr that in spite 
of vehement opposition he succeeded 
to build and pay for such a costly 
building. This shows the man's great 
influence over the masses as such, his 
determination and indomitable will 

Father McGirr passed away in 
March, 1893. For many years he had 
been a sufferer from acute rheumatic 
afflictions occasioned by the constant 
dampness of his residence. As soon 
as the financial conditions of the 
parish permitted it he built a new and 
elegant rectorate which he did not 
live long to enjoy. His remains were 
interred at Bloomfield, where many 
of his friends and relatives were then 
residing. R. I. P. 


"Here, now, it is required among the dis- 
pensers that a man be found faithful''. 1 
Cor. 4, 2. 

Father E. McGowan's pastoral life 
was a busy and industrious one. He 
never let an opportunity of doing 
good pass by. Ever cheerful under 
often trying conditions, he won the 
love and veneration of his devoted 
people, the well-wishes of superior 
and fellow-priests. He found relaxa- 
tion in work, and hard-telling strokes 
he delivered during his long priestly 
career in the various parishes over 
which he was called to preside. Re- 
sults are the best gauge by which 
man's worth in the various walks of 
life is measured. The work accom- 
plished by Father McGowan testify to 
his determined and resolute activity 
in attaining results. Churches and 
rectories in various parishes o-we 
their existence to this indefatigable 
priest. His first mission where he 
displayed his industriousness and re- 
sourcefulness was that of St. Patrick's 
at Grafton. To this charge he was 
appointed when first coming from 
Ireland. He worked for his Grafton 
people from Oct. 18, 1872-November 
18, 1875, when the Ordinary, recog- 

Page Ninety-Two 

nizing the merits and ability of our 
subject, assigned him to St. Stanis- 
laus of Macon, where he labored 
equally well from 1875-1883. A new 
congregation was to be started at that 
time at Dalton City. Father Mc- 
Gowan was' chosen to do it and he 
did it. How success crowned his ef- 
forts is manifested by the pretty 
church and rectory which, during the 
nine years of his incumbency, he 
erected there, (1883-'92). When this 
new parish had been placed on solid 
footing and become prosperous and 
self-sustaining, our good man was 
transferred to the neighboring con- 
gregation of Bethany, where his stay 
lasted from 1892-'97. Here he was 
not less active than he had been in 
previous places, for St. Cokimkill's 
church of Sullivan is built and Father 
McGowan ministers to the little flock 
on alternative Sundays. Next he is 
made pastor of Pittsfield, which he 
soon exchanges, however, for the 
parish of Murrayville, January 1, 1900. 
How well this zealous pastor acquit- 
ted himself of the various duties 
which he performed to the very last 
is known to everyone. When death 

claimed him at Our Savior's hospital 
of Jacksonville, the fruits of his active 
and industrious life were ripe. 
Peacefully he slept away June 26, 
1905. His bier was surrounded by 
Bishop, priests and people, all sorrow- 
ing over the passage of God's good 

and faithful steward. He was buried 
at Murrayville, June 29, Father 
McGowan was born at Ballinascreen, 
County Derry, Ireland, March 9, 1842, 
and was ordained at All Hallows 
June 24, 1872. May he rest in peace. 


Farewell friends 1 Yet, not farewell! 
Where I am, ye too, shall dwell. 
I am gone before your face, 
A moment's time, a little space. 

Germantown, Pa., a part of greater 
Philadelphia, was the birthplace of 
Rev. William McGuire, whose loss in 
1914, the diocese, Bishop and priests, 
greatly deplored. Deceased was born 
in 1858 and had completed his studies 
at Niagara and Allegheny. On the 
feast of Corpus Christi, June 20, 1889 
he was raised to the priesthood in the 
Franciscan Seminary chapel of Alle- 
gheny for the diocese of Alton and 
at once assumed charge of his ap- 
pointment as assistant to Rev. P. J. 
Mackin of St. Patrick's church of De- 
catur. Two years he was at Decatur 
and thence was transferred for a year 
to Virden. In 1892 Father McGuire 
acted as assistant priest to Rev. Peter 
McGirr of St. Peter's congregation 
of Quincy, whence in 1894, he as- 
sumed charge of St. Augustine's of 
Ashland. Sickness and misfortune 
the burning of the parochial residence 
overtook him here. Having suffici- 
ently recuperated after some months' 
vacation which he spent in Eastern 
watering places, decedent was ap- 
pointed to the Parish of Franklin in 
1898, where after years of fruitful 
labor he passed away in 1914. His 
remains were interred in the Catho- 
lic cemetery of Franklin. 

Of the worth and character of our 
departed confrere, a friend wrote the 
press of Decatur. 

"Biographers and historians may 

venture estimates of the truly good 
and great but these estimates are 
personal and inadequate. Righteous 
living has many attainable degrees to 
which all are invited and to which all 
are welcome. Thus it follows that 
we find around us so many good peo- 
ple in every calling no matter how 
sublime or how humble, living right- 
eously, striving to make themselves 
more perfect and to make the beauti- 
ful, world even more beautiful Thrice 
blessed is that country whose people 
live righteously, for in it we find 
peace, liberty and security. The 
righteous die, but their deeds are 
more enduring than time itself. Ever 
increasing, ever expanding and always 
advancing, righteous living blesses 
every human being, and the best 
civilization that ever existed or will 
exist is its fruitage. 

"Just what degree of excellency 
Father McGuire reached in righteous- 
ness, I do not know, but it is certain 
that his was a most beautiful charac- 
ter admired and beloved by everybody. 
For more than a quarter of a century 
he labored in the Alton diocese, caring 
little for himself, but intensily inter- 
ested in the welfare of others. His 
kind cheering greetings his generous 
deeds and exemplary life weje steps 
that lead to the throne of his Divine 
Master. God knows the worth of a 
righteous life and I do hope and pray 
that Father McGuire now wears the 
crown of eternal life." R. I. P. 

Page Ninety-Three 


"Hush! for the ages call 

The Love of God lives through eternity 
And conquers all!" 

He was an ex-religious who had 
spent the greater part of his priestly 
life in the Chinese missions. He came 
to the diocese in 1899, and was as- 
signed to Bloomfield with St. Joseph's 
on Columbus road and St. Edward's 
of Mendon, as out-missions. Shortly 

after he changed his habitat from 
Blooomfield to St. Joseph's, erecting 
there a neat and comfortable resi- 
dence. Serious sickness overtook him 
in the summer of 1906; he entered St. 
Elizabeth's Hospital, Chicago, where 
he died in the fall of that year. R. 
I. P. 


"... and the fire had died away". 

When Rev. Damian Juncker, of 
Dayton, Ohio, was chosen by the 
Holy See first Bishop of the new dio- 
cese of Alton, in 1857, he selected the 
Rev. John Joseph Menge, a priest of 
Cincinnati, to act as first Cathedral 
rector and chancellor of the diocese. 
The latter accompanied the former 
on his advent to Alton. Father Menge 
filled the office of pastor and chancel- 
lor till October 2, 1862, with great 
credit and ability. Whilst thus em- 
ployed he still found time to look 
after the spiritual needs of the Ger- 
man Catholics in and around Alton, 
who then numbered some twenty-five 
families. He organized them into a 
parish, started a Ladies' Altar Society 
and said Holy Mass for them on Sun- 

days in a small rented house. These 
few families formed the nucleus of the 
present strong St. Mary's congrega- 
tion of Alton. Their first resident 
pastor was Father Ostrop in 1858. 
Father Menge was recalled by his 
Ordinary in October, 1862, back to 
Cincinnati to 'become pastor of St. 
Francis de Sales parish of that city 
whilst the office of chancellor was 
conferred upon Rev. John Janssen, 
who subsequently became the first 
Bishop of Belleville, and Rev. T. F. 
Mangan was made rector of the 

Rev. John Joseph Menge was born 
at Osnabrueck, Hanover, July 12, 
1829, ordained to the priesthood Octo- 
ber 18, 1854, and died in the early 
seventies in Cincinnati. R. I. P. 


"Et dixit ad eum ; 
Ingredere in requiem meam". 

When on February 1, 1866, the 
priests of St. John's church of Spring- 
field had discontinued to attend the 
parish at New Berlin, it received its 
first resident pastor in the person of 
Rev. Gustavus Meittinger. He stayed 

at New Berlin until July 18, 1867, 
when he was relieved of his charge 
by Rev. Francis Schreiber. Little is 
known of this priest beyond the fact 
that he died as pastor of St. Ann's 
parish at Holstein, Calumet county, 
Wisconsin, in 1867. R. I. P. 

Page Ninety-Four 


"While I live a wretched beggar, 
One bright hope my lot can cheer; 
Soon, soon thou shalt have thy kingdom, 
Brighter hours are drawing near". 

Far removed from his colleagues 
and friends and parishioners, sepa- 
rated by world-wide distance from the 
scenes of his eminently successful 
priestly endeavors and enterprises, 
Rev. Frederick Metzger, one of God's 

noblemen, respected and beloved by 
all, was suddenly summoned by death 
in far away Bavaria, on Friday, Oct. 
25, 1895. It was but few weeks prior 
to this that decedent had been ap- 
pointed pastor of St. Anthony's parish 
of Effingham, and dean of that dean- 
ery. Before assuming vigorous hold 
of the reins of that parish, he was 
advised by medical authority and in- 
sistent friends, to first go in quest of 
health and strength in order to quali- 
fy himself for the impending onerous 
duties and responsibilities which 
awaited him in the newly appointed 
charge of Effingham. With the 
Bishop's approval -and endorsement 
and the many well-wishes for a bon 
voyage, he sailed for his native land, 
Bavaria, among attractive home en- 
vironments to fully recuperate 

from a general collapse occasioned 
by many years of unremitting, stren- 
uous work and worry. This, in time, 
had brought on chronic heart trouble. 
In the meridian of life he became a 
premature victim of his calling. 
There are no words too extravagant 
or too effusive to be said in behalf 
of Father Metzger, as hosts of friends 
and admirers, both Catholic and Prot- 
estant, will testify to. When the 
cable then flashed the news of his 
untoward demise, genuine heartfelt 
sorrow became universal in places 
which had known him. Expressions 
of sincerest sympathy were but poor 
symbols of expressions when a man 
of Father Metzger's mold was the 
themie, a gentleman and priest of 
flawless type and character. Death 
overtook him when visiting at the 
house of a clerical friend, some twenty 
miles distant from his own home. 

The Pike County Democrat in its 
edition of Wednesday, Oct. 30, 1895, 
said of the departed: 

"Dean Metzger while rigid in his 
church views and strict in the faith- 
ful performance of all duties that 
pertained to his priestly office, yet so 
lived and moved among his fellow- 
citizens as to command their esteem 
and respect and caused them' to re- 
gret his removal from their midst. 
By the very large body of parish- 
ioners over whom he was set as their 
spiritual guide and counsellor he will 
ever be remembered as one well 
worthy of their warmest feelings of 
affection and his memory be long 
cherished in their hearts." 

Rev. Frederick Metzger was born at 
Waldmohn, Rheinpfalz, Bavaria, Sept. 
22, 1843. From early boyhood days 
he longed to dedicate himself to God's 
service, to become a priest and work 
for the spiritual good of man-kind. 
Since, however, young Metzger dis- 
played great aptitude for mechanical 
skill his parents placed him at an 
early date in a cabinet factory, where 
at the age of sixteen he had already 
advanced to the position of foreman. 
He couldn't be idle. To make, build 

Page Ninety-Five 

or construct something was his de- 
light; this trait accompanied him into 
the priesthood. The profession which 
his parents seemed to have chosen 
for himi did not satisfy our subject's 
yearning, he aspired to become one 
of God's anointed. To attain this end 
he set out for America. At the St. 
Francis Seminary, near Milwaukee, 
the future Dean of Effingham com- 
pleted his classical course and like- 
wise took up the study of Philosophy 
and Theology. His fondest desire, 
nurtured since childhood days, be- 
came satisfied when on Dec. 23, 1872, 
Bishop Baltes raised him to the 

At Mishawaka, Ind., the young neo- 
presbyter celebrated his first holy 
Mass two days later, namely, on 
Christmas morning, 1872. Now he 
was ready for work, however ardu- 
ous it might be. Accordingly the 
Bishop appointed him; to Kaskaskia 
in "Egypt," one of the oldest Catho- 
lic settlements in the entire Mississip- 
pi valley. Here he remained eight 
years doing such noble service that 
even today yet his name need only be 
mentioned and it awakens grateful 
and loving sentiments in the hearts of 
the KasLaskians. 

On Dec. 9, 1880, Father Metzger 
was transferred to Pittsfield. Fifteen 
years of strenuous work and worry 
broke down his former robust con- 
stitution and caused chronic heart 
trouble. He was sent abroad, travel- 
led from place to place, consulted the 
famous Father Kneipp at Woerish- 
ofen, rested among the peaceful sur- 
roundings of his home, and early boy- 
hood scenes, received the most kind 
and tender care of his nearest rela- 
tives and yet all this proved ulti- 
mately of little or no avail. At the 
home of a clerical friend at Reifen- 
berg, where he happened to be a 
chance visitor, Father Metzger 
breathed forth his spirit in peace on 
Oct. 25, 1895. 

Before leaving in quest of strength 

and health we know that our de- 
cedent had been appointed to the 
parish of Effingham. On leaving 
Pittsfield for his new mission field, 
everyone Catholic and Protestant 
alike, seemed to have sustained a 
great personal loss, they all revered 
and loved him tenderly. 

Besides the pastoral and parochial 
work which our subject discharged 
with conscientious exactitude, he 
opened up in the fall of 1882 a paro- 
chial school which he maintained for 
more than six years, when finally 
owing to a lack of children he was 
obliged to discontinue same. His 
hospitality knew no limits. At times 
he invited poor seminarians to come 
and spend their summer vacations 
with him at Pittsfield; his doors were 
always wide open to receive friends 
and callers, and many there were who 
journeyed thither in order to enjoy 
his magnanimous and liberal hospital- 

I said that Father Metzger had 
great aptitude and talent for mechan- 
ical work. How true that is he 
showed in the building and construct- 
ing of church .pipe organs. It is 
justly astounding and wonderful how 
he excelled in this amateur occupa- 
tion installing a fine pipe organ which 
is still in use at Kaskaskia, his first 
mission; another pipe organ he in- 
stalled in his own church at Pittsfield, 
and yet another one he constructed 
for the St. Francis College chapel of 
Quincy. Mt. Sterling and Springfield 
churches likewise proclaim the merits 
of Father Metzger's fine pipe organs. 
And withal he was humility personi- 

Thus did this splendid worker of 
the Alton clergy lead an active, edify- 
ing, priestly life. By word and ex- 
ample he scattered the seeds of his 
holy calling promiscuously about; 
how much good they effected is 
known to God alone. May the 
crown of eternal glory be his reward. 

Page Ninety-Six 


Rev. G. Mirbach, the "grand old 
man" and second pastor of St. 
Mary's, was a splendid type of man, 

strong, high-minded and of noble pur- 
poses, a man of tact and refinement, 
of erudition and learning. In ap- 
pearance he was of rather striking 
personality, patriarchal and venerable 
looking, earnest and severe of mien 
and countenance which but seldom 
was lit up by hearty laugh or mirth- 
ful smile. Long gray whiskers added 
to his impressive and somber bearing. 
And yet, withal, he was a man of 
tender sympathies and magnanimous 
disposition, kind and generous to a 
fault. His highest ambitions culmin- 
ated in promoting the interests of St. 
Mary's, spiritual and material. Hence 
it is, in a marvelous degree all clung 
to him in good and evil days seeking 
advice and counsel, strength and com- 
fort with a confidence and assurance 
that eloquently proclaimed the har- 
monious and intimate bond and union 
between pastor and people as it ex- 
ists between father and children. And 
today no name stands forth in such 
vivid relief before the people of St. 
Mary's and no former pastor's mem- 
ory commands such universal love 
and grateful veneration after almost d 
quarter century than Father Mirbach 
does. And well he deserved the peo- 

ples homage and confidence, for he 
was surely a worthy and exemplary 
priest of God and a great benefactor 
of man. 

Having come to America at the age 
of 32 years, at a time of life when the 
acquisition of a foreign language is 
by no means as easy a task as it is 
in earlier years, and owing to the 
fact, moreover, that the various 
charges over which he presided were 
almost exclusively all German it is 
easy to explain why Fr. Mirbach 
greatly lacked in the use and know- 
ledge of the English language. Hence 
his official communications and cor- 
respondences with the Diocesan Chan- 
cery and even with the Bishop were 
mostly carried on in German. On 
the other hand, however, we find him 
to be a tine Latin scholar; in that 
language he excelled, he wrote and 
he composed in it with remarkable 
facility, ease and fluency, of which 
some still extant manuscripts bear 
ample testimony. As an example of 
his choice latinity I may allude to the 
beautiful address which he as the 
Senior of the Quincy clergy was 
asked to draft on the accession of our 
present Bishop to the See of Alton. 
For many years Rev. Mirbach suf- 
fered from acute rheumatism, he be- 
came practically an invalid and was 
necessitated to accept aid from the 
Franciscan Monastery and College on 
Sundays and Holy days for a number 
of years until in November, 1893, the 
Bishop sent a young assistant priest 
to St. Mary's. It was the newly or- 
dained Rev. John Wand. Already in 
1880 Fr. Mirbach had sought relief 
from this painful malady by under- 
taking a trip to Europe, there to make 
use of the world-renowned Sulphur 
Springs of Germany; again in 1886 
he was most urgently induced by his 
Bishop, Rt. Rev. P. J. Baltes, to try 
a several week's course of mineral 
baths at Hot Springs, Ark., which the 
Bishop described to him as the best 
baths known anywhere in the world 
for their wonderful curative qualities. 
Again we find our rheumatic sufferer 

Page Ninety-Seven 

a patient at the Sisters' Sanitarium 
in Milwaukee. All these trials brought 
only temporary relief but effected no 

Of all the tests, trials and afflictions 
which good Father Mirbach had to 
undergo during the 21 years of his 
pastoral life at St. Mary's, none was 
so acute and severe, however, as was 
the mental strain endured on the 
night of February the 2nd, 1891, when 
proud, noble, beautiful St. Mary's fell 
prey to fire and flame and was reduced 
in a short time to a smouldering heap 
of ruins. Poor man how we pitied him 
when this sad story of St. Mary's mis- 
fortune was made known next day by 
the papers. The strong minded pas- 
tor, however, soon rose to the occa- 
sion, and like a phoenix from the 
ashes, thus did stricken St. Mary's 
under the undaunted leadership of 
Father Mirbach arise to vigorous new 
life and activity, and soon a beautiful 
structure arose, more handsome and 
more queenly than the former one 
had been. 

Rev. Gerard Mirbach was born 
September 8th, 1832, at Gerderhahn, 
near Aachen; he finished his higher 
classical studies in 1856 at Neus and 

then for three years went to the Uni- 
versity of Bonn to prepare himself by 
the study of philosophy and theology 
for his chosen vocation, the priest- 
hood. On September the 3rd, 1860, he 
was ordained by the Auxiliary Bishop 
of Cologne, Msgr. Baudri, and in 
October of that year sent as Vicar to 
Raeren, where he stayed 'till he emi- 
grated to America, May 8, 1869. Ar- 
rived at Alton, where he presented 
himself to Bishop Baltes, he was at 
once assigned to the parish of Fayette- 
ville, 111. In 1874 Rev. Theodore Brue- 
ner, then pastor of our St. Mary's 
parish, accepted the position as Rector 
of the Pio Nono College, a normal 
school for the training of Catholic 
teachers and organists, situated at St. 
Francis, Wis., near Milwaukee. St. 
Mary's therefore, became vacant. The 
right man for the position was found 
when the Bishop's choice fell on 
Father Mirbach. For and with St. 
Mary's people he worked with singu- 
lar devotion for 21 years, from 1874- 
1895, when on April the 2nd, 1895, he 
was summoned by the Master whom 
he had served so faithfully and so 
well throughout the years of his ex- 
emplary life to receive the promised 
reward. May he rest in peace! 


"Then I heard a strain of music 
So mighty, so pure and so clear". 

In the latter part of the sixties, a 
member of the Order of the Conven- 
tual Franciscans, a native of Selesia, 
came to the diocese and was given 
charge of the parish of Carrollton. 
He had been for some time an English 
Confessor at St. Peter's, Rome. 
From Carrollton Father Leopold was 
assigned to St. Mary's of Litchfield, 
where he remained about four years. 
This was in 1869. The diocese of 
Chicago holding out probably better 
prospects to our secularized Fran- 
ciscan Father, he moved to that city 

in 1873, where on April 15, 1892, he 

When Father Leopold cam, e to 
Litchfield he lost no time in opening 
a school. On one side of the old rec- 
tory he put up school rooms, on the 
other he built spacious apartments 
for a convent and academy for the 
use of the Ursuline Sisters coming 
from the Motherhouse of Alton. His 
zeal and successful labors, which he 
displayed in Litchfield, are still vivid- 
ly remembered and often spoken of 
by the older members of the parish. 
R. I. P. 

Page Ninety-Eight 


"The shadows grew longer and longer 
The evening wind passed by; 
And the purple splendor of sunset 
Was flooding the western sky". 

Thirty-five years pastor of one and 
the same parish is a record seldom at- 
tained and hardly ever surpassed by 
any priest. Looking over the list of 
departed mem'bers of our diocesan 
clergy we find but very few instances 
Where priests assigned to pastoral 
work in congregations have uninter- 
ruptedly retained their charges for 

such length of time. True, we met 
with some who not only equalled but 
even out-distanced this record, but 
they prove to have been rare excep- 
tions. Various reasons may be ad- 
duced why pastors are more or less 
shifted about, be it from a rural to a. 
city parish or vice versa. Conditions, 
environments, personal traits and 
characteristics, constructive parochial 
work and many other factors may en- 
ter into the consideration of appoint- 
ments, changes or removals from one 
place to another; it is left to and de- 
termined by the Bishop's wise discre- 

tion and stern authority. The one 
who with few exceptions seemed to 
be immune from experimental tests 
and changes was our suave and amia- 
ble Father John F Mohr, of New Ber- 
lin, 111. 

Possessed of personal charm and 
magnetism combined with child-like 
disposition whom no one who ever 
met the kind-hearted and generous 
minded man could withstand, he 
counted his friends and loyal adhe- 
rents by hundreds. Wherever he went 
Father Mohr made conquests winning 
over to him new friends and admirers. 
"Papa Mohr" his clerical friends were 
pleased to call him, to which appel- 
lation he offered no serious objection. 
No one was a more welcome visitor 
to the home of friends or parishion- 
ers than he. A humorous vein was 
his. Commanding an inexhaustible 
fund of anecdotes and catchy little 
stories which, by the way, he was at 
times guilty of repetition a circle of 
expectant listeners would gather 
around .him to enjoy the good man's 
company and liberally applaud his in- 
nocent sayings. He loved the plain 
people. How much sunshine did he 
cast into gloomy corners thereby dis- 
pelling depression, \yorry and anxiety 
from so many minds and hearts. 

A model of a worthy, pious and 
zealous priest was he, admired and 
worshipped by his time-honored con- 
freres and subjects for his spotless 
priestly life and gentlemanly bearing 
always trying to be all unto all 
omne omni. Punctuality and scrupu- 
lous exactitude in the performance of 
parochial ministrations, at the altar 
or the recitation of divine office, in 
the confessional or on sick calls char- 
acterized his beautiful life. In out- 
ward personal appearance Fr. Mohr 
was a pattern of neatness, which is 
not to say, however, that he was a 
stylish dresser; far from it, for our 
good man would make a collar, shirt 
or suit last just as long as decency 
and propriety would permit. He loved 
out-door exercise, to roam in the 
woods or with fishing-pole sit for 

Page Ninety-Nine 

hours on the banks of creek or pond 
and watch the cork usually without 

To make private home life interest- 
ing every man must have a hobby. 
Father Mohr had his. And what was 
it? Collecting and sacredly storing 
away old newspapers and magazines, 
ordos and breviaries, scrap-books and 
tickets, etc., for if anything he was a 
man of great economic, conservative 
habits, a survivor of the old school, 
clinging to customs and traditions. 
An accumulation of odds and ends 
was found among his modest in- 
ventory, a great deal of which served 
as fuel for a bon-fire by an injudicious 
temporary and hasty substitute. 

Rev. John Francis Mohr, a dean of 
the Springfield deanery, was born at 
Minster, Ohio, on February 2, 1839, 
At the age of 23 years he was raised 
to the priesthood in the Alton Cathe- 
dral by the first Bishop of the dio- 
cese, Rt. Rev. Damian Juncker, D. D. 
After filling minor charges, Father 
Mohr was appointed in 1870, pastor 
of the Cathedral parish. He acted 
successfully as such for nearly three 
years, when the Bishop saw fit to 
place him at the head of that ill- 
starred Diocesan College of Ruma, 
111. now the convent-home of the 

"Sisters of the Precious Blood." After 
the short incumbency at Ruma he 
was assigned to St. Mary's church of 
New Berlin, 111., in January, 1873. 
His death occured at the St. John's 
Hospital, Springfield, on Holy Thurs- 
day, April 16, 1908. La Grippe, super- 
induced by paralysis carried him off. 
The solemn obsequies were had the 
following Tuesday. The Rt. Rev. Or- 
dinary of the diocese together with 
64 members of the clergy were there 
to pay their last tribute of love and 
respect to him whose memory will 
continue to live enshrined in the 
hearts of all who knew him. On this 
funeral occasion the Solemn Requiem 
was said by the Rt. Rev. Bishop 
James Ryan, D. D., assisted by Rev. 
P. Anselm Mueller, O. F. M., the then 
venerable and popular rector of St. 
Francis College of Quincy, as deacon 
and Dean Michael Weis, of Quincy, 
as sub-deacon, whilst Revs. Francis 
Zabell, D. D., of Bunker Hill and 
Ferdinand Stick of Highland, acted as 
assistants to the celebrant. Very Rev. 
Timothy Hickey, V. G., of St. Mary's 
Springfield, delivered a pathetic 
funeral oration on the life and labors 
of our departed one, whose body was 
bedded in the little parish cemetery 
of New Berlin, 111. R. I. P. 


Cold is the hearth when the last spark dies, 
And empty and lone are the western skies 
When the red sun sinks in. his cloudy bed; 
And cold are our hearts, for the priest is 

In the cemetery of quiet and peace- 
ful Brussels in Calhoun county, we 
come upon a small weather-beaten 
headstone which 'bears the inscrip- 
tion: "Sacred to the Memory of Rev. 
John Molitor." He who sleeps be- 
neath the grassy plot and whose 
name is recalled by the humble mon- 
ument was the first resident priest of 
that parish. A fellow-student of the 
late Bishop Baltes, he was raised to 

the priesthood together with him at 
the Grand Seminary of Montreal on 
May 21, 1853. He was at once ap- 
pointed to the St. Mary's congrega- 
tion of Brussels. Father Molitor was 
a native of Belgium and in memory 
of him the village was named Brus- 
sels. His time of labor, however, was 
very short, for after some three 
months it was already rudely inter- 
rupted by death. He died at a lone 
farm house after a very brief illness. 
R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred 


There's no place like "Home". 
Forty years pastor of one and the 
same parish is indeed a remarkable 
occurrance and seldom equalled in 
this Diocese. Such extraordinary rec- 
ord stands to the credit of Reverened 
John Moliter, late pastor of Sewton 
ord stands to the credit of Father 
and Dean of the Effingham Deanery 
Quiet and unostentatious in the 
daily discharge of his duties, during 
all these years he earned the respect 
and well-wishes of all, both of the 
clergy and laity. The high regard 
with which his Ordinary looked upon 
his systematic and fruitful labors 
caused his appointment as District 
Dean and well did Father Miolitor 
merit such distinction from above. 
Everyone heartily seconded the un- 
sought promotion. True to his God, 

he was at all times equally true to 
his Bishop and Confreres. Zeal and 
devotedness characterized his long 
pastorate. The parishioners clung to 
him as children would to their father. 
His dictum, was decisive, his words 
conveyed authority. Keen, therefore, 
was the pain and deep the wound 
caused by his death which occurred 
January 17, 1917. A great out-pouring 
of sorrowing people on the day of 
funeral attested the universal love 
and esteem the departed enjoyed at 
Newton and surroundings. 

Father John Molitor was born at 
Germantown, 111., Dec. 6, 1845 and 
ordained to the priesthood March 25, 
1874, by the late Bishop Baltes. His 
was the distinction of being the first 
native diocesan priest ordained for 
the diocese of Alton. R. I. P. 


"Sitivit in Te anima Mea". 
Whilst his predecessor's tenure of 
office lasted but from September, 1872 
to May, 1873, Father Nagler served 
St. Mary's parish of Alton likewise 
but one year, from May, 1873 till 
May 15, 1874, the date of his death. 

Father Nagler was of frail body and 
poor health, nearly always sick and 
unable to perform his manifold duties, 
although over-anxious to comply 
with them. Dropsy caused his death. 
He lies buried at Alton. May God 
rest his soul. 

(P. Longinus, O. S. B.) 

"Karth and heaven tell of rest that shall not 

cease ; 

Where the cold world's farewell 
Fades into endless peace". 

In exchange for Rev. Theodore 
Bruener, who on leaving St. Mary's 
parish of Quincy, in 1874, had ac- 
cepted the rectorship of the Pio Nono 
Normal School of St. Francis, Wis., 
the Archbishop of Milwaukee permit- 
ted Rev. Wm. Neu to come to our 
diocese. He was appointed to Bun- 
ker Hill in May, 1874. The new pas- 
tor was a born pedagogue and his 
best exertions were used in that di- 
rection. This was evidenced by the 
flourishing parochial school which at 
once he opened. He also embellisher! 
the church and reformed the choir ac- 
cording to the Cecilian idea. In 1878 
Rev. Wm Neu undertook the build- 
ing of a small church at Gillispie 

Page One Hundred and Ore 

large enough to accommodate the 
small congregation. To raise the 
means sufficient and necessary to 
carry out this plan, our gifted priest 
delivered a series of lectures in 
neighboring places. In 1879 Father 
Neu returned to Wisconsin to relieve 
Father Bruener of his duties at the 
Normal. In 1889 our subject became 
a Religious. He joined the Benedic- 
tine Order at Atchison, Kansas, and 
was henceforth known to the world 
as P. Longinus, O. S. B. 

As such he acted as assistant at the 
Abbey church till 1891, was pastor 
of St. Peter's church at Council Bluffs 

Iowa, July, 1892-97. From January, 
1898-'99, Father Longinus presided as 
pastor over the Abbey church of At- 
chison. On the 3d day of March, 
1899, good Father Neu died at St.' 
Vincent's Hospital, Birmingham, Ala- 
bama, and was buried in the Abbey 
cemetery at Atchison, March 7, 1899. 
He was born at Bocholt, in the 
Diocese of Muenster, July 23, 1846, 
emigrated with his parents to Ameri- 
ca in December, I860, and was or- 
dained to the priesthood by Bishop 
Henni of Milwaukee, at St. Francis 
Seminary December 21, 1871. R. I. P. 


"Labia mea laudabunt Te". 

Practically the whole priestly 
career of our subject was spent in the 

southern part of the state, now the 
Belleville Diocese, with the exception 
of four months, when he acted as 
pastor of St. Boniface congregation 
of Edwardsville, and attended St. 
Michael's parish of Staunton, which 
was then affiliated to St. Boniface of 

Rev. John Neuhaus was born Feb- 
ruary 13, 1844, at Coesfeld in West- 
falia; studied in his native city and 
at Muenster and was ordained a priest 
by the Auxiliary Bishop of Muenster, 
Rt. Rev. John Bossman, on June 21, 
1870. He became stationed at Red 
Bud, October 29, 1870-A u g u s t 14. 
1871; at Belle Prairie from August 15, 
1871-March 17, 1875, and attended the 
missions of McLeansboro, Mt. Ver- 
non, Enfield, Carmi and Flora. At 
Edwardsville from March 19, 1875- 
July 6, 1875, after which he was 
ordered to act as chaplain of the Sis- 
ters of the Precious Blood of Ruma. 
and attended from there Glasgow 
City, now Renault. This young Sis- 
terhood is greatly indebted to his pru- 
dent management for its spiritual and 
material advancement. 

Father John Neuhaus died at 
Ruma, February 22, 1905, and lies 
buried in the parish cemetery. R. I 

Page One Hundred and Tico 


"Dust thou art, and 'into dust thou shalt 
return". Gen. 3, 19. 

In the fall of 1888 a talented and 
promising young priest arrived in the 
diocese from Germany. But shortly 

previous thereto he had been ordained 
to the priesthood at the American 
College of Louvain, in Belgium. It 
was Rev. Wimar Oberdoerster. Born 
March 17th. 1860, at Lenhof near 
Seelscheidt in the Archdiocese of 
Cologne, he finished his classical stu- 
dies in the schools of his native place, 
whilst for the completion of the Sem- 
inary course, Philosophy and Theo- 
logy, he was directed to the American 
College of Louvain, because of his 
decision to spend his future priestly 
life in the American missions. When 
the time for ordination drew near, he 
applied for admission into the Alton 
diocese, where he was readily ac- 
cepted. On June 24. 1888, the class of 
young clerics to which Father Ober- 
doerster belonged, was raised to the 
priesthood. A few weeks later we ex- 
tended a hearty welcome to the genial 
young man, who was introduced to 
us as the newly appointed assistant to 
St. Paul's of Highland. During the 
lengthy absence of the pastor. Rev. 
Jos. Meckel. who in company with 

the present Vicar-General of Belle- 
ville had started that fall on a Euro- 
pean journey which was to include 
a trip to the Holy Land, the young 
assistant was given charge of the 
parish affairs until the return of the 
pastor the next summer. How well 
he carried out his responsible obliga- 
tions is attested to by the fact that 
immediately on the return of the pas- 
tor to Highland the young man was 
appointed to the parishes of Troy 
and Black Jack. Here he performed 
good work and won the love and 
esteem of every one in a marked de- 
gree. After several years of fruitful 
labor the Ordinary saw fit to trans- 
fer Father Oberdoerster to the pros- 
pering young parish of Pierron, which 
had been founded only a few years 
before 'by the energetic Father Fut- 
terer, whilst stationed at Grant Fork 
and who had become its first pastor. 
The Bishop at that time was in quest 
of a talented and bright young priest 
to send to the Catholic University at 
Washington, to be the beneficiary of a 
scholarship which had been founded 
there for the Alton diocese. His 
choice fell upon the pastor of Pierron. 
Father Futterer. In consequence 
Father Oberdoerster was transferred 
from Troy and given the rectorship 
of Pierron. Here he completed and 
embellished what his predecessor had 
to leave in rather unfinished condition, 
church, house and cemetery. Hence 
the Pierron parish under his prudent 
management signally developed, both 
materially and spiritually, it grew in 
numbers and waxed strong, so that in 
a few years it favorably compared 
with the best rural congregations of 
the diocese, thanks to the good men 
who successively guided its destiny. 

How often, however, does man ex- 
perience the truth of Holy Writ: 
"Meda vita in morte sumus," "in the 
midst of life we are surrounded by 

Father Oberdoerster had now been 
a priest for upwards of nine years. 
His light-heartedness and sunny dis- 

Page One Hundred and Three 

position, his enthusiastic endeavors 
and continued good health were to 
the average observer a guarantee of 
many more years of precious useful- 
ness in the Master's cause. The career 
of our estimable friend of Pierron 
augured so well. Sickness, however, 
dreaded pneumonia overtook him and 
ended the precious life and valued 
services suddenly, on Friday, July 30, 
1897, at a St. Louis hospital. 

He was buried August 1, in the 
Catholic cemetery of Pierron, fol- 
lowed thither by a vast concourse of 
people from, his own as well as neigh- 
boring parishes and many of his de- 
voted friends and admirers of the 

"His race was run, his crown is won 
The goal is reached in heaven, 
He fought the fight, he kept the Faith 
For which that crown is given". 


"And leaving all behind, 
Come forth alone, 
To join the chosen band 
Around the throne". 

In an interesting historical souve- 
nir-edition of St. Paul's parish of 

Highland, issued September, 1896, the 
author, Rev. Jos. Meckel, devotes a 
brief chapter (page 94) on his worthy 
and distinguished predecessor, Rev. 
Charles Oberprantacher. By the 
transfer of Rev. P. Peters to St. 
Mary's, Alton, he was appointed to 
succeed him as pastor of St. Paul's. 
Prior to this he had been pastor of 
the parish at Millstadt from August, 
1866-August, 1868, where he suc- 
ceeded in erecting a $4,000 school 
house; from 1868-73, pastor at Free- 
burg, and from Novemiber 73-August, 
74 at Edwardsville. At the time when 
this change of pastors was made, 

Highland was not a desirable place for 
any priest to covet. Repeated disturb- 
ances which had occured under 
Fathers Limacher, Bartels and Peters, 
had given that congregation "a black 
eye," each one of these able and effici- 
ent men had left without regret. Father 
O'berprantacher, says our historian, 
was eminently a man of peace, a paci- 
fist and with his coming an era of 
peace seemed to have dawned upon 
that fractious parish. The tomahawk 
was buried and the future promised 
bright. At once the new incumbent 
proceeded to make some necessary re- 
pairs and purchased two lots adjoining 
the church property. New spiritual life- 
began to awaken in the parishioners 
and the schools soon flourished. All 
this, however, was to be of but short 
duration for within less than two 
years Father Oberprantacher sent his 
resignation as pastor of Highland 
and asked the Bishop that he not only 
be relieved of his charge but be per- 
mitted to return to his native land, 
mountainous, beautiful Tyrol. At the 
end of May, 1876, he left Highland 
and sailed for Europe, never to re- 

Rev. Charles Oberprantacher was 
born March 19. 1829, at Biffian in the 
Tyrolean Alps. He was ordained at 
Brixen, July 15, 1855, and came to 
America in July, 1866. After his re- 
turn to Europe he was assigned a 
large parish in his native country. We 
are not in position to state when 
and where our former diocesan priest 
died nor where he was buried. R. 
I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Four 


''The sun shone bright again 
When slowly up the highway 
Came a long funeral train". 

This popular priest, for more than 
25 years pastor of St. Patrick's of 
East St. Louis, was one of the most 

prominent clergymen of the state. He 
was born August 15, 1830, in Bluff, 
County, Limerick, Ireland. At the age 
of 1C 1 years he was brought to this 

country by his parents, who settled 
in Cincinnati, Ohio. He received his 
education at Bardstown Seminar}', 
Kentucky, and was finally graduated 
from Mount St. Mary's, Cincinnati. 
Raised to the priesthood in 1862, 
Father O'Halloran held successively 
the pastorate of Jacksonville, Bunker 
Hill and Cairo, in each of the places 
building a church. During his incum- 
bency at Bunker Hill he erected also 
St. Michael's church of Staunton in 
1873, and greatly distinguished him- 
self for his financial ability in church 
matters and was made Vicar General 
of the diocese. He built a parochial 
residence and the convent at East St 
Louis and moreover purchased the 
present Mount Carmel cemetery for 
$12,000. Furthermore Father O'Hal- 
loran organized a building and loan 
association that has built 72 homes 
for its members. He died, greatly re- 
gretted, December 29, 1898, and was 
buried in Mt. Carmel cemetery of East 
St. Louis. R. 1. P. 


Beyond life's stormy seas of woe 

There is a happy shore, 
Where tears of sorrow never flow, 

And trials are no more. 

Rev. Francis Augustine O s t r o p 
was born at Dorsten in Westfalia, 
September 1, 1823. From his earliest 
years he exhibited an ardent desire to 
enter the holy ministry, but his 
parents were too poor to enable him 
to accomplish it For seven years he 
worked as painter and cabinet maker. 
At the age of twenty-one he began 
the study of classics in his native 
place, but a few months afterwards 
removed to Coesfeld. Such was his 
diligence and application to study 
that in three years he made double 
time and went through six classes. At 
the same time, as a means of support. 
he gave private lessons to less ad- 
vanced students. After graduating he 
repaired to Muenster, there to study 
Philosophy and Theology. On leav- 
ing Muenster he became for awhile 
a tutor in the family of Count 
Schmiesing-Kerstenbrock, whereupon 

for two years he acted as teacher at 
the Osnabrueck High school, giving 
popular lectures on astronomy. After- 
wards for five years he had charge of 
the Ibbenbueren High school. 

When, in 1857, Bishop Juncker went 
to Westfalia to recruit subjects for 
his diocese, Francis Ostrop offered 
his services, which were gladly ac- 
cepted. He reached Alton, November 
11, was sent to the Carondelet Semin- 
ary, of St. Louis, and ordained 
May 1, 1858. His first appointment 
was to St. Mary's church of Alton. He 
found a two-story building, erected 
the previous year by Rev. John 
Menge, with the help of the eight 
families constituting the congregaton 
and serving for church, school and 
rectory, with a debt of $3,OCO. On 
Trinity Sunday, 1860, a tornado de- 
stroyed the building, burying in its 
ruins priest and housekeeper: both, 
however, were safely extricated from 
their perilous plight. He was anxious 

II,,, Hundred and Fit 

to build anew, but the debt, how- 
ever, had first to be liquidated. Un- 
able to find sufficient help at home he 
obtained permission to seek it abroad. 
He went, in turn, to Cincinnati, Cov- 
ington, St. Louis, Quincy; Belleville, 
and was thus enabled to begin the 

building of the church, 110x50, with 
steeple 100 feet high. He also built 
a rectory which for a time was partly 
used for a boys' school, the girls 
attending the Ursuline Academy. In 
1869 he built a High School at the 
cost of $11,000. 

In September, 1872, he was ap- 
pointed pastor of St. Boniface parish 
of Quincy. There he soon erected a 
school, at the time one of the finest 
parochial school buildings in the 
West, purchased property and was 
resolved on building a $100,000 
church, which no doubt he would have 
accomplished had not the debt of 
$82,CCO alarmed the less sanguine 
hopes of the Bishop and aroused op- 
position- and protest from the mem- 
bers. Hence his plan failed. 

On September 1, 1887, he was trans- 
ferred to Carlinville, there to become 
the rector of St. Joseph's parish. The 
congregation had but forty families 
and the overhanging debt amounted 

to $10,000. The condition of affairs 
seemed desperate. The new rector 
in no way dismayed, went to work 
with all energy, started four associa- 
tions, to take in all the members, the 
receipts going to the benefit of the 
church. He soon paid the whole debt, 
built a becoming school for which he 
purchased ground, bought a rectory 
for $2,200 and put an addition 30x35 
to the sanctuary at a cost of $4,000. 
In 1891 his health was failing fast. 
He, nevertheless, during the winter 
1891-92 attended to his duties with 
the occasional help of neighboring 
priests. His condition continued to 
grow worse. Father Ostrop realized 
the nearness of the last summons and 
duly prepared himself for the last 
call. He piously died on June 26, 
1892. His funeral was held June 30, 
attended by the Bishop, forty priests 
and a vast concourse of people. 

Father Ostrop was a wonderful 
man, an enthusiast about his work 
and had the peculiar talent of spread- 
ing the sacred fire around him. Plain 
and simple in his way of living, he 
was always very kind and hospitable. 
In him the poor and afflicted found 
a friend never failing, education a 
warm champion, science an ardent de- 

Have you ever observed that quad- 
rangular glass enclosure on top of 
St. Boniface school building? It was 
Father Ostrop's observatory, where 
he loved to spend many an hour dur- 
ing clear, bright nights, with his large 
adjustable telescope, studying the 
constellations in the starry heavens 

His voluminous library which filled 
two large rooms, was probably one of 
the choicest and most valuable in the 
possession of any private individual. 

What has become of that splendid 
library with its many valuable books, 
charts and manuscripts? Scattered 
here, there, or everywhere. Some 
were sold for a song, others given 
away. Too bad, indeed, for such loss 
to the diocese would seem well nigh 

Page One Hundred and Six 

Father Ostrop was loved and ad- 
mired by all that knew him. Peace 
to his noble soul. R. I. P. 

P. S. For a detailed account of 

the life of Father Ostrop, see his ex- 
haustive biography written in 1894 by 
Rev. B. Hartmann. 


"Dirigatur, Domine, oratio mea 
Sicut incensum in conspectu tuo". 

To the inscrutable designs of Divine 
Providence it seemed good to call 
from hence on November 10. 1917, the 

Rev. Adam J. Pennartz, pastor of St. 
Michael's parish of Sigel, 111., dean of 
the Effingham district and member of 
the board of diocese examiners. 

With his passing a prominent 
priest and eminent man has passed 
away, one who, as it were, towered 
above his fellow-priests by a certain 
air and semblance of superiority, 
whose opinion and judgment in mat- 
ters ecclesiastical and profane carried 
weight and conviction, in whose com- 
pany it was a pleasure to be. Of him 
it was pertinently said at the obse- 
quies: ''He was every inch a gentle- 
man, every inch a priest." To his 
parishioners Father Pennartz proved 
at all times a wise and prudent coun- 
sellor, a true father and friend. In 
the performance of sacred functions 
no one was more exact and conscien- 

tious than he. Great were the results 
he achieved during the 44 years of 
ministry. The various parishes over 
which he was placed to preside give 
eloquent testimony of his unflagging 
zeal and devotion to his holy calling, 
Arcola, Paris, Ste Marie, particularly 
however, Assumption (1881-'88) with 
Taylorville as mission where he con- 
structed the present church edifice, and 
Springfield (1888-'96.) Here St. Peter 
and Paul's substantial parochial school 
building stands a lasting monument 
to his earnest advocacy of things 
educational. The splendid condition 
of St. Michael's congregation of Sigel, 
both spiritual and material, is pre- 
eminently due to the efforts of its now 
fallen leader. 

The joyous strains of the Golden 
Jubilee celebration of his beloved 
Sigel parish were still vibrating on 
the air when the heralds of the ap- 
proaching pale messenger announced 
themselves to him under the guise of 
vehement heart-attacks which medi- 
cal authority atonce declared serious 
with probably early fatal ending. The 
prediction proved, alas, too true, for 
death claimed the good, valiant man 
scarcely a week later at St. Anthony's 
Hospital of Effingham whither the 
suffering patient had been brought 
for treatment and rest. When on the 
evening of November 10, towards mid- 
night the nursing Sister approached 
the patient's bedside to administer a 
cordial, good Father Pennartz had 
peacefully slumbered away. 

Our departed was born July 7, 
1850 at Trevern in the Archdiocese of 
Cologne, studied at the American Col- 
lege of Louvain and was ordained a 
priest at Brussels in Belgium July 27, 
1873, coming to this country and the 
Alton Diocese in October of that 
same year. May heaven be his reward! 

Page One Hundred and Set-en 


"How peaceful and how powerful is the 
grave ! ' ' 

We turn our spirit-gaze to the con- 
secrated little mound in Alton's Cath- 

olic cemetery, beneath which lie en- 
tombed the ashes of Rev. Peter 
Peters, one of the diocese's illustrious 
dead. Born in the town of Keppelen 
in Rhenish Province, near the border 
of Holland, on April 15, 1833, he 
pursued a course in classics in his 
home town, thereupon entering the 
Academy of Emmerich for the study 
of Philosophy and Theology. After 
two years of close application to his 
studies in the Academy the young 
aspirant emigrated to the United 
States, landing at Alton in 1859. 
Shortly after his arrival, at the solici- 
tation of Bishop Juncker, who had 
been consecrated first Bishop of the 
Alton diocese but a short time previ- 
ously, he embarked for Cape Girar- 
deau, Mo., and completed his theo- 
logical course in the Seminary of that 
place. On April 21, 1861, the ambiti- 
ous young cleric was ordained to the 
Priesthood by Bishop Juncker, cele- 
brated his first Holy Mass at SS. 
Peter and Paul's church of Spring- 
field, where Father John Janssen, 
afterwards Bishop of Belleville, a 
countryman of his. was pastor. 

Page One Hundred and Eight 

Father Peter's first appointment was 
to St. Mary's of Edwardsville. After 
two years service at Edwardsville, 
during which time he erected a sub- 
stantial residence and started a paro- 
chial school, Bishop Juncker sent him 
to Highland, that there in the roll of 
peacemaker he might succeed in con- 
ciliating opposing and warring fac- 
tions which until then had caused the 
lives of resident pastors to become 
miserable. His transfer to Highland 
was in 1863 and lasted eleven years 
till 1874. During all these years he 
ministered faithfully not only to the 
spiritual needs of his Highland people 
but likewise to those of the neighbor- 
ing St. Elizabeth's parish of Marine. 
At this latter place he was instru- 
mental in having a parochial residence 
built. He labored most zealously for 
the good of his congregation, yet 
periodical squabbles were want to 
turn up, for the fighting spirit and 
antagonism to priestly authority was 
peculiar to the Highlanders. Father 
Peter's firmness of character, how- 
ever, together with his model priestly 
bearing, gradually subdued the bel- 
ligerence of the malcontents; it almost 
disappeared under the suave and leni- 
ent rule of his successor, Rev. Father 
Joseph Meckel, who was appointed 
pastor of St. Paul's of Highland, 
while our Father Peters was trans- 
ferred to St. Mary's of Alton, which 
parish had become vacant by the 
transfer of Rev. Francis Ostrop to 
St. Boniface of Quincy, 111. Rev. 
August Schlegel (the sledgehammer 
priest) muzzled the rest of the kickers 
when he became their pastor. Today 
Highland again ranks with the fore- 
most parishes of the diocese, its can- 
tankerous spirit is subdued, the paro- 
chial prize-fighters are either dead or 
gone. Father Peters took charge of 
St. Mary's of Alton in 1874. He was 
a man who for all time left a lasting 
impress upon affairs ecclesiastical of 
Alton. Soon after coming to his new 
parish the zealous priest worked with 
might and main to further the status 
of St. Mary's parochial school then 
as now under the efficient manage- 

ment of the Xotre Dame Sisters. 
With the combined efforts of priest 
and teachers, great results were ob- 
tained so that today St. Mary's school 
ranks with the best in that city. 
Father Peters, moreover, was a man 
of distinct business qualifications. 
Prudence and sagacity advised the 
purchase of adjoining property; thus 
it was that in a quiet and undemon- 
strative way lot after lot and house 
after house passed into the ownership 
of St. Mary's, so that before long the 
parish commanded the whole block. 
And he it was who rested not until 
the present splendid $60,CCO church 
was erected, a monument which for 
all time will continue to proclaim the 
untiring zest and zeal of Rev. Peter 
Peters. And when the day of its 
consecration came, the climax of hap- 
piness and joy to the then aging man, 
his countenance was beaming with 
happy contentment, it seemed that he 
had no more desire or need of any 
new measure to be filled. The con- 
secrating Bishops on this occasion 
were the Right Revs. James Ryan of 
Alton and John Janssen of Belle- 
ville, whilst the pastor, Father Peters, 
sang the Solemn Mass at which the 
Very Rev. Michael Richard O. F. M., 

delivered a grand and powerful ser- 
mon. Father Peters took delight in 
showing the occasioned caller his 
newly-purchased additional property. 
He would don an old overcoat over 
his cassock, be it winter or summer, 
perch a biretta upon his head, light an 
old, time-honored, long meerschaum 
pipe and ready he was for the trip 
around his property. This perform- 
ance the good old man repeated as 
often as a visitor would call on him. 

Quietly and peacefully without 
making any noise or stir, he lived a 
most useful life in Alton, and just as 
quietly and peacefully was his passing 
away on March 5th, 1896. His mem- 
ory we all affectionately love and 
cherish. His body sleeps in the grave 
but his spirit rests in Paradise with 

In the demise of Father Peters, Al- 
ton had sustained a great loss. 
A man of fine natural gifts and high 
accomplishments his departure not 
only affected St. Mary's of Alton but 
was keenly felt by the diocese at large. 

May this worthy priest of God who 
so insessantly worked in the cause of 
Holy Church rest forever in God's 
Holy peace. 


Owing to the early period when he 
worked in this portion of the vin- 
yard of the Lord, the Rev. Michael 
Prendergast should not be passed 
over in silence. Father Prendergast 
was born at New Park, County Wex- 
ford, Ireland in the year 1810. He 
studied for the priesthood at Carlow 
College. There he was ordained for 
the Archdiocese of Dublin. For some 
time he was in the mission of Ank- 
low, County Wicklow. After spend- 
ing ten years on the mission in Ire- 
land, he came to the United States, 
affiliating himself with the diocese of 
Chicago, and was sent at once as' an 
assistant to Rev. M. Carroll of Alton. 
This was in 1853. In the following 
year, 1854, Rev. M. Prendergast was 
sent to Decatur to 'become the first 
resident rector of St. Patrick's. He 

Page One Hundred and Nine 

remained two years at Decatur, from 
where he attended Winchester, Pitts- 
field and other places, till replaced by 
Rev. Thomas Cusack. Next we find 
him starting the congregation of 
Winona, Minn. In 1868 he was at 
Danville, 111., which he left to take 
charge of Batavia, attending at same 
time Geneva and St. Charles. He 
died at Batavia, March 3, 1875 and 


Rev. Thomas Quigley was ordained 
in 1849 by Archbishop Kenrick of St. 
Louis. He was a subject of the 
Bishop of Chicago, in whose diocese 
he spent almost his entire priestly 
life. Whilst the Illinois Central R. 
R., was being constructed, Rev. Quig- 
ley made many trips along that line 
and his success with the poor fellows 
is said to have been marvelous. In 
1855 he came to Springfield as pastor 
of the old St. John's church. He 
soon formed the design of erecting a 

was buried in Calvary Cemetery, 

Being a man of considerable means 
he left a goodly portion to relatives 
living near Xew Douglas, devoted 
larger sums to charitable purposes 
and bequeathed the remainder to 
Bishop Foley of Chicago for diocesan 
uses. R. I. P. 


new building and placing it under the 
patronage of the Immaculate Concep- 
tion B. V. M. Dr Q'uigley built the 
foundation but did not remain to com- 
plete the work. When leaving he was 
replaced by Father P. McElherne, 
whilst he assumed charge of parish 
work in the northern (Chicago and 
Peoria) part of the state. 

Rev. Thomas Quigley was known 
in literary circles as a writer of some 
note. R. I. P. 


"Justum deduxit Dominus per vias rectas". 

For many years, from 1866-1891, a 
quarter century, this humble priest of 
God exercised his sacerdotal func- 
tions with promptness and alacrity, 
retiring from active service only 
which compelled by bodily infirmities, 
leaving an honorable record wherever 
the call of duty had summoned him. 

Rev. Longinus Quitter was born 
Fe'bruary 26, 1830, at Daseburg, West- 
falia, studied classics at Rietberg and 
Warendorf, philosophy at Muenster. 
He came to this country in 1863, en- 
tered the Seminary of St. Joseph's 
College Teutopolis and was elevated 
to the priesthood vy Bishop Juncker 
at Alton. 

Aug. 8, 1865. His first assignment 
was to St. Marie, Jasper county, as 
assistant from 1856-67; then 'became 
rector of Mt. Carmel, 1867-1872, of 
Westwood 1872-1874, of Paderborn 
1874-1876, at Aviston, an assistant at 
Quincy 1876-1878, rector of Vandalia 
1878-1882 (during which incumbency 
he built St. Lawrence church of 
Greenville in 1878) Madonnaville, 
1882-1886, of Lively Grove in 1886, till 
his retirement on account of pro- 
tracted illness to St. Mary's hospital, 
East St. Louis, a short time previous 
to his death, December 5, 1891. He 
lies buried at Lively Grove. R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Ten 

REV. J. B. RAHO, C. M. 

"And thou shall stand where 
Winged Archangels worship, 
And trembling bow before thee". 

The Lazarist Fathers of Cape 
Girardeau, Mo., were among the first 
priests who performed heroic, lasting 
missionary work in Illinois. These 
veterans in the field were inured and 
hardened to fatigue and privations, 
they all had graduated from the 
school of experience, they were rug- 
ged men of deep learning and saint- 
ly lives. Wherever these sons of St. 
Vincent of Paul put forth their lofty 
aims and tireless labors forgetful of 
self, they changed dreary prairie spots 
into fragrant flower gardens, built 
churches, schools and charitable in- 
stitutions in communities which' 
seemed not only barren and hopeless 
of higher spiritual life and ideal, nay 
proved even inimical to any attempt 
to plant God's blessed church in their 
midst. Wonderful has been the suc- 
cess of these Mission priests whose 
eminent qualifications as Missionaries 
achieved such marvellous results 
wherever the voice of obedience 
called them. Some of their achieve- 
ments in Illinois form bright pages 
in the annals of the Order. What's 
now a large part of the Alton diocese, 
was an outmission of the C. M. 
Fathers in the latter part of the 
thirties. The facile and gifted pen of 
Father Thomas Shaw, C. M., has 
saved the doings and operations of 
these Missionary priests on the prair- 
ies of Illinois from falling into ob- 
livion, he has given us the "Story of 
the La Salle Mission," by which the 
learned Father has earned the lasting 
gratitude of every lover and student 
of the history of the Catholic Church 
in Illinois. 

Among the priests who traversed 
the broad acres of Illinois late in the 
thirties and early in the forties, his 
splendid narrative cites men for 
whom the clergy and people of the 
Alton diocese have more than pass- 
ing interest, because of their mission- 
ary activity and ministrations in cities 
and towns now incorporated in our 
own diocese. Fathers J. B. Raho, 

Parodi and Orlando, and others, all 
members of the order of St. Vincent 
of Paul, or C. M.'s as they are called 
for brevity's sake. The most con- 
spicuous of these Mission Fathers 
portrayed on the pages of the "Story 
of the La Salle Mission" was unques- 
tionably Father J. B. Raho, the 

These Lazarist Fathers (so-called 
from their first Community House 
dedicated to St. Lazarus and given 
over to works of charity in Paris) 
sailing for first time the Illinois river 
on their way from St. Louis to La 
Salle, arrived at the latter place 
March 29, 1838. At once they entered 
upon the work mapped out for them 
by Bishop Rosati and Father Timon, 
their Superior, with Father Raho as 
their guiding genius. 

"The old pioneers of the Sanctu- 
ary," says Father Shaw, "had great 
provisional gifts and fertile brains, 
excellent tact, wonderful qualities of 
adaptation, and happy dispositions. 
As the Israelites in the desert carried 
and located the ark wherever they 
roamed, so the Missioner carried and 
built the altar wheresoever in the 
valley or on the prairie he would pass 
the night. The tail of a wagon, the 
box of a buggy or now the table of 
the family of the host served as a 
stand; the saddle-bags contained all 
the requisites in altar stone, vest- 
ments, linens, etc., for the due cele- 
bration of the divine mysteries. In 
the largest room of the cabin the 
temporary altar was erected and 
everything for the holy sacrifice was 
in readiness." 

Of Father Raho's strenuous exer- 
tions in behalf of the scattered Cath- 
olic population in the counties of 
Sangamon, Cass, Macoupin and Mor- 
gan the Superior of the Lazarists, 
Father Timon afterwards Bishop of 
Buffalo wrote to the Superior Gen- 
eral Xozo, at Paris: 

"I received a letter from Msgr. Ro-^ 
sati, who missioned one of the Fathers 
to visit another congregation 180 
miles from La Salle. From a careful 

Page One Hundred and Eleven 

perusal of the book of expenditures 
and a letter which will be found in 
records, the people requested to visit, 
were in Morgan and Cass counties, 
covering an area of 60 miles, and 
embracing the towns of Beardstown, 
Meredosia, Virginia and the capital 
of the State of Illinois, Springfield. 
The Northern Cross railroad was 
then in course of building and there, 
too, were gathered a congregation of 
the children of the Faith. In the 
opening of June, the indefatigable 
Missionary takes the St. Louis boat, 
and arrives after a day's sail at 
Beardstown on the Illinois river. He 
will describe the town in which as in 
a mirror he closely denned the zeal 
and resignation so worthy a son of 
St. Vincent de Paul: 

"I discovered about 200 Catholics 
scattered over 60 miles. For the 
space of a month I exercised among 
them the holy ministry, almost al- 
ways traveled on foot, carrying on my 
shoulders saddle-bags containing 
altar necessaries, and in my hand a 
carpet-bag, in open air and into the 
night hearing Confessions, in the day 
time occupied teaching the children 
the catechism. 

I was amazed at the work of grace 
and at the eagerness with which 
these poor people rushed to hear the 
instructions I gave, flinging aside for 
this purpose hours of sleep and 

Father Raho, Superior of the La 
Salle Mission, on his return home 
writes of his labors in Southern Illi- 

La Salle. La Salle Co., 111. 
June 21, 1838. 

Dear Sir: On last Saturday I ar- 
rived here. My health is at present 
tolerably well. The success of my 
mission eight miles from Beardstown 
has been, that a small church is to 
be built there, and five children were 
baptized, of whom one was of Catho- 
lic parents, two of parents one Cath- 
.olic and the other Protestant, and 
the other of Protestant parents. 
That church is located in the town 
of Virginia, ten miles from Beards- 

town, on the road to Springfield, and 
chief town or county seat of the new 
county of Cass, being the county oi 
Morgan divided into two, Morgan 
and Cass. I have no time to write 
longer. I shall do so another time. 

Your most obedient servant in 

J. B. Raho, P. of Cong, of Missions. 
Rev. Father Raho and his valiant 
band of Missionary confreres, who 
worked so well in parts of our pres- 
ent diocese and the heroic Jesuit 
Father Quickenborne, of St. Louis, 
who ministered to the Catholics of 
Beardstown as early as 1833 enjoy 
the compensation which God has 
promised to the workers in his em- 

For information as to the subse- 
quent career and life of Father Raho 
we are indebted to the pains-taking 
researches of the Very Rev. Theodore 
Arentz, ex-provincial O. F. M., of 
Santa Barbara, California. It runs 
thuswise: With the creation of the 
Diocese of Chicago, the larger num- 
ber of Lazarist Fathers who were 
connected with the La Salle Mission 
were withdrawn from Illinois. Rev. 
Raho was one of these. Being re- 
called by his Superior he was made 
President of the St. Louis Theologi- 
cal Seminary, replacing the Rev. 
Thaddeus Amat, C. M., who was ap- 
pointed to the headship of St. Mary's 
Seminary (Barrens) in Perry county. 
Mo. Father Raho remained Superior 
of the Seminary till 1847, when he 
was ordered to New Orleans to as- 
sume a professorship in the St. Vin- 
cent of Paul Seminary. With the 
exception of two years, from 1848-'5i 
when he acted as Cathedral pastor at 
Natchez, our learned and talented 
professor retained his position in New 
Orleans till 1855. At this time, Nov. 
23, 1855, his friend and confrere, Rev. 
Thaddeus Amat, who on March 12, 
1854 had been consecrated at Rome 
as Bishop of Monterey, persuaded our 
subject to accompary him to sunny 
California. Father Raho accepted 
and forever proved himself most valu- 
able and loyal to his episcopal friend 
and superior. It happened that whilst 

Page One Hundred and Twelv 

making a visitation of the diocese. 
Bishop Amat came to the "Old Mis- 
sion" of Santa Barbara. He was so 
favorably impressed wi*h the town 
and surroundings that temporarily, at 
least, Santa Barbara becarre. the 
Bishop's residential city. Thr Fran- 
ciscan Fathers weic in charge of the 
cny parish. He induced them to ex- 
change their 'foldings for die "Old 
Mission" place. It was no sooner 
said than, done. This was in 1856 
Father Raho was appointed pastor 
of the city parish of Santa Barbara, 
which pastorate he retained till the 

summer of 1857, when the Bishop 
sent him in similar capacity to the 
"Plaza Church" of Los Angeles. 

In 1858 Father Raho became the 
Vicar General of the diocese. After 
three more years of strenuous life 
our former active and pious Illinois 
pioneer priest answered the final 
summons. He died a well prepared, 
edifying death at Los Angeles, Dec. 
11, 1862. 

The diocese of Chicago, Alton and 
Peoria should forever keep the mem- 
ory of this good man in grateful, 
sacred benediction. R. I. P. 


"Then lead him through this desert 
Back to Thy Holy Land". 

He was an assistant at St. Boni- 
face, Quincy, under its pastor, Father 
John Reis in 1857-'58, and acted as 
pastor of the parish a few months till 

the coming of Father Shaefermeyer. 
Rev. A. Ratte thereupon went to 
Cincinnati, and later returned to his 
native country, Germany. He is said 
to have been a fine pulpit speaker. 


"Hush! was that some one passing, 
Who paused before the door?"' 

Our subject was a native of Luxem- 
burg, born at La Rochette, Nov. 3, 
1826, came to America in 1853 and 
was ordained to the priesthood very 
likely at the Seminary of Our Lady 
of the Lake, by Bishop Oliver Van 
de Velde on June 10, 1854. After 
his ordination Father Raphael was at 
once assigned to the parish of Teu- 
topolis, where he stayed from July, 
1854-Xov. 1856, becoming a success- 
or to Rev. Joseph F. Zoegel. His next 
appointments were those of Millstadt 
and Mascoutah. In 1859 he succeeded 
the pastor of St. Mary's parish of 
Brussels, Rev. John Regal. Father 

Raphael commenced the erection of 
a commodiou.s two-story residence 
for the rector; it was completed in 
1862. He occupied it. The following 
year the present church was com- 
menced and rendered ready for divine 
service. Father Raphael was, how- 
ever, too soon removed to accomplish 
all his designs. Whilst he was pastor 
of Brussels he succeeded in building 
the first log church six miles above 
Hardin, now called Michael. Later 
on, in 1866 he was in charge of Sum- 
mit Springs, Butler county, Pa., and 
at the time of his death, which oc- 
cured in 1900, he was a chaplain in the 
Convent of the Good Shepherd in 


Page One Hundred and Thirteen 


"No grief, though loud and deep 
Could 1 stir that sleep". 

Sad and tragic was the ending of a 
very industrious and useful life of one 
of the diocese's most venerable priests, 
that of Rev. Francis N. Recouvreur. 
Deceased had attained the age of 75 
years. He had retired from active 
service and intended to spend the re- 

mainder of his declining days in well 
merited rest and repose with a niece 
in Kirkwood, Mo. To this end he re- 
linquished the parish of New Douglas 
and moved into his prepared quarters 
near St. Louis. It was the custom of 
deceased to retire every evening at 
7 o'clock. It was on a Saturday 
night, October 24, 1908, that his rela- 
tive was awakened by the smell of 
gas. She investigated and discovered 
that the fumes came from her uncle's 
rooms. A new gas stove had recent- 
ly been placed in his room. It is 
supposed that the aged priest went to 
sleep in his arm-chair which stood 
in front of the gas stove and thus be- 
came asphyxiated. 

The funeral took place from St. 
Malachy's church, St. Louis, and was 
attended by many of the clergy who 
had come to pay their last tribute of 
respect and pray for the soul of their 
esteemed venerable confrere. 

Solemn High Mlass was celebrated 
by Rev. F. X. Zabell, D. D., a coun- 
tryman and former fellow student of 
deceased, with Rev. C. L. Souvay, C. 
M., as deacon and Rev. Wm Michael 
of Pieron, as sub-deacon, whilst V. 
Rev. E. Spalding of Alton, delivered 
the funeral sermon touching on the 
long and useful career of the de- 
parted and his many noble traits of 

Father Recouvreur was known as a 
great organizer and church builder. 
Almost in every parish over which he 
presided during his long priestly life 
he left some memento of his zeal and 
labor. In the dioceses of Alton and 
Peoria this good man's name will re- 
main a benediction. In looKing over 
the long record of his accomplish- 
ments we find him to have 'been ac- 
tive at Assumption in 1865, Pittsfield 
where he erected a church and frame 
rectory in 1867 and opened a school 
in 1870, Edwardsville, 1872, from 
which place he attended Taylorville, 
where he built a substantial parson- 
age and bought some choice lots for 
a new church, Carrollton, 1873-77, 
where he built a schoolhouse. After 
this he displayed his activities in the 
Peoria diocese, at Clinton, 1S79-'80, 
Campus, 1881 -'82, Dwight, 1882-'85, 
Delavan, 1887, and L'Erable, 1887-'90. 
At this juncture Father Recouvreur 
returned to the Alton diocese and was 
assigned to St. Ubaldus parish of New 
Douglas, where at once he com- 
menced to erect a parish house in 
which he lived nine years from 1890- 
'99, the time of his retirement to 
Kirkwood, Mo. 

Father Francis Nicholas Recouv- 
reur was a native of La Belle France, 
born in the Diocese of Nancy, Jan- 
uary 23, 1833, was raised to the priest- 
hood by Bishop Juncker in the Alton 
Cathedral, August 4, 1859, and died 
as stated, Oct. 24, 1908. 

May God rest and crown the soul 
of this persistent worker in his vin- 

Page One Hundred and Fourtett 


" God knows I did it for the best". 

The second resident pastor of 
Brussels. He was .a native of Nancy, 
France, and governed the parish of 

Brussels from 1853-1859. He was the 
rirst priest to conduct divine services 
in private houses above Hardin. R. 
I. P. 


Rev. Francis Reinhardt, the organ- 
izer of St. Mary's Parish and superin- 
tendent of the construction of the first 
St. Mary's church building of Quincy, 
was at the time of his assignment to 
the. cause of the newly formed con- 
gregation an assistant priest to the 

Rev. Herman Schaefermeyer, then 
pastor of St. Boniface parish. In like 
capacity he acted 1876-1877, under 
Rev. Francis Ostrop, who, after Rev. 
Schaefermeyer had donned the Fran- 
ciscan habit in 1872 (to be known 
from thenceforth as P. laborious) suc- 
ceeded to the pastorate of St. Boni- 
face. It was Father Reinhardt who 
suggested name and title of the newly 
planned parish. Commissioned by the 
Bishop to promote and further the 
initial interests of St. Mary's congre- 
gation, this good man at once put 
forth his best endeavors to accom- 
plish what seemed to many an almost 
impossible task, hopeless of tiltimate 
success. And how he worked and 

labored day after day and week after 
week incessantly and cheerfully for 
and with the Catholic people of the 
South Side, of all this we read on the 
pages of Father Bruener's meritorious 
and exhaustive work entitled ''Kir- 
chengeschichte Quincy's" p. 285. 

Suffice it to say that Rev. Rein- 
hardt had the happiness to see his 
persistent endeavors crowned with 
unqualified success and that the 
united efforts of promising St. Mary's 
had succeeded to erect a most beau- 
tiful Gothic edifice was formally de- 
dicated to its lofty end and purpose 
on December 8, 1867. A sore disap- 
pointment, however, was in store for 
our indefatigable worker, a disappoint- 
ment over which he justly grieved 
very much and which grief was uni- 
versally shared by all parishioners of 
St. Mary's, viz: that after accom- 
plishing this great task at the sacri- 
fice of thousands of personal con- 
veniences not he but someone else 
should 'be assigned as pastor to the 
new parish. This disappointment was 
seemingly a hard and cruel one, but 
Father Reinhardt knew how to bear 
it humbly and submissively. He re- 
turned to the labors of an assistant 
priest of St. Boniface until shortly 
after the voice of his superior called 
him to another field of labor. 

The subject of this biographical 
sketch was born April 20, 1834 at 
Fulda in Hessia. a place forever hal- 
lowed by the life and death of Ger- 
many's great apostle, St. Boniface. 
Ordained to the priesthood on St. 
Joseph's day, March 19, 1859 by the 
Bishop of that city and diocese, our 
young levite exercised his priestly 
functions in his native land until the 
year 1864, when, encouraged by the 
example of so many zealous mission- 
aries and the appeal for priests by 

Page One Hundred and Fifteen 

our American Bishops, young Father 
Reinhardt determined to devote the 
remainder of his life to the American 
missions. Invited by Bishop Damian 
Juncker, he came to the Alton Diocese 
where the sturdy, rugged young man 
son found abundant opportunities for 
the display of his zeal and talents. 
Thus it is that our subject was suc- 
cessively appointed to positions at 
Quincy with Revs. H. Schaefermeyer 
and Francis Ostrop, to Breese, as as- 
sistant to Rev. Reineke, to Highland 
with Rev. Jos. M e c k e 1, to West 
Woods, Taylorville and the chaplain- 
cy at St. John's Hospital of Spring- 
field, where at that time the energetic 
Superioress, Ven. Sr. Ulrica, O. S. F., 
was erecting the fine chapel building. 
Here I had the good fortune of meet- 
ing the quondam organizer of our St. 
Mary's congregaton. On conversing 
with him on a numlber of topics and 

various timely subjects 1 found him 
a man of erudition and mature judg- 
ment though oftentimes of rather 
straightforward and blunt expression, 
one who was very unassuming and 
modest in appearance, an humble and 
unselfish priest of God and sympa- 
thetic friend of man. 

It seems that in the latter part of 
the eighties his health became seri- 
ously impaired; to seek relief for a 
shattered and broken down constitu- 
tion, Father Reinhardt obtained per- 
mission from his Ordinary to return 
to his native country, to beautiful 
Hessia, where after some few years 
of lingering sickness, he expired on 
August 25, 1892, at the village of 
Lettgenbrunn near the city of Fulda. 
There he has found his last resting 
place. May this good man, to whose 
untiring efforts Quincy owes so much, 
forever rest in God's holy peace! 


"Per aspera ad astra". 

When Rev. Father Kuenster, pas- 
tor of St. Boniface, Quincy, had died, 
Sept. 15, 1857, Bishop Juncker as- 
signed a successor in the person of 
Father J. Reis. This priest had come 
from Missouri, where at Merrimac, 
St. Louis county, he had acted as pas- 
tor of St. Mary's parish. He was frail 
and sickly; foreseeing the work which 
awaited him at Quincy, the appointee 

refused to accept the proffered posi- 
tion, but finally yielded to his superi- 
ors insistence. However, Father Reis 
was compelled the next August to 
resign the pastorate of St. Boniface, 
as his impaired health threatened to 
break down under the weight of 
manifold daily duties. He retired 
from active pastoral life and died a 
few years afterward. 


The first resident pastor of SS. 
Peter and Paul's congregation 01 
Collinsville, was Rev. W. J. Repis. 
He was a Bohemian by birth and was 
sent to this parish in 1857. During his 
stay he performed excellent work till 

the fall of 1858. At this time he re- 
solved to go South to Tennessee, 
and was admitted into the diocese 
of Nashville, where in that city he 
was given charge of St. Mary's parish. 

Page One Hundred and Sixteen 


"Creative Lord Incarnate, let me lean 
Myself on Thee; 

Xor let my utter weakness come between 
Thy strength and me." 

B. H. Benson. 

The Franciscan Order sustained a 
severe loss when on June 8, 1916 the 
Very Rev. P. Michael Richard, O. F. 
M. died. A man of extraordinary 

mental endowment and great moral 
force had passed away. A brilliant 
pulpit orator, deep theologian, an 
ideal retreat master, and above all a 
sincere pious and unaffected follower 
of St. Francis, is mourned not only 
by the regular but likewise by the 
secular clergy of this and many other 
dioceses. Wherever Father Michael 
was known, there he was honored, re- 
spected and loved. The impressions 
he created are to be lasting. The 

Alton Diocese is particularly affected 
by his demise, for it was at Teutopolis 
and Quincy that for many years he 
was successfully active not only as 
College Rector and Convent Guardian 
but likewise pastor of various parishes 
such as Antonius, St. Joseph and Al- 

Father Michael's personality was 
one of striking physique and com- 
manding appearance. Mis strong- 
voice in pulpit discourses and ser- 
mons was audible for blocks and as 
a Franciscan said he caused the pul- 
pit to shake and tremble. As mission- 
ary and retreat master Father Michael 
was known from New York to San 
Francisco. Twice his brothers voted 
him a Provincial of their Order 1891- 
'97. In 1895 he became a delegate to 
the ''Congregatio Intermedia" which 
on Pentecost Sunday of that year as- 
sembled at Assisi, Italy; the birth- 
place of their holy founder, St. Fran- 

When the health of the good aged 
Father began to fail, he was retired 
to the Convent of Santa Barbara in 
sunny California, where on above 
mentioned date he calmly and peace- 
fully expired at the age of 72 years. 

Father Michael was born Sept. 25, 
1844 at Effelder near Muehlhausen in 
the Province of Saxony, studied at 
Heiligenstadt and entered the Fran- 
ciscan Order at Warendorf in 1861. 
Having completed the theological 
studies, his superiors sent him to their 
American Missions in 1867. The 
following year, Dec. 4, 1868 our 
young Franciscan Friar received Holy 
Orders from Archbishop Kenrick in 
St. John's Church, St. Louis. 

May this true, intrepid and loyal 
champion of God's Holy Church rest 
in peace. 

Page One Hundred and Seventeen 


"Grant him rest where never sorrow 
Enters more, nor pain nor foe ; 
Grant him light that neither morrow, 
Night, nor yesterday shall know; 
Joy that ever shall increase, 
Light perpetual, rest in peace'". 

Among the teaching staff of pro- 
fessors of the former College of Ruma 
we find the name of Rev. A. B. 
Rinkes enumerated. Before he took 
up college work he had been actively 
engaged in parish work at various 
places in the diocese. In scanning 
over the different congregations, we 
meet him as pastor of St. Mary's 
parish of Pittsfield from 1861-'62. It 
was he who shortly after coming to 
that place laid the foundation to the 
present solid brick structure in 1862 
which was however, not completed 
till 1864 when on Christmas morning 
the first Holy Mass was celebrated 
in it. The next two years from 1862- 
'64 we find our subject installed as 
pastor of Mt. Sterling, from which 
place he was transferred to Bunker 
Hill when he built the church of the 

"Annunciation B. V. M. His stay 
here lasted also but two years. From 
1865-'66 he served Marshall. From 
Marshall it seems that Father Rinkes 
was called to the newly created Ger- 
man parish of East St. Lo'uis which 
at the time became a factor inde- 
pendent of St. Patrick's. He was still 
young and energetic. Twenty-five 
adults represented the full parish. 
Father Rinkes assembled the children 
for daily instructions and thus soon 
established the first parish school. 
Next he purchased ^ building site, 
and the erection of a two-story frame 
building was 'begun in which the 
school occupied the first and the 
church the second floor. The young 
parish was placed under the protec- 
tion of St. Henry. At this time Father 
Rinkes took sick. He left East St. 
Louis March 9, 1867 and went to 
Ruma to accept a position as college 
professor. He died a priest of the 
Green Bay diocese. R. I. P. 


In Te Domine Speravi, 

Non Confundarin Aeternum. 

It is but meet and just that deserved 

tribute be paid to the moral intellec- 

tual and spiritual excellence and 
power of a good man, and that his 
name be perpetuated and his memory 
be preserved from oblivion and de- 
cay. The honorable record of our 
subject's priestly life, the accomplish- 
ments as teacher in the class-rooms, 
the loveafole disposition toward his 
fellow-confreres, all unite in demand- 
ing that mention be made of Father 
A. Roettger. 

Whilst professor at the College of 
Ruma and again at the Salesianum 
near Milwaukee where he occupied the 
chair of philosophy he had shown his 
great capacity for the excellent per- 
formance of vocational duty and 
loyal devotion to the interests of 
these institutions. They were worthy 
of the highest encomium. The kind- 
ly nature of the man, the strength of 
character which distinguished^ him, 
and his agreeable ways won for him 
a multitude of friends and admirers, 
especially among the student body. 
He passed away at a time whilst on 

Page One Hundred and Eighteen 

a visit at the rectory of Highland 
when the powers of his mind were 
attaining their greatest strength, and 
the largest opportunities were offered 
him for their exercise. 

His reputation was that of genero'iis 
faithful and conscientious priest, less 
qualified, however for parochial work 
than for a professorial chair. The 
pale messenger approached Father 
Roettger under the guise of a sun- 
stroke, within 48 hours he was a 

Particulars of his death and funeral 
may be culled from the entry made in 
the church records of the Highland 
parish by his friend Rev. Jos. Meckel 
the pastor. It reads as follows, 

"Die 15 m. Julii 1878 sepultus est 
Reverendus Antonius Roettger, Pro- 
fessor Philosophiae in Seminario Sti. 
Francisci Salesii, prope Milwaukee, 
qui recreationis causa hue venerat die 
12 h. m; bona, ut apparebit, vale- 
tudine gaudens. Die 13 Missa in hon. 
B. V. M. celebrata, horis p. m. de 
aegritudine qua laboraret conquereba- 
tur; cuius periculosa conditio die se- 
quenti, Dominica V. p. Pent hora 8 
p. m. apparuit, qua hora in Domino 
obiit, Sacramento Extremae Unctionis 
recepto. Die 15 hora 5 p. m. sepultus 
est optimus meus amicus, cuius mem- 
oria cordi meo impressa remanebit. 
Reverendus Dom. W. Cluse lugubri 
sermone dolorem patefecit, quern 
morte amici sui concipiebat. Officium 
defunctorum peregerunt Revdi. 

Domini G. Cluse, Wm. Neu. Fr. 
Reinhart, Th. Kamann, H-uckestein 
and H. Eggenstein." 

Rt. Rev. Mgr W. Cluse of Okaw- 
ville who calls the deceased "a noble 
priest, a noble scholar and a noble de- 
voted friend" thus outlined the life 
and activity of our subject: 

Rev. Anthony Roettger was born at 
Velen, Westfalia in 1850, made his 
classical studies at Cosfeld, studied 
philosophy and theology at the uni- 
versity of Muenster and at Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. After having been or- 
dained a priest in 1874 at Alton he 
was appointed a professor of philoso- 
phy at the Sacred Heart College of 
Ruma, 111., where he taught for two 
years during which time he also acted 
as rector of St. Boniface parish of 
Edwardsville, 111. From 1876-78 he 
taught philosophy at the theological 
Seminary of St. Francis de Sales 
near Milwaukee, Wise. Father Roett- 
ger was admired for his proficiency 
in scholastic philosophy and theolo- 
gy, -unusual for so young a priest. 
His piety, zeal, and cheerful character 
endeared him to his fellow-pro- 
fessors, priests, students and ac- 
quaintances. Great was their grief 
when the telegraph flashed the news 
that he had died July 18, 1878, after 
but one days illness at the residence 
of his clerical friend at Highland 
where he intended to spend a part of 
his summer vacation. R. I. P. 


Born at Muenster, in Westfalia, he 
was raised to the priesthood in the 
venerable Cathedral of his native city 
in 1868. Coming to this country soon 
after the young priest was assigned 
to Rev. H. Schaefermeyer of Qoiincy, 
Oct. 5, 1868-Jan. 22, '69. In 1874 he 
was appointed to Fayetteville, a year 

later to Lebanon, in 1876 to Marine, 
from 1878-1884 to Grafton and from 
Oct. 1884-Aug. '87, to Smithon. At 
this time Father Rossmoeller peti- 
tioned the Bishop for permission to 
return to his native country. There 
he died April 10, 1891. 

Page One Hundred and Nineteen 


"Who in the Savior's footsteps tread 
Up to the world above are led. ' 

St. Mary's parish of Edwardsville 
had continued from 1844-1869 the one 
and only parish of that place. Trans- 
ient as well as permanent pastors 
had looked after the congregation's 
interests. The English and German 
speaking Catholics had so far wor- 
shipped at the same altar and jointly 
borne the expenses of the erection 
and maintenance of church, school 
and parochial residence of St. Mary's. 
The teutonic forces of the parish 
growing stronger and more numerous 
however, the partition of the parish 
together with the building of a new 
church for a separate German congre- 
gation seemed 'both feasible and desir- 
able. This plan, already inaugurated 
in 1867 under Rev. Father Kuchen- 
buch, the pastor of St. Mary's, was 
consummated under Rev. Anthony 
Rustige in 1869. He is looked upon 
as the actual organizer and founder 
of St. Boniface parish. 

Who was Father Rustige and 
whence did he come? At the time 
when starting the new parish, he was 
a young man of about 28 years of 
age. His native country was West- 
falia, where he was born near the city 
of Paderborn in 1841. In the latter 
city he completed his classical studies 
prepared himself at the American 

College of Muenster for the priest- 
hood and was ordained at Teutopolis 
by Bishop Juncker for the Alton dio- 
cese in 1866. By his Ordinary he 
was assigned as assistant to St. 
Patrick's of East St. Louis, and as 
such had charge of the congregations 
of Collinsville and Lebanon from 
1866-'6S. In the latter part of Dec- 
ember, 1868, he succeeded the Rev. 
William Kuchenbuch as pastor of St. 
Mary's of Edwardsville. When St. 
Boniface parish of that city was 
started he relinquished his prior 
charge, handing it over to the Rev. 
D. Burne. Incessantly he planned 
and worked for the good of the new- 
parish some six years, till his frail 
constitution yielded to undue pressure 
and collapsed under the continued 
strain of mental and physical exer- 
tion. His physician advised the young 
priest to seek repose and rest at the 
St. Mary's hospital of St. Louis. 
All medical skill and human efforts, 
however, proved futile. Father Rus- 
tige had done his work at the ex- 
pense of his health. Consumption had 
set in, which claimed the good and 
zealous worker when but thirty-three 
years old, Sept. 8, 1874. In the death 
of Father Anthony Rustige the dio- 
cese mourned the loss of one of her 
most exemplary priests. He was 
buried in Edwardsville. R. I. P. 


"Thy will, O God, be done". 

A man of effable and sunny disposi- 
tion, efficient and thorough in all un- 
dertakings, popular with clergy and 
laity, such was Father Daniel Ryan 
the lamented late pastor of St. Mary's 
parish of Mt. Sterling. He was the 
son of William Ryan and Margaret 
nee Kough, born at Kickapoo, 111., 
August 3, 1852, and ordained at the 
Alton Cathedral by Bishop Baltes, 
June 29, 1876. His first appointment 
was to Grafton from October, 1876- 
'77, whence he was assigned to Virden 
where he remained from 1877-'81. At 
this time it happened that Rev. 

Manasses Kane, founder and builder 
of St. Joseph's church, Springfield, 
was induced to resign. No one was 
thought a more capable man to handle 
the entangled affairs of that parish 
than Father Ryan, who during the 
next fifteen years proved his un- 
questioned ability as a wise and pru- 
dent pastor and capable administra- 
tor. He overcame the difficulties in 
reducing heavy debt, built a commo- 
dious parochial residence and sup- 
plied the church with a splendid pipe 
organ. Father Ryan's heart and mind 
were justly centered in the affairs of 
his beloved St. Joseph's, which in- 

Page One Hundred and Twenty 

creased and developed under his un- 
flagging care and devotion steadily 

and constantly. In 1895 our Spring- 
field priest was requested to exchange 
places with Rev. M. Clifford of St. 
Mary's parish, Alt. Sterling. Father 

Ryan continued his priestly activity 
with the same eagerness and zeal in 
the new parish as he was wont to do 
at Springfield. For three years he 
successfully directed the destinies of 
the Mt. Sterling charge, when, on 
November 23, 1899, he met with a 
serious accident which, alas, was to 
cause his premature death. On that 
day the parochial residence burned 
down. In his efforts to extinguish 
the fire and save his home, Father 
Ryan sustained injuries which ulti- 
mately proved to be fatal. With the 
house he lost his library and all the 
church records. The badly burned 
pastor was rushed to Our Savior's 
Hospital at Jacksonville, where the 
best of medical treatment was given 
him. For awhile our patient seemed 
to 'be on the road to recovery. But 
this was delusive. He lingered till 
July, 1900, when he had to yield to the 

Father Daniel Ryan's remains were 
buried in the Catholic cemetery of 
Jacksonville. R. I. P. 


' 'And Heaven awaits thee 
And fills thy spirit with delight". 

A good natured and always jovial 
man was the late pastor of Virginia, 
Father Michael Ryan. Tall of sta- 
ture, habitually wearing a silk hat, he 
towered above his confreres where- 
ever assembled. St. Luke's of Virgin- 
ia, held out but precarious emolu- 
ments to its pastor, and yet he seemed 
the exemplification of contentment 
which is best demonstrated by the 
sixteen long years which he spent in 
this poor mission without ever in- 

sisting on a change for the better. 
And Father Ryan's memory remains 
deeply engraven on the hearts of the 
grateful parishioners of Virginia to 
this day. Rev. Michael Ryan, son of 
Michael Ryan and Mary Finnally, was 
placed in the arms of his parents a 
Christmas gift, 1850. He hailed from 
Kil Macow, Ireland, and was ordained 
to the priesthood at All Hallows on 
June 24, 1875. From 1876-'92, the 
year of his death, he proved himself 
a persistent and faithful worker at 
Virginia. R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Tvtcnty-One 


"Long ago Time's mighty billows 
Swept your footsteps from the sand". 

About the year 1852, Rev. Thomas 
Ryan was appointed a missionary 
priest of Central Illinois. His terri- 
tory extended nearly all over the big 

prairies. Nine counties he covered in 
his ministry. Edgar, Vermillion, 
Champaign, Douglas, Clark, Cumber- 
land, Coles, Shelby, Moultrie and part 
of Macon county. The principal ob- 
ject of his appointment was to look 
after the religious welfare of those 
employed in the construction of the 
Illinois Central Railroad. Shortly 
after his appointment Father Ryan 
undertook the erection of a brick 
church at Urt>ana, (Champaign') 
which, however, was blown down toy 
a prairie cyclone just as the men were 
preparing to put on the roof. In 
1853, when he lived in Baldwinville, 
(North Arm), he is known to have 
attended Arcola. Some years later, in 
1856, Mattoon was organized as a 
station. Father Thomas Ryan was 
appointed its pastor by the Chicago 
Bishop and he at once located there. 
In 1858 our pioneer priest commenced 
the first church building in that thrifty 

town, which, however, was not 
finished till the following year, when 
it was dedicated 'by Bishop Juncker. 
The number of resident Catholic 
families at that time were 'but eight. 
The visits made by Father Ryan over 
his extensive territory were neither 
frequent nor regular. When pastor 
of Mattoon he lived in a small house, 
and in it he died in June, 1863. 

The body of this pioneer of religion 
in the West lies in the little village 
churchyard of St. Mary's of the 
Woods, Indiana. 

One day, Father Ryan was visited 
by a young priest, newly ordained, 
and just starting out on the mission. 
"When you go back to Alton, tell the 
Bishop to leave you here with me. I 
am too old and feeble to attend sick 
calls. The people don't mind me any 
more. My pews are rented to them 
for $2.50 a year, and the blackguards 
wont pay me." The young priest 
would have been delighted to help old 
Father Tom, but the Bishop could not 
spare him. 

Whatever Father Ryan may have 
been intellectually, physically he was 
a tall, fine looking old gentleman. He 
had overflowing Irish wit and 
shrewdness under his jokes and funny 
ghost stories, few gave him credit for. 

Like Father Alleman in Northern 
Illinois, Father Ryan travelled mostly 
on foot from mission to mission. His 
historian vouches for the fact that 
during retreat time he kept his fellow- 
priests laughing by his funny stories. 
That Father Ryan was a zealous 
priest and founder of future churches 
in Eastern Illinois, no one can dis- 
pute. That he made light and merry 
of his hardships was to his credit as 
a representative of the 'buoyancy and 
cheerfulness of his race, 

May God rest the soul of old 
Father Tom Ryan. 

Page One Hundred and Twenty-Two 


"And earth and heaven tell of rest that shall 

not cease, 

Where the cold world's farewell fades into 
endless peace". 

Among the first priests known to 
have ministered to the Catholics in 
the then sparsely settled places now 
comprised within the confines of the 
Alton diocese, was Rev. Paul Lefevre, 
who subsequently became Bishop of 
Detroit. In his wake came Father 

Irenaeus St. Cyr, rightly styled the 
Apostle of Chicago. He was sent 
thither by Bishop Rosatn, of St. 
Louis, at the instance of an urgent 
petition signed by the first Catholic 
settlers of that nascent city: 

The following is Bishop Rosatti's 
letter appointing Father St. Cyr to 
the Chicago mission: It is of more 
than passing interest to the priests oi 
the Alton Diocese, hence we append 
it in full. It read as follows: 

Joseph Rosatti of the Congregation of 
Missouri by the Grace of God and 
the Apostolic See to the Rev. John 
Irenaeus St. Cyr, Driest of Our Di- 
ocese, Health in the Lord: 

Dear Sir Whereas, not few Catho- 
lic men inhabiting the town common- 
ly called Chicago, and its vicinage, in 
the state of Illinois, have laid before 
me that they are deprived of all spirit- 
ual consolation and vehemently desire 
that I should send thither a priest, 
who by the exercise of his pastoral 
gifts should supply to them the means 

of performing the offices of the 
Christian religion and providing for 
their eternal salvation. Wishing, as 
far as in me lies to satisfy a desire 
at once so pious and praiseworthy, by 
virtue of the power of Vicar-General 
granted to me by the Bishop of 
Bardstown, Ky., I depute you to the 
mission of Chicago and the adjoining 
regions within the state of Illinois, all 
of which have been hitherto under the 
spiritual administration of the said 
Most Illustrious and Most Reverend 
Bishop of Bardstown, grant you un- 
til revoked, all the powers as de- 
scribed in the next page, with this 
condition, however, that as soon as 
soever it shall be known to you that 
a new Episcopal See shall have been 
elected and established by the Holy 
and Apostolic See from the territory 
of other Sees now existing, to that 
Bishop within the limits of whose dio- 
cese the aforesaid Chicago mission is 
included, you shall render an account 
of all things which shall have been 
transacted by you, and surrender the 
place to such priest as shall be by 
him deputed to the same mission and 
you with God's favor shall return to 
our diocese from which we declare 
you to be by no means separated by 
this present mission. 

Given at St. Louis from the Episcopal 
Building the 17th day of April, 1833. 

JOSEPH, Bishop of St. Louis. 

After a hard, tedious journey Father 
St. Cyr arrived in Chicago on the 3rd 
of May, and received a most cordial 
greeting from the people of Chicago. 
Father St. Cyr, with the hearty sup- 
port of both Catholics and Protest- 
ants, commenced the erection of a 
frame church on a lot donated by 
the Beaubien family, situated on the 
southwest corner of State and Lake 
streets. The location was near the 
fort, where Father St. Cyr obtained 
hospitable quarters with Major Whist- 
ler until his house of logs was built 
and sufficiently out of town. 

He dedicated it to the Blessed Vir- 
gin Mary. This was in 1834. Under 

Page One Hundred and Twenty-Three 

date of January 11, of that same year 
he reports to his Ordinary of St. 
Louis, that he had visited Sugar 
Creek, Bear Creek, Springfield and 
other missions." 

From June 12, 1837-May 1839, 
Father St. Cyr periodically visited 
Quincy and the outlying missions in 
Missouri and Iowa, having St. Aug- 
gustine in Fulton county as head- 
quarters. He looked av:er tne spirit- 
ual needs of the English speaking 
people of Quincy till relieved by the 
advent of Father Tucker. 

The life of Father St. Cyr was 
naturally' an eventful and self-sacri- 
ficing one. The manifold hardships 
he underwent in those now distant 
pioneer days, are almost beyond be- 
lief, and yet he but did what almost 
any one priest had to do in those early 
years, building rough log churches 
for the growing flocks, gathering the 
scattered members into congrega- 
tions, riding for months from one 
town and village to another, fording 
streams, driving over impossible 
roads, often sleeping on saddle-bags 
or wrapped in a blanket seeking a 
night's rest under some protecting 
tree, sharing with the poor settlers 
their scanty meals which mostly con- 
sisted of but rancid bacon and hard 
corn bread, etc. And yet our sub- 
ject bore all such hardships and pri- 
vations cheerfully whilst we in our 
day and generation would soon des- 
pair of such missionary efforts. His 
visits were always looked forward to 
by the Catholic people with eager 

He was accustomed to travel the 
prairie of Illinois on a little white 
horse, says Larmer, and when he was 
expected it was the custom of the 
Catholics to look out for him as he 
could be seen and known from great 
distance from the upland prairies. 

On one occasion a prairie cyclone 

arose and the Catholics were looking 
out for the priest. Father St. Cyr 
came near one of the settlers cabins 
as the wind increased in fury and the 
people fearing he and his horse would 
be blown away, a tall herculean Ken- 
tucky Catholic ran and lifted Father 
St. Cyr and his little white horse into 
a cellar and saved both. It was after- 
wards a common joke to point to the 
man who had lifted alone a little 
French priest and his little white 
steed into a cellar and saved both 
from destruction by the cyclone. 

After Father St. Cyr was removed 
from Chicago he devoted his life en- 
tirely to the missions, principally to 
those of Central Illinois. He at- 
tended the French Socialists at War- 
saw, who had abandoned the Socialist 
colony of the Icarians founded by 
Etienne Cabet at Nauvoo, in 1848, 
after the Mormon exodus from that 
place, and succeeded in bringing most 
of them back to the Catholic Church. 

After years of toil and extraordi- 
nary zeal in Northern Missouri and 
the prairie of Illinois, Father St. Cyr 
was retired as a chaplain to a Con- 
vent at Carondolet, St. Louis, where 
he died at the ripe old age of more 
than eighty years, in 1882. 

Father St. Cyr had the reputation 
of a mild and scholarly priest. His 
simplicity of character and refined 
manners were often a source of mer- 
riment to the big earnest and honest 
but rough Kentucky Catholics who 
had settled Central Illinois. But he 
inspired all with respect and venera- 
tion for him. 

Our pioneer priest of the present 
Alton territory was a native of Lyons, 
France, where he was born January 
2, 1804. He was ordained to the 
priesthood at St. Louis by Bishop 
Rosatti, April 6, 1833. 

May he rest in peace. 

Page One Hundred and Twenty-Four 


"Rest to the weary spirit 
Peace to the quiet dead". 

When, in September, 1872, Rev. 
Francis Ostrop was transferred from 
St. Mary's parish of Alton to assume 
the rectorship of St. Boniface congre- 
gation of Quincy, Bishop Baltes ap- 
pointed Rev. John Sandrock, at the 
time pastor of St. Marie, in Jasper 
County, to become his successor at 
Alton. He was a picture of robust 
health. Though his priestly life of 
some fourteen years had been spent in 
hard work, accompanied by many 
hardships and trials. A pioneer priest 
he had been inured to these many au- 
sterities and self-denials. Before long 
he was enthroned in the hearts of the 
people of Alton. By his earnestness 
of demeanor, genuine piety and elo- 
quent sermons, he soon gained their 
respect and affection in an uncom- 
mon degree. His countrymen, the 
people from the Eichsfeld, were just- 
ly proud of him. But his administra- 
tion of the affairs of St. Mary's was 

to be rudely interrupted by premature 
cruel death. It was during the small- 
pox epidemic in 1873 that he caught 
the contagious disease while attend- 
ing some of these small-pox sufferers. 
He exposed himself to its violent con- 
tagion more than proper caution 
would have warranted. The stricken 
priest, forsaken and alone, died with- 
out the consolation of his church, on 
May 10, 1873. His remains were in- 
terred in the Catholic cemetery of 

Rev. John Sandrock was born near 
Paderborn in Westfalia, on Nov. 4, 
1833, emigrated to this country Aug. 
4, 1858, and became ordained to the 
priesthood November 19, 1858. From 
March 1, 1859, till his transfer to 
Alton in 1872, he acted a= pastor of 
St. Marie. 

Almost as short as Father Sand- 
rock's career at St. Mary's, proved 
that of his successor, Rev. Vincent 


"He hath holier and nobler fame 
By poor men's hearths, who love and bless 

the name 

Of a kind friend; and in low tones today 
Speak tenderly of him who passed away '. 

Whilst Rev. A. F. Brickwedde, the 
founder and first pastor of St. Boni- 
face congregation of Quincy, was 
visiting in Europe, he succeeded in in- 
ducing several young clergymen to 
espouse the cause of the American 
missions and to accompany or follow 
him across the ocean and here work 
in the Lord's vineyard where a scarc- 
ity of priestly laborers was keenly 
felt. Less defections from the faitli 
would have taken place and less leak- 
ages been chronicled, had there been 
a sufficiency of priests at the time 
when town and hamlets sprung up 
over night like mushrooms after a 
warm summer-day's shower and the 
fame of the California goldfields had 
lured thousands of people thither, 
when the best of farm lands were of- 
fered to the homeseekers for a song. 

a mere pittance. In those days, in the 
fifties of the last century our young 
diocese hailed amongst others the ad- 
vent of a loyal, true and self-sacrific- 
ing priest, one who had already 
labored with apostolic zeal for more 
than fifteen years in the fatherland, 
it was Rev. Herman J. Schaefer- 
meyer. Highly recommended for effi- 
ciency and priestly virtues by his own 
Ordinary, the new-comer from Europe 
was cordially welcomed by the Bishop 
of Alton, and at once assigned to the 
pastorate of St. Boniface of Quincy, 
the incumbency of which was vacant, 
there being an inter-regnum since the 
death of Father Kuenster from 1857- 
58. On December 18, of the last named 
year, the new pastor formally took 
charge of its parochial affairs. The 
loyal people of the parish at once 
stood by their pastor, seconded his 
views and helped to carry out his far- 
reaching plans. And in fact. Father 
Schaefermeyer was just the man these 

Page One Hundred and Ticenty-Five 

people needed, kind but firm and ener- 
getic. Reforms were inaugurated and 
soon new life began to course through 
the veins of the parish, the obstreper- 
ous spirit of former days became sub- 
dued and began to fade and vanish. 
St. Boniface was on the eve of an era 
of prosperity and progress. 

It was at this juncture that Father 
Schaefermeyer suggested to the 
Bishop that he extend an invitation to 
the German Franciscans to come and 
locate in the diocese. In 1859 they 
came to Quincy, as did likewise the 
Sisters de Notre Dame. On June 12, 
1860, Bishop Damian Junker ap- 
pointed him a Vicar General, which 
appointment was later re-affirmed by 
his successor, Bishop Baltes. Be- 
tween the years 1859 and 1867, Father 
Schaefermeyer lent a helping hand in 
the founding of St. Francis College, 
St. Mary's Hospital and St. Mary's 
Academy; likewise do St. Antonius 
parish of Melrose, St. Joseph's on 

Columbus Road and St. Mary's parish 
of Quincy, owe him a debt of grati- 
tude for the interest he took in their 
beginning and subsequent develop- 

The great work he accomplished at 
St. Boniface during the fourteen years 
of incumbency has been eloquently 
told by Father Bruener in his ''His- 
tory of the Catholic Church of Quin- 
cy." For a long time it had been 
Father Schaefermeyer's desire to re- 
tire from the turmoil of the world into 
the seclusion of the cloister. Now 
his work of reformation in St. Boni- 
face parish had been accomplished, 
his cherished wish assumed tangible 
form and on September 23, 1872, he 
quietly slipped away from Quincy to 
join the Carmelite Order of Scipio, 
Kansas. After some months of proba- 
tion, however, he decided to exchange 
the Carmelite habit for that of the 
Franciscans. He entered the Francis- 
can Monastery at Teutopolis where 
from thenceforth he became known to 
the world as Father Liborius, O. F. 

Father Herman Joseph Schaefer- 
meyer was born July 18, 1818, at Boke, 
near Paderborn, Germany. He was 
elevated to the priesthood August 14, 
1843, and worked with great fervor 
in the parish of Neiderwernger until 
setting sail for America. He arrived 
on our shores September 14, 1858. 
After donning the Franciscan habit he 
labored at Chicago, 1876-79, St. Louis 
1879-'82, then at Joliet, returning to 
Quincy November 19, 1886, where, 
after a long and patiently borne ill- 
ness, he died at St. Francis Monastery 
May 10, 1887, and was buried on the 
13th from St. Francis church. His re- 
mains were deposited in St. Boniface 
cemetery of Quincy. May God grant 
him eternal rest. R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Twenty-Six 


"Twilight's mystery is so sweet and holy 
Just because it ends in starry night". 

Among the number of assistant 
priests who served St. Boniface parish 
of Quincy, we find the name of Rev. 
Wm. Schamonie enrolled. He proved 
to be an efficient helper to the pastor, 
Rev. H. Schaefermeyer. His stay 
there, however, lasted only from April 
19-Oct. 25, 1868, when he was trans- 
ferred to East St. Louis to assume 
temporary charge of St. Henry's con- 
gregation, succeeding the Rev. Ger- 
hard Leve, who had been ordered to 
Mascoutah. When, on January 26, 
1869, Rev. Christopher Koenig was 
appointed pastor of St. Henry's, 
Father Schamonie was assigned to the 
parish of Red Bud, in Randolph 
county. We next find him presiding 
as pastor over the parish at Lourdes, 

and later on, in 1877 at Henry and 
Metamora inthe diocese of Peoria, 
where he became favorably known to 
Bishop and priests, for his talents and 
energies were such that success at- 
tended his every undertaking. This 
was forcibly put forth by Bishop 
Spalding, for when Father Schamonie 
had died at Henry in 1882, the learned 
and eloquent Bishop delivered a most 
impressive funeral sermon in the 
course of which he paid unstinted 
praise to the efforts and priestly 
virtues of the deceased. 

Father Wm. Schamoni was a na- 
tive of Germany, born at Holinghau- 
sen, Westfalia, in 1835; studied at Teu- 
topolis and Montreal. At the latter 
place he was ordained in April, 1868. 
R. I. P. 


"For soon the ashes of the day 

Are gathered in the west, 
And one by one we lay us down 
Forever more to rest". 

Sublime in moral courage and ex- 
alted in ambition, strictly honorable 
in all actions and true in all friend- 
ships, Father Schlegel combined in 
his character a multitude of virtues 
which elevated him far above the 
average man. By his forcefulness of 
character and indomitable will power 
he succeeded where others had signal- 
ly failed, he was a martinet who 
fearlessly carried out his plans once 
they seemed plausible and advantage- 
ous to the interests of religion in 
general and his parish is particular. 
Little did he care for public opinion 
and he spurned the plaudits of men. 
Plain and outspoken, he never tried 
to hide the meaning of his sayings 
by equivocal and ambiguous language 
he never minced words but called "a 
spade" by its proper name. Castigat- 
ing, for instance, the stubbornness 
of his own country people, those hail- 
ing from Baden, he hesitated not to 
call them at times "Badische Kuh- 
hoerner," a well known appellation 
not very flattering and yet seemingly 
not hurting the feelings of his listen- 

ers to any appreciable degree. Both 
in private and public utterances he 
held to his opinions and followed his 
convictions. The height of his ambi- 
tion was to do his duty well. He 
loved his church and his country with 
equal intensity. Beneath an often 
blunt and harsh exterior there pu' 
sated a sott and tender heart full of 
sympathy and pity for his fellow men 
the needy and destitute. His exalted 
character, his intellectual powers, his 
extensive and varied learning were 
united with steady industrious and 
economic habits. To all these gifts 
may be ascribed the large measure of 
success which he attained in the vari- 
ous parishes over which he was sent 
to preside, Mt. Carmel, Edwards- 
ville and Highland. In a brief historic 
sketch of the St. Boniface congrega- 
tion of Edwardsville, he is spoken of 
as "the second founder" of that 

Rev. Augustine Schlegel was born 
August 30, 1851, at Allmansdorf, in 
Baden, and came to this country 
when he had finished his classical 
studies. Here St. Francis Seminary 
near Milwaukee became his Alma 
Mater. And when the theological 

Page One Hundred and Twenty-Sevtn 

studies were ended, he received ordi- 
nation from Bishop Baltes in the 
private chapel at Alton, June 24, 1877. 
Father Schlegel's first appointment 
was to Mt. Carmel (now Belleville 
diocese), where he worked splendidly 

for some four years at the end of 
which by mutual agreement he ex- 
changed places with Rev. Father 
Gerard Janssen, then pastor of St. 

Boniface parish of Edwardsville. His 
stay here dates from 1877 till July 15, 
1896. Here he is styled as already 
mentioned "the second founder" of 
the parish, because it was he who 
brought order out of chaos, introduced 
a number of necessary reforms and 
caused many improvements to be 
made. Thus in 1882 a new school 
building was erected, in 1889 the leaky 
church roof covered with slate shin- 
gles, in 1890 new altars purchased, a 
Sisters' residence constructed in 1892, 
a new pipe organ installed in 1894, 
and a new heating plant two years 

Father Schlegel had for awhile an 
assistant in the person of REV. GER- 
HARD H'OPPE, whose duty it was to 
look after the parish of Staunton. This 
Father Hoppe exiled himself to the 
Trappist Monastery of Gethsemane, 
Ky., joined the membership of the 
Community, and died there some fif- 
teen years ago as Father Leonhard. 

Our zealous and untiring priest, 
however, could not draw on his 
strength supply indefinitely, his health 
in meantime had become undermined 
and a sick man, he was ordered to the 
pastorate of St. Paul's of Highland, 
whose pastor had been transferred to 
St. Mary's of Alton. Father Schlegel 
suffered of cancer of the stomach and 
it was that painful affliction which 
caused his death at the hospital of 
Highland, September 24, 1903, at the 
age of 52 years. At the solemn obse- 
quies presided over by the Bishop in 
the presence of scores of clerical 
friends, Rev. Albin Breinlinger of 
Millstadt, 111., a countryman and for- 
mer schoolmate of departed, pro- 
nounced a fine eulogy on the life and 
character of our lamented friend, Rev. 
Augustine Schlegel. His remains 
bedded' in St. Paul's cemetery of 
Highland, 111. R. I. P. 

Page Ont Hundred and Tirenty-Eight 


"Farewell for ever, now; 
In peace we part: 
Remember that I thank you from my heart". 

A companionable and good-natured 
man was Rev. Adolf Schneider, who, 
after a brief illness of but few weeks, 
was claimed by death at the rectory 
of St. Ann's parish of Edgewood, 
January 26, 1914. An abcess on the 

brain had caused his early demise, 
for when called our subject was but 
40 years old. His birthplace was 
Frankfort, in Germany. 

An only child of his parents, our 
defunct friend received a splendid edu- 
cation. Desirous for a higher spiritual 
life he decided to enter the services of 

the Church. To that end he applied for 
admission to the Seminary of Knecht- 
stetten, conducted by the "Fathers of 
the Holy Ghost," of which communi- 
ty he soon became a member. Having 
almost finished his theological course, 
he decided on coming to America. At 
St. Francis Seminary, Wisconsin, . he 
completed his unfinished ecclesiastical 
studies, was ordained by Bishop Eis, 
in St. Peter's Cathedral, of Marquette, 
June 1, 1901, whose diocese he had 
joined, and was appointed to the 
parish of Grand Marrais, Mich. Here 
he remained several years. Xot being 
accustomed nor acclimated, however, 
to the severity of the long northern 
winters and the keen, icy blasts that 
sweep the northern lakes and im- 
pelled moreover by rather more per- 
sonal reasons, Father Schneider, with 
his Bishop's permission, went to 
Davenport, Iowa, to become an assist- 
ant to the Jate Monsignor Xiermann. 
After a stay of about one year in that 
city, he drifted into the Alton diocese, 
where at Collinsville and Quincy, (St. 
Boniface and St. Mary's) he acted as 
assistant and thereafter was sent as 
pastor to Edgewood, where he was un- 
expectedly summoned away .from the 
field of his labors by death . 

Funeral services were held at Car- 
linville, where he had substituted for 
awhile during the illness of the late 
Father Ader. His remains were 
buried in St. Joseph's cemetery of 
that place. R. I. P. 


''Death alone has strength to take me 
Where my foe can never be". 

A contributor to German papers 
and a poet of some merit was Rev. 
Francis Schreiber. His poetic ef- 
fusions laid down in ''Amanda" are de- 
scriptive of customs and traditions 
and folk lore of his native land. 
Among his English poems is that of 
"Grace Darling", the railroad heroine 
who in the nick of time saved a pas- 
senger train from crossing a burning 
bridge, the most popular. It was 
copied by the press of the land. 

Father Francis Xavier Schreiber 
was born at Warsburg, in the diocese 
of Paderborn, Dec. 16, 1834. He came 
to this country Nov. 3, 1856, and re- 
ceived Holy Orders from Archbishop 
Kenrick at St. Louis, June 25, 1858, 
ordained for the diocese of Alton. 

During his activity in our midst we 
meet him as pastor of St. Mary's 
church of Carlinsville in 1861 and 
later on July 18. 1857, he takes charge 
of St. Mary's church of Xew Berlin. 
The present handsome brick building 

Page One Hundred and Tmenty-Nin 

of that parish owes its existence to 
the efforts of Father Schreiber. Here 

he remained five years when circum- 
stances compelled him to hand in his 

resignation to the Bishop. Father 
Schreiber's next place was Vandalia, 
1872-73. From there he moved to 
Henry, and then comes the important 
charge of Bloomington, at St. Mary's, 
where he became the first resident 
rector of that parish from 1877-'81, 
after which it went over into the 
hands of the Franciscan Fathers. At 
this juncture our subject retired from 
active pastoral duty and lived the life 
of seclusion at Havana, 111. When 
sickness and the accompanying in- 
firmities of old age crept upon him 
he betook himself to the Ursuline con- 
vent of St. Louis, where he peacefully 
expired June 20, 1905. His remains 
were interred at Arcadia, Mo. 

Father Schreiber was the first priest 
to offer holy Mass at Todt's school 
house in the present parish of Ray- 
mond, corning occasionally thither 
when pastor of St. Mary's at Carlin- 
ville. R. I. P. 


' 'For what God designs to try with sorrow 
He means not to decay tomorrow". 

But meagre are the details known 

its first resident rector, from 1864- '65, 
succeeding Rev. A. Laurent. Father 
Sheridan thereupon joined the Cleve- 

of Father Sheridan. He was pastor of land diocese, where he died some years 
St. John's church of Carrollton, and later. 


"Our feet are worn and weary 
But we will not despair". 

He was the son of William J. Smith 
and Alice Wittaker, born Decemiber 
9, 1869, and ordained at Mt. St. Mary's, 
Cincinnati, by Archbishop Elder, on 
June 21, 1893. Among the various 
minor charges which he presided over 

was that of Brighton from 1896- '99. 
Sickness and conditions induced him 
to repeatedly seek a change of climate, 
but, nevertheless, the bright young 
priest succumbed to an early death at 
the Alton hospital November 28, 1905. 
R. I. P. 


On July 31, 1880, the people of Ed- 
wardsville, but more particularly the 
members of St. Mary's congregation 
became shocked when they learned 
of Father Smith's tragic death. On 
that morning when Mass time arrived 
and the priest could nowhere be lo- 
cated, upon investigation by the 
alarmed parishioners poor Father 
Smith's lifeless body was found in the 

well adjoining his residence. It was 
known that the good priest habitually 
drew a bucket of water from the well 
before retiring. This he did on the 
fatal evening, for the lamp was still 
found burning on his library table 
next morning. Father Smith was a 
very corpulent man, hence the suppo- 
sition that when he was bending for- 
ward over the open well he became 

Page One Hundred and Thirty 

overbalanced and thus met his cruel 

To Father Smith's credit it can be 
said that he again placed St. Mary's 
of Edwardsville on a good footing. 
During his administration ground was 
bought and plans for a new church 
were secured which were carried out 
by his successor on a more conveni- 
ent new site. 

Rev. James Smith, son of Patrick 
Smith and ?.!ary Galligan, was born 
Aug. 15, 1848 at Grosser-Laugh, Ire- 
land, and ordained a priest June 29, 
1879, at the Alton Cathedral by 
Bishop Baltes. He was buried at Ed- 
wardsville. R. I. P. 


"Faithful soldier of the cross! 
Peaceful be thy rest 
On thy Savior's breast. 
Gain is thine, though ours is loss!" 

"God's finger touched him and he 
slept." That which was mortal of 
Rev. C. A. Sommer lapsed quietly 
into death's embrace at St. Clara's 

rectory of Altamont during the mid- 
night hour on the day before Epipha- 
ny, January 5, 1903. His death was 
wholly unexpected by his parishioners 
and confreres of the clergy to whom 
the cruel news came with a force that 
greatly saddened. Strengthened and 

fortified by the last sacraments of his 
church, consoled by the presence and 
prayers of a brother priest, L. Lam- 
mert, and a good Sister of Mercy who 
knelt by the bedside when the end 
came, he passed calmly and peaceful- 
ly away. Dreaded pneumonia, con- 
tracted during the previous Christ- 
mas holidays caused his premature 
demise. And no wonder. In a coun- 
try parish a priest often has to com- 
bine the office of pastor and sexton in 
one person. Aside from long hours 
in the Confessional and that not in- 
frequently in a cold, damp and 
draughty church, he trims the altars, 
rings the Angelus bell and in early 
morning hour kindles the fire in the 
church stove for the comfort of his 
people. And Father Sommer met in 
the struggles of his priestly life such 
multitudinous demands with unwav- 
ering courage and unflagging devo- 
tion, not only here at Altamont dur- 
ing the three and one-half years of 
service, but especially so during the 
fourteen years' labor in isolated Cal- 
houn county at Michaels, with Kamps- 
ville and Hardin as missions attached 
to his parish, in all of which places, 
his name has become a house- 
hold word. The good which he ac- 
complished and the seeds he so gen- 
erously has sown by word and ex- 
ample and the sacrifices and priva- 

Page One Hundred and Thirty-One 

tions he so cheerfully shouldered dur- 
ing the 26 years of priestly life will 
surely have met at the hands of his 
God with a generous response. Father 
Sommer was a man of a retiring dis- 
position, unostentatious and humble 
in all his doings. 

Born in Anfeld, Westfalia, July 26, 
1852, he graduated in his classical 
studies at Paderborn, became there- 
upon an alumnus of the American 
College of Muenster and received the 
grace of Ordination in the venerable 
Cathedral of Osnabrueck, May 2t>, 
1877. Bishop Baltes directed the 
young priest for one year ro May- 
ncoth in Ireland, there to familiarize 

himself with the English language ere 
coming to America. For fourteen 
years he labored in Calhoun county 
with those two doughty pioneer 
priests, Revs. Winterhalter and With- 
out, and on the death of Fr. Ostrop 
was transferred to Carlinville. There 
as pastor of St. Joseph's parish he 
worked nine years till his health 
broke down and he was given the 
smaller congregation of Altamont, 
where after three and one-half years- 
work conscientiously performed he 
entered eternal rest. His remains 
were interred in St. Anthony's ceme- 
tery og Efifingham. R. I. P. 


''The joys now seem so trivial 
The griefs so poor and small". 

The name of Father Jos. Spaeth 
will forever remain linked with St. 
James' parish of Decatur. The Ger- 
man Catholics prior to 1877 had held 
membership in St. Patrick's, but grow- 
ing in number and influence Bishop 
Baltes considered it opportune to 
gather them into a separate parish. 
This was done in 1877 with Father 
Spaeth as organizer and builder. 
Church, school and rectory were 
erected and before long St. James 
enjoyed progress and prosperity. 

Rev. Joseph Spaeth was born at 
Blitzenreuthe in the diocese of Rot- 

tenburg in Wuertemburg, Germany, 
February 20, 1849, came to this coun- 
try May 5, 1867, studied Theology at 
St. Francis Seminary, Milwaukee and 
was ordained at Alton, June 24, 1877. 
From Decatur our subject trans- 
ferred to Southern Illinois, became 
Cathedral choir director at Belleville, 
which position, however, he soon re- 
linquished. Early in the nineties, 
(1893) he joined the Detroit diocese, 
where he displayed his talents to 
great advantage. He died as pastor 
of the German St. Joseph's parish of 
Port Huron. Mich., April 19, 1913. 
He was buried in Decatur. R. I. P. 


"For thy Good Master thou hast daily 

Enfranchising the souls His blood hath 


Directing them upon their heav'nward way, 
Unto the dawn of Life, the 'Perfect Day'." 

In these days when the church and 
the world at large needs every voice 
unpraised for high thinking and doing, 
every hand armed to strike for right- 
eousness, it is hard to see the gaps 
death has caused in the ranks of our 
clergy Of course, there always will 
be new recruits to till the vacant 
places, but just the same one can ill 
afford to lose any of the true an.l 
tried standard bearers, such as Father 
Stick. His people's spiritual and tem- 
poral welfare was the aim of his long 

Page One Hundred and Thirty-Tuo 

life-work, for our defunct had the sin- 
gular privilege to commemorate the 
fiftieth anniversary of his ordination 
to the priesthood, his "Golden Jubilee 
Day," December 6, 1913. 

Advanced in years, yet young in 
zeal for his Master's work. Father 
Stick passed on to the higher re- 
wards of faithful service. 

A symphony of simplicity in 
thought, speech and action was the 
predominant note in the life of Rev. 
F. Stick, pastor emeritus of St. Paul's 
parish of Highland. In consequence 
he left his stamp on the various com- 
munities which witnessed his stay 

among them, Alt. Sterling, Tiptown, 
Mattoon, Madonnaville, Pana, Ray- 
mond, Alorrisonville and Highland. 

Father Stick was a man of many 
hobbies. He would study Spanish 
and Yiddish, turn to his flute, take up 
history and delve into old musty vol- 
umes. He had probably some of the 

oldest codices on his library shelf to 
be found in any priest's private libra- 
ry, those ancient tomes bound with- 
in worm-eaten wooden covers and 
kept together with huge silver or 
brass clasps. Truly it was interesting 
to spend a few hours in his company, 
or at his modest home. 

With the passing of Father Stick, 
the ranks of the diocesan clergy ex- 
perienced a keen void, not that he 
was one of the few Xestors who of 
a by-gone generation still lingered 
among -us, but more so of his general 
great usefulness. Recognizing his 
merits, the Bishop appointed him a 
dean of the district, and later an ir- 
removable rector of St. Paul's parish 
of Highland. Father Stick's main 
parochial achievements rest, however, 
with the parish of Mattoon, where 
his memory will not die until the old- 
est member thereof has sunk into the 

grave. The motives of the well-in- 
tentioned man were at times miscon- 
strued by evil-minded persons, such 
as he experienced to his sorrow whilst 
pastor of Pana. 

Months prior to his demise, in 
July, 1911, our departed one had re- 
linquished parochial 'duties and had 
retired, a patient to the hospital of 
Highland, where he resignedly bore 
his affliction, which ultimately culmi- 
nated in death, dropsy. With a won- 
derful buoyancy of spirit which never 
left him, he submitted to God's holy 
will and calmly awaited the day and 
moment when the Angel of Death 
was to beckon him from hence. Sur- 
rounded by the Community of the 
Good Sisters, Father Stick expired 
Aoig. 22, 1914, attaining the age of 75 
years and six months. 

After the solemn obsequies which 
were largely attended by Bishop, 
clergy and laity, his mortal remains 
were buried in St. Paul's cemetery of 

Rev. Ferdinand Stick was born at 
Birkesdorf, in the Archdiocese of 
Cologne, February 10, 1839. When 
fifteen years of age he emigrated, with 
his parents, to this country, landing 
on our shores July 1, 1854, and set- 
tling near Guttenberg, la. His early 
classical education he received at the 
College of Bardstown, Ky. Of his 
first arrival at the college, he often 
spoke. "When I presented myself 
there," he related, "I was but a small 
little chap and about as green as you 
could make him. 1 wore my German 
cap and carried my few belongings 
wrapped up in a multicolored big 
bandana. The rector and professors 
were much amused at my appear- 

Young Stick carved his way through 
college and splendidly acquitted him- 
self of his studies. Later on he was 
sent to Teutopolis to finish the pre- 
scribed courses in Philosophy and 
Theology, at the end of which he was 
ordained by Bishop Junker at Alton, 
December 6, 1863. R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Thirty -Three 


"Rest now is yours, O noble priest, 

Your work you've done, and well, 
For truth you fought any always taught 
As countless souls can tell". 

It was on Easter-Tuesday morning, 
April 3rd, 1907. Large crowds of peo- 
ple wended their way to St. John's 
church, of Quincy. Their features 
bore the stamp of grief and mourning. 

29. The solemn obsequies prior to 
final interment were had that morning 
at which Rev. P. Andrew, O. F. M., 
delivered the funeral oration. 

The news of the death of this popu- 
lar and beloved priest were every- 
where received with expressions of 
sympathy and sorrow, for to all, Cath- 

Two Bishops Right Revs. Ryan and 
Janssen followed by a long line of 
surpliced clergy entered the sanctu- 
ary and when there commenced the 
recitation of the Office of the Dead. 
Upon a raised dais surrounded by a 
profusion of palms, flowers and burn- 
ing candles, were catafalqued the re- 
mains of the beloved pastor of the 
parish. Rev. Father Joseph Still, who 
after a long and painful illness borne 
with heroic patience and resignation 
to God's holy will had yielded to the 
inevitable, dying on the Friday pre- 
vious thereto Good Friday March 

Page One Hundred and Thirty-Four 

olics and Protestants alike, he had 
proved a warm-hearted, loyal friend 
and benefactor. Broad-minded, liberal 
and kind frank and just, strong in 
mind and strong in character, such 
were the traits of Father Still. All 
who knew him respected him, anrt 
those who knew him well loved him. 

Father Still was a plain man, he 
was an ordinary man to meet, he was 
a commoner easy to approach and 
easy to understand. He was plain 
spoken and outspoken, a man who 
gained one's respect from the start 
and held it. It was his frankness that 

was captivating, his sincerety that was 
fascinating. He was a power for good, 
a leader among men and his life was 
an example to follow. 

Father Still was undaunted by re- 
verses. When in February, 1891, St. 
Mary's church was reduced to ashes 
he came to the rescue with his money, 
his advice and his hands. While the 
embers were still smouldering, he was 
working with hammer, saw and 
hatchet, helping to erect a temporary 
structure to keep the congregation to- 
gether, which answered its purpose 
while the present beautiful house of 
worship was being constructed. Out 
on Xorth Tenth street stand -a num- 
ber of monuments which will perpet- 
uate his memory, St. John's church, 
school, rectory and St. Vincent's 

In his passing the congregation lost 
the pastor who started it in 1880, the 
man who loved the people of it and 
the friend of all who lived within it. 
Hence the universal grief and sorrow 
on the day of his funeral. 

Father Still was born in Uerdingen, 
Germany, May 25, 1849, being scarcely 
fifty-eight years of age when death 
summoned him. He made his philo- 
sophical and theological studies at the 
American College of St. Mauritz, 
Muenster, and was ordained to the 
priesthood May 22, 1875, for the dio- 
cese of Alton. He landed in New 
York, Sept. 8, 1875, and journeyed at 
once to Alton, where he received the 
appointment of assistant to Father 
Bartels of Germantown, which posi- 
tion he held until transferred to 
Quincy, May 22, 1880. Being told to 
start there the contemplated new St. 
John's parish, young Father Still flung 
himself with great ardor and enthusi- 
asm into the projected work with the 
remarkable result already mentioned. 
His last achievement shortly before 
his death, was the purchase jointly 
with the St. Francis Parish of that 
fine tract of land, now Calvary ceme- 
tery, on which he was to find his last 
resting place. R. 1. P. 


On Westphalia's heathered soil, 
made famous by song and story, there 

stands a quaint village with ancient 

gabled houses whose red-tiled roofs 
are seen from afar. It is Schapdetten, 
the birthplace of one of our disting- 
uished priests and yeomen workers. 
Rev. John Storp. July 6, 1850 was his 
natal day. On May 22, 1875, he was 
raised to the priesthood in the vener- 
able St. Ludger Cathedral of Munster 
and landed in America on Sept. 20 of 
the same year. 

The first charge assigned to our 
young Levite was that of St. Patrick's 
of Pana. Rev. F. Lohmann, then 
stationed at Hillsboro, to which this 
place was affiliated, had just pur- 
chased a residence there to be used 
as rectory. Father Storp then be- 
came the first resident pastor of Pana, 
1875-77, whereupon he was transferred 
to Shelbyville, where during four 
years of unremittent work he wrought 
a wonderful change, erecting the pres- 
ent brick church at a cost of $6,000 
and a handsome brick residence at a 
cost of $2,000, causing Shelbyville to 

Page One Hundred and Thirty-Five 

become an independent ana self-sus- 
taining congregation. 

In 1831 the indefatigable priest was 
assigned to St. Agnes' of Hillsboro to 
which Nokomis belonged as out-mis- 
sion. Giving for some years to both 
places undivided attention, he con- 
cluded that in order to achieve lasting 
results, the promising and ever-grow- 
ing St. Louis' Parish of Xokomis 
should and ought to have its own per- 
manent pastor. With the sanction of 
the Bishop, Father Storp, in 1834. pur- 
chased a modest dwelling house and 
took up his residence in Nokomis, 
thus becoming its first resident pastor. 

Truly, he was a great man, his capa- 
bilities were second to none. 

His fellow students of the Ameri- 
can College of Munster (St. Mauritz) 
which has since ceased to exist as 
such are nearly all dead. They com- 
posed a notable class of young eccle- 
siastics, each and every one perform- 
ing in after life good service in their 
future mission fields across the At- 
lantic. Among those who were his 
associates and life-long friends and 
admirers we may mention the Revs. 
A. Wenker of Xaperville, 111., H. 
Schrage and B. Stempker of St. Louis, 
Mo., A. Pieke, Macoutah, Emmerich 
Weber, Chicago, B. Hasse Mt. Ster- 
ling, B. Ahne, Bayonne, N. J., and 
others equally distinguished for their 

Our decedent commanded a wide 
range of information and knowledge, 
being thoroughly familiar with all 
leading questions of the day. He was 
unquestionably an eminent scholar in 
Theology and History, both ancient 
and modern. An independent think- 
er, free from bias and prejudice, 
Father Storp's judgment had the 
weight of mature reasoning, his argu- 
ments brought conviction. Once de- 
termined upon a plan he would set 
every wheel in motion to carry it out, 
and this was done in a quiet, un- 
heralded way, it was the "Storp way." 
Hence his success in the various mis- 
sion fields over which he was called 
to preside. He was a lover of nature. 
Cheerfully, therefore, he acceded to 

the Bishop's appointment which in 
1893 called him away from Xokomis 
to the pastorate of Green Creek, a 
parish located amid the waving corn 
and teeming wheat fields of Effing- 
ham county, several miles off the 
railroad. Whilst others had refused, 
he was ready to accept. The Francis- 
can Fathers of Teutopolis had re- 
linquished the charge, he then was to 
become its first resident pastor. Our 
subject at once proceeded with the 
construction of a commodious, splen- 
did two-story bric'< residence. The 
good farmers were equally proud of 
their zealous, democratic pastor and 
helped him in every way tD accom- 
plish his purpose. He had but to ex- 
press his wish and they cheerfully 
complied with its execution, for they 
soon had learned to love and respect 
their unpretentious good priest whose 
modest demands never exceeded the 
bounds of reasonable necessity. 

Father Storp was a man of the peo- 
ple. He felt with and for them, liv- 
ing their own simple, frugal lives. 
And yet, withal, that priestly with- 
drawal and reserve which was charac- 
teristic of a fine spun sensitive nature 
never left him. An interesting con- 
versationalist, jovial, kind and gener- 
ous, the Green Creek pastor dispensed 
indiscriminate hospitality and many 
a one journeyed thither to enjoy a few 
hours of his benevolent company. 

Lillyville, five miles distant, was at- 
tended from Green Creek. It had like- 
wise been relinquished by the Fran- 
ciscan Fathers and our good Father 
John attended it not only on Sundays, 
but likewise often on week days, say- 
ing Mass at an early hour. Xot 
wishing to inconvenience the farmers 
in furnishing him a team, especially 
when the busy season was on, he 
would walk the distance afoot. On 
warm summer mornings when the dew 
drops still sparkled on ferns and 
grasses, he would pull off his boots 
and socks, sling them over his 
shoulders on some hickory sapling 
and make for Lillyville, saying his 
prayers and meditations on the way. 
Such was Father John Storp with that 
little black chin whiskers and rather 

Page One. Hundred and Thirty- Si* 

pronounced Semitic cast of counten- 
ance, the scholarly priest and exem- 
plary man, pattern of zeal and piety, 
uncompromising of principle but ready 
to respect opinions of others though 
they widely differed from his own. 

A violent attack of pneumonia, con- 
tracted in a drafty railroad car when 
coming from a visit to St. Marie, 
ended the precious life and useful ca- 
reer of one of the peers of the Alton 
diocese on February 8, 1902. He 
sleeps within the shadow of the cross 
in the little cemetery adjoining the 
church in Green Creek. The congre- 
gation he loved so well together with 

his clerical friends deeply mourn his 
untimely departure. 

Let me adapt the following beauti- 
ful lines to our departed friend, 
Father John Storp: 

Sleep, gentle priest, the way was long and 


y mark of pain rests on thy marble brow; 
Tlly shadowy form in priestly vestments clad 
Unsoiled by thee. Death was a sweet release 

Slumber in peace! 

Closed is thy book of life, .never again 
To ope. And tho' its leaves were not a few 
Each page is fair without a blot or stain 
To mar its sheen. Death was a sweet release. 

Slumber in peace! 
Sleep on, O priest of God! thy cross laid 


A brilliant trophy at thy Master's feet; 
He will reward thee with a saintly crown 
Death was to thee nought but a sweet release. 

Slumber in peace ! 


"The way is long and dreary, 
The path is bleak and bare' 1 . 

In the latter part of the sixties the 
Cleveland Diocesan Seminary was 
presided over by a brilliant, gifted 
man, he was Rev. Dr. J. Stremler. In 
1870, however, this same Seminary 
Rector offered his services to our 
diocese. They were promptly ac- 
cepted and Father Stremler was en- 

trusted with the care of the parish 
of Mattoon, which just then had 'been 
made vacant by the resignation ot 
Father Mangan. About one year he 
managed the temporal and spiritual 
affairs of Mattoon, when on Dec. 11, 
1870, the Bishop appointed him pastor 
of the Vandalia parish, which place he 
held till July, 1872. Further particu- 
lars of our Doctor are lacking. 


"This life is worth but little save 
To gain a home beyond the grave." 

Secluded Okawville, in Washington 
county, has in recent years sprung in- 
to public notice from the fact that its 

humble young pastor was selected by 
the Holy See to occupy the episcopal 
chair of the Diocese of Belleville, 
made vacant by the death of Bishop 
Janssen. Okawville is s o m e w h a t 

known to the surrounding counties for 
its health-giving springs, producing a 
mineral water that is said to be a sure 
cure for gout and rheumatism. This 
same Okawville, which gave a Bishop 
to Belleville, has likewise given a 
priest to Alton, Rev. John H. Stuebe, 
late pastor of St. Clare's parish of 

Deceased was the eldest son of 
Christian Stuebe and his wife Eliza- 
beth, nee Bergkoetter. He was ush- 
ered into the world March 6. 1873. 
When eighteen years old he entered 
St. Francis College of Quincy, for he 
had determined to dedicate his life 
to God and his fellow-men. Since 
early childhood the thought of becom- 
ing a priest had been uppermost in 
his mind. Finishing the prescribed 
classical course at St. Francis Col- 
lege, young Stuebe thereupon became 
an alumnus of St. Mary's Seminary, 
(Price Hill) Cincinnati. March 2, 

Page One Hundred and Thirty-Seven 

1901, our young candidate for Holy 
Orders saw his fondest hopes realized, 
for on that day he was ordained a 
priest by Rt. Rev. Camillus Maes in 
the Cathedral of Covington, Ky. 

Having filled various appointments 
as an assistant priest, such as St. 
Patrick's, Decatur, St. John's Hospi- 
tal of Springfield, and St. Mary's of 
Quincy, Father Stuebe was appointed 
to the charge of St. Charles' congre- 
gation at Altamont, January 9, 1903. 
During the nine years of splendid 
pastoral work at Altamont he proved 
himself a power for good and had 

caused a new church to be built al 
St. Elmo, a mission attached to the 
jurisdiction of the pastor of Alta- 
mont. In the midst of his active and 
fruitful life, however, our hard-work- 
ing young pastor was suddenly strick- 
en with appendicitis, was at once 
rushed to St. Anthony's Hospital of 
Effingham and there underwent a 
surgical operation from the effects 
and shock of which he soon expired, 
June 2, 1912. After solemn funeral 
services his remains were interred in 
St. Barbara's cemetery of Okawville, 
his native town. R. I. P. 


' 'Yearning for a deeper peace, not known 
before.' ' 

He was a native of County Limer- 
ick, Ireland, and a subject of Arch- 
bishop Kenrick of St. Louis. The 
erection of the present spacious St. 
Malachy's church of St. Louis, is the 
result of Father Sullivan's efforts 
while pastor of that congregation. 
Coming to the Alton diocese in 1865, 
he was appointed to Marshall and 
some time later to the charge of 
Paris in April 1866-April 1867. Whilst 
at Marshall and Paris he looked like- 
wise after the spiritual interests of 
the Catholics who lived in and around 
Charleston. In 1867-'68 Father Sulli- 
van acted as rector of St. Francis 

Xavier's church of Jerseyville. During 
his incumbency he started the build- 
ing of the present church, a large and 
solid structure. Before he saw it com- 
pleted, however, he became involved 
in financial difficulties from which the 
young struggling parish knew not how 
to free itself. His successor, Father 
Harty, proved himself the man of the 
hour. Father Sullivan was sent to 
Springfield as pastor of the Immacu- 
late Conception church. He suc- 
ceeded Father Louis Hinssen. The 
newly appointed pastor enjoyed his 
stay at Springfield but a short while, 
for in the following year, 1869, Father 
Sullivan died. He was buried in the 
Springfield cemetery. R. I. P. 


Every thought was full of grace, 

Pure and true ; 

And a heavenly radiance bright, 
From the soul's reflected light 

Shining through. 

God in His infinite wisdom and 
mercy saw fit to call from hence a 
promising young priest in the flowery 
springtime of his sacerdotal career. It 
was the end of May, 1879, when Rev. 
Francis Tecklenburg succumbed to the 
oppressive heat of the season and 
after a few days' sickness died a well 
prepared death. Parishioners of two 
congregations which the departed had 
served so well, namely, Bethalto and 
Mitchell, knelt in deep sorrow over 
the untimely death of their beloved 
young pastor around his bier and of- 

fered fervent prayers for the repose 
of his soul. To all, clergy and laity, 
this tragic event was an eloquent 
"Memento Mori." How deeply the 
young priest had endeared himself in 
the affections of the people is shown 
by the fact that today after so many 
years his memory is still kept alive 
and many of the older people love to 
recount his kindly acts. 

Rev. Francis Tecklenburg was a 
native of Germany, born in May, 1851, 
at Auenshausen, Westfalia. His clas- 
sical studies the young student pur- 
sued partly at Warburg and partly at 
Paderborn, graduating in 1873, Having 
determined upon the vocation that 

Page One Hundred and Thirty-Eight 

ultimately leads to the steps of the 
altar, the talented young aspirant 
matriculated the following year at 
the University of Muenster and a year 
later at that of Wuerzburg. For the 
theological studies and the more im- 
mediate preparation for Holy Orders 
he became an alumnus of the Ameri- 
can College of Louvain, at the con- 
clusion of which he was ordained in 
the Cathedral of Malines, May 27, 
1877. In September of that year the 
young priest landed at Alton and was 
assigned at once to the parish of 
Bethalto where soon he erected a 
parochial residence, thus becoming 
the first resident pastor of the place. 
Mitchell was then affiliated to Bethal- 
to and depended on his services. 
After less than two years faithful labor 
young Father Tecklenburg was sum- 
moned by death. He lies buried in 
St. Mary's cemetery of Alton. R. I. P. 


"Jesu, Tibi sit Gloria". 

He was the first pastor of the young 
congregation of Charleston in 1865. 
Soon after his arrival the congrega- 
tion purchased an edifice, used as a 
Christian church, for hitherto Mass 
had been said in a private house. 

Father Tierney remained in Charles- 
ton till 1868, when the church was con- 
sumed by fire. We next find him, 
from 1869-70, pastor of the parish of 
Virden, after which further informa- 
tion fails. 


"Back, ye Phantoms, leave 
O leave me 
To my new and happy lot'". 

The unique and enviable distinction 
of having had within the ranks and 
membership of her diocesan clergy 
the first colored priest in the United 
States, belongs to the diocese of 
Alton. Of this fact the credit of 
whose accomplishment primarily be- 
longs to the efforts of Rev. P. Michael 
Richard, O. F. M., and the late Father 
McGirr, of St. Peter's church of 
Quincy, we all have reason to be 
proud. He who thus successfully 
emerged from the lowly condition of 
the black man, who had been born and 
raised in bondage and slavery under 
most trying and adverse conditions, 
became an ornament to his priestly 
vocation, winning his way to the 

hearts of the Catholic people and gain- 
ing the esteem and benevolence of all 
by his unassuming manner and humble 
and devout bearing. He cared not 
what people, white or black, might 
think of him; he knew his duty as 
priest and hence could not be swerved 
from its path by any considerations of 
popular favor or disfavor. All liked 
and loved him. The services were at 
all times well patronized not only by 
his own colored people but also large- 
ly by whites, so much so that this 
even aroused a bit of jealousy and 
envy in the neighborhood. The little 
frame church, St. Joseph's, on 7th and 
Jersey streets, now a tinner's shop, 
had risen in popular favor through- 
out Quincy, It received generous 
support and assistance from clergy 

Page One Hundred and Thirty-Nine 

and laity and the good colored priest 
was forever grateful for the aid thus 
rendered his poor people and congre- 

Father Augustine Tolton, for such 
was our distinguished colored priest's 
name, was a man of education and di- 

verse rare attainments, speaking be- 
sides his own language, Latin, Ger- 
man and Italian. After graduating 
from St. Peter's parochial school and 
St. Francis College with honors, the 
Franciscan Fathers, through the good 
offices of their Superior General in 
Rome, obtained for our poor negro 
aspirant a place at the Propaganda. 
They had perceived the latent fine 
talents and qualities which the young 
man possessed. Here in Rome, the 
fountain head of Catholicity and the 
seat of learning, our Propaganda 
student prosecuted his theological 
studies with great diligence and appli- 
cation, evidencing the fact that where 
a proper share of attention is cen- 
tered upon the education of the 
colored people, they can soon be 
lifted to a high plane of intelligence 
and responsibility. Some of our best 

missionary talent trained for the 
specific purpose in the newly founded 
"Josephite House" of Baltimore, is ex- 
clusively devoted to the cause of the 
American negro. One can point with 
justifiable pride to many illustrious 
men who have gone forth from the 
lowly ranks of the colored people, the 
greatest of whom was undoubtedly 
the late Booker Washington, a man 
of national repute, a great educator 
and leader of his people, born and 
raised a poor, despised negro. When 
given proper attention and placed 
amid wholesome influences and moral 
surroundings, the colored people are 
able to compete with their more for- 
tunate white brethern in the attain- 
ment of honor and distinction. Father 
Tolton has demonstrated this fact 
whilst studying for the priesthood in 
Rome, and subsequently as priest of 
Quincy and Chicago. His studies 
completed, Father Tolton was or- 
dained a priest by His Eminence, 
Cardinal Parochi, April 24, 1886. The 
first colored young man of the United 
States out of ten million negroes, a 
priest. What a joyous and happy 
event for the Diocese whose product 
he was, what a memorable and im- 
portant fact in the history of the 
Church in these United States which 
had worked among the colored race 
with but varied success. 

Father Tolton at once came back to 
Quincy, where he said his first Holy 
Mass at St: Boniface church, July 18, 
1886, and was given charge of the 
small negro parish, the history of 
which is briefly told as follows: 

After the Civil War (1861-1865) 
many former negro slaves, a number 
of whom were Catholics, settled in 
Quincy. To prevent their drifting 
away from the church, the Rev. 
Michael Richard, O. F. M., undertook 
to collect the scattered sheep, if 
possible, into a separate parish. The 
pastor of St. Boniface, Rev. John 
Janssen, placed a former small pro- 
testant church on Seventh and Jersey 
streets, purchased in 1866 by Father 
Schaefermeyer for $7,000, which was 
temporarily used for school purposes 
but vacant at the time, at P. Michael's 

Page One Hundred and Forty 

disposal. A Sunday school was be- 
gun Oct. 21, 1877. The attendance 
was good and kept on increasing. 
Ven. Sister Herline of St. Mary's 
Academy, on February 11, 1878, 
opened a day school with 21 pupils. 
This number increased to 60. The 
baptism of seven negro children April 
22, following, caused a protest by 
Methodists and Baptists. No stone 
was left unturned to prevent the negro 
children from attending, many of 
whom stayed away Several of the 
priests, such as Bruener, Hoffman and 
Samuel Macke, kept up the good work 
until the coming of Father Tolton 
from Rome in 1886. How successful 
this colored priest worked among the 
members of his own race and among 
the white people likewise has been 
stated. His services were in demand 
everywhere, even Cardinal Gibbons 
summoned him repeatedly to Balti- 
more, there to preach and minister 
to the numerous colored population. 
He was a great lover of his snuff- 
box. In Chicago a philanthropic 
wealthy lady, Mrs Anne O'Neil, es- 
tablished a $10,000 fund for the found- 
ing of a church, St. Monica's, for the 
use of .the colored people. Nobody, 
however, would do but Father Tol- 
ton. In consequence the Archbishop 
requisitioned his services, Bishop 

Ryan consented to his transfer to 
Chicago and "Father Gus" as he was 
familiarly styled by m any of his 
clerical friends moved to that Babel 
by the Lake Shore, on Nov. 28, 1889. 
Everything went well with new St. 
Monica's. The parish was in a fair 
way of developing when our dusky 
Reverend friend took sick and soon 
afterwards died July 9, 1897, a sun- 
stroke claimed him. Father Tolton's 
remains were brought back to Quincy 
and buried in the Priest's lot in St. 
Peter's cemetery. He attained the 
age of but 43 years having been born 
at Brush Creek, Rails county, Mo., on 
April 1, 1854. His parents were 
Peter Tolton and Martha Chisely, 
they moved to Quincy in 1861. 

What became of St. Joseph's colored 
parish of Quincy after the transfer 
of its pastor to Chicago? The shep- 
herd being gone and none to replace 
him, it died of inanition. Many of the 
Catholic negroes moved away, others 
returned to the Methodists and Bap- 
tists, the church edifice was sold and 
serves today as tin-shop. There are 
not a half dozen colored Catholics, if 
any, left in Quincy, out of a popula- 
tion of about 3,000 or more. Sad in- 
deed! God speed the day when again 
a colored Catholic parish shall be- 
come an actuality in Quincy. 


"Within thy Savior's Heart, 
Place all thy care, 
And learn, O weary soul, 
Thy Best is there' 1 . 

Rev. Francis Trojan was born and 
ordained a priest in Europe. He was 
a Bohemian by birth and hence his 
first appointment was that of assistant 
to the pastor of St. John' Nepomuk 
church, St. Louis, a Bohemian parish 
From St. Louis our deceased priest 
came to the Alton Diocese and was 

assigned to Paderborn in 1864, Free- 
burg 1865-'68, Millstadt 1868-71 and 
to Collinsville 1871-79, after which he 
was transferred to Lebanon, leaving 
the field to his successor, Rev. H. 

At Lebanon Father Trojan's life 
came to an end in 1881. He was 
buried in the parish cemetery of Le- 
banon. Defunct is known to have 
been a fine musician. R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and_Forty-On 


After having been attended as one 
flock by Father Lefevre, the future 
Bishop of Detroit, from 1833-1837, the 
Catholics of Quincy found themselves 
divided, the German speaking under 
their resident pastor, Rev. A. Brick- 
wedde, and the English speaking 
under Rev. Irenaeus St. Cyr, residing 
at St. Louis and afterwards at St. 
Augustine. In 1839 Rev. Hilary 
Tucker, a native Missourian, who had 
been sent together with Rev. Geo. A. 
Hamilton, by Bishop Rosatti to Rome, 
there to prepare themselves for the 
priesthood, became the resident priest 
of the English speaking people of 
Quincy. This was his first appoint- 
ment since ordination. Soon after his 
arrival Father Tucker succeeded in 
collecting the sum of $2,000 in cash, 
obtaining from Mr. Whitney, a con- 
vert, a corner lot for building pur- 
poses, erected a church under the 

patronage of St. Lawrence, with the 
hope of having it ready for divine 
services by the feast of the Assump- 
tion. Unfortunately the Northern 
Cross railroad for the construction of 
which many Irish laborers had gath- 
ered at Qunicy, became bankrupt and 
with it the building of the church. 
The same was sold under the hammer 
before its completion, but afterwards 
secured for the use of the congrega- 

Father Hilary Tucker remained in 
Quincy for seven yeears, from 1839- 
1846, then for some years went to 
Chicago and Batavia, and ultimately 
he and Father G. A. Hamilton, whose 
headquarters were then at Springfield, 
both left for the East, joining the 
clergy of the Boston diocese. Father 
Tucker died at Boston as pastor of 
one of that city's parishes and there 
he found his last resting place. R. I. P. 


"And angel voices 
Shall ring in heavenly chant 
Upon thine ear". 

When Father Turmel was privi- 
leged to look back upon a long, well- 
spent life as priest in God's vineyard, 
he retired from active work to spend 
some time in the seclusion of St. 
John's Hospital, Springfield, after 
which he wended his steps westward 
to seek the invigorating climate 
among the Colorado Rockies. There 
his eventful career came to an end 
on January 12, 1910. 

Father Turmel assumed charge of 
the rectorship of the Shelbyville con- 
gregation in 1865, becoming thereby 
its first resident pastor. From 1870- 
73 he is made rector of the Pana 
parish, by which he likewise became 
the first resident priest of that place. 
Whilst stationed at Pana, he under- 
took the extension of the church 
building, constructed a room in con- 
junction with the church where he 
lived and even for short while opened 
a school. During the Pana pastorate 
he turned his attention to promising 
Xokomis, where in 1871, the people 

had resolved on building a church 
and had the work actually done that 
same year. St. Louis, King of France, 
became the patron of the mission, no 
doubt from the fact that Fatner Julian 
Turmel, the pastor of the church was 
a native of Brittany, France. As the 
people were mostly from Ireland, "a 
tempest in a tea-kettle" arose on that 
score. The Bishop was repeatedly 
petitioned that he take St. Louis off 
the Nokomis pedestal and have him 
superceded by St. Patrick. Their 
singular request, however, was 
promptly turned down. In 1874 
Father Turmel was transferred to the 
parish of Winchester, where in a 
quiet, unostentatious manner he con- 
tinued his good offices for thirteen 
years, till 1887, at the expiration of 
which time he petitioned for permis- 
sion to retire from pastoral duty, 
which request was graciously acceded 

It was a pleasure to meet Father 
Turmel; his personality was magnetic, 
his ways simple and unaffected, hence 
a host of friends surrounded him. 
R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Forty- TV 


' 'Who this life for Jesus give 
Through eternity shall live". 

Within the space of few years pro- 
saic Calhoun county sustained in 
rather rapid succession the loss of 
some of her eminent priests. To. 
those who were claimed by inexorable 
death must be added the name of one 

who at all times has proved himself 
a valiant champion of the cross, who 
was an able and ardent exponent of 
the faith, a zealous priest and ripe 
scholar; it is the name of Rev. Albert 
A. Ulrich, the quondam pastor of St. 
Anselm's church. In this country 
parish, our subject felt rather handi- 
capped from being unable to properly 
utilize his accumulated store of 
knowledge or to accomplish results 
for which he was eminently qualified. 
Proof of his abilities and brilliant at- 
tainments is couched in the fact that 
prior to his advent into our diocese, 
Father Ulrich had been for years pro- 
fessor of sciences at the Jesuit Col- 
lege of Woodstock, where most suc- 
cessfully he occupied the chair of 
chemistry. In the pulpit he was most 
eloquent, hence his superiors had sent 
him frequently as missionary into 
various eastern cities to conduct mis- 
sions and give retreats to large com- 
munities of men and women. In this 

connection it is pertinent to state that 
our deceased priest had for many 
years been a member of the Society 
of Jesus, which, however, he had left 
shortly before joining the clergy force 
of Alton. He was of a very sunny 
disposition, full of amiability and good 
cheer, a splendid conversationalist and 
a man of mature judgment. Having 
acted for awhile as assistant to the 
pastor of Marshall, the Bishop soon 
appointed him pastor to Rampsville, 
made vacant by the transfer of Rev. 
J. A. Duval to Staunton. 

Rev. Father Albert A. Ulrich was a 
native of Breslau, Germany, born 
March 1, 1858. His classical studies 
finished, he came to America to enter 
the Novitiate of the Jesuit Order at 
Woodstock, Maryland, where in due 
course of time he was ordained priest 
June 26, 1885. He proved himself a 
valuable member of the community, 
success attending his strenuous ef- 
forts in the various fields of labor and 
usefulness to which the voice of his 
superiors called him. In 1902 Father 
Ulrich severed connection with the 
Order, came west and was admitted 
into the Alton Diocese, where he 
worked most zealously for souls for 
more than six years, especially as 
pastor of Kampsville and the out- 
mission Belleview. The latter place 
he attended faithfully once a month, 
making a drive of 16 miles Sunday 
mornings after having said early Mass 
at Kampsville. Finally succumbing 
to a very painful, lingering disease, 
he died well prepared, at St. Anthony's 
hospital of St. Louis, Wednesday, 
March 24, 1909. The funeral took 
place at Kampsville the following 
Monday, March 29, at which his suc- 
cessor in office, Rev. Father Neveling 
was celebrant of the Mass, assisted 
by Revs. A. Schockaert. of Grafton, 
and Joseph Kopp, of Hardin, whilst 
Revs. J. Duval, of Staunton and J. B. 
Wand, of Meppen, delivered the Eng- 
lish resp. German funeral orations. 
R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Foryt-Three 


"In life and death we call on the Star of the 
Sea' '. 

An intellectual man of great literary 
attainments, a known writer of ability, 
.whose name had become familiar to 
the world of letters and education was 
Father Valey. His treatise on "Men- 
tal Philosophy" had given him a wide 
reputation. He occupied some of the 
foremost parishes in Wisconsin, 
among them Madison, and built St. 
Patrick's church of Milwaukee. 

Father Valey was for some years 
a missionary priest in Iowa and Cen- 
tral Illinois, and amongst other places 

he occupied in this state and diocese 
were that of Paris in 1862 and Van- 
dalia from April 12, 1863-December 3, 

When the evening of life had set 
in, Father Vahey retired to Elkhorn 
Wisconsin. There he peacefully ex- 
pired and his remains were buried 
there. Whilst defunct was located at 
Paris he built a plain frame church 
and cottage along the railroad track 
and west of the town, too far away 
to be comfortable and convenient of 
access. R. I. P. 


"The precious souls for whom his life was 

The souls he sought and 1 warred for night 

and day, 

Now sheltered in the everlasting arms. 
Ah! this his crown exceeding great shall be 
Throughout the cycles of eternity." 

St. Patrick's of Decatur owes to a 
great extent its present flourishing 
condition to the disinterested and un- 
selfish labors of Rev. Anthony Vogt, 
who ruled over that parish from 
1857-70. Not minimizing nor de- 
tracting from the merits and achieve- 
ments of his successors such as 
Fathers Hickey, Mackin and espe- 
cially the wonderful progress made 
under its present pastor, Rev. J. 
Murphy, yet it remains true that all 
this advancement was built more or 
less upon that solid foundation which 
was placed there during eleven years 
faithful service by deceased. A neo- 
presbyster he was sent thither. His 
heart was aglow with that divine ar- 
dor and holy enthusiasm of a young 
priest who counts obstacles and re- 
verses as insignificant. Ceaselessly he 
planned and worked out the prob- 
lems which confronted him. And 
success crowned his efforts. The 
small church which had been built in 
the early days of the existence of 
the congregation by Father Cusack, 
was soon replaced by a substantial 
brick church with residence adjoining. 
From St. Patrick's as center, radiated 
Father Vogt's activities in many direc- 
tions. All surrounding towns and 
hamlets experienced his priestly func- 

Page One Hundred and Forty-Four 

tions and ministrations. He attended 
the missions of Shelbyvilje, Macon, 
Marrowbone, Moweaqua and Bement, 
Ivesdale, Monticello, Cerro-Gordo, 
Illiopolis, Buffalo, Blue Mound and 
Stonington. In 1870 he was replaced 
by Father R. Welsh (who died in 
1874.) He was appointed pastor of 
Macon, where in 1867, he had erected 
a church in honor of St. Stanislaus. 
This church was blown down by a 
cyclone. Father Vogt went again to 
work, this time putting up a brick 
church. It was no sooner built than 
it too was destroyed by a cyclone. 
Without losing courage, however, he 
set to work a third time to build a 
church in his Macon parish. This 
church stands to the present day, al- 
though somewhat enlarged, to ac- 
commodate the growing members of 
the parish by the late Father Maurer. 
From Macon he moved to Litchfield 
in 1873, where his stay lasted but one 
year, till 1874. Ruma was the next 
parish. Here deceased was its pastor 
for almost 20 years until his transfer 
to the Glen Addie Orphanage near 
Belleville, some few months previous 
to his death, May 25, 1903. 

Rev. Anthony Vogt was born 
November 29, 1832, at Lohne in Olden- 
burg, studied at Notre Dame, Ind., 
St. Thomas, Ky., and Mt. St. Mary's 
Cincinnati, and was raised to the 
priesthood by Bishop Juncker at 
Alton, May 3, 1859. R. I. P. 


During the years when priestly fer- 
vor animated the action of Rev. S. 
Wegener, they were productive of 
good results, Collinsville (1867-77), 
Paris (1871-73) St. Marie (1873-74) 
Beardstown (1876-77,) testify to his 
zeal. After his ordination in 1866, 
being stationed in East St. Louis, he 
attended Collinsville as out-mission 
for awhile. It was during this period 

that he purchased there a residence 
adjoining the church with a large plot 
of ground for the sum of $3,000. 
Whilst at Paris he built a church at 
Charlestovvn, in 1872. 

Rev. Sylvester Wegener was born 
at Paderborn, April 29, 1833; ordained 
to the priesthood, November 22, 1864, 
having come to this country in 1856. 
He died in Chicago. R. I. P. 


"My fate is in Thy hands, 
Whatever it may be 
Pleasant or painful, bright or dark, 
As best may seem to Thee 1 '. 

With what diabolical rage and fury 
Knownothingism assailed the church, 
her institutions and clergy, about the 
middle of the last century, is well 
known. Its history among the vic- 
tims against whom the venemous 
darts and false accusations were direc- 
ted reached its climax in one who was 
hounded until the prison doors closea 
behind him, namely, Rev. K o m a n 
Weinzaefel. Though entirely ignorant 
and innocent of a crime they had ac- 
cused him of, nevertheless, this worthy 

young priest had to wear the convict's 
garb for five years at the Jefferson- 
ville, Ind., state prison, until pardoned 
by President Polk. He was a priest of 
the Vincennes diocese, and as such 
was sent to Teutopolis in 1845, where 
he performed his duties in most ex- 
cellent and praiseworthy manner. 
Shortly after his release he entered 
the Benedictine Order, celebrated his 
Golden Jubilee in 1890, and died a 
pious death in 1895. 

Rev. Roman Weinzaefel was a 
native of Strassburg in Elsace, born 
April 15, 1813, and ordained to the 
priesthood April 5, 1840. R. I. P. 


"How many a tranquil soul has passed away 
Fled gladly from fierce pain and pleasures 


To the eternal splendor of the day; 
And many a troubled heart still calls for 
him : 

'The Angel Death'." 

An informal gathering of Church 
trustees and choir members took 
place at the St. Boniface rectory on 
the evening of November 10, 1887, 
occasioned by the pastor's namesday, 
Rev. Theodore Bruener. Whilst the 
generous host entertained his visitors 
he made known to them his future 
intentions, namely; that he was to 
leave them even that very evening 
for the purpose of joining the Fran- 
ciscan Order at Teutopolis, at same 
time introducing the new pastor to 
them, Rev. Michael Weis, who had 
arrived in the meantime. Father 
Bruener set out that very night for 
Teutopolis, assumed the habit of St. 

Francis and was henceforth known 
as Father Leo, O. F. M. 

Father Weis, the seventh pastor of 
St. Boniface, was born in Bavaria, in 
the town of Nuerbach, June 8, 1838, 
the oldest of nine children, seven 
boys and two girls. At the age of 
thirteen the family came to America, 
landing in New York. For the first 
five years Mrchael was employed as 
a farm hand near New York, when 
the family moved to Teutopolis, where 
he continued to follow the same oc- 
cupation at the same time devoting 
all his spare moments to useful study. 
After a short time he was engaged 
as teacher in the public school of Teu- 
topolis and after one year he took a 
similar position in St. Mary's Catholic 
school of Edwardsville, remaining two 
years. Believing himself called to the 
sacred ministry, he entered St. 

Page One Hundred and Forty-Five 

Joseph's College of Teutopolis, where 
he pursued his studies for three years 
and later entered the Grand Seminary 

turned after some time to become 
chancellor of the diocese, which posi- 
tion he held till January 1, 1880, when 

of Montreal. He was ordained to the 
priesthood at Alton, April 4, 1868, and 
at once assigned to the parish of Van- 
dalia, where he labored one year and 
seven months. He was next trans- 
ferred to Marine and a short time later 
to Effingham, where he remained five 
years and constructed the present 
handsome parish church, St. Antho- 
ny's. In 1877 ill health compelled him 
to seek relief in California, but he re- 

at his own request, he was sent to 
Grant Fork, and afterwards to Litch- 
field and Springfield, whence on No- 
vember 10, 1887, he came to Qiiincy 
as pastor of St. Boniface and Dean of 
the district, which double position he 
very creditably filled until his death, 
which occured November 9, 1909. R. 
I. P. (Extract from Diamond Jubilee 
Souvenir of St. Boniface Congrega- 
tion, 1912.) 


Page One Hundred and Forty-Six 


"O, may God grant that you may be 
As noble and as good as he 
As gentle and as brave". 

A noble and talented young priest 
was Rev. Edward Welsh. Alas! he 
was called away all too soon. But 

three years of priestly life and the 
Master summoned him to Himself. 
His career, though short, was exem- 
plary and edifying. Of a sunny dispo- 

sition, kind and forebearing, young 
Father Welsh had a host of friends 
and admirers. His confreres of the 
clergy regarded their young colleague 
highly. His earnestness, talents and 
unfeigned piety, all combined to make 
his career a promising one; hence his 
premature loss was a doubly keen one. 

Rev. E. Welsh was born at Litch- 
field, 111., October 1, 1863, and was the 
son of Lawrence Welsh and his wife 
Catherine, nee McNamara. After his 
preparatory studies he entered St. 
Francis Seminary, Milwaukee, but be- 
fore his course was half completed, 
Bishop Baltes recognizing the quali- 
ties of the unusually bright student, 
sent him to the American College of 
Rome. There, in the Eternal City, he 
was elevated to the priesthood on 
June 26. 1888. Returning to the United 
States, young Father Welsh was as- 
signed as assistant to the Cathedral 
of Alton, where he worked with great 
zeal. There he died on July 11, 1891. 
His remains were forwarded to Litch- 
field, where they were interred in the 
parish cemetery on July 15. 

May the soul of dear Father Welsh 
rest in God's holy peace. 


A native of Ireland, he was or- 
dained t All Hallows on June 24, 
1864. In 1870 he became the pastor of 
St. Patrick's Decatur, where he per- 

formed good services during the four 
years of incumbency. He died there 
in 1874. R. I. P. 


' 'It is easy to die 
When one's work is done 
To pass from the earth 
Like a harvest day's sun, 
After opening the flowers and ripening the 


Round the homes and the scenes where our 
Friends remain". 

Calhoun County, yea the "Kingdom 
of Calhoun," as the long, narrow fer- 
tile strip of land is sometimes called, 
which lies between the waters of two 
of America's foremost rivers, viz: 
the imperial and majestic Mississippi, 
and beautiful Illinois, extends from 
Pike county north down to the con- 

fluence of these rivers at Grafton 
above Alton south. 

Here then in Calhoun county two 
venerable, apostolic men have de- 
ployed their physical and spiritual 
energies for the benefit of their fellow- 
men; they have left a lasting impress 
not only upon their own parishes of 
Brussels and Meppen, nay all Cal- 
houn county felt the beneficial influ- 
ences which emenated from the un- 
selfish lives of these worthy disciples 
of Christ, I refer to the Revs. Blasius 

Page One Hundred and Forty-Seven 

Winterhalter and Francis E. Without, 
both of whom departed this life in 
close succession a few years ago. Such 
staunch, rugged and loyal men as 
these, following quietly and cheerfully 
in the footprints of their divine Lord 

and Master, were building better than 
they knew. And if ever a marble shaft 
were to be erected as a monument 
and token to the heroic deeds of any 
of our Diocesan pioneer priests, I 
would know of none worthier or more 
deserving of such honor than these 
two rugged men of Calhoun county, 
Revs. Winterhalter and Without, the 
former remaining 36 years uninter- 
rupted at his post of duty and the 
latter 38 years. 

May these two grand old men who 
forever will be looked up to as bright 
and shining models of priestly sacri- 
fices and self denials by their surviv- 
ing confreres rest in God's holy peace. 

Rev. Blasius Winterhalter, a native 
of Baden, was born at St. Peter in 
the Archdiocese of Freiburg on the 

29th day of January, 1833. Having 
made a splendid course of classical 
studies in his native land, he emigra- 
ted at the age of 20 years to America, 
landing on our shores June 15th, 
1853. Eleven years later, April 17th, 
1864, he was elevated to the priest- 
hood in the Cathedral church of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and was assigned at 
once as assistant priest to SS. Peter 
and Paul's church of Springfield. One 
year our decedent stayed there. His 
fidelity and prompt response to duty 
together with an earnest effort to 
comply with the manifold demands of 
his sacred calling, soon gained him 
the affection and unqualified confi- 
dence of the people, and well was 
(heir confidence placed, not only here, 
but likewise in the other charges over 
which he presided. 

His was an adamantine character, 
firm and deeply rooted in all his ac- 
tions by power of conviction. He 
was of that rugged honesty which 
never fails to convince. It is but 
natural then that he soon forged 
ahead, became popular and beloved, 
and soon attracted the attention of the 
Ordinary upon his fruitful labors with 
the results that Father Winterhalter 
was transferred to Piopolis, "Belle 
Prairie" as it was called in those days 
and thence to Columbia. In these 
two places he stayed about six years 
after which he was appointed to St. 
Mary's parish of Brussels, Calhoun 

In the latter part of the sixties. 
Father Winterhalter made a trip to 
the old country. Whilst there he was 
successful in inducing a number of 
Sisters of the Precious Blood to ac- 
company him to his American home 
in Belle Prairie in the Alton diocese 
and be active as teachers in our paro- 
chial schools. Of those who accom- 
panied him across the sea were the 
Sisters Albertine, (Superioress), Phil- 
ippine, Benedicta, Mechtildis and Clo- 
tilde, some of whom are still living 
in retirement at the Mother House of 
O'Fallon, Mo., and Ruma, 111. The 
Sisterhood soon grew and expanded 
as all Sisterhoods do. Piopolis soon 

Page One Hundred and Forly-Eighl 

had become too small and insignifi- 
cant, hence a change of location was 
desired and looked for. Ruma, with 
its former Diocesan College, was the 
place. Whilst some of the members 
of this community settled down at 
Ruma, others had crossed the river 
into Missouri where they located at 
O'Fallon, some 40 miles west of St. 
Lotus. Both branches of this same 
congregation seem to flourish. They 
are doing well in Quincy at St. Mary's, 
the only place they retain in the Dio- 
cese. (These above mentioned Sis- 
ters must not be confounded with 
others of the same name who in more 
recent years settled at Alton, 111., 
coming thither from Eastern Europe.) 

Father Winterhalter's appointment 
as pastor of St. Mary's of Brussels in 
Calhoun county took place January 19, 
1871. Here he rounded out a most ac- 
tive life of rarest mold. He proved 
himself a peerless man, leading others 
with foresight and wisdom, with in- 
vincible force of will power and the 

strength of robust virtues. He and 
his aged confrere, Without, may be 
said ot have been two sturdy oaks, 
planted and deeply rooted in Cal- 
houn's fertile soil. 

When he felt his strength waning 
and infirmities increasing, he peti- 
tioned the Bishop for permission to 
resign and retire from active service. 
His petition was granted ancr gootl 
Father Winterhalter bid farewell to 
his parishioners on February 18, 1907. 
The whole parish was in mourning 
and many a tear was shed over the 
good pastor's leave taking. He re- 
tired to St. Louis where on December 
21, 1907 he died a peaceful death, 
caused by his chronic malady, bron- 
chitis. Solemn obsequies were held in 
the Church of St. Mary of Perpetual 
Help. Right Rev. Bishop Ryan pre- 
siding over them. 

Father Winterhalter attained the 
biblical age. His remains were de- 
posited in Calvary cemetery. 


"Serve bone et fldelis, 
Intra in gaudium Domini tui". 

Rev. John Francis Eberhard With- 
out, who at the time of Tils ueath was 
the Nestor of the Diocesan clergy 
(1864-1910), passed away at St. Mary's 
hospital, Quincy, 111., on August 6, 
1910, being then in his eightieth year 
of life. He had lived with the good 
Sisters in quiet, peaceful retirement 
for upwards of eight years, relin- 
quishing parochial work only when 
necessitated by physical infirmities 
superinduced by old age. Months prior 
to his death he signally failed .from 
day to day, his condition became such 
that no hope for ultimate recovery 
was any longer entertained. A para- 
lytic stroke hastened the end. 

For almost half a century Father 
Without served his Master and the 
Church, and thirty-eight years of 
blessed ministrations were spent by 
him as spiritual guide of St. Joseph's 
congregation of Meppen, in Calhoun 
county. Through all these years he 

proved himself faithful and zealous in 
the discharge of the duties of his 
sacred calling. His long and useful 
life was a beautiful exemplification of 
priestly virtues, of holy zest and zeal 
for God and the souls of men. Every 
one liked him, by his humble, unob- 
trusive manner he gained the esteem 
and respect of all who came in con- 
tact with him. Father Without was 
a man of uncompromising principle; 
he forgave all wrongs but demanded 
and insisted on his rights from priest 
or layman. Through his unrelaxed 
efforts, aided by many personal sacri- 
fices, the members of St. Joseph's 
pride themselves of having one of the 
best appointed country parishes of the 
diocese, a substantial rock church 
(1854) commodious rectory (1866) 
and a flourishing parochial school 
(1874), which was taught in former 
years, 1865-74 by himself, then by lay 
teachers, but more recently is in 
charge of the Sisters of the Precious 
Blood. Having been for so many 

Page One Hundred and Forty-Nine 

years practically isolated in peninsu- 
lar Calhoun, and rarely come in 
closer contact with the outer world 
and its pulsating energies, good Father 
Without looked upon modern insti- 

Brussels, as deacon, and Rev. Joseph 
Kopp, of Hardin, as sub-deacon, whilst 
Rev. J. B. Wardein of Michaels who 
later on succeeded J. B. Wand as pas- 
tor of Meppen acted as master of 

tutions, modern ideas and progress- 
iveness rather askance and with sus- 
picion, clinging to Msgr. Ollier's 
maxim: "Nil innovetur nisi quod tra- 
ditum," hence his whole line of 
thought dwelt mainly upon his parish, 
his dear Meppen. There he lies buried. 
The solemn obsequies were had in his 
beloved St. Joseph's church. Rev. J. 
B. Wand, at that time pastor of the 
parish, was celebrant of the Mass, as- 
sisted by Rev. Dr. Hy. Becker of 
ceremonies. TheG.erman sermon was 
delivered by Rev. A. Zurbonsen, of 
Quincy who had accompanied the 
body and the English sermon by 
Very Rev. Edw. Spalding of the Alton 
Cathedral. Besides these there were in 
attendance Revs. A. Schockaert, Graf- 

ton; F. A. Marks, Jerseyville, and E. 
D. Hickey, Kampsville. 

Rev. Father Without was born at 
Miste, a small town near raderborn 
in Westphalia on July 24, 1831, and 
was therefore aged 79 years, 6 months 
and 12 days at the time of his death. 
He was educated and prepared for 
his holy calling in his native country, 
landing here in October, 1863. Dur- 
ing the following winter he completed 
his studies and on April 17, 1864, was 
ordained to the priesthood at St. 
Mary's church, Springfield, III, by Rt. 
Rev. H. D. Junker, D. D., first 
Bishop of Alton. His first appoint- 
ment was that of an assistant to Very 
Rev. Herman Schaefermeyer, pastor 
of St. Boniface church, Quincy, 111. 

Page One Hundred and Fifty 

Within less than a year our subject 
was assigned as pastor of the young, 
newly-founded parish of Meppen in 
Calhoun county, where he labored so 
persistently and successfully until 

bodily infirmities and old age com- 
pelled him to seek the quiet and peace- 
ful asylum of St. Mary's hospital of 
Quincy, 111. 


"Pains and pleasures try the pilgrim 
On his long and weary way". 

After the transfer of Rev. Joseph 
Kuenster from Teutopolis to Quincy, 
in 1850, Bishop Van de Velde, of 
Chicago, sent Rev. Joseph Zoegel to 
be his successor. This priest had 
lately arrived in the diocese from 
Strassburg, Elsace. His appointment 
to that parish was by no means an 
enviable one, as strife, opposition and 
dissensions had been of frequent oc- 
currence and often embittered the 
lives of the various pastors. With the 
advent of Father Zoegel, things 
seemed to take a different turn. In 
his dealings with obstreperous char- 
acters he remained firm and assertive 
and succeeded in bringing many 
around to espouse his viewpoint of 
affairs ecclesiastical. Strongly he ad- 
vocated the building of a large new 
church, to which the people consen- 
ted. In the selection of the site, how- 
ever, serious contentions arose which 
finally were adjusted by Bishop Van 
de Velde. The cornerstone to this 
(the present) church, was placed July 
18, 1851 by the Chicago Bishop. Of 
this ceremony, the Bishop's diary 
contains the following account. 

"The sixth Sunday after Pentecost 
was a happy day for the Catholics of 
Teutopolis. Early in the morning the 
people began to arrive from the coun- 
try. Bishop said Mass at 7 o'clock 
and the procession was formed about 
9; it was headed by the children of 
the parish, these were followed t>y the 

members of St. Peter's Society wear- 
ing their badges, and the latter by 
nearly the whole congregation, the 
men preceding and the women follow- 
ing the Bishop and his attendants. 
The procession moved amid the dis- 
charges of musktry from the old 
church. The Bishop walked under a 
canopy, vested in alb and cope, with 
mitre, and crozier and was attended 
by the Rev. Mr. Fisher, pastor of St. 
Marie, in cope, Rev. J. Zoegel in 
chasuble, and Rev. Father Busschots 
in stole and surplice. The ceremonies 
of laying the cornerstone were per- 
formed with the usual solemnities, 
during which the Bishop addressed the 
people in English, after which Rev. 
B'usschots delivered an appropriate 
discourse in German on the text: 
"Thou Art Peter." High Mass was 
sung by Rev. Father Zoegel, at which 
the Bishop assisted, attended by the 
other two clergymen. All was joy and 
happiness. At night the good people 
of Teutopolis got up a torchlight pro- 
cession and came to the priest's resi- 
dence to thank the Bishop and his 
attendants. Thus terminated the joy- 
ful day which will long be remem- 
bered by the members of the congre- 
gation of Tetitopolis." 

From Teutopolis Father Joseph F 
Zoegel returned to Chicago in 1854. 
In later years he joined the diocese 
of Buffalo and became stationed in 
1860 as pastor of Langford, N. Y. 
R. I. P. 

Page One Hundred and Fifly-Ont 


On the 7th day of November, 1851, 
Rev. Charles T. Zucker was ordained 
to the priesthood by Bishop Oliver 
Van de Velde, at St. Joseph's church, 
Chicago. In 1857 he succeeded Rev. 
Liermann as pastor of Teutopolis. 
Conditions in that parish, however, 
were not to his liking, wherefore, 
after a few weeks stay he re-packed 
his belongings and returned to Chi- 
cago. On November 11, 1853 he was 

appointed to SS. Peter and Paul's 
congregation of Naperville. His stay 
here was likewise of but short dura- 
tion. Where and when Father Zucker 
died, seems to be shrouded in mys- 
tery, as years ago the late Father 
Wenker, of 'Vaperviiie. about to com- 
pile a history of the parish, made re- 
peated futile attempts to learn par- 
ticulars of his predecessor. R. 1. P 


''How many souls dwell lonely and apart 
Hiding from all but One above 
The fragrance of their heart". 

It is with keen sense of grateful 
duty that among the biographical 
sketches of our deceased priests we. 
are permitted to say a few words in 
recognition of the character and 
merits of good Father Zwiesler. He 
was practically the first diocesan 
priest whom the writer had the good 
fortune and privilege to meet, for 
after his ordination, he was sent to 
him to be introduced into the mys- 
teries of the Bishops' dreaded Blue 
Book ere being assigned to parish 
work. Those four weeks spent in 
Father Zwiesler's company have re- 

mained indelibly imprinted on our 
mind. He was a noble, beautiful 
character, open and frank, affable and 
pleasant, indulgent and forebearing. 
Whatever tended to advance the cause 
of his Cathedral parish, material and 
spiritual, that at all hazzards he 
sought to obtain. His administration 
at Alton proved therefore highly 
successful. Bishop Baltes placed im- 
plicit confidence in the prudence, 
sagacity, discreation and managerial 
abilities of his Cathedral pastor, and 
as results showed that trust and con- 
fidence was well placed. Father 
Zwiesler came to the Cathedral as 
assistant pastor thereof the following 
year, September, 1877. With undimin- 
ished enthusiasm he remained its 
pastor till April 19, 1888, to assume a 
similiar position with the newly con- 
secrated Bishop of Belleville. There 
in that infant diocese the experienced 
Cathedral pastor labored till Oct. 1, 
1893, when ill health forced his retire- 
ment to the rural parish of Fayette- 
ville, which position he held till death, 
May 4, 1889. 

Father Charles Zwiesler was a 
native of Dayton, Ohio, born August 
2, 1853. He studied Classics and 
Philosophy at St. Francis, Wis., The- 
ology at Montreal and was raised to 
the priesthood by Bishop Baltes at 
the Alton Cathedral, June 29, 1876. 
"He wore the white flower ot a spot- 
less life." R. I. P. 

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